Luxembourg Population 2018

587,581

Luxembourg is a small landlocked nation in Western Europe. With just 2,586 square kilometers (998 sq mi), it's one of the smallest sovereign nations in all of Europe and earth. Luxembourg is only the 179th largest country. Luxembourg has an estimated population of 590,321 in 2018, which means it ranks 162nd in the world. It is very densely populated, however, with 207 people per square kilometer (537/sq mi), ranking 67th.

Luxembourg's population increased rapidly through the 20th century due to immigration from Belgium, Italy, France, Germany and Portugal. At the 2001 census, the country had 59,000 Portuguese residents. As of 2014, it's estimated that 55% of the population is comprised of Luxembourgers and 45% of foreign nationality. Most foreigners in Luxembourg are from EU countries, and many are asylum seekers from Eastern Europe, particularly new republics that emerged from the former Yugoslavia. These immigrants have increased the young population in the country, and the birth rate. Immigrants now account for half of all births in Luxembourg.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 80 minutes
One death every 120 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 72 minutes

Luxembourg Population in 2018Source: Sixdown

Luxembourg Population Pyramid 2018

0k1k2k3k4k5kLuxembourg Male Population0k1k2k3k4k5kLuxembourg Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Luxembourg Median Age

39.2


Total

38.6


Male

39.9


Female

Luxembourg Population by Age

There are 467,122 adults in Luxembourg.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Luxembourg Population Growth

Luxembourg is currently experiencing very healthy population growth of 2.5%, in stark contrast to other European countries. By 2020, it's projected to have a population of 572,000.

About Luxembourg

Official NameGrand Duchy of Luxembourg
Languages SpokenGerman, French, Luxembourgish
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude49.756.16666666
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymLuxembourger

Countries Bordering Luxembourg

Belgium
France
Germany

Luxembourg Population Density

Luxembourg Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Luxembourg76,684
Esch-sur-Alzette28,228
Dudelange18,013
Schifflange8,155
Bettembourg7,437
Petange7,187
Ettelbruck6,364
Diekirch6,242
Strassen6,006
Bertrange5,615
Belvaux5,313
Differdange5,296
Mamer5,017
Wiltz4,816
Grevenmacher3,958
Mersch3,464
Redange-sur-Attert1,164

Luxembourg Population Clock

The population of Luxembourg (as of 2/13/2018)?587,581
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)590,321
Births Per Day18
Deaths Per Day12
Net Migrations Per Day 14
Net Change Per Day 20
Population Change Since January 1st880

Luxembourg Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 11.445 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.274 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 8.542 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.84 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.14 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.594 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.773 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.872 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.519 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.705 years
Rate of Natural Increase 4.171

Luxembourg Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018590,32150.26%49.73%228.281691.18%
2017583,45550.26%49.74%225.621691.34%
2016575,74750.23%49.77%222.641691.59%
2015566,74150.19%49.81%219.161692.22%
2010507,88949.68%50.32%196.401702.10%
2005457,84249.35%50.65%177.051710.98%
2000436,10349.25%50.75%168.641681.33%
1995408,14949.10%50.90%157.831681.34%
1990381,79148.93%51.07%147.641690.80%
1985366,88448.59%51.41%141.871660.16%
1980364,03848.82%51.19%140.771620.56%
1975353,98349.10%50.90%136.881620.83%
1970339,66849.00%51.00%131.351610.57%
1965330,16149.21%50.79%127.671610.97%
1960314,58849.39%50.61%121.651590.60%
1955305,26150.16%49.84%118.041580.62%
1950296,00150.00%50.00%114.461560.00%

Luxembourg Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020603,94450.27%49.73%233.541690.00%
2025641,75750.33%49.67%248.171691.22%
2030674,86450.37%49.64%260.971691.01%
2035707,37350.36%49.64%273.541690.95%
2040738,42850.34%49.66%285.551690.86%
2045767,80750.30%49.70%296.911690.78%
2050795,91650.25%49.75%307.781690.72%
2055822,02250.22%49.78%317.871680.65%
2060846,45450.20%49.80%327.321680.59%
2065869,88850.20%49.80%336.381680.55%
2070892,55750.21%49.79%345.151680.52%
2075914,12850.23%49.77%353.491680.48%
2080934,32750.24%49.76%361.301670.44%
2085953,58450.25%49.75%368.751650.41%
2090971,88950.24%49.76%375.831640.38%
2095989,00050.24%49.76%382.441630.35%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer