A landlocked country is defined as a country that is completely surrounded by land. Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Forty-nine – or about one-fifth of all of the countries in the world – are landlocked.
Being landlocked puts many of these countries at a disadvantage. This is because they do not have access to seaborne trade and resources like fishing that contribute to the economy. However, some nations have overcome these challenges and are quite wealthy, including Austria and Switzerland. However, most of the nations are Landlocked Developing Countries. Most landlocked nations are less wealthy and less populated than coastal nations.
The largest landlocked country by area is Kazakhstan. The smallest by area is Vatican City. The largest landlocked country by population is Ethiopia, which has a population of over 101 million people. Vatican City is the smallest by population, with a total population of less than 1,000 people.
These landlocked nations make up over 11% of the world’s total area and are home to nearly 7% of the world’s total population.
All of the nations in the world that are landlocked are:
- Afghanistan, Andorra, Armenia, Artsakh, Austria, Azerbaijan
- Belarus, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi
- Central African Republic, Chad, Czech Republic
- Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan
- Laos, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg
- Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mongolia
- Nepal, Niger
- San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, South Ossetia, South Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland
- Tajikistan, Transnistria, Turkmenistan
- Uganda, Uzbekistan
- Vatican City
- West Bank
- Zambia, Zimbabwe.