Kuwait Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The last official census recording the population of Kuwait occurred in 2005 and showed 2,213,403 million people living in the country with a population density of 200.2 people per square kilometer (518.4 people per square mile). In 2016, the population was estimated at 3,753,121. The capital and largest city in Kuwait is Kuwait City. This global city has a metro population estimated at 4.1 million in 2016.

Expatriates account for about 70% of Kuwait's population, including 1.1 million Arab expatriates and 1.4 million Asian expatriates. The Kuwait government rarely grants citizenship to foreigners to maintain status quo. Kuwait's population is difficult to estimate given the number of non-nationals, and preliminary results of the 2011 census showed the population at 3.1 million, including 1.1 million citizens and 2.0 million non-nationals.

Kuwait considers its high level of non-nationals a problem and has announced plans to reduce this number. Meanwhile, the presence of the Bidoon, a stateless people numbering over 100,000, is also viewed as an issue. This group is classified as illegal residents who are attempting to claim Kuwait citizenship. It's believed these people are Arabs who migrated from Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iraq and these other states do not consider them nationals, either. A law was passed in 2013 to grant citizenship to 4,000 of this population to resolve the problem, although the government has stated that only a third of the Bidoon people would even qualify for naturalization as it believes the rest do indeed hold other nationalities but have destroyed their documents.

Nearly 98% of the population in Kuwait is urbanized, and about 83% of the total population resides in the capital, Kuwait City. The country also has an urbanization rate of 2.1% per year, so the number of rural people will slowly dwindle over the next decade.

In 2007, Kuwait had the third highest net migration rate in the world at 16.01, which was in part due to the discovery of oil and increased living standards in the country, which led to a large and growing immigrant population.

Kuwait Demographics

While 70% of the country's population is comprised of expatriates, about 60% of the total population is Arab, which includes expatriates. The largest expat communities in the country are Indians and Egyptians. Between 2005 and 2006, the number of native Kuwaitis increased only 3.3% while the number of foreigners increased 6.7%. The government and people of Kuwait view the high level of non-national workers in the country as a serious problem, which led to an announcement in 2013 that Kuwait would attempt to reduce the number of expatriates in the country by 100,000 per year over the next decade.

There are a number of native groups in Kuwait, including Arabs from Najd, Iraq, Bahrain and eastern Arabia, as well as ethnic Persians. The Baharna ethnic group is the indigenous people of the Bahrain and Eastern Province and Saudi Arabia, while the Najrdis are Sunni Arabs from Najd in central Arabia. Estimates from 2013 break down the ethnic groups as:

  • Kuwait 31.3%
  • other Arab 27.9%
  • South Asian 37.8%
  • African 1.9%
  • other 1.1%

The number of Indians in Kuwait totals 825,000, which includes Indian expatriates and Kuwaiti citizens of Indian origin or descent. Indians represent the largest community, many of whom work in business and service fields. The Indian population alone is seen as an extension of Kuwaiti heritage in India, and their large population is not viewed as a problem. Egyptians are the largest Arab community in Kuwait with a population of over 500,000.

The non-national population of Kuwait is estimated as follows:

  • Indians, 825,000
  • Egyptians, 517,973
  • Bangladeshis, 181,265
  • Syrians, 140,000
  • Pakistanis, 126,000
  • Filipinos, 185,788
  • Sri Lankans, 130,000
  • Ethiopians, 74,000
  • Jordanian and Palestinian, 10,000
  • Nepalians, 62,000
  • Iranians, 50,000
  • Lebanese, 42,000
  • Indonesians, 8,887
  • Iraqis, 16,000
  • Afghans, 15,000
  • Americans, 13,000 (30,000 including armed forces)
  • Yemeni, 11,000

25.32% of Kuwait's population is under the age of 15; 15.21% are between the age of 15 and 24; 52.32% are between 25 and 54; 4.82% are between 55 and 64 and just 2.33% of the population is 65 and older. The median age in Kuwait is currently 29 years. The population pyramid of Kuwait shows an unbalanced structure for working-age groups due to high immigration rates and a large reliance on foreign labor.

Kuwait has a high life expectancy, as well as low maternal and infant mortality rates. In addition, the total fertility rate is 2.48 children born per woman while the contraceptive prevalence is relatively high. It's estimated that the total fertility will decline to reach 2.1 (the same as the replacement level fertility) by 2035, while the youth population will also decline.

Most people in Kuwait are Muslim, although there are about 450,000 expatriate Christians, 600,000 Hindus, and 100,000 Buddhists. About 70% of the Muslims in Kuwait are Sunni while 30% are Shia.

Kuwait Population in 2017 Source: Mohammad Alatar

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kuwait Population Growth

Kuwait currently has an annual population growth rate of 4.0% per year, although their population growth has remained hard to track and fluctuates a great deal. If trends continue, it's projected that Kuwait will have a population of 5.9 million by 2050.

Kuwait Population Density

About Kuwait

Official Name State of Kuwait
Languages Spoken Arabic
Borders IRQ, SAU
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 29.5,45.75
Currencies Used KWD

Kuwait Population Clock

What is the population of Kuwait (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 41
Deaths Per Day 6
Net Migrations Per Day 55
Net Change Per Day 90
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Kuwait Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.589 births/thousand 98th
Crude Death Rate 2.573 deaths/thousand 197th
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.873 people/thousand 13th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.772 years 94th
Life Expectancy (Male) 73.728 years 68th
Life Expectancy (Female) 76.165 years 109th
Total Fertility Rate 2.037 children/woman 115th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.986 surviving daughters/woman 107th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.042 males per female 143rd
Infant Mortality Rate 7.66 deaths/1,000 live births 140th
Under Five Mortality 9.958 deaths/thousand 133rd
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.98 years 65th
Rate of Natural Increase 15.812 67th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.753% 57th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.427% 56th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.925% 56th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.018% 57th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.836% 56th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.561% 56th
Crude Suicide Rate 1 suicides/thousand 164th
Median Age (Total) 29.2 years 117th
Median Age (Female) 27.2 years 135th
Median Age (Male) 30.3 years 100th

Kuwait Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 4,099,932 56.198% 43.802% 230 56 1.85% 130
2015 3,892,115 56.176% 43.824% 218 56 2.91% 133
2010 3,059,473 56.359% 43.641% 171 69 5.71% 136
2005 2,263,604 58.673% 41.327% 127 80 5.41% 141
2000 1,929,470 58.714% 41.286% 108 90 3.09% 144
1995 1,637,031 58.46% 41.54% 91 104 0.05% 146
1990 2,058,832 53.334% 46.666% 115 76 -2.54% 139
1985 1,735,320 56.673% 43.327% 97 85 4.94% 142
1980 1,384,342 57.293% 42.707% 77 95 4.8% 143
1975 1,051,187 54.445% 45.555% 58 107 5.94% 144
1970 750,184 56.715% 43.285% 42 115 7.41% 147
1965 482,173 61.668% 38.332% 27 133 10.12% 155
1960 261,962 63.365% 36.635% 14 155 11.76% 164
1955 194,795 60.846% 39.154% 10 166 3.13% 168
1950 152,250 59.41% 40.59% 8 169 7.21% 170

Kuwait Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 4,316,617 56.179% 43.821% 242 54 1.65% 129
2025 4,672,201 55.929% 44.071% 262 56 1.41% 129
2030 4,986,872 55.737% 44.263% 279 56 1.12% 129
2035 5,252,058 55.41% 44.59% 294 53 0.96% 129
2040 5,499,031 55.119% 44.881% 308 52 0.85% 127
2045 5,724,986 54.912% 45.088% 321 50 0.74% 122
2050 5,924,172 54.749% 45.251% 332 48 0.59% 121
2055 6,081,272 54.633% 45.367% 341 46 0.42% 121
2060 6,192,670 54.563% 45.437% 347 46 0.28% 120
2065 6,265,776 54.521% 45.479% 351 46 0.18% 121
2070 6,314,373 54.503% 45.497% 354 46 0.13% 121
2075 6,354,599 54.504% 45.496% 356 47 0.12% 118
2080 6,394,423 54.506% 45.494% 358 46 0.12% 118
2085 6,431,755 54.477% 45.523% 360 46 0.1% 118
2090 6,461,770 54.434% 45.566% 362 45 0.07% 118
2095 6,480,675 54.376% 45.624% 363 46 0.03% 118
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations