Latvia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Latvia's estimated population is 2.04 million, which is lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukranians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Latvia Population in 2017 Source: Diego Delso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Latvia Population Growth

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

Latvia Population Density

About Latvia

Official Name Republic of Latvia
Languages Spoken Latvian
Borders BLR, EST, LTU, RUS
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 57,25
Currencies Used EUR

Latvia Population Clock

What is the population of Latvia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 11
Deaths Per Day 16
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day -5
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Latvia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 10.078 births/thousand 178th
Crude Death Rate 15.223 deaths/thousand 4th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.037 people/thousand 72nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.519 years 98th
Life Expectancy (Male) 69.58 years 112th
Life Expectancy (Female) 79.153 years 67th
Total Fertility Rate 1.54 children/woman 175th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.745 surviving daughters/woman 173rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female 75th
Infant Mortality Rate 5.627 deaths/1,000 live births 152nd
Under Five Mortality 6.822 deaths/thousand 151st
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.608 years 44th
Rate of Natural Increase -5.265 199th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.77% 76th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.288% 85th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.166% 65th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.354% 76th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.753% 85th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.034% 65th
Crude Suicide Rate 21.8 suicides/thousand 10th
Median Age (Total) 43.3 years 15th
Median Age (Female) 46.6 years 5th
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years 35th

Latvia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 1,944,565 45.96% 54.04% 31 176 -0.45% 149
2015 1,970,503 45.876% 54.124% 31 176 -0.75% 149
2010 2,090,518 45.689% 54.311% 33 171 -1.29% 143
2005 2,227,558 45.834% 54.166% 35 165 -1.29% 142
2000 2,371,481 46.008% 53.992% 38 156 -1.12% 140
1995 2,487,988 46.114% 53.886% 40 151 -1.2% 136
1990 2,663,985 46.485% 53.515% 42 141 -0.71% 132
1985 2,582,078 46.183% 53.817% 41 136 0.86% 132
1980 2,513,397 46.011% 53.989% 40 130 0.45% 127
1975 2,457,027 45.968% 54.032% 39 127 0.54% 125
1970 2,365,752 45.696% 54.304% 38 120 0.83% 122
1965 2,261,259 45.081% 54.919% 36 117 1.01% 118
1960 2,132,368 44.198% 55.802% 34 115 1.22% 114
1955 2,015,009 43.879% 56.121% 32 112 1.04% 113
1950 1,949,000 43.235% 56.765% 31 109 0.3% 111

Latvia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 1,918,948 46.079% 53.921% 30 179 -0.51% 150
2025 1,864,854 46.305% 53.695% 29 180 -0.61% 151
2030 1,806,289 46.519% 53.481% 29 182 -0.66% 151
2035 1,747,230 46.718% 53.282% 28 189 -0.65% 151
2040 1,692,476 46.922% 53.078% 27 192 -0.62% 153
2045 1,641,586 47.151% 52.849% 26 196 -0.6% 155
2050 1,593,463 47.412% 52.588% 25 197 -0.59% 155
2055 1,547,857 47.682% 52.318% 24 198 -0.57% 156
2060 1,504,200 47.928% 52.072% 24 198 -0.57% 156
2065 1,462,065 48.156% 51.844% 23 200 -0.56% 156
2070 1,422,666 48.382% 51.618% 22 201 -0.52% 157
2075 1,387,549 48.626% 51.374% 22 201 -0.46% 157
2080 1,357,901 48.877% 51.123% 21 204 -0.38% 157
2085 1,334,152 49.113% 50.887% 21 204 -0.31% 157
2090 1,314,835 49.294% 50.706% 21 202 -0.28% 158
2095 1,296,924 49.406% 50.594% 20 206 -0.28% 158
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations