Lithuania Population 2018

2,877,003

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden. In 2018, Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.88 million, which ranks 138th in the world.

Lithuania's estimated population of 2.88 million is significantly lower than the estimated population of 3.04 million in 2011, and lower than the population in 2013. Despite this population decline, Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union.

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (526,300), Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).

Lithuania Demographics

Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.

Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukranians (0.5%).

Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 17 minutes
One death every 13 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net loss of one person every 33 minutes

Lithuania Population in 2018Source: By Regina Katkeviciene (Regina Katkeviciene) [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Lithuania Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20k25kLithuania Male Population0k5k10k15k20k25kLithuania Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Lithuania Median Age

43.4


Total

39.5


Male

46.7


Female

Lithuania Population by Age

There are 2,375,107 adults in Lithuania.

Census Years

Year Date
20211 January 2021
20119 May 2011
20016 April 2001
198912 January 1989

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Lithuania Population Growth

Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.

About Lithuania

Official NameRepublic of Lithuania
Languages SpokenLithuanian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5624
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymLithuanian

Countries Bordering Lithuania

Belarus
Latvia
Poland
Russia

Lithuania Population Density

Lithuania Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Vilnius542,366
Kaunas374,643
Klaipeda192,307
Siauliai130,587
Panevezys117,395
Alytus70,747
Dainava (Kaunas)70,000
Eiguliai61,700
Marijampole47,613
Mazeikiai41,309
Silainiai40,600
Fabijoniskes39,759
Jonava34,993
Utena33,240
Pasilaiciai33,056
Kedainiai31,980
Seskine31,333
Lazdynai31,097
Telsiai30,098
Visaginas28,348

Lithuania Population Clock

The population of Lithuania (as of 6/18/2018)?2,877,003
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,876,475
Births Per Day84
Deaths Per Day114
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day -44
Population Change Since January 1st-7,436

Lithuania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.584 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 14.349 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.729 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.77 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.41 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.97 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.661 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.799 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.749 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.676 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.694 years
Rate of Natural Increase -3.765

Lithuania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,876,47546.08%53.92%44.05141-0.48%
20172,890,29746.07%53.93%44.26141-0.62%
20162,908,24946.06%53.94%44.54140-0.81%
20152,931,92646.05%53.95%44.90138-1.26%
20103,123,80346.03%53.97%47.84135-1.35%
20053,344,25246.45%53.54%51.21131-0.92%
20003,501,83546.80%53.20%53.63126-0.70%
19953,626,60247.12%52.88%55.54123-0.38%
19903,696,03447.32%52.68%56.601180.74%
19853,562,39647.22%52.78%54.551180.76%
19803,430,75947.14%52.86%52.541120.79%
19753,298,87347.07%52.93%50.521081.01%
19703,136,58046.91%53.09%48.031061.12%
19652,966,16246.59%53.41%45.421061.38%
19602,769,86646.10%53.90%42.421051.05%
19552,628,74545.64%54.36%40.261010.47%
19502,567,40345.10%54.90%39.32960.00%

Lithuania Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,852,47846.10%53.90%43.681410.00%
20252,788,01046.21%53.79%42.70143-0.46%
20302,717,73146.33%53.67%41.62145-0.51%
20352,638,99846.44%53.56%40.41148-0.59%
20402,557,90046.57%53.43%39.17148-0.62%
20452,480,14446.77%53.23%37.98149-0.62%
20502,406,72347.05%52.95%36.86150-0.60%
20552,338,00847.37%52.63%35.80151-0.58%
20602,273,15447.71%52.29%34.81151-0.56%
20652,211,26248.00%52.00%33.86152-0.55%
20702,152,77148.25%51.75%32.97152-0.53%
20752,098,86848.45%51.55%32.14152-0.51%
20802,050,22848.63%51.37%31.40150-0.47%
20852,006,94648.80%51.20%30.73151-0.43%
20901,968,94248.97%51.03%30.15151-0.38%
20951,935,40849.08%50.92%29.64150-0.34%
Data Sources
  1. Statistics Lithuania
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer