Landlocked Countries 2019

A landlocked country is defined as a country that is completely surrounded by land. Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Rivers might run through a portion of the region, and there can be bodies of water within the country’s borders, but each and every border is land-based, rather than water like an ocean shore. Of all the countries in the world, forty-nine of them are landlocked. This number is equivalent to one-fifth, or twenty percent, of all of the countries in the world.

As a landlocked country, these nations are actually at quite a disadvantage. While it might not seem unfortunate at first glance, landlocked countries are cut off from seaports and trading points that are often situated along the water. Since many trades happen by way of water transportation, landlocked countries cannot participate in as many trading opportunities as countries with access to major bodies of water.

Along with the lack of access to seaborne trade, landlocked countries also miss out on valuable resources, such as fishing, which is a huge contribution to the economy of many countries with water access. Without fishing as a major resource and income stream, landlocked countries have to turn to other sources of prosperity. Many landlocked countries are abundant in agriculture and intra-continental commerce.

All of that said, some nations have overcome the challenges that landlocked borders create, and they have even become quite wealthy, too. Two landlocked countries that manage to sustain success despite their lack of water borders are Austria and Switzerland. Even so, Austria and Switzerland have advantages that make their flourishing economies possible. The most obvious advantage is their location.

As part of Europe, Austria and Switzerland are situated on one of the most affluent and well-developed continents on the globe. Not every , most of the nations are landlocked developing countries. Most landlocked nations are less wealthy and less populated than coastal nations.

The largest landlocked country by area is Kazakhstan. The smallest by area is Vatican City. The largest landlocked country by population is Ethiopia, which has a population of over 101 million people. Vatican City is the smallest by population, with a total population of less than 1,000 people.

These landlocked nations make up over 11% of the world’s total area and are home to nearly 7% of the world’s total population. Out of all the nations in the world, the forty-nine landlocked countries are...

The Borders that Make These Countries Landlocked

Since none of the landlocked countries are surrounded on their sides by water, every border is shared with land from another country. Looking at the borders of each landlocked country helps make sense of their location on a map. Let’s take a glimpse at each landlocked country and look at the countries surrounding each landlocked nation.

Afghanistan

Andorra

Armenia

Artsakh

  • Armenia
  • Iran

Austria

Azerbaijan

  • Armenia
  • Georgia
  • Iran
  • Russia
  • Turkey

Belarus

Bhutan

  • China
  • India

Bolivia

Botswana

Burkina Faso

Burundi

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Rwanda
  • Tanzania

The Central African Republic

  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • The Republic of the Congo
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan

Chad

  • Cameroon
  • The Central African Republic
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Sudan

The Czech Republic

  • Austria
  • Germany
  • Poland
  • Slovakia

Ethiopia

Hungary

Kazakhstan

  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Uzbekistan

Laos

Lesotho

  • South Africa

Liechtenstein

  • Austria
  • Switzerland

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Malawi

Mali

Moldova

  • Romania
  • Ukraine

Mongolia

  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Russia

Nepal

  • China
  • India

Niger

Paraguay

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil

Rwanda

  • Burundi
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda

San Marino

  • Italy

Serbia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Hungary
  • Kosovo
  • Montenegro
  • North Macedonia
  • Romania

Slovakia

  • Austria
  • The Czech Republic
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Ukraine

South Ossetia

  • North Ossetia
  • Russia

South Sudan

  • The Central African Republic
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Kenya
  • Sudan
  • Uganda

Swaziland

  • Mozambique
  • South Africa

Switzerland

  • Austria
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
    • Liechtenstein

Tajikistan

  • Afghanistan
  • China
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Uzbekistan

Transnistria

  • Moldova
  • Ukraine

Turkmenistan

  • Afghanistan
  • Iran
  • Kazakhstan
  • Uzbekistan

Uganda

  • The Congo
  • Kenya
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania

Uzbekistan

  • Afghanistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan

Vatican City

  • Italy

The West Bank

Zambia

  • The Congo
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Tanzania
  • Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

  • Botswana
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • South Africa
  • Zambia
Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Ethiopia112,078,730
2Uganda44,269,594
3Afghanistan38,041,754
4Uzbekistan32,981,716
5Nepal28,608,710
6Niger23,310,715
7Burkina Faso20,321,378
8Mali19,658,031
9Malawi18,628,747
10Kazakhstan18,551,427
11Zambia17,861,030
12Chad15,946,876
13Zimbabwe14,645,468
14Rwanda12,626,950
15Burundi11,530,580
16Bolivia11,513,100
17South Sudan11,062,113
18Czech Republic10,689,209
19Azerbaijan10,047,718
20Hungary9,684,679
21Belarus9,452,411
22Tajikistan9,321,018
23Austria8,955,102
24Serbia8,772,235
25Switzerland8,591,365
26Laos7,169,455
27Paraguay7,044,636
28Kyrgyzstan6,415,850
29Turkmenistan5,942,089
30Slovakia5,457,013
31Central African Republic4,745,185
32Moldova4,043,263
33Mongolia3,225,167
34Armenia2,957,731
35Botswana2,303,697
36Lesotho2,125,268
37Bhutan763,092
38Luxembourg615,729
39Andorra77,142
40Liechtenstein38,019
41San Marino33,860
42Vatican City799