Lithuania Population 2018
Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden. In 2018, Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.88 million, which ranks 138th in the world.
Lithuania's estimated population of 2.88 million is significantly lower than the estimated population of 3.04 million in 2011, and lower than the population in 2013. Despite this population decline, Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union.
The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (526,300), Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).
Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.
Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukranians (0.5%).
Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 17 minutes|
|One death every 13 minutes|
|One net migrant every 103 minutes|
|Net loss of one person every 33 minutes|