Lithuania Population 2019
Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden. In 2019, Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.86 million, which ranks 138th in the world.
Lithuania's estimated population of 2.86 million is significantly lower than the estimated population of 3.04 million in 2011, and lower than the population in 2013. Despite this population decline, Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union.
Surface Area and Population Density
Lithuania comes in with a ranking of 124th in the world for sheer land area with 65,300 square kilometers. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density.
Largest Cities in Lithuania
The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (542,366) - which is also the capital of Lithiania, Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).
Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.
Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukranians (0.5%).
Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.
Lithuanian is the official language in use in the country, and the population also uses Russian and Polish as well as other unspecified languages.
The age structure in Lithuania is around 26% under the age of 25, 54% between the ages of 25 and 64, and nearly 20% are over the age of 65. The current median age as of 2018 is calculated at 43.7 years of age.
Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when theWorld Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.
Quality of Life in Lithuania
In terms of quality of life and access to necessary resources, Lithuania is doing fairly well. Less than 12% of the population struggle with access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. In addition, the World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 50th in 2018, with an overall happiness rating that comes to 5.952 out of 10 possible points.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 17 minutes|
|One death every 13 minutes|
|One net migrant every 120 minutes|
|Net loss of one person every 35 minutes|