Latvia Population 2017

1,948,980

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden. Latvia's population is in decline, and it's estimated 2017 population is 1.95 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Latvia's estimated population is 1.95 million, which is lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukranians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Latvia Population in 2018Source: Diego Delso

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Latvia Population Growth

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

About Latvia

Official NameRepublic of Latvia
Languages SpokenLatvian
BordersBLR, EST, LTU, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5725
Currencies UsedEUR

Latvia Population Density

Name Population
Riga742,572
Daugavpils111,564
Vec-Liepaja85,260
Liepaja85,132
Jelgava61,791
Jurmala54,088
Ventspils42,644
Rezekne38,340
Jekabpils27,078
Valmiera26,963
Ogre26,760
Tukums18,348
Cesis18,198
Salaspils17,606
Bolderaja14,771
Kuldiga13,289
Olaine12,584
Saldus12,224
Talsi12,022
Dobele11,225
Kraslava11,088
Bauska10,532
Ludza10,514
Sigulda10,422
Livani10,073
Daugavgriva9,952
Gulbene9,355
Madona9,280
Limbazi8,974
Aizkraukle8,840
Preili8,656
Balvi8,409
Valka6,589
Smiltene6,108
Aizpute5,634
Lielvarde5,114
Kekava4,600
Grobina4,203
Iecava4,000
Vilani3,934
Plavinas3,848
Rujiena3,638
Kandava3,592
Broceni3,486
Salacgriva3,427
Ozolnieki3,400
Ikskile3,368
Saulkrasti3,184
Auce3,125
Pinki3,033
Ilukste2,898
Skriveri2,879
Ulbroka2,800
Dagda2,740
Skrunda2,659
Karsava2,645
Priekule2,550
Priekuli2,532
Vecumnieki2,487
Mazsalaca2,412
Kegums2,372
Aluksne2,264
Ergli2,186
Viesite2,162
Varaklani2,106
Incukalns2,028
Baldone2,025
Jaunjelgava1,938
Lubana1,918
Zilupe1,897
Mersrags1,860
Cesvaine1,811
Roja1,800
Strenci1,593
Vilaka1,525
Ape1,521
Aloja1,509
Ligatne1,433
Akniste1,314
Nereta1,282
Pavilosta1,171
Jaunpils1,029
Alsunga940
Smarde734
Vecpiebalga596
Rucava547
Zelmeni
Adazi
Vainode
Stalbe
Sala
Rugaji
Garkalne
Ropazi
Riebini
Rauna
Ragana
Pilsrundale
Nica
Naukseni
Murmuiza
Matisi
Malpils
Loja
Liegi
Koknese
Koceni
Jaunpiebalga
Cibla
Dundaga
Drabesi
Carnikava
Bergi
Baltinava
Aglona
Marupe
Vecvarkava

Latvia Population Clock

What is the population of Latvia (as of 11/15/2017)?1,948,980
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)1,949,670
Births Per Day11
Deaths Per Day16
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day -5
Population Change Since January 1st-1,595

Latvia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.078 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 15.223 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.037 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.519 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.58 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.153 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.54 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.745 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.053 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 5.627 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.822 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.608 years
Rate of Natural Increase -5.265
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.77%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 5.288%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.166%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.354%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.753%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.034%
Median Age (Total) 43.3 years
Median Age (Female) 46.6 years
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years

Latvia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20171,949,67045.93%54.07%30-1.08%
20151,992,66345.90%54.10%31-1.22%
20102,118,84845.79%54.21%33-1.21%
20052,251,98345.85%54.15%35-1.13%
20002,384,16345.95%54.05%37-1.01%
19952,508,47346.07%53.93%39-1.20%
19902,664,43246.59%53.41%410.64%
19852,580,75146.19%53.81%400.47%
19802,521,38546.08%53.92%390.42%
19752,469,43646.05%53.95%380.76%
19702,378,01745.79%54.21%370.96%
19652,266,94145.08%54.92%351.26%
19602,129,58644.13%55.87%331.25%
19552,001,57043.73%56.27%310.77%
19501,926,56843.26%56.74%300.00%

Latvia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20201,892,99345.97%54.03%290.00%
20251,812,68246.12%53.88%28-0.86%
20301,747,19246.32%53.68%27-0.73%
20351,681,89446.52%53.48%26-0.76%
20401,622,75446.74%53.26%25-0.71%
20451,569,17847.00%53.00%24-0.67%
20501,517,20047.29%52.71%24-0.67%
20551,465,73647.60%52.40%23-0.69%
20601,415,07647.90%52.10%22-0.70%
20651,366,65348.18%51.82%21-0.69%
20701,322,01448.45%51.55%20-0.66%
20751,282,56248.70%51.30%20-0.60%
20801,248,79448.94%51.06%19-0.53%
20851,220,45649.14%50.86%19-0.46%
20901,196,08949.27%50.73%19-0.40%
20951,173,12949.32%50.68%18-0.39%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer