Lesotho Population 2019

2,127,614

Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho, is a small landlocked country surrounded by South Africa. The estimated 2019 population of Lesotho is 2.13 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Lesotho is just 30,000 square kilometers in space and has an estimated population of 2.13 million. This compares to the 2004 census population of 2.03 million. Lesotho has a population density of 68 people per square kilometer (162/sq mi), or 138th in the world. Population density is lowest in the highlands. The capital and largest city is Maseru,

Lesotho Demographics

About 99.7% of Lesotho's population identifies as Basotho, a Bantu-speaking people. There are several subgroups of the Basotho, including the Batloung (Tlou), Bakuena (Kuena), Baphuthi (Phuti), Bataung (Tau), Batsoeneng (Tsoene), Matebele and Bafokeng. The main language is Sesotho, although English is the other official language.

About 90% of the population is Christian. Protestants make up 45% of the population, with Roman Catholics accounting for 45%. Muslims, Hindus, Baha'i, and indigenous religions account for the remaining 10%.

Lesotho has one of the highest literacy rates in Africa with about 85% of the adult population being literate, partly because Lesotho spends 12% of its GDP on education. Unlike most countries, Lesotho has a higher female literacy rate than male literacy rate.

About 25% of the population lives in urban areas while the majority live in rural areas. The urbanization rate of Lesotho is 3.5% per year, however. Nearly 40% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 minutes
One death every 18 minutes
One net migrant every 55 minutes
Net gain of one person every 31 minutes

Lesotho Population in 2018Source: Vaiz Ha [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Lesotho Population Pyramid 2019

Lesotho Population by Age

There are 1,303,491 adults in Lesotho.

Census Years

Year Date
201624 April 2016
200613 May 2006
199614 April 1996
198612 April 1986
Lesotho Population Growth

Lesotho has a high infant mortality rate of 8.3% and a very high HIV/AIDS rate. The HIV prevalence is around 24%, which is one of the highest in the world. Around half of women under 40 have HIV in urban areas, and the country has a life expectancy of just 42 years old.

Official NameKingdom of Lesotho
Languages SpokenEnglish, Sotho
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-29.528.5
Currencies UsedLesotho Loti, South Africa Rand
DemonymMosotho
Name Population Location
Maseru118,355Map
Mafeteng57,059Map
Leribe47,675Map
Maputsoe32,117Map
Mohale's Hoek28,310Map
Qacha's Nek25,573Map
Quthing24,130Map
Butha-Buthe16,330Map
Nako13,146Map
Mokhotlong8,809Map
Thaba-Tseka5,423Map
Teyateyaneng5,115Map

Lesotho Population Clock

The population of Lesotho (as of 8/20/2019)?2,127,614
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)2,125,268
Births Per Day154
Deaths Per Day82
Net Migrations Per Day -26
Net Change Per Day 46
Population Change Since January 1st10,672

Lesotho Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Estimate as of August 20th 2019 is: 2,127,594

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20192,125,26849.31%50.69%70.011470.80%
20182,108,32849.28%50.72%69.461470.80%
20172,091,53449.25%50.75%68.901460.80%
20162,075,03049.21%50.79%68.361470.78%
20152,059,02149.15%50.85%67.831480.63%
20101,995,58148.60%51.40%65.74146-0.01%
20051,996,11448.30%51.70%65.76144-0.36%
20002,032,80448.05%51.95%66.971441.38%
19951,898,59848.60%51.40%62.551442.19%
19901,703,74745.64%54.36%56.131452.23%
19851,526,13145.30%54.70%50.281432.63%
19801,340,25545.14%54.86%44.151442.92%
19751,160,79244.43%55.57%38.241432.44%
19701,028,92644.45%55.55%33.901432.21%
1965922,30644.31%55.69%30.381431.95%
1960837,27044.34%55.65%27.581441.77%
1955766,76344.54%55.46%25.261411.70%
1950704,68644.70%55.30%23.211410.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,142,24949.34%50.66%70.571470.00%
20252,227,56049.51%50.49%73.381470.78%
20302,325,16449.52%50.48%76.601480.86%
20352,418,17349.52%50.48%79.661470.79%
20402,507,45449.53%50.47%82.601470.73%
20452,591,07549.52%50.48%85.361450.66%
20502,665,27049.48%50.52%87.801460.57%
20552,727,26049.41%50.59%89.851450.46%
20602,775,44949.33%50.67%91.431440.35%
20652,809,32549.25%50.75%92.551430.24%
20702,828,68549.17%50.83%93.191420.14%
20752,835,35549.11%50.89%93.411410.05%
20802,830,56749.04%50.96%93.25141-0.03%
20852,813,46048.98%51.02%92.69141-0.12%
20902,785,23148.92%51.08%91.76140-0.20%
20952,745,71048.86%51.14%90.45140-0.29%
  1. Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1956, 1966, 1976, 1986, 1996 and 2006 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer