Lebanon Population 2019
Lebanon, or the Lebanese Republic, is a Democratic Republic in the East Mediterranean. The population of Lebanon is estimated at 6.07 million in 2019, up from the 4.43 million estimated in 2013. No official census has taken place in Lebanon since 1932 due to the sensitive balance between the country's religious groups.
Surface Area and Population Density
Lebanon occupies approximately 10,452 square kilometers of area. This ranks it at 168th in the world for area. With an estimated population at over 6 million as of the year 2018, the population density is approaching 583 people residing per square kilometer overall. This earns the country a ranking of 19th most densely populated country in the world.
Population History in Lebanon
Evidence of civilization in the area predates recorded history, and Lebanon was once home to the maritime Phoenicians, a culture that existed for over 1,000 years. The region came under Roman Empire rule and eventually turned into the Empire's largest center of Christianity before it was conquered by the Arab Muslims and then the Ottoman Empire.
While nearly all Lebanese are identified as ethnically Arab, this is an example of panethnicity, or grouping self-identified ethnicities into a single group, as the Lebanese people are descended from many groups and it's today a blend of a dozen closely related groups. The World Factbook notes that a portion of the population may idenitfy as Phonecian in origin rather than as Arab.
The official language used in Lebanon is Arabic, with additional use of French, English, and Armenian.
In terms of religion among the population, we can see a breakdown of 54% Muslim following, 40.5% Christian following, and small percentages of a variety of other religions - including Buddhists, Mormans, and more.
The median age of the Lebanese population is at 30.5 years in 2018, with a total life expectancy of approximately 77.8 years of age.
There have been many migration waves in the country, as more than 1.5 million people emigrated from Lebanon between 1975 and 2011. Lebanon also hosts close to 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, most notably those from Palestine, Iraq and Syria. It's estimated that there are over 600,000 Syrian refugees (with recent sources now estimating 1 million refugees) in Lebanon escaping violence in their own country.
Quality of Life in Lebanon
In the 2018 World Happiness Report, Lebanon maintained a ranking of 88 with an overall happiness rating of 5.199 out of a possible 10. The report takes a variety of factors into consideration including GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perception of corruption.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 6 minutes|
|One death every 18 minutes|
|One net migrant every 10 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 51 minutes|