Kuwait Population 2017

4,106,592

The last official census recording the population of Kuwait occurred in 2005 and showed 2,213,403 million people living in the country with a population density of 200.2 people per square kilometer (518.4 people per square mile). In 2016, the population was estimated at 3,753,121. The capital and largest city in Kuwait is Kuwait City. This global city has a metro population estimated at 4.1 million in 2016.

Expatriates account for about 70% of Kuwait's population, including 1.1 million Arab expatriates and 1.4 million Asian expatriates. The Kuwait government rarely grants citizenship to foreigners to maintain status quo. Kuwait's population is difficult to estimate given the number of non-nationals, and preliminary results of the 2011 census showed the population at 3.1 million, including 1.1 million citizens and 2.0 million non-nationals.

Kuwait considers its high level of non-nationals a problem and has announced plans to reduce this number. Meanwhile, the presence of the Bidoon, a stateless people numbering over 100,000, is also viewed as an issue. This group is classified as illegal residents who are attempting to claim Kuwait citizenship. It's believed these people are Arabs who migrated from Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iraq and these other states do not consider them nationals, either. A law was passed in 2013 to grant citizenship to 4,000 of this population to resolve the problem, although the government has stated that only a third of the Bidoon people would even qualify for naturalization as it believes the rest do indeed hold other nationalities but have destroyed their documents.

Nearly 98% of the population in Kuwait is urbanized, and about 83% of the total population resides in the capital, Kuwait City. The country also has an urbanization rate of 2.1% per year, so the number of rural people will slowly dwindle over the next decade.

In 2007, Kuwait had the third highest net migration rate in the world at 16.01, which was in part due to the discovery of oil and increased living standards in the country, which led to a large and growing immigrant population.

Kuwait Demographics

While 70% of the country's population is comprised of expatriates, about 60% of the total population is Arab, which includes expatriates. The largest expat communities in the country are Indians and Egyptians. Between 2005 and 2006, the number of native Kuwaitis increased only 3.3% while the number of foreigners increased 6.7%. The government and people of Kuwait view the high level of non-national workers in the country as a serious problem, which led to an announcement in 2013 that Kuwait would attempt to reduce the number of expatriates in the country by 100,000 per year over the next decade.

There are a number of native groups in Kuwait, including Arabs from Najd, Iraq, Bahrain and eastern Arabia, as well as ethnic Persians. The Baharna ethnic group is the indigenous people of the Bahrain and Eastern Province and Saudi Arabia, while the Najrdis are Sunni Arabs from Najd in central Arabia. Estimates from 2013 break down the ethnic groups as:

  • Kuwait 31.3%
  • other Arab 27.9%
  • South Asian 37.8%
  • African 1.9%
  • other 1.1%

The number of Indians in Kuwait totals 825,000, which includes Indian expatriates and Kuwaiti citizens of Indian origin or descent. Indians represent the largest community, many of whom work in business and service fields. The Indian population alone is seen as an extension of Kuwaiti heritage in India, and their large population is not viewed as a problem. Egyptians are the largest Arab community in Kuwait with a population of over 500,000.

The non-national population of Kuwait is estimated as follows:

  • Indians, 825,000
  • Egyptians, 517,973
  • Bangladeshis, 181,265
  • Syrians, 140,000
  • Pakistanis, 126,000
  • Filipinos, 185,788
  • Sri Lankans, 130,000
  • Ethiopians, 74,000
  • Jordanian and Palestinian, 10,000
  • Nepalians, 62,000
  • Iranians, 50,000
  • Lebanese, 42,000
  • Indonesians, 8,887
  • Iraqis, 16,000
  • Afghans, 15,000
  • Americans, 13,000 (30,000 including armed forces)
  • Yemeni, 11,000

25.32% of Kuwait's population is under the age of 15; 15.21% are between the age of 15 and 24; 52.32% are between 25 and 54; 4.82% are between 55 and 64 and just 2.33% of the population is 65 and older. The median age in Kuwait is currently 29 years. The population pyramid of Kuwait shows an unbalanced structure for working-age groups due to high immigration rates and a large reliance on foreign labor.

Kuwait has a high life expectancy, as well as low maternal and infant mortality rates. In addition, the total fertility rate is 2.48 children born per woman while the contraceptive prevalence is relatively high. It's estimated that the total fertility will decline to reach 2.1 (the same as the replacement level fertility) by 2035, while the youth population will also decline.

Most people in Kuwait are Muslim, although there are about 450,000 expatriate Christians, 600,000 Hindus, and 100,000 Buddhists. About 70% of the Muslims in Kuwait are Sunni while 30% are Shia.

Kuwait Population in 2017Source: Mohammad Alatar

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Kuwait Population Growth

Kuwait currently has an annual population growth rate of 4.0% per year, although their population growth has remained hard to track and fluctuates a great deal. If trends continue, it's projected that Kuwait will have a population of 5.9 million by 2050.

About Kuwait

Official NameState of Kuwait
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersIRQ, SAU
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude29.545.75
Currencies UsedKWD

Kuwait Population Density

Name Population
Mubarak al Kabir
Az Zawr5,750
Al Wafrah10,017
Ash Shamiyah13,762
Ad Dasmah17,585
Al Mahbulah18,178
Janub as Surrah18,496
Al Fintas23,071
Al Jahra'24,281
Bayan30,635
Ar Rabiyah36,447
Al Manqaf39,025
Salwa40,945
Ar Riqqah52,068
Ar Rumaythiyah58,135
Kuwait City60,064
Al Fahahil68,290
Al Farwaniyah86,525
Sabah as Salim139,163
As Salimiyah147,649
Hawalli164,212
Al Ahmadi637,411

Kuwait Population Clock

What is the population of Kuwait (as of September 13, 2017)?4,106,592
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4099932
Births Per Day41
Deaths Per Day6
Net Migrations Per Day 55
Net Change Per Day 90
Population Change Since January 1st22,950

Kuwait Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.589 births/thousand98
Crude Death Rate 2.573 deaths/thousand197
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.873 people/thousand13
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.772 years94
Male Life Expectancy 73.728 years68
Female Life Expectancy 76.165 years109
Total Fertility Rate 2.037 children/woman115
Net Reproduction Rate 0.986 surviving daughters/woman107
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.042 males per female143
Infant Mortality Rate 7.66 deaths/1,000 live births140
Under Five Mortality 9.958 deaths/thousand133
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.98 years65
Rate of Natural Increase 15.812 67
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.753 %57
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.427 %56
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.925 %56
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.018 %46
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10.836 %45
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.561 %51
Crude Suicide Rate 1 suicides/thousand164
Median Age (Total) 29.2 years117
Median Age (Female) 27.2 years135
Median Age (Male) 30.3 years100

Kuwait Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20174,099,93256.198%43.802%230561.85%130
20153,892,11556.176%43.824%218562.91%133
20103,059,47356.359%43.641%171695.71%136
20052,263,60458.673%41.327%127805.41%141
20001,929,47058.714%41.286%108903.09%144
19951,637,03158.46%41.54%911040.05%146
19902,058,83253.334%46.666%11576-2.54%139
19851,735,32056.673%43.327%97854.94%142
19801,384,34257.293%42.707%77954.8%143
19751,051,18754.445%45.555%581075.94%144
1970750,18456.715%43.285%421157.41%147
1965482,17361.668%38.332%2713310.12%155
1960261,96263.365%36.635%1415511.76%164
1955194,79560.846%39.154%101663.13%168
1950152,25059.41%40.59%81697.21%170

Kuwait Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20204,316,61756.179%43.821%242541.65%129
20254,672,20155.929%44.071%262561.41%129
20304,986,87255.737%44.263%279561.12%129
20355,252,05855.41%44.59%294530.96%129
20405,499,03155.119%44.881%308520.85%127
20455,724,98654.912%45.088%321500.74%122
20505,924,17254.749%45.251%332480.59%121
20556,081,27254.633%45.367%341460.42%121
20606,192,67054.563%45.437%347460.28%120
20656,265,77654.521%45.479%351460.18%121
20706,314,37354.503%45.497%354460.13%121
20756,354,59954.504%45.496%356470.12%118
20806,394,42354.506%45.494%358460.12%118
20856,431,75554.477%45.523%360460.1%118
20906,461,77054.434%45.566%362450.07%118
20956,480,67554.376%45.624%363460.03%118
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations