Liberia Population 2018

4,799,894

Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a West African country bordered by Guinea, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and the Atlantic Ocean. Liberia has about 111,300 square kilometers (43,000 sq mi) of land with an estimated 2018 population of 4.85 million.

Liberia's population is estimated at 4.85 million. This compares to the 2008 census population of 3.47 million. Of this last official population, 1.1 million people lived in Montserrado County, which is the most populous county and home to the capital, Monrovia. The Greater Monrovia area is home to about 25% of Liberia's population. The next most populous area is Nimba County with about 500,000 residents. Liberia has a population density of just 35 people per square kilometer, which ranks 180th in the world.

Liberia Demographics

Liberia has 16 indigenous ethnic groups and several foreign minorities. Indigenous groups account for 95% of the population. The recognized ethnic groups include: the Gio (or Dan), Mano, Bassa, Kpelle, Grebo, Vai, Gola, Kru, Krahn, Mandingo (or Mandinka), Fante, Dei (or Dewoin), Bella, Mende, Loma, and the Americo-Liberians or Congo people.

The largest group is the Kpelle, who are concentrated in central and western Liberia. Americo-Liberians are descendants of African American and West Indian people and account for 2.5% of the population. The Congo people are descendants of repatriated Congo and Afro-Caribbean slaves and make up 2.5% of the population.

Liberia also has a sizable population of Lebanese, Indians, and West African nationals. There are high rates of marriage between ethnic Liberians and Lebanese in the country, which has created a large mulatto population around Monrovia.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 15 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

Liberia Population in 2018Source: Erik (HASH) Hershman

Liberia Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kLiberia Male Population0k20k40k60k80kLiberia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Liberia Median Age

18.3


Total

18.1


Male

18.5


Female

Liberia Population by Age

There are 2,436,851 adults in Liberia.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Liberia Population Growth

Liberia has one of the highest population growth rates in the world, although it has fallen in recent years. It reached a high of 4.6% annual growth in 2006, but has since fallen to 2.7% population growth per year. From 1960 to 2012, Liberia's population grew 274%. This trend of rapid growth is expected to continue over the next decade.

About Liberia

Official NameRepublic of Liberia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude6.5-9.5
Currencies UsedLiberia Dollar
DemonymLiberian

Countries Bordering Liberia

Guinea
Ivory Coast
Sierra Leone

Liberia Population Density

Liberia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Monrovia939,524
Gbarnga45,835
Kakata33,945
Bensonville33,188
Harper32,661
Voinjama26,594
Buchanan25,731
Zwedru25,678
New Yekepa24,695
Greenville16,434
Ganta13,802
Robertsport11,969
Sanniquellie11,415
Fish Town3,328
Tubmanburg3,155
Bopolu2,908
Barclayville2,733
Cestos City2,578

Liberia Population Clock

The population of Liberia (as of 1/20/2018)?4,799,894
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,853,516
Births Per Day444
Deaths Per Day99
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 331
Population Change Since January 1st6,289

Liberia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 33.768 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.559 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.041 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.25 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.23 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.27 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.481 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.933 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.054 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 46.771 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 63.254 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.603 years
Rate of Natural Increase 26.209

Liberia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,853,51650.47%49.53%43.581232.56%
20154,499,62150.41%49.59%40.401262.65%
20103,948,12550.29%49.71%35.451293.90%
20053,261,23050.14%49.86%29.281342.49%
20002,884,52249.97%50.03%25.901366.83%
19952,073,48249.77%50.23%18.62141-0.23%
19902,097,23249.78%50.22%18.83139-0.89%
19852,192,55549.81%50.19%19.691353.03%
19801,888,31449.84%50.16%16.961363.05%
19751,625,01349.91%50.09%14.591372.78%
19701,416,52950.04%49.96%12.721372.48%
19651,252,97250.28%49.72%11.251372.26%
19601,120,31350.71%49.29%10.061372.09%
19551,010,06751.29%48.71%9.071361.66%
1950930,02552.03%47.97%8.351370.00%

Liberia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,103,85350.51%49.49%45.831230.00%
20255,770,09650.58%49.42%51.811182.48%
20306,495,37750.63%49.37%58.321152.40%
20357,271,26150.66%49.34%65.291132.28%
20408,087,61150.68%49.32%72.621092.15%
20458,934,80950.68%49.32%80.231032.01%
20509,804,03150.67%49.34%88.031001.87%
205510,689,37950.64%49.36%95.98961.74%
206011,581,38150.60%49.40%103.99951.62%
206512,471,64250.57%49.43%111.98941.49%
207013,348,82950.53%49.47%119.86931.37%
207514,202,23750.50%49.50%127.52881.25%
208015,022,00950.47%49.53%134.89871.13%
208515,797,87350.45%49.55%141.85871.01%
209016,522,94150.44%49.56%148.36850.90%
209517,190,60550.44%49.56%154.36830.80%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer