Latvia Population 2017

1,944,195

Latvia's estimated population is 2.04 million, which is lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukranians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Latvia Population in 2017Source: Diego Delso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Latvia Population Growth

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

About Latvia

Official NameRepublic of Latvia
Languages SpokenLatvian
BordersBLR, EST, LTU, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5725
Currencies UsedEUR

Latvia Population Density

Name Population
Sala
Bergi
Stalbe
Koknese
Baltinava
Vainode
Carnikava
Zelmeni
Aglona
Adazi
Vecvarkava
Ropazi
Rugaji
Nica
Liegi
Loja
Malpils
Matisi
Murmuiza
Jaunpiebalga
Naukseni
Pilsrundale
Garkalne
Ragana
Rauna
Cibla
Riebini
Dundaga
Drabesi
Koceni
Marupe
Rucava547
Vecpiebalga596
Smarde734
Alsunga940
Jaunpils1,029
Pavilosta1,171
Nereta1,282
Akniste1,314
Ligatne1,433
Aloja1,509
Ape1,521
Vilaka1,525
Strenci1,593
Roja1,800
Cesvaine1,811
Mersrags1,860
Zilupe1,897
Lubana1,918
Jaunjelgava1,938
Baldone2,025
Incukalns2,028
Varaklani2,106
Viesite2,162
Ergli2,186
Aluksne2,264
Kegums2,372
Mazsalaca2,412
Vecumnieki2,487
Priekuli2,532
Priekule2,550
Karsava2,645
Skrunda2,659
Dagda2,740
Ulbroka2,800
Skriveri2,879
Ilukste2,898
Pinki3,033
Auce3,125
Saulkrasti3,184
Ikskile3,368
Ozolnieki3,400
Salacgriva3,427
Broceni3,486
Kandava3,592
Rujiena3,638
Plavinas3,848
Vilani3,934
Iecava4,000
Grobina4,203
Kekava4,600
Lielvarde5,114
Aizpute5,634
Smiltene6,108
Valka6,589
Krustpils6,680
Karosta7,500
Balvi8,409
Preili8,656
Aizkraukle8,840
Limbazi8,974
Madona9,280
Gulbene9,355
Daugavgriva9,952
Livani10,073
Sigulda10,422
Ludza10,514
Bauska10,532
Kraslava11,088
Dobele11,225
Talsi12,022
Saldus12,224
Olaine12,584
Kuldiga13,289
Bolderaja14,771
Salaspils17,606
Cesis18,198
Tukums18,348
Ogre26,760
Valmiera26,963
Jekabpils27,078
Rezekne38,340
Ventspils42,644
Jurmala54,088
Jelgava61,791
Liepaja85,132
Daugavpils111,564
Riga742,572

Latvia Population Clock

What is the population of Latvia (as of September 13, 2017)?1,944,195
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1944565
Births Per Day11
Deaths Per Day16
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day -5
Population Change Since January 1st-1,275

Latvia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.078 births/thousand178
Crude Death Rate 15.223 deaths/thousand4
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.037 people/thousand72
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.519 years98
Male Life Expectancy 69.58 years112
Female Life Expectancy 79.153 years67
Total Fertility Rate 1.54 children/woman175
Net Reproduction Rate 0.745 surviving daughters/woman173
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female75
Infant Mortality Rate 5.627 deaths/1,000 live births152
Under Five Mortality 6.822 deaths/thousand151
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.608 years44
Rate of Natural Increase -5.265 199
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.77 %76
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.288 %85
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.166 %65
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.354 %107
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.753 %123
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.034 %80
Crude Suicide Rate 21.8 suicides/thousand10
Median Age (Total) 43.3 years15
Median Age (Female) 46.6 years5
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years35

Latvia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20171,944,56545.96%54.04%31176-0.45%149
20151,970,50345.876%54.124%31176-0.75%149
20102,090,51845.689%54.311%33171-1.29%143
20052,227,55845.834%54.166%35165-1.29%142
20002,371,48146.008%53.992%38156-1.12%140
19952,487,98846.114%53.886%40151-1.2%136
19902,663,98546.485%53.515%42141-0.71%132
19852,582,07846.183%53.817%411360.86%132
19802,513,39746.011%53.989%401300.45%127
19752,457,02745.968%54.032%391270.54%125
19702,365,75245.696%54.304%381200.83%122
19652,261,25945.081%54.919%361171.01%118
19602,132,36844.198%55.802%341151.22%114
19552,015,00943.879%56.121%321121.04%113
19501,949,00043.235%56.765%311090.3%111

Latvia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20201,918,94846.079%53.921%30179-0.51%150
20251,864,85446.305%53.695%29180-0.61%151
20301,806,28946.519%53.481%29182-0.66%151
20351,747,23046.718%53.282%28189-0.65%151
20401,692,47646.922%53.078%27192-0.62%153
20451,641,58647.151%52.849%26196-0.6%155
20501,593,46347.412%52.588%25197-0.59%155
20551,547,85747.682%52.318%24198-0.57%156
20601,504,20047.928%52.072%24198-0.57%156
20651,462,06548.156%51.844%23200-0.56%156
20701,422,66648.382%51.618%22201-0.52%157
20751,387,54948.626%51.374%22201-0.46%157
20801,357,90148.877%51.123%21204-0.38%157
20851,334,15249.113%50.887%21204-0.31%157
20901,314,83549.294%50.706%21202-0.28%158
20951,296,92449.406%50.594%20206-0.28%158
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations