Latvia Population 2018

1,938,794

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden. Latvia's population is in decline, and it's estimated 2018 population is 1.93 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Latvia's estimated population is 1.93 million, which is lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukranians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 27 minutes
One death every 18 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net loss of one person every 27 minutes

Latvia Population in 2018Source: Diego Delso

Latvia Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15kLatvia Male Population0k5k10k15kLatvia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Latvia Median Age

43.3


Total

39.5


Male

46.6


Female

Latvia Population by Age

There are 1,598,597 adults in Latvia.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Latvia Population Growth

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

About Latvia

Official NameRepublic of Latvia
Languages SpokenLatvian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5725
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymLatvian

Countries Bordering Latvia

Belarus
Estonia
Lithuania
Russia

Latvia Population Density

Latvia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Riga742,572
Daugavpils111,564
Liepaja85,132
Jelgava61,791
Jurmala54,088
Ventspils42,644
Rezekne38,340
Jekabpils27,078
Valmiera26,963
Ogre26,760
Tukums18,348
Cesis18,198
Salaspils17,606
Bolderaja14,771
Kuldiga13,289
Olaine12,584
Saldus12,224
Talsi12,022
Dobele11,225
Kraslava11,088

Latvia Population Clock

The population of Latvia (as of 1/17/2018)?1,938,794
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)1,929,938
Births Per Day53
Deaths Per Day80
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -54
Population Change Since January 1st-918

Latvia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 15.113 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -5.147 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.72 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.73 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.4 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.57 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.754 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.056 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 5.236 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.369 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.178 years
Rate of Natural Increase -5.113

Latvia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20181,929,93845.94%54.06%29.89150-1.06%
20151,992,66345.90%54.10%30.87148-1.22%
20102,118,84845.79%54.21%32.82143-1.21%
20052,251,98345.85%54.15%34.88142-1.13%
20002,384,16345.95%54.05%36.93140-1.01%
19952,508,47346.07%53.93%38.86136-1.20%
19902,664,43246.59%53.41%41.271320.64%
19852,580,75146.19%53.81%39.981320.47%
19802,521,38546.08%53.92%39.061270.42%
19752,469,43646.05%53.95%38.251250.76%
19702,378,01745.79%54.21%36.831220.96%
19652,266,94145.08%54.92%35.111181.26%
19602,129,58644.13%55.87%32.991141.25%
19552,001,57043.73%56.27%31.001130.77%
19501,926,56843.26%56.74%29.841120.00%

Latvia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,892,99345.97%54.03%29.321510.00%
20251,812,68246.12%53.88%28.08152-0.86%
20301,747,19246.32%53.68%27.06153-0.73%
20351,681,89446.52%53.48%26.05155-0.76%
20401,622,75446.74%53.26%25.14155-0.71%
20451,569,17847.00%53.00%24.31155-0.67%
20501,517,20047.29%52.71%23.50155-0.67%
20551,465,73647.60%52.40%22.70156-0.69%
20601,415,07647.90%52.10%21.92156-0.70%
20651,366,65348.18%51.82%21.17157-0.69%
20701,322,01448.45%51.55%20.48158-0.66%
20751,282,56248.70%51.30%19.87159-0.60%
20801,248,79448.94%51.06%19.34159-0.53%
20851,220,45649.14%50.86%18.90160-0.46%
20901,196,08949.27%50.73%18.53160-0.40%
20951,173,12949.32%50.68%18.17160-0.39%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer