Largest Countries In Americas 2019

The Americas comprise the totality of North America and South America. Both continents are located in the Western Hemisphere and make up the New World.

It believed that the first humans to settle in the Americas were from Asia and arrived anywhere between 42,000 to 17,000 years ago. Norse explorer Leif Erikson was the first European settler in the Americas; however, Christopher’s Columbus’s voyages were the first to result in permanent colonization.

North America and South America meet at a point on the Isthmus of Panama. Panama was originally part of South America when the boundary between the continents was set as the Costa Rican border and Panama was a province of Colombia. The border changed in 1903 when Panama gained its independence. Panama is the only country to have changed continents.

The total area of the Americas is 16.43 million square miles (42.55 million square kilometers) making up about 8% of Earth’s total surface and 28.4% of the Earth’s total land surface. Between both continents, there are about 1.002 billion people, two-thirds of whom live in the United States, Brazil, and Mexico.

Between the two continents, there are 31 countries and dozens of territories belonging to the United States and several European countries including the United Kingdom, France, Norway, the Netherlands, and Denmark.

The ten largest countries in the Americas are:

  1. Canada (3,854,083 mi2)
  2. United States (3,617,827 mi2)
  3. Brazil (3,287,086 mi2)
  4. Argentina (1,073,234 mi2)
  5. Mexico (758,249 mi2)
  6. Peru (486,093 mi2)
  7. Colombia (440,715 mi2)
  8. Bolivia (424,052 mi2)
  9. Venezuela (353,748 mi2)
  10. Chile (291,855 mi2)

Canada is the largest country at 3,854,083 square miles (9,984,670 square kilometers). Canada is also the third-largest country in the world. Despite Canada’s size, the population is 37.5 million, ranked 39th in the world. The majority of Canada’s population lives in the southernmost parts along the Canadian-US border due to the harsh weather conditions in the northern half of the country.

The United States is the second-largest country in the Americas spanning over 3,617,827 square miles (9,372,610 square kilometers). The United States is the third-largest country in the world by population with over 329 million people.

Below is a table of each country’s total area.

Rank Country Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Region Subregion
1Canada9,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%AmericasNorthern America
2United States9,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%AmericasNorthern America
3Brazil8,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%AmericasSouth America
4Argentina2,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%AmericasSouth America
5Mexico1,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%AmericasCentral America
6Peru1,285,216 km²496,093 mi²0.87%AmericasSouth America
7Colombia1,141,748 km²440,715 mi²0.77%AmericasSouth America
8Bolivia1,098,581 km²424,052 mi²0.74%AmericasSouth America
9Venezuela916,445 km²353,748 mi²0.62%AmericasSouth America
10Chile756,102 km²291,855 mi²0.51%AmericasSouth America
11Paraguay406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%AmericasSouth America
12Ecuador276,841 km²106,861 mi²0.19%AmericasSouth America
13Guyana214,969 km²82,978 mi²0.14%AmericasSouth America
14Uruguay181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%AmericasSouth America
15Suriname163,820 km²63,235 mi²0.11%AmericasSouth America
16Nicaragua130,373 km²50,324 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
17Honduras112,492 km²43,422 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
18Cuba109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
19Guatemala108,889 km²42,031 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
20Panama75,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
21Costa Rica51,100 km²19,725 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
22Belize22,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
23El Salvador21,041 km²8,122 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
24Jamaica10,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
25Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
26Saint Lucia616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
27Antigua And Barbuda442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
28Barbados430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
29Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
30Grenada344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
31Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean