Landlocked Countries

A landlocked country is defined as a country that is completely surrounded by land. Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Forty-nine – or about one-fifth of all of the countries in the world – are landlocked.

Being landlocked puts many of these countries at a disadvantage. This is because they do not have access to seaborne trade and resources like fishing that contribute to the economy. However, some nations have overcome these challenges and are quite wealthy, including Austria and Switzerland. However, most of the nations are Landlocked Developing Countries. Most landlocked nations are less wealthy and less populated than coastal nations.

The largest landlocked country by area is Kazakhstan. The smallest by area is Vatican City. The largest landlocked country by population is Ethiopia, which has a population of over 101 million people. Vatican City is the smallest by population, with a total population of less than 1,000 people.

These landlocked nations make up over 11% of the world’s total area and are home to nearly 7% of the world’s total population.

All of the nations in the world that are landlocked are:

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
Ethiopia1,104,300 km²107,534,8822.46%
Uganda241,550 km²44,270,5633.28%
Afghanistan652,230 km²36,373,1762.37%
Uzbekistan447,400 km²32,364,9961.42%
Nepal147,181 km²29,624,0351.09%
Niger1,267,000 km²22,311,3753.88%
Burkina Faso272,967 km²19,751,6512.91%
Malawi118,484 km²19,164,7282.91%
Mali1,240,192 km²19,107,7063.05%
Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²18,403,8601.10%
Zambia752,612 km²17,609,1783.01%
Zimbabwe390,757 km²16,913,2612.32%
Chad1,284,000 km²15,353,1843.04%
South Sudan619,745 km²12,919,0532.73%
Rwanda26,338 km²12,501,1562.40%
Burundi27,834 km²11,216,4503.24%
Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,215,6741.48%
Czech Republic78,865 km²10,625,2500.07%
Azerbaijan86,600 km²9,923,9140.98%
Hungary93,028 km²9,688,847-0.34%
Belarus207,600 km²9,452,113-0.17%
Tajikistan143,100 km²9,107,2112.08%
Serbia88,361 km²8,762,027-0.32%
Austria83,871 km²8,751,8200.19%
Switzerland41,284 km²8,544,0340.80%
Laos236,800 km²6,961,2101.50%
Paraguay406,752 km²6,896,9081.26%
Kyrgyzstan199,951 km²6,132,9321.45%
Turkmenistan488,100 km²5,851,4661.62%
Slovakia49,037 km²5,449,8160.04%
Central African Republic622,984 km²4,737,4231.68%
Moldova33,846 km²4,041,065-0.25%
Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,121,7721.50%
Armenia29,743 km²2,934,1520.13%
Botswana582,000 km²2,333,2011.81%
Lesotho30,355 km²2,263,0101.33%
Macedonia25,713 km²2,085,0510.09%
Swaziland17,364 km²1,391,3851.76%
Bhutan38,394 km²817,0541.17%
Luxembourg2,586 km²590,3211.18%
Andorra468 km²76,953-0.02%
Liechtenstein160 km²38,1550.61%
San Marino61 km²33,5570.47%
Vatican City0.44 km²8011.14%