Laos Population 2018

6,957,910

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Burma, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. In 2018, the population of Laos is estimated at 6.96 million, which ranks 106th in the world.

The population is spread very unevenly in Laos, with most people living in the valleys of the Mekong River and tributaries. The capital city of Vientiane prefecture has an estimated population of 783,000.

Laos Demographics

The people of Laos are usually considered by their location as this relates to ethnicity. The lowland people (Lao Loum) account for about 60% of the country's population and are ethnic Lao. This group is descended from migrants who came south from China during the first millennium. 10% belong to other lowland groups.

The Mon-Khmer tribes, known as Lao Theung, inhabit the central and southern mountain areas. These are the indigenous inhabitants of northern Laos, although there are some Vietnamese, Chinese and Thai minorities. Lao Theung account for 30% of the population.

The Lao Soung, or highland people, include minority cultures such as the Hmong, Yao, Dao, Shan and other peoples who have lived in this isolated region for some time. The mountain tribes of mixed heritage include the Lua and Khmu people, who are indigenous to the region, The Lua people are endangered. The Lao Soung account for 10% of the population.

Laos also has the youngest population of any Asian country with a median age of 21.6 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 12 minutes
One net migrant every 36 minutes
Net gain of one person every 5 minutes

Laos Population in 2018Source: By Jean-Pierre Dalb�ra from Paris, France [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Laos Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kLaos Male Population0k20k40k60k80kLaos Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Laos Median Age

22.7


Total

22.4


Male

23


Female

Laos Population by Age

There are 4,179,680 adults in Laos.

Census Years

Year Date
20157 March 2015
20057 March 2005
19951 March 1995
19851 March 1985

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Laos Population Growth

Life expectancy has grown from 54 in 2007 to 60 for men and 65 for women in 2012 as more people gain access to clean water and health care. The population of Laos is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

About Laos

Official NameLao People's Democratic Republic
Languages SpokenLao
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude18105
Currencies UsedLaos Kip
DemonymLaotian

Countries Bordering Laos

Myanmar
Cambodia
China
Thailand
Vietnam

Laos Population Density

Laos Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Vientiane196,731
Pakse88,332
Thakhek85,000
Savannakhet66,553
Luang Prabang47,378
Xam Nua38,992
Muang Phonsavan37,507
Muang Xay25,000
Vangviang25,000
Muang Pakxan21,967
Ban Houakhoua15,500
Muang Khong15,000
Phongsali13,500
Sainyabuli13,500
Champasak12,994
Ban Houayxay12,500
Muang Phon-Hong10,112
Salavan5,521
Lamam4,463
Attapeu4,297

Laos Population Clock

The population of Laos (as of 6/18/2018)?6,957,910
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)6,961,210
Births Per Day439
Deaths Per Day124
Net Migrations Per Day -40
Net Change Per Day 275
Population Change Since January 1st46,475

Laos Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 23.169 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.555 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.127 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.17 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.58 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.73 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.623 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.188 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 39.956 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 50.051 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.573 years
Rate of Natural Increase 16.614

Laos Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20186,961,21049.90%50.10%29.401061.50%
20176,858,16049.88%50.12%28.961061.48%
20166,758,35349.86%50.14%28.541061.42%
20156,663,96749.84%50.16%28.141061.30%
20106,246,27449.75%50.25%26.381061.66%
20055,754,02649.60%50.40%24.301051.55%
20005,329,30449.86%50.14%22.511061.89%
19954,851,92349.90%50.10%20.491082.64%
19904,258,47250.01%49.99%17.981132.92%
19853,687,89849.84%50.16%15.571152.51%
19803,258,14449.67%50.33%13.761151.32%
19753,051,57749.51%50.49%12.891142.57%
19702,688,42849.35%50.65%11.351172.44%
19652,382,59449.22%50.78%10.061162.35%
19602,120,89649.14%50.86%8.961152.32%
19551,890,85249.15%50.85%7.991152.36%
19501,682,91549.27%50.73%7.111150.00%

Laos Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20207,164,82249.93%50.07%30.261050.00%
20257,629,77349.99%50.01%32.221051.27%
20308,048,69850.02%49.98%33.991041.07%
20358,416,46750.03%49.97%35.541030.90%
20408,727,90550.01%49.99%36.861040.73%
20458,978,14649.96%50.04%37.911010.57%
20509,162,89249.90%50.10%38.691030.41%
20559,283,32749.83%50.17%39.201050.26%
20609,339,86249.75%50.25%39.441040.12%
20659,335,05849.67%50.33%39.42104-0.01%
20709,273,38149.58%50.42%39.16104-0.13%
20759,162,05749.53%50.47%38.69105-0.24%
20809,010,87749.50%50.50%38.05104-0.33%
20858,830,99049.50%50.50%37.29105-0.40%
20908,632,67249.53%50.47%36.46105-0.45%
20958,420,91749.58%50.42%35.56105-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. Lao Statistics Bureau
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1985, 1995, 2005 and 2015 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer