Lebanon Population 2019

6,863,813

Lebanon, or the Lebanese Republic, is a Democratic Republic in the East Mediterranean. The population of Lebanon is estimated at 6.86 million in 2019, up from the 4.43 million estimated in 2013, which makes it the 108th most populated country in the world. No official census has taken place in Lebanon since 1932 due to the sensitive balance between the country's religious groups.

Lebanon Area and Population Density

The tiny country of Lebanon occupies approximately 4,036 square miles (10,452 square kilometers) of area in western Asia along the Meditteranean Sea and wedged between Syria and Israel. Lebanon ranks 165th in the world in terms of area. With an estimated population at over 6 million as of the year 2018, the population density is 1507 people per square mile (582 people per square kilometer) overall. This earns the country a ranking of 10th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Lebanon

The capital of Lebanon is also the country's largest city, Beirut, which has a population close to 2 million and has an urban population density breaching more than 3,500 individuals per square kilometer. The religious capital of Tripoli is Lebanon's second-largest city, located in the northern portion of the country, with roughly 230,000 people living there. The agricultural hub of Sidon in Lebanon's third-largest city with 163,554 people living there. The cities of Tyre and Nabatîyé et Tahta are the only other urban centers in Lebanon with populations over 100,000.

Lebanon Demographics

While nearly all Lebanese are identified as ethnically Arab, this is an example of panethnicity, or grouping self-identified ethnicities into a single group, as the Lebanese people are descended from many groups and it's today a blend of a dozen closely related groups. The World Factbook notes that a portion of the population may identify as Phoenician in origin rather than as Arab.

The official language used in Lebanon is Arabic, with additional use of French, English, and Armenian.

The median age of the Lebanese population is at 30.5 years in 2018, with a total life expectancy of approximately 77.8 years of age.

Lebanon Religion, Economy and Politics

In terms of religion among the population, we can see a breakdown of 54% Muslim following, 40.5% Christian following, and small percentages of a variety of other religions - including Buddhists, Mormons, and more.

In the 2018 World Happiness Report, Lebanon maintained a ranking of 88 with an overall happiness rating of 5.199 out of a possible 10. The report takes a variety of factors into consideration including GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perception of corruption.

Lebanon Population History

Evidence of civilization in the area predates recorded history, and Lebanon was once home to the maritime Phoenicians, a culture that existed for over 1,000 years. The region came under Roman Empire rule and eventually turned into the Empire's largest center of Christianity before it was conquered by the Arab Muslims and then the Ottoman Empire.

Lebanon Population Growth

There have been many migration waves in the country, as more than 1.5 million people emigrated from Lebanon between 1975 and 2011. Lebanon also hosts close to 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, most notably those from Palestine, Iraq and Syria. It's estimated that there are over 600,000 Syrian refugees (with recent sources now estimating 1 million refugees) in Lebanon escaping violence in their own country.

Lebanon Population Projections

The political climate in Lebanon has caused the growth rate in Lebanon to fluctuate significantly, and that is not expected to change any time soon. Current projections are a bit all over the board, expecting the population to begin declining around 2025, before beginning to grow again around 2040. Over this time period, these predictions say that the population of Lebanon will be close to 6,018,795 by 2020, 5,368,598 by 2030, 5,392,419 by 2040 and 5,411,830 by 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 18 minutes
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18 minutes

Lebanon Population in 2018Source: By Yoniw (Wikipedia en ingl�s) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Lebanon Population Pyramid 2019

Lebanon Population by Age

There are 4,750,880 adults in Lebanon.

Census Years

Lebanon has had very uneven population growth over the past 50 years, and it's currently growing at 1% per year. Its urbanization rate is rapidly growing and expected to reach 86% in 2020, at which point its urban population will reach 4.1 million, with a total population pushing 6 million in the next decade.

Official NameLebanese Republic
Languages SpokenArabic, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude33.83333333, 35.83333333
Currencies UsedLebanon Pound
DemonymLebanese
BordersIsrael
Syria
Name Population Location
Beirut1,916,100Map
Ra's Bayrut1,251,739Map
Tripoli229,398Map
Sidon163,554Map
Tyre135,204Map
Nabatiye et Tahta120,000Map
Habbouch98,433Map
Jounieh96,315Map
Zahle78,145Map
Baalbek30,916Map
En Naqoura24,910Map
Jbail20,784Map
Bcharre20,000Map
Batroun10,852Map
Baabda9,000Map

Lebanon Population Clock

The population of Lebanon (as of 10/8/2019)?6,863,813
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)6,855,713
Births Per Day317
Deaths Per Day81
Net Migrations Per Day-155
Net Change Per Day81
Population Change Since January 1st22,761

Lebanon Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 8th 2019 is: 6,847,503

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20196,855,71350.31%49.69%655.92108-0.05%
20186,859,40850.29%49.71%656.281080.59%
20176,819,37350.29%49.71%652.451081.57%
20166,714,28150.30%49.70%642.391082.78%
20156,532,67850.33%49.67%625.021085.69%
20104,953,06150.79%49.21%473.891171.06%
20054,698,76350.88%49.12%449.561154.10%
20003,842,77849.83%50.17%367.661221.72%
19953,528,38049.73%50.27%337.581254.71%
19902,803,04449.35%50.65%268.181301.11%
19852,651,99549.39%50.61%253.731290.48%
19802,588,92949.52%50.48%247.701260.10%
19752,575,74950.49%49.51%246.441232.31%
19702,297,43450.50%49.50%219.811231.89%
19652,092,37550.39%49.61%200.191223.00%
19601,804,94150.28%49.71%172.691223.33%
19551,532,11550.30%49.71%146.591232.80%
19501,334,62150.33%49.67%127.691240.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,825,44550.34%49.66%653.031090.00%
20256,397,24850.54%49.46%612.06113-1.29%
20306,194,84450.62%49.38%592.69117-0.64%
20356,241,51150.59%49.41%597.161180.15%
20406,376,40150.47%49.53%610.071190.43%
20456,467,87250.34%49.66%618.821180.29%
20506,528,16450.22%49.78%624.591190.19%
20556,561,27950.11%49.89%627.751190.10%
20606,563,13450.06%49.94%627.931190.01%
20656,528,09650.07%49.93%624.58119-0.11%
20706,457,33250.14%49.86%617.81121-0.22%
20756,358,35850.26%49.74%608.34121-0.31%
20806,241,13750.39%49.61%597.12121-0.37%
20856,113,97350.49%49.51%584.96121-0.41%
20905,981,06350.55%49.45%572.24122-0.44%
20955,844,97650.55%49.45%559.22123-0.46%
  1. Central Administration for Statistics
  2. Central Administration for Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: In the absence of census since 1943, population estimates are based on the 1970 PAL survey, 1995/96 Population and Housing Survey, 2004 National Survey of Household Living Conditions, 2007 Living Conditions Survey, 2009 MICS3 survey and associated population estimates provided by the Central Administration for Statistics of Lebanon (CAS), adjusted to take into account the number of Palestinians residing in camps, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer