Lithuania Population 2017

2,889,055

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden. In 2017, Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.89 million, which ranks 138th in the world.

Lithuania's estimated population of 2.89 million is significantly lower than the estimated population of 3.04 million in 2011, and lower than the population in 2013. Despite this population decline, Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union.

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (526,300), Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).

Lithuania Demographics

Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.

Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukranians (0.5%).

Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.

Lithuania Population in 2018Source: Karmen media

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Lithuania Population Growth

Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.

About Lithuania

Official NameRepublic of Lithuania
Languages SpokenLithuanian
BordersBLR, LVA, POL, RUS
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude5624
Currencies UsedEUR

Lithuania Population Density

Name Population
Vilnius542,366
Kaunas374,643
Klaipeda192,307
Siauliai130,587
Panevezys117,395
Alytus70,747
Dainava (Kaunas)70,000
Eiguliai61,700
Marijampole47,613
Mazeikiai41,309
Silainiai40,600
Fabijoniskes39,759
Jonava34,993
Utena33,240
Pasilaiciai33,056
Kedainiai31,980
Seskine31,333
Lazdynai31,097
Telsiai30,098
Visaginas28,348
Taurage27,662
Justiniskes27,462
Ukmerge25,886
Aleksotas24,270
Plunge23,381
Naujamiestis23,232
Kretinga22,236
Silute21,760
Vilkpede21,346
Radviliskis20,339
Pilaite20,320
Palanga17,796
Druskininkai17,791
Gargzdai16,433
Rokiskis16,255
Birzai14,911
Kursenai13,914
Garliava13,809
Elektrenai13,721
Jurbarkas13,102
Vilkaviskis13,011
Raseiniai12,523
Anyksciai11,958
Naujoji Akmene11,922
Lentvaris11,588
Grigiskes11,555
Prienai11,352
Joniskis11,113
Kelme10,626
Rasos10,597
Varena10,304
Kaisiadorys9,867
Pasvalys8,510
Kupiskis8,263
Zarasai8,095
Skuodas7,726
Sirvintos7,321
Kazlu Ruda7,247
Moletai7,243
Salcininkai6,891
Svencioneliai6,790
Sakiai6,613
Ignalina6,421
Pabrade6,375
Kybartai6,355
Nemencine6,062
Silale6,026
Pakruojis5,964
Svencionys5,538
Trakai5,530
Vievis5,269

Lithuania Population Clock

What is the population of Lithuania (as of 11/15/2017)?2,889,055
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2,890,297
Births Per Day16
Deaths Per Day25
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day -9
Population Change Since January 1st-2,871

Lithuania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.386 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 16.106 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.727 years
Male Life Expectancy 68.157 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.241 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.632 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.787 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.052 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.125 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.966 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.199 years
Rate of Natural Increase -5.888
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 4.231%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 6.25%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.097%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 17.403%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 25.488%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.319%
Median Age (Total) 43.4 years
Median Age (Female) 46.7 years
Median Age (Male) 39.5 years

Lithuania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20172,890,29746.07%53.93%44-0.71%
20152,931,92646.05%53.95%45-1.26%
20103,123,80346.03%53.97%48-1.35%
20053,344,25246.45%53.54%51-0.92%
20003,501,83546.80%53.20%54-0.70%
19953,626,60247.12%52.88%56-0.38%
19903,696,03447.32%52.68%570.74%
19853,562,39647.22%52.78%550.76%
19803,430,75947.14%52.86%530.79%
19753,298,87347.07%52.93%511.01%
19703,136,58046.91%53.09%481.12%
19652,966,16246.59%53.41%451.38%
19602,769,86646.10%53.90%421.05%
19552,628,74545.64%54.36%400.47%
19502,567,40345.10%54.90%390.00%

Lithuania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20202,852,47846.10%53.90%440.00%
20252,788,01046.21%53.79%43-0.46%
20302,717,73146.33%53.67%42-0.51%
20352,638,99846.44%53.56%40-0.59%
20402,557,90046.57%53.43%39-0.62%
20452,480,14446.77%53.23%38-0.62%
20502,406,72347.05%52.95%37-0.60%
20552,338,00847.37%52.63%36-0.58%
20602,273,15447.71%52.29%35-0.56%
20652,211,26248.00%52.00%34-0.55%
20702,152,77148.25%51.75%33-0.53%
20752,098,86848.45%51.55%32-0.51%
20802,050,22848.63%51.37%31-0.47%
20852,006,94648.80%51.20%31-0.43%
20901,968,94248.97%51.03%30-0.38%
20951,935,40849.08%50.92%30-0.34%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer