Luxembourg Population 2017
Luxembourg is a small landlocked nation in Western Europe. With just 2,586 square kilometers (998 sq mi), it's one of the smallest sovereign nations in all of Europe and earth. Luxembourg is only the 179th largest country. Luxembourg has an estimated population of 583,455 in 2017, which means it ranks 162nd in the world. It is very densely populated, however, with 207 people per square kilometer (537/sq mi), ranking 67th.
Luxembourg's population increased rapidly through the 20th century due to immigration from Belgium, Italy, France, Germany and Portugal. At the 2001 census, the country had 59,000 Portuguese residents. As of 2014, it's estimated that 55% of the population is comprised of Luxembourgers and 45% of foreign nationality. Most foreigners in Luxembourg are from EU countries, and many are asylum seekers from Eastern Europe, particularly new republics that emerged from the former Yugoslavia. These immigrants have increased the young population in the country, and the birth rate. Immigrants now account for half of all births in Luxembourg.