Low Income Countries 2019

One of the best ways to measure the income of a country is by taking a look at the gross national income per capita – also known as the GNI. The GNI per capita is a measure of a nation’s final income for the year divided by the population of the nation. This provides the average income of the citizens of the nation.

Using this data, countries can be divided into several categories. The high-income group has the highest income in the world with a GNI per capita of at least $12,476. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. The lower-middle-income nations have a GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. Finally, the low-income countries have a GNI per capital of $1,025 per less.

According to the most recent World Bank data from 2017, Burundi has the lowest GNI per capita of just $280. Another low-income nation is Malawi with a GNI per capital of $320. In third place is Niger, which has a GNI per capita of just $360.

Other low-income nations based on GNI per capita include:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
2Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²364,804 mi²0.64%3.00%AfricaEastern Africa
3Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%3.61%AfricaEastern Africa
4Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
5Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%2.95%AfricaEastern Africa
6Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²56,812 mi²< 0.1%1.83%AsiaSouthern Asia
7Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%2.69%AfricaEastern Africa
8Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
9Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
10Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
11Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%2.88%AfricaWestern Africa
12Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%2.64%AfricaEastern Africa
13Benin11,801,151112,622 km²43,472 mi²< 0.1%2.75%AfricaWestern Africa
14Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
15Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²55,237 mi²< 0.1%2.42%AsiaCentral Asia
16Togo8,082,36656,785 km²21,919 mi²< 0.1%2.45%AfricaWestern Africa
17Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%2.13%AfricaWestern Africa
18Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²42,988 mi²< 0.1%2.46%AfricaWestern Africa
19Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²240,472 mi²0.42%1.69%AfricaMiddle Africa
20Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%2.97%AfricaWestern Africa
21Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²13,944 mi²< 0.1%2.49%AfricaWestern Africa