Madagascar Population 2019

26,894,294

Madagascar is a large island located in Southeastern Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world and is heavily populated as well. The 2019 population is estimated at 26.97 million.

As of late 2012 and early 2013, its population was estimated to be around 22,005,222. In 2014, it is estimated to have 23,752,887. Over the course of the past few years, it has shown a steady increase in its population every year. Its population currently ranks 51st in the world.

One of its largest age groups in Madagascar lies in the age 25-54 bracket (around 30.8% of the total population), which provides it with a large labor force that is available to take a large number of jobs and help in its development. The young population, comprising of all individuals in the 15-24 years old age bracket, make up around 20.6% of the total population. As a result, it can be clearly seen that Madagascar comprises mainly of youngsters and young adults who take up more than 50% of the total population. Apart from having more able hands to take on different jobs, this large bracket of young individuals provides Madagascar with the opportunity to develop itself more, as long as the youngsters are given the right tools to develop themselves first.

Madagascar Births/Deaths

The number of births per year in Madagascar greatly overshadows the number of deaths. According to a number of estimates, the number of births per year from 2005 to 2010 was around 698,000. That is why it comes as no surprise that the largest age bracket in Madagascar belongs to children in the region of 0-14 years. They make up around 40.1% of the total population. With such a large number of births per year and a lesser number of deaths per year, the population is greatly increasing with every passing year.

Madagascar Demographics

There is a lot of ethnic diversity present in Madagascar as well. Many Europeans, especially the French, have decided to make it their home. As Madagascar was once a French colony, it is easy to imagine generations of French-speaking inhabitants choosing to live in Madagascar. Moreover, many Indians have also begun to arrive in Madagascar, mainly for trading reasons, but they are now permanently moving in.

Madagascar was initially habituated by Austronesian seafarers. It was predominantly uninhabited; however, it did contain more than 18 separate tribal groups. Among them, the largest of the tribes is Betsilio, which originally had 2 million inhabitants, followed closely by the Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety and Sakalava tribes. All of these different tribes highlight the ethnic diversity that is prevalent in this region. Due to such a large population, providing education for everyone may prove to be a significant challenge. Nevertheless, Madagascar boasts of an 80% literacy rate. Around 88% of the male population is literate, as well as 73% of the female population. Also, these statistics are rising every year, which signifies the level of development currently happening in Madagascar, regardless of the political turmoil it has faced over the years.

Madagascar is a richly populated country with many people from diverse backgrounds. This has helped it showcase a multitude of rituals and cultures and has given rise to a multi-ethnic population.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 36 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 360 minutes
Net gain of one person every 45 seconds

Madagascar Population in 2018Source: By Bernard Gagnon [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

About Madagascar

Official NameRepublic of Madagascar
Languages SpokenFrench, Malagasy
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2047
Currencies UsedMadagascar Ariary
DemonymMalagasy

Countries Bordering Madagascar

None

Madagascar Population Density

Madagascar Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Antananarivo1,391,433
Toamasina206,373
Antsirabe186,253
Fianarantsoa167,227
Mahajanga154,657
Toliara115,319
Antsiranana82,937
Antanifotsy70,626
Ambovombe66,818
Ambilobe56,000
Amparafaravola51,519
Tolanaro45,141
Ambatondrazaka43,134
Mananara41,209
Soavinandriana40,453
Mahanoro39,879
Soanierana Ivongo39,271
Faratsiho37,563
Nosy Varika37,152
Vavatenina36,916

Madagascar Population Clock

The population of Madagascar (as of 5/22/2019)?26,894,294
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)26,969,642
Births Per Day2,375
Deaths Per Day439
Net Migrations Per Day -4
Net Change Per Day 1,932
Population Change Since January 1st274,344

Madagascar Population Estimator

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Estimate as of May 22nd 2019 is: 26,892,181

Madagascar Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201926,969,64249.88%50.12%45.94512.69%
201826,262,81049.88%50.12%44.74512.71%
201725,570,89549.87%50.13%43.56512.72%
201624,894,55149.86%50.14%42.41522.73%
201524,234,08849.85%50.15%41.28522.76%
201021,151,64049.81%50.19%36.03542.90%
200518,336,72449.79%50.21%31.24563.07%
200015,766,80649.79%50.21%26.86593.19%
199513,475,40049.84%50.16%22.95613.05%
199011,598,63349.93%50.07%19.76622.88%
198510,063,49550.03%49.97%17.14632.92%
19808,716,55350.14%49.86%14.85682.90%
19757,556,02650.28%49.72%12.87682.82%
19706,576,30550.44%49.56%11.20692.65%
19655,769,21850.62%49.38%9.83712.50%
19605,099,37350.85%49.15%8.69732.34%
19554,543,54251.11%48.89%7.74732.16%
19504,083,55451.43%48.57%6.96750.00%

Madagascar Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202027,690,79849.89%50.11%47.17510.00%
202531,500,07749.91%50.09%53.66512.61%
203035,591,94349.93%50.07%60.63502.47%
203539,891,38849.93%50.07%67.95462.31%
204044,367,65649.91%50.09%75.58402.15%
204549,012,98849.89%50.11%83.49392.01%
205053,802,57449.87%50.13%91.65381.88%
205558,686,53349.84%50.16%99.97351.75%
206063,594,67649.81%50.19%108.33321.62%
206568,473,22649.79%50.21%116.64321.49%
207073,274,37649.77%50.23%124.82301.36%
207577,946,07249.75%50.25%132.78291.24%
208082,452,18549.74%50.26%140.45271.13%
208586,742,01049.75%50.25%147.76271.02%
209090,776,88249.76%50.24%154.63250.91%
209594,539,56749.78%50.22%161.04250.82%
  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1975 and 1993 censuses, with official population estimates for 2011, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer