Laos Population 2017

7,039,889

The population is spread very unevenly in Laos, with most people living in the valleys of the Mekong River and tributaries. The capital city of Vientiane prefecture has an estimated population of 783,000.

Laos Demographics

The people of Laos are usually considered by their location as this relates to ethnicity. The lowland people (Lao Loum) account for about 60% of the country's population and are ethnic Lao. This group is descended from migrants who came south from China during the first millennium. 10% belong to other lowland groups.

The Mon-Khmer tribes, known as Lao Theung, inhabit the central and southern mountain areas. These are the indigenous inhabitants of northern Laos, although there are some Vietnamese, Chinese and Thai minorities. Lao Theung account for 30% of the population.

The Lao Soung, or highland people, include minority cultures such as the Hmong, Yao, Dao, Shan and other peoples who have lived in this isolated region for some time. The mountain tribes of mixed heritage include the Lua and Khmu people, who are indigenous to the region, The Lua people are endangered. The Lao Soung account for 10% of the population.

Laos also has the youngest population of any Asian country with a median age of 21.6 years.

Laos Population in 2017Source: Jean-Pierre Dalbéra from Paris, France

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Laos Population Growth

Life expectancy has grown from 54 in 2007 to 60 for men and 65 for women in 2012 as more people gain access to clean water and health care. The population of Laos is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

About Laos

Official NameLao People's Democratic Republic
Languages SpokenLao
BordersMMR, KHM, CHN, THA, VNM
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude18105
Currencies UsedLAK

Laos Population Density

Name Population
Louang Namtha3,225
Attapu4,297
Lamam4,463
Salavan5,521
Muang Phon-Hong10,112
Ban Houayxay12,500
Champasak12,994
Sainyabuli13,500
Phongsali13,500
Khong15,000
Ban Houakhoua15,500
Muang Pakxan21,967
Muang Xay25,000
Vangviang25,000
Thakhek26,200
Muang Phonsavan37,507
Xam Nua38,992
Luang Prabang47,378
Savannakhet66,553
Pakse88,332
Vientiane196,731

Laos Population Clock

What is the population of Laos (as of September 13, 2017)?7,039,889
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7037521
Births Per Day98
Deaths Per Day25
Net Migrations Per Day -41
Net Change Per Day 32
Population Change Since January 1st8,160

Laos Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 25.412 births/thousand58
Crude Death Rate 6.368 deaths/thousand137
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.113 people/thousand156
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.427 years147
Male Life Expectancy 65.957 years140
Female Life Expectancy 68.85 years151
Total Fertility Rate 2.798 children/woman70
Net Reproduction Rate 1.26 surviving daughters/woman67
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 38.852 deaths/1,000 live births48
Under Five Mortality 48.513 deaths/thousand51
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.088 years182
Rate of Natural Increase 18.899 58
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.92 %145
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.583 %139
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 9.231 %149
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.715 %141
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.016 %131
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 20.505 %149
Crude Suicide Rate 6.4 suicides/thousand98
Median Age (Total) 22.7 years161
Median Age (Female) 23 years161
Median Age (Male) 22.4 years160

Laos Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20177,037,52149.823%50.177%301791.7%105
20156,802,02349.769%50.231%291801.7%105
20106,260,54449.617%50.383%271791.68%106
20055,745,01249.443%50.557%241791.62%105
20005,342,87949.806%50.194%231771.52%104
19954,857,77449.839%50.161%211762.21%107
19904,247,83950.013%49.987%181772.87%111
19853,680,14549.837%50.163%151832.82%113
19803,252,70049.666%50.334%141811.97%113
19753,047,86449.51%50.49%131781.53%114
19702,686,02549.35%50.65%111772.7%116
19652,381,06349.219%50.781%101772.34%115
19602,119,94449.142%50.858%91752.3%115
19551,890,36249.148%50.852%81752.29%115
19501,682,91649.267%50.733%71772.36%116

Laos Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20207,397,94349.893%50.107%321781.57%104
20257,965,98249.985%50.015%341781.35%103
20308,489,48550.05%49.95%361771.17%103
20358,972,93150.092%49.908%381771.03%101
20409,421,23850.121%49.879%401760.9%100
20459,826,16650.143%49.857%421760.75%99
205010,172,42950.157%49.843%441760.61%98
205510,456,32350.166%49.834%451760.46%98
206010,673,11350.172%49.828%461760.33%99
206510,825,47350.178%49.822%461770.21%98
207010,914,24950.199%49.801%471750.09%98
207510,941,11650.238%49.762%47176-0.02%99
208010,909,58950.304%49.696%47176-0.11%100
208510,831,86150.386%49.614%46178-0.19%101
209010,717,10450.483%49.517%46179-0.24%101
209510,578,32950.593%49.407%45179-0.29%101
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations