Latvia Population 2019

1,901,987

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden. Latvia's population is in decline, and it's estimated 2019 population is 1.91 million, which ranks 151st in the world.

Latvia's estimated population is 1.91 million, which is lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 26 minutes
One death every 19 minutes
One net migrant every 39 minutes
Net loss of one person every 25 minutes

Latvia Population in 2018Source: By Algirdas (lv wiki) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Latvia Population Pyramid 2019

Latvia Population by Age

There are 1,542,686 adults in Latvia.

Census Years

Year Date
20211 January 2021
201131 May 2011
200031 March 2000
198912 January 1989
Latvia Population Growth

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

Official NameRepublic of Latvia
Languages SpokenLatvian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5725
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymLatvian
Name Population Location
Riga742,572Map
Daugavpils111,564Map
Liepaja85,132Map
Jelgava61,791Map
Jurmala54,088Map
Ventspils42,644Map
Rezekne38,340Map
Jekabpils27,078Map
Valmiera26,963Map
Ogre26,760Map
Tukums18,348Map
Cesis18,198Map
Salaspils17,606Map
Bolderaja14,771Map
Kuldiga13,289Map
Olaine12,584Map
Saldus12,224Map
Talsi12,022Map
Dobele11,225Map
Kraslava11,088Map

Latvia Population Clock

The population of Latvia (as of 9/20/2019)?1,901,987
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)1,906,743
Births Per Day56
Deaths Per Day77
Net Migrations Per Day -37
Net Change Per Day -58
Population Change Since January 1st-15,254

Latvia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 20th 2019 is: 1,902,184

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20191,906,74346.04%53.96%29.53151-1.13%
20181,928,45945.99%54.01%29.87150-1.16%
20171,951,09745.93%54.07%30.22150-1.17%
20161,974,26645.88%54.12%30.58150-1.17%
20151,997,67445.84%54.16%30.94149-1.17%
20102,118,86145.79%54.21%32.82143-1.21%
20052,251,99345.85%54.15%34.88142-1.13%
20002,384,16445.95%54.05%36.93139-1.01%
19952,508,48046.07%53.93%38.86135-1.20%
19902,664,43946.59%53.41%41.271310.64%
19852,580,75846.19%53.81%39.981300.47%
19802,521,39146.08%53.92%39.061270.42%
19752,469,44446.05%53.95%38.251250.76%
19702,378,02145.79%54.21%36.831220.96%
19652,266,94345.08%54.92%35.111191.26%
19602,129,58644.13%55.87%32.991151.25%
19552,001,57443.73%56.27%31.001140.77%
19501,926,56843.26%56.74%29.841130.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,886,19846.09%53.91%29.221510.00%
20251,798,63346.19%53.81%27.86152-0.95%
20301,720,14646.33%53.67%26.64153-0.89%
20351,647,32746.52%53.48%25.52154-0.86%
20401,583,72146.76%53.24%24.53154-0.78%
20451,528,09647.06%52.94%23.67155-0.71%
20501,479,17247.38%52.62%22.91155-0.65%
20551,432,36147.73%52.27%22.19156-0.64%
20601,384,39748.06%51.94%21.44157-0.68%
20651,335,98948.36%51.64%20.69159-0.71%
20701,290,42648.64%51.36%19.99159-0.69%
20751,250,47748.90%51.10%19.37159-0.63%
20801,217,51849.11%50.89%18.86160-0.53%
20851,189,74949.28%50.72%18.43160-0.46%
20901,164,35249.38%50.62%18.04160-0.43%
20951,139,95749.42%50.58%17.66160-0.42%
  1. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSP)
  2. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSP)
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer