Landlocked Countries 2019

A landlocked country is defined as a country that is completely surrounded by land. Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Forty-nine – or about one-fifth of all of the countries in the world – are landlocked.

Being landlocked puts many of these countries at a disadvantage. This is because they do not have access to seaborne trade and resources like fishing that contribute to the economy. However, some nations have overcome these challenges and are quite wealthy, including Austria and Switzerland. However, most of the nations are Landlocked Developing Countries. Most landlocked nations are less wealthy and less populated than coastal nations.

The largest landlocked country by area is Kazakhstan. The smallest by area is Vatican City. The largest landlocked country by population is Ethiopia, which has a population of over 101 million people. Vatican City is the smallest by population, with a total population of less than 1,000 people.

These landlocked nations make up over 11% of the world’s total area and are home to nearly 7% of the world’s total population.

All of the nations in the world that are landlocked are:

Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²2.61%
Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²3.61%
Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²2.34%
Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²1.56%
Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²1.83%
Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²3.87%
Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²2.89%
Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²3.04%
Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²2.68%
Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1.27%
Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²2.94%
Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²3.03%
Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²1.43%
Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²2.64%
Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²3.18%
Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²1.41%
South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²0.79%
Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²0.22%
Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²0.99%
Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²-0.24%
Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²-0.00%
Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²2.42%
Austria8,955,10283,871 km²0.72%
Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²-0.35%
Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²0.77%
Laos7,169,455236,800 km²1.53%
Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²1.27%
Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²1.77%
Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²1.56%
Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²0.07%
Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²1.69%
Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²-0.21%
Mongolia3,225,1671,564,110 km²1.73%
Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²0.20%
Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²2.20%
Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²0.80%
Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²0.02%
Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²1.04%
Bhutan763,09238,394 km²1.15%
Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²1.90%
Andorra77,142468 km²0.18%
Liechtenstein38,019160 km²0.29%
San Marino33,86061 km²0.22%
Vatican City7990.44 km²-0.25%