The total area of South America is 17,835,252 km² (6,886,229 mi²) split across 12 countries.
The largest country in South America is Brazil, which spans over 8,515,767 km² (3,287,086 mi²). Brazil has a population of over 211 million people. Brazil is also the fifth largest country in the world, right behind the United States.
The smallest country in South America is Suriname, which spans over just 163,820 km² (63,235 mi²). The population of Suriname is 582,205 people.