Laos Population 2017

6,862,576

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Burma, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. In 2017, the population of Laos is estimated at 6.86 million, which ranks 106th in the world.

The population is spread very unevenly in Laos, with most people living in the valleys of the Mekong River and tributaries. The capital city of Vientiane prefecture has an estimated population of 783,000.

Laos Demographics

The people of Laos are usually considered by their location as this relates to ethnicity. The lowland people (Lao Loum) account for about 60% of the country's population and are ethnic Lao. This group is descended from migrants who came south from China during the first millennium. 10% belong to other lowland groups.

The Mon-Khmer tribes, known as Lao Theung, inhabit the central and southern mountain areas. These are the indigenous inhabitants of northern Laos, although there are some Vietnamese, Chinese and Thai minorities. Lao Theung account for 30% of the population.

The Lao Soung, or highland people, include minority cultures such as the Hmong, Yao, Dao, Shan and other peoples who have lived in this isolated region for some time. The mountain tribes of mixed heritage include the Lua and Khmu people, who are indigenous to the region, The Lua people are endangered. The Lao Soung account for 10% of the population.

Laos also has the youngest population of any Asian country with a median age of 21.6 years.

Laos Population in 2018Source: Jean-Pierre Dalbéra from Paris, France

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Laos Population Growth

Life expectancy has grown from 54 in 2007 to 60 for men and 65 for women in 2012 as more people gain access to clean water and health care. The population of Laos is currently growing at a rate of 2% per year.

About Laos

Official NameLao People's Democratic Republic
Languages SpokenLao
BordersMMR, KHM, CHN, THA, VNM
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude18105
Currencies UsedLAK

Laos Population Density

Name Population
Vientiane196,731
Pakxe88,332
Savannakhet66,553
Louangphabang47,378
Xam Nua38,992
Muang Phonsavan37,507
Phonsavan37,507
Thakhek26,200
Muang Xay25,000
Vangviang25,000
Muang Pakxan21,967
Ban Houakhoua15,500
Khong15,000
Phongsali13,500
Sainyabuli13,500
Champasak12,994
Ban Houayxay12,500
Muang Phon-Hong10,112
Salavan5,521
Lamam4,463
Attapu4,297
Louang Namtha3,225

Laos Population Clock

What is the population of Laos (as of 11/15/2017)?6,862,576
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)6,858,160
Births Per Day98
Deaths Per Day25
Net Migrations Per Day -41
Net Change Per Day 32
Population Change Since January 1st10,208

Laos Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 25.412 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.368 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.113 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 67.427 years
Male Life Expectancy 65.957 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.85 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.798 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.26 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 38.852 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 48.513 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.088 years
Rate of Natural Increase 18.899
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.92%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.583%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 9.231%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 22.715%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.016%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 20.505%
Median Age (Total) 22.7 years
Median Age (Female) 23 years
Median Age (Male) 22.4 years

Laos Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20176,858,16049.88%50.12%291.45%
20156,663,96749.84%50.16%281.30%
20106,246,27449.75%50.25%261.66%
20055,754,02649.60%50.40%241.55%
20005,329,30449.86%50.14%231.89%
19954,851,92349.90%50.10%202.64%
19904,258,47250.01%49.99%182.92%
19853,687,89849.84%50.16%162.51%
19803,258,14449.67%50.33%141.32%
19753,051,57749.51%50.49%132.57%
19702,688,42849.35%50.65%112.44%
19652,382,59449.22%50.78%102.35%
19602,120,89649.14%50.86%92.32%
19551,890,85249.15%50.85%82.36%
19501,682,91549.27%50.73%70.00%

Laos Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20207,164,82249.93%50.07%300.00%
20257,629,77349.99%50.01%321.27%
20308,048,69850.02%49.98%341.07%
20358,416,46750.03%49.97%360.90%
20408,727,90550.01%49.99%370.73%
20458,978,14649.96%50.04%380.57%
20509,162,89249.90%50.10%390.41%
20559,283,32749.83%50.17%390.26%
20609,339,86249.75%50.25%390.12%
20659,335,05849.67%50.33%39-0.01%
20709,273,38149.58%50.42%39-0.13%
20759,162,05749.53%50.47%39-0.24%
20809,010,87749.50%50.50%38-0.33%
20858,830,99049.50%50.50%37-0.40%
20908,632,67249.53%50.47%36-0.45%
20958,420,91749.58%50.42%36-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer