Low Income Countries 2019

One of the best ways to measure the income of a country is by taking a look at the gross national income per capita – also known as the GNI. The GNI per capita is a measure of a nation’s final income for the year divided by the population of the nation. This provides the average income of the citizens of the nation.

Using this data, countries can be divided into several categories. The high-income group has the highest income in the world with a GNI per capita of at least $12,476. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. The lower-middle-income nations have a GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. Finally, the low-income countries have a GNI per capital of $1,025 per less.

According to the most recent World Bank data from 2017, Burundi has the lowest GNI per capita of just $280. Another low-income nation is Malawi with a GNI per capital of $320. In third place is Niger, which has a GNI per capita of just $360.

Other low-income nations based on GNI per capita include:

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Ethiopia112,078,730
2Tanzania58,005,463
3Uganda44,269,594
4Afghanistan38,041,754
5Mozambique30,366,036
6Nepal28,608,710
7Madagascar26,969,307
8Burkina Faso20,321,378
9Mali19,658,031
10Chad15,946,876
11Guinea12,771,246
12Rwanda12,626,950
13Benin11,801,151
14Haiti11,263,077
15Tajikistan9,321,018
16Togo8,082,366
17Sierra Leone7,813,215
18Liberia4,937,374
19Central African Republic4,745,185
20Gambia2,347,706
21Guinea Bissau1,920,922