Latin American Countries 2019

Latin America refers to the part of the world that rests in between North America and South America. It can become a little confusing when trying to understand which countries are part of Latin America, especially because some of those same countries are also considered part of North America and others are also classified as South American countries. There is a total of twenty countries in Latin America. In alphabetical order, the countries of Latin America include...

Here are the Latin American countries that are also part of North America:

  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Mexico

Here are the Latin American countries that are also part of South America:

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Argentina

The population size of Argentina is currently about 45,040,582 people, and about 89% -- or 40,086,118 people -- reside in one of Argentina’s many cities. This Latin American country is made up of a total of 1,056,641 square miles, so over forty-five million people find a way to somehow share barely more than one million square miles. Although at first glance it sounds as though Argentina is a crowded country, calculating the population density shows that it is not the case afterall. Dividing the population by the total area equates to about forty-three people per square mile.

The Latin American country of Argentina has experienced a very steady, albeit quite slow, increase in population size. Every year since as far back as 1955, Argentina's population has been on the rise by anywhere between two percent and point nine percent. The reason for the increased population size in Argentina can be attributed to migration, as well as various baby boom periods throughout the country's history.

Located very near to the southernmost point of Latin America, Argentina shares borders with five other South American countries. Chile is west of Argentina, while the eastern boundary of Argentina is shared with Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. Bolivia is situated to the north of Argentina as well.

Brazil

Brazil is a country comprised of about 3,227,095 square miles of land and sea. With a population of around 212,154,149 people, Brazilian citizens and residents experience a decent balance of people and area. The population density of Brazil is about sixty-six people per square mile of land, which is very comfortable in terms of space.

This population density does not pose the very real threat of overpopulation that many countries face, and even more fascinating is the fact that the growth of the population of Brazil is slowly decreasing. The country continues to experience a rise in population size, but the percentage of growth is becoming smaller as the years progress.

Brazil is definitely, without a doubt, the biggest Latin American country of them all. In fact, Brazil takes up more than half of the eastern border of South America, and even a large portion of the centermost areas of the continent. The entire eastern coastline of Brazil is surrounded by the southern region of the Atlantic Ocean. Looking at the countries that border Brazil along all of its other borders in a counter-clockwise manner, Brazil is surrounded by French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay.

Costa Rica

The Latin American country of Costa Rica ranks as the one hundred twenty-third largest country in the world in terms of population alone. With a population just under five million people, the estimated exact total number is 4,992,243 people, as of 2019. The number of people who live in Costa Rica continues to increase by about 1% every year, but before the year 2000, the increase in Costa Rican residents rose closer to anywhere between two and five percent annually.

Costa Rica is a country that spans for 19,714 square miles. As such, the ratio of people to land is about two hundred fifty-four people for every square mile, which is the same as the country’s population density. Costa Rica is the main country that connects the Panama Canal to the rest of North America. The Caribbean Sea is northeast of Costa Rica, and the Pacific Ocean is located along the southwestern border of the Republic of Costa Rica. The capital city is San Jose, which also happens to be a very populated place to live.

The Dominican Republic

Often referred to as the DR, the Dominican Republic is part of the Greater Antilles archipelago. The island country is located in the Caribbean Sea, though it is still very much considered a Latin American country. The Dominican Republic is almost like a conjoined twin with the island of Haiti. Together, Haiti and the DR comprise the island of Hispaniola. Another country called Saint Martin is in a similar position as Hispaniola, for it is a landmass that is split between two separate states as well.

Here’s a fun fact about the Dominican Republic for you. After Cuba, the Dominican Republic is the Caribbean’s second largest island country. The total area of the DR comes to approximately 18,656 square miles, though it can be tricky to say that this is an absolutely precise measurement of the Dominican Republic’s total area.

This is due to the nature of islands and the unavoidable fact that the ever-changing tides make it difficult to determine the area of a country without error. There are 10,979,439 people who live in this Latin American country, bringing the population density to about five hundred eighty-nine people per square mile of area.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is an island country in Latin America. Technically speaking, Puerto Rico's borders in every cardinal direction are shared with water. The Caribbean Sea is situated to the south of Puerto Rico, whereas the other coastal points of Puerto Rico are encompassed by the Atlantic Ocean.

With a population of over three and a half million people, Puerto Rico is number one hundred thirty-four on the overall list of the largest countries on Earth. The Latin American nation has a total area amounting to 3,425 square miles, and there are just about 1,067 people for each square mile in Puerto Rico.

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Brazil211,049,527
2Mexico127,575,529
3Colombia50,339,443
4Argentina44,780,677
5Peru32,510,453
6Venezuela28,515,829
7Chile18,952,038
8Guatemala17,581,472
9Ecuador17,373,662
10Bolivia11,513,100
11Cuba11,333,483
12Honduras9,746,117
13Paraguay7,044,636
14Nicaragua6,545,502
15El Salvador6,453,553
16Costa Rica5,047,561
17Panama4,246,439
18Uruguay3,461,734
19Puerto Rico2,933,408