Lesotho Population 2017

2,185,529

Lesotho is just 30,000 square kilometers in space and has an estimated population of 2.06 million. This compares to the 2004 census population of 2.03 million. Lesotho has a population density of 68 people per square kilometer (162/sq mi), or 138th in the world. Population density is lowest in the highlands. The capital and largest city is Maseru,

Lesotho Demographics

About 99.7% of Lesotho's population identifies as Basotho, a Bantu-speaking people. There are several subgroups of the Basotho, including the Batloung (Tlou), Bakuena (Kuena), Baphuthi (Phuti), Bataung (Tau), Batsoeneng (Tsoene), Matebele and Bafokeng. The main language is Sesotho, although English is the other official language.

About 90% of the population is Christian. Protestants make up 45% of the population, with Roman Catholics accounting for 45%. Muslims, Hindus, Baha'i, and indigenous religions account for the remaining 10%.

Lesotho has one of the highest literacy rates in Africa with about 85% of the adult population being literate, partly because Lesotho spends 12% of its GDP on education. Unlike most countries, Lesotho has a higher female literacy rate than male literacy rate.

About 25% of the population lives in urban areas while the majority live in rural areas. The urbanization rate of Lesotho is 3.5% per year, however. Nearly 40% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day.

Lesotho Population in 2017Source: OER Africa

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Lesotho Population Growth

Lesotho has a high infant mortality rate of 8.3% and a very high HIV/AIDS rate. The HIV prevalence is around 24%, which is one of the highest in the world. Around half of women under 40 have HIV in urban areas, and the country has a life expectancy of just 42 years old.

About Lesotho

Official NameKingdom of Lesotho
Languages SpokenEnglish, Sotho
BordersZAF
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-29.528.5
Currencies UsedLSLZAR

Lesotho Population Density

Name Population
Teyateyaneng5,115
Thaba-Tseka5,423
Mokhotlong8,809
Nako13,146
Butha-Buthe16,330
Quthing24,130
Qacha's Nek25,573
Mohale's Hoek28,310
Maputsoe32,117
Leribe47,675
Mafeteng57,059
Maseru118,355

Lesotho Population Clock

What is the population of Lesotho (as of September 13, 2017)?2,185,529
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2185159
Births Per Day33
Deaths Per Day17
Net Migrations Per Day -11
Net Change Per Day 5
Population Change Since January 1st1,275

Lesotho Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 27.853 births/thousand52
Crude Death Rate 14.582 deaths/thousand6
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.821 people/thousand150
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 50.453 years200
Male Life Expectancy 50.335 years200
Female Life Expectancy 50.331 years200
Total Fertility Rate 3.043 children/woman62
Net Reproduction Rate 1.229 surviving daughters/woman70
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 50.771 deaths/1,000 live births27
Under Five Mortality 67.728 deaths/thousand35
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.531 years168
Rate of Natural Increase 12.99 92
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 34.281 %200
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.323 %200
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 36.365 %200
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 62.934 %200
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 62.34 %200
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 63.929 %200
Crude Suicide Rate 5.4 suicides/thousand107
Median Age (Total) 24 years151
Median Age (Female) 24 years155
Median Age (Male) 24 years148

Lesotho Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20172,185,15949.629%50.371%711381.11%145
20152,135,02249.497%50.503%701371.18%145
20102,010,58649.122%50.878%661381.11%147
20051,925,84448.767%51.233%631320.75%146
20001,856,22548.458%51.542%611270.82%146
19951,753,82349%51%571271.44%144
19901,597,53348.589%51.411%521271.88%145
19851,467,85647.444%52.556%481261.84%145
19801,307,40347.014%52.986%431242.51%144
19751,149,09046.394%53.606%371302.48%143
19701,032,24046.432%53.568%341272.04%143
1965933,25146.248%53.752%301281.96%143
1960851,41146.665%53.335%281241.73%143
1955787,76046.948%53.052%251241.46%141
1950733,94246.902%53.098%241241.4%141

Lesotho Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20202,257,68549.804%50.196%741361.04%146
20252,373,47850.051%49.949%781370.95%146
20302,486,03150.24%49.76%811340.92%147
20352,603,19050.379%49.621%851330.93%146
20402,728,11250.459%49.541%891330.94%147
20452,857,75850.469%49.531%941320.91%144
20502,987,09250.405%49.595%981240.83%144
20553,106,91550.293%49.707%1021220.71%142
20603,210,37050.157%49.843%1051180.58%141
20653,297,02250.012%49.988%1081190.47%139
20703,368,30049.875%50.125%1101180.37%139
20753,425,87549.754%50.246%1121180.29%138
20803,471,71749.651%50.349%1141190.23%138
20853,506,75849.563%50.437%1151170.16%137
20903,531,31749.488%50.512%1161180.1%137
20953,544,84249.426%50.574%1161170.04%136
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations