Kyrgyzstan Population 2017
Kyrgyzstan has 199,900 square kilometers of land (86th) yet its population is the 113th highest in the world at 5.62 million. Kyrgyzstan has a population density of just 27 people per square kilometer (176th in the world).
The largest city and capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek, with a population estimated at 875,000. The second-largest city is Osh with a population estimated at 246,000.
A full third of Kyrgyzstan's population is under the age of 15 and one-third of the population lives in urban areas with the majority living in rural areas. The largest ethnic group are the Kyrgyz, a Turkish people, who account for 72% of the population. Other ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan include Russians (9.0%), Uzbeks (14.5%), Dungans (1.9%), Uyghurs (1.1%), Tajiks (1.1%), Kazakhs (0.7%), and Ukranians (0.5%). There are more than 80 different ethnic groups in total in Kyrgyzstan.
Since 1979, the percentage of ethnic Kyrgyz has risen from 50% to more than 70% today, while the percentage of European ethnic group like Germans and Russians, as well as Tatars, has dropped from 35% to 10%. In 1989, there were about 101,000 Germans in Kyrgyzstan, most of whom have since emigrated to Germany.
The most widely practiced religion is Islam, accounting for 80% of the population, followed by Russian Orthodoxy at 17%.