Latino Countries 2019

“Latino countries” is a term used to describe nations and dependencies located in Latin America. These nations are located in the Western Hemisphere and are located in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. In these nations, Romance languages including Spanish and Portuguese are the most common languages. This does not include areas in the United States or Canada where these languages are predominant.

Latin America is made up of a group of nations and dependencies. The countries of Latin America include:

The dependencies and constituent entities of Latin America include:

Guadeloupe Martinique Puerto Rico Saint Barthelemy Saint Martin

The total land area of these Latino countries is approximately 7.4 million square miles. The population, based on estimates from 2016, is 639,048,639. As previously mentioned, most of these nations speak mainly Spanish, Portuguese, and French. The most common language is Spanish, which is spoken by about 60% of the total population. However, other languages may be spoken throughout this region, including Mayan languages, Dutch, Italian, German, Polish, Chinese, and Japanese, just to name a few.

The largest city in this region is Mexico City. This city has a population of over 23 million inhabitants. Other populous cities in Latin America include Lima, Rio de Janeiro, Bogota, Buenos Aires, and Sao Paulo.

Throughout Latin America, you’ll find multiple ethnic groups and races. This region is believed to be one of the most diverse in the world. Some ethnic groups that can be found in Latino countries include Mestizos, Castizos, Amerindians, blacks, Asians, and Mulattos. People that are at least part European make up about 80% of Latin America’s total population.

Most inhabitants of Latino countries are Christian, with about 90% of the total population having Christian beliefs. Roughly 70% of the population is Catholic.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%0.75%AmericasSouth America
2Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%1.10%AmericasCentral America
3Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²440,715 mi²0.77%1.37%AmericasSouth America
4Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
5Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²496,093 mi²0.87%1.63%AmericasSouth America
6Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²353,748 mi²0.62%-1.29%AmericasSouth America
7Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²42,031 mi²< 0.1%1.93%AmericasCentral America
8Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²106,861 mi²0.19%1.69%AmericasSouth America
9Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²424,052 mi²0.74%1.41%AmericasSouth America
10Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
11Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
12Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²18,787 mi²< 0.1%1.05%AmericasCaribbean
13Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²43,422 mi²< 0.1%1.65%AmericasCentral America
14Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%1.27%AmericasSouth America
15Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²50,324 mi²< 0.1%1.24%AmericasCentral America
16El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²8,122 mi²< 0.1%0.51%AmericasCentral America
17Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²19,725 mi²< 0.1%0.96%AmericasCentral America
18Panama4,246,43975,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%1.67%AmericasCentral America
19Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%0.36%AmericasSouth America
20Guyana782,766214,969 km²82,978 mi²0.14%0.48%AmericasSouth America
21Suriname581,372163,820 km²63,235 mi²0.11%0.93%AmericasSouth America
22Belize390,35322,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%1.90%AmericasCentral America
23French Guiana290,83283,534 km²32,244 mi²< 0.1%2.79%AmericasSouth America