Macau Population 2019

641,771

Macau, or, officially, the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is located to the west of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. Formerly a Portuguese colony, having been leased as a trading post by the Ming Dynasty in 1557 before falling under direct Portuguese control in 1887, China regained full control in 1999. Macau has a 2019 population of 640,445 according to the latest estimates from the UN's World Population Prospects.

The territory has now become a major resort city and one of the world’s top destinations for gambling tourism with up to 38 million visitors each year. In 2019, Macau has a population of about 623,000 with a population density of 55,270 per square mile (21,340/km).

Demographics

According to official demographics data, the racial and ethnic composition of Macau is made up as:

  • 88.8% Chinese
  • 4.6% Filipino
  • 2.4% Vietnamese
  • 1.8% Portuguese/Macanese
  • 2.8% Other

Large portions of the Macau population are Portuguese citizens, a legacy of the Portuguese colonial rule. At the time of Macau being returned to Chinese ownership in 1999, 107,000 residents held Portuguese passports.

The main language spoken in Macau is Cantonese. 87.5% of the population speaks Cantonese, followed by 2.3% of the country speaking Portuguese, still recognised as an official language. With an incredibly dense population of 21,340 people per square kilometer, Macau is the most densely populated region in the entire world.

History

It's believed that the region that came to be Macau was first settled upon during the Han dynasty, the second dynasty of Imperial China, which reigned from 206 BCE to 220 CE. Macau did not become a major settlement until the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese.

What was initially a small population of Portuguese merchants soon became a growing city. By the end of the 16th century, the city had reached its peak and was prospering. The following century however, dogged by many Portuguese misfortunes, saw Macau enter a period of decline. Japan halted all trade in 1639, and 5 years later so did China. Following the establishment of Hong Kong in the 1840s, Macau lost its position as a major port.

The Chinese Civil war in the 1920s, 30s, and 40s brought a huge influx of Chinese refugees, leading to Macau building a large workforce. This enabled a thriving economy as it expanded its textiles, tourism, and gambling industries.

After major rioting over colonial status in 1966, Portugal lost most of its control over Macau, relinquishing it fully in 1974. In 1986, after first arranging the declaration for Hong Kong’s return from British rule, China entered negotiations with Portugal for the ownership of Macau. These were concluded a year later, and in 1999 Macau saw its return to Chinese rule after 442 years.

Population Growth

Each decade since the 1960s has seen a rise of roughly 100,000 in the population of Macau, with a 1.7% annual change. The Chinese Civil War from the late 1920s to late 1940s saw a huge influx in the number of Chinese residents fleeing to the country. Today almost 90% of the country is made up of Chinese people, and not even 2% claiming to have Portuguese/Macanese heritage. Despite having the world's most dense population, Macau's population continues its steady growth.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 76 minutes
One death every 206 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 55 minutes

Macau Population in 2018Source: kewl.lu [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Macau Population Pyramid 2019

Macau Population by Age

There are 537,980 adults in Macau.

Census Years

Year Date
2021August 2021
201621 August 2016
201126 August 2011
200619 August 2006
200123 August 2001
199130 August 1991
Official NameMacao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Languages SpokenPortuguese, Chinese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude22.16666666113.55
Currencies UsedMacau Pataca
DemonymChinese

Macau Population Clock

The population of Macau (as of 8/20/2019)?641,771
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)640,445
Births Per Day19
Deaths Per Day7
Net Migrations Per Day 14
Net Change Per Day 26
Population Change Since January 1st6,032

Macau Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Estimate as of August 20th 2019 is: 641,663

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2019640,44548.05%51.95%21348.171671.39%
2018631,63648.02%51.98%21054.531671.45%
2017622,58548.00%52.00%20752.831681.59%
2016612,83647.98%52.02%20427.871681.79%
2015602,08547.97%52.03%20069.501682.27%
2010538,21948.00%52.00%17940.631672.19%
2005482,85847.51%52.49%16095.271682.45%
2000427,78247.90%52.10%14259.401702.10%
1995385,51348.47%51.53%12850.431712.32%
1990343,80849.40%50.60%11460.271723.93%
1985283,50350.41%49.59%9450.101733.55%
1980238,07151.25%48.76%7935.70173-0.30%
1975241,62851.33%48.67%8054.27172-0.37%
1970246,19451.43%48.57%8206.471683.91%
1965203,22850.20%49.80%6774.271703.91%
1960167,79149.14%50.86%5593.03171-2.40%
1955189,46049.15%50.85%6315.33168-0.73%
1950196,48151.07%48.92%6549.371660.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020649,33548.06%51.94%21644.501670.00%
2025693,89348.09%51.91%23129.771671.34%
2030731,87448.03%51.97%24395.801681.07%
2035763,35747.91%52.09%25445.231680.85%
2040790,71847.78%52.22%26357.271680.71%
2045815,66547.69%52.31%27188.831680.62%
2050838,36847.71%52.29%27945.601670.55%
2055858,13347.84%52.16%28604.431670.47%
2060875,03748.05%51.95%29167.901670.39%
2065889,90448.28%51.72%29663.471660.34%
2070904,10948.46%51.54%30136.971660.32%
2075917,96848.59%51.41%30598.931660.30%
2080931,96948.71%51.29%31065.631660.30%
2085946,23448.89%51.11%31541.131640.30%
2090963,39449.11%50.89%32113.131630.36%
2095985,48249.26%50.74%32849.401630.45%
  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1950 through 2011, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. The preliminary results of the 2016 by-census were also considered.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer