Lebanon Population 2018

6,103,925

Lebanon, or the Lebanese Republic, is a Democratic Republic in the East Mediterranean. The population of Lebanon is estimated at 6.09 million in 2018, up from the 4.43 million estimated in 2013. No official census has taken place in Lebanon since 1932 due to the sensitive balance between the country's religious groups.

Surface Area and Population Density

Lebanon occupies approximately 10,452 square kilometers of area. This ranks it at 168th in the world for area. With an estimated population at over 6 million as of the year 2018, the population density is approaching 583 people residing per square kilometer overall. This earns the country a ranking of 19th most densely populated country in the world.

The capital of Lebanon is also the countrie's largest city, and Beirut comes in with an urban population density breaching more than 3,500 individuals per square kilometer.

Population History in Lebanon

Evidence of civilization in the area predates recorded history, and Lebanon was once home to the maritime Phoenicians, a culture that existed for over 1,000 years. The region came under Roman Empire rule and eventually turned into the Empire's largest center of Christianity before it was conquered by the Arab Muslims and then the Ottoman Empire.

Demographics Notes

While nearly all Lebanese are identified as ethnically Arab, this is an example of panethnicity, or grouping self-identified ethnicities into a single group, as the Lebanese people are descended from many groups and it's today a blend of a dozen closely related groups. The World Factbook notes that a portion of the population may idenitfy as Phonecian in origin rather than as Arab.

The official language used in Lebanon is Arabic, with additional use of French, English, and Armenian.

In terms of religion among the population, we can see a breakdown of 54% Muslim following, 40.5% Christian following, and small percentages of a variety of other religions - including Buddhists, Mormans, and more.

The median age of the Lebanese population is at 30.5 years in 2018, with a total life expectancy of approximately 77.8 years of age.

Immigration

There have been many migration waves in the country, as more than 1.5 million people emigrated from Lebanon between 1975 and 2011. Lebanon also hosts close to 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, most notably those from Palestine, Iraq and Syria. It's estimated that there are over 600,000 Syrian refugees (with recent sources now estimating 1 million refugees) in Lebanon escaping violence in their own country.

Quality of Life in Lebanon

In the 2018 World Happiness Report, Lebanon maintained a ranking of 88 with an overall happiness rating of 5.199 out of a possible 10. The report takes a variety of factors into consideration including GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perception of corruption.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 minutes
One death every 19 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 15 minutes

Lebanon Population in 2018Source: By Yoniw (Wikipedia en ingl�s) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Lebanon Population Growth

Lebanon has had very uneven population growth over the past 50 years, and it's currently growing at 1% per year. Its urbanization rate is rapidly growing and expected to reach 86% in 2020, at which point its urban population will reach 4.1 million, with a total population pushing 6 million in the next decade.

About Lebanon

Official NameLebanese Republic
Languages SpokenArabic, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude33.8333333335.83333333
Currencies UsedLebanon Pound
DemonymLebanese

Countries Bordering Lebanon

Israel
Syria

Lebanon Population Density

Lebanon Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Beirut1,916,100
Ra's Bayrut1,251,739
Tripoli229,398
Sidon163,554
Tyre135,204
Nabatiye et Tahta120,000
Habbouch98,433
Jounieh96,315
Zahle78,145
Baalbek30,916
En Naqoura24,910
Jbail20,784
Bcharre20,000
Batroun10,852
Baabda9,000
Halba

Lebanon Population Clock

The population of Lebanon (as of 10/20/2018)?6,103,925
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)6,093,509
Births Per Day251
Deaths Per Day76
Net Migrations Per Day -82
Net Change Per Day 93
Population Change Since January 1st27,249

Lebanon Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 6,085,120

Lebanon Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20186,093,50950.17%49.83%583.001120.18%
20176,082,35750.16%49.84%581.931111.26%
20166,006,66850.18%49.82%574.691112.65%
20155,851,47950.23%49.77%559.841126.17%
20104,337,14150.99%49.01%414.961241.70%
20053,986,85250.82%49.18%381.441254.27%
20003,235,36649.61%50.39%309.551291.30%
19953,033,39449.58%50.42%290.221312.33%
19902,703,01649.32%50.68%258.611310.20%
19852,676,58349.44%50.56%256.081300.54%
19802,605,29349.57%50.43%249.261260.23%
19752,575,69050.49%49.51%246.431232.31%
19702,297,38950.50%49.50%219.801231.89%
19652,092,34850.39%49.61%200.191223.00%
19601,804,92650.28%49.71%172.691223.33%
19551,532,10950.30%49.70%146.591232.80%
19501,334,62150.33%49.67%127.691240.00%

Lebanon Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,019,79550.22%49.78%575.951130.00%
20255,605,98750.38%49.62%536.36121-1.41%
20305,368,59850.45%49.55%513.64126-0.86%
20355,335,52050.41%49.59%510.48127-0.12%
20405,392,41950.30%49.70%515.921280.21%
20455,412,03250.16%49.84%517.801290.07%
20505,411,83050.01%49.99%517.78129-0.00%
20555,399,31249.84%50.16%516.58128-0.05%
20605,367,99849.69%50.31%513.59128-0.12%
20655,303,91849.60%50.40%507.45129-0.24%
20705,200,40549.59%50.41%497.55130-0.39%
20755,061,62449.66%50.34%484.27130-0.54%
20804,903,55549.78%50.22%469.15131-0.63%
20854,743,16549.96%50.04%453.80131-0.66%
20904,594,24950.14%49.86%439.56132-0.64%
20954,462,82350.30%49.70%426.98134-0.58%
Data Sources
  1. Central Administration for Statistics
  2. Central Administration for Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: In the absence of census since 1943, population estimates are based on the 1970 PAL survey, 1995/96 Population and Housing Survey, 2004 National Survey of Household Living Conditions, 2007 Living Conditions Survey, 2009 MICS3 survey and associated population estimates provided by the Central Administration for Statistics of Lebanon (CAS), adjusted to take into account the number of Palestinians residing in camps, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer