Landlocked Countries 2019

A landlocked country is defined as a country that is completely surrounded by land. Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Rivers might run through a portion of the region, and there can be bodies of water within the country’s borders, but each and every border is land-based, rather than water like an ocean shore. Of all the countries in the world, forty-nine of them are landlocked. This number is equivalent to one-fifth, or twenty percent, of all of the countries in the world.

As a landlocked country, these nations are actually at quite a disadvantage. While it might not seem unfortunate at first glance, landlocked countries are cut off from seaports and trading points that are often situated along the water. Since many trades happen by way of water transportation, landlocked countries cannot participate in as many trading opportunities as countries with access to major bodies of water.

Along with the lack of access to seaborne trade, landlocked countries also miss out on valuable resources, such as fishing, which is a huge contribution to the economy of many countries with water access. Without fishing as a major resource and income stream, landlocked countries have to turn to other sources of prosperity. Many landlocked countries are abundant in agriculture and intra-continental commerce.

All of that said, some nations have overcome the challenges that landlocked borders create, and they have even become quite wealthy, too. Two landlocked countries that manage to sustain success despite their lack of water borders are Austria and Switzerland. Even so, Austria and Switzerland have advantages that make their flourishing economies possible. The most obvious advantage is their location.

As part of Europe, Austria and Switzerland are situated on one of the most affluent and well-developed continents on the globe. Not every , most of the nations are landlocked developing countries. Most landlocked nations are less wealthy and less populated than coastal nations.

The largest landlocked country by area is Kazakhstan. The smallest by area is Vatican City. The largest landlocked country by population is Ethiopia, which has a population of over 101 million people. Vatican City is the smallest by population, with a total population of less than 1,000 people.

These landlocked nations make up over 11% of the world’s total area and are home to nearly 7% of the world’s total population. Out of all the nations in the world, the forty-nine landlocked countries are...

The Borders that Make These Countries Landlocked

Since none of the landlocked countries are surrounded on their sides by water, every border is shared with land from another country. Looking at the borders of each landlocked country helps make sense of their location on a map. Let’s take a glimpse at each landlocked country and look at the countries surrounding each landlocked nation.

Afghanistan

Andorra

Armenia

Artsakh

  • Armenia
  • Iran

Austria

Azerbaijan

  • Armenia
  • Georgia
  • Iran
  • Russia
  • Turkey

Belarus

Bhutan

  • China
  • India

Bolivia

Botswana

Burkina Faso

Burundi

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Rwanda
  • Tanzania

The Central African Republic

  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • The Republic of the Congo
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan

Chad

  • Cameroon
  • The Central African Republic
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Sudan

The Czech Republic

  • Austria
  • Germany
  • Poland
  • Slovakia

Ethiopia

Hungary

Kazakhstan

  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Uzbekistan

Laos

Lesotho

  • South Africa

Liechtenstein

  • Austria
  • Switzerland

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Malawi

Mali

Moldova

  • Romania
  • Ukraine

Mongolia

  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Russia

Nepal

  • China
  • India

Niger

Paraguay

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil

Rwanda

  • Burundi
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda

San Marino

  • Italy

Serbia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Hungary
  • Kosovo
  • Montenegro
  • North Macedonia
  • Romania

Slovakia

  • Austria
  • The Czech Republic
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Ukraine

South Ossetia

  • North Ossetia
  • Russia

South Sudan

  • The Central African Republic
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Kenya
  • Sudan
  • Uganda

Swaziland

  • Mozambique
  • South Africa

Switzerland

  • Austria
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
    • Liechtenstein

Tajikistan

  • Afghanistan
  • China
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Uzbekistan

Transnistria

  • Moldova
  • Ukraine

Turkmenistan

  • Afghanistan
  • Iran
  • Kazakhstan
  • Uzbekistan

Uganda

  • The Congo
  • Kenya
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania

Uzbekistan

  • Afghanistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan

Vatican City

  • Italy

The West Bank

Zambia

  • The Congo
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Tanzania
  • Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

  • Botswana
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • South Africa
  • Zambia
Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
2Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%3.61%AfricaEastern Africa
3Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
4Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²172,696 mi²0.30%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
5Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²56,812 mi²< 0.1%1.83%AsiaSouthern Asia
6Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%3.87%AfricaWestern Africa
7Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
8Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
9Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²45,735 mi²< 0.1%2.68%AfricaEastern Africa
10Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1,051,811 mi²1.84%1.27%AsiaCentral Asia
11Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²290,508 mi²0.51%2.94%AfricaEastern Africa
12Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
13Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²150,832 mi²0.26%1.43%AfricaEastern Africa
14Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%2.64%AfricaEastern Africa
15Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²10,744 mi²< 0.1%3.18%AfricaEastern Africa
16Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²424,052 mi²0.74%1.41%AmericasSouth America
17South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²239,222 mi²0.42%0.79%AfricaMiddle Africa
18Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²30,442 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeEastern Europe
19Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²33,428 mi²< 0.1%0.99%AsiaWestern Asia
20Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
21Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²80,134 mi²0.14%-0.00%EuropeEastern Europe
22Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²55,237 mi²< 0.1%2.42%AsiaCentral Asia
23Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
24Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²34,107 mi²< 0.1%-0.35%EuropeSouthern Europe
25Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
26Laos7,169,455236,800 km²91,405 mi²0.16%1.53%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
27Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%1.27%AmericasSouth America
28Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²77,181 mi²0.13%1.77%AsiaCentral Asia
29Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²188,407 mi²0.33%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
30Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²18,928 mi²< 0.1%0.07%EuropeEastern Europe
31Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²240,472 mi²0.42%1.69%AfricaMiddle Africa
32Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²13,065 mi²< 0.1%-0.21%EuropeEastern Europe
33Mongolia3,225,1671,564,110 km²603,746 mi²1.05%1.73%AsiaEastern Asia
34Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²11,481 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AsiaWestern Asia
35Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²224,652 mi²0.39%2.20%AfricaSouthern Africa
36Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²11,717 mi²< 0.1%0.80%AfricaSouthern Africa
37Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²9,925 mi²< 0.1%0.02%EuropeSouthern Europe
38Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²6,703 mi²< 0.1%1.04%AfricaSouthern Africa
39Bhutan763,09238,394 km²14,820 mi²< 0.1%1.15%AsiaSouthern Asia
40Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
41Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
42Liechtenstein38,019160 km²62 mi²< 0.1%0.29%EuropeWestern Europe
43San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe
44Vatican City7990.44 km² mi²< 0.1%-0.25%EuropeSouthern Europe