Madagascar Population 2017

25,654,336

Madagascar is a large island located in Southeastern Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world and is heavily populated as well.

As of late 2012 and early 2013, its population was estimated to be around 22,005,222. In 2014, it is estimated to have 23,752,887. Over the course of the past few years, it has shown a steady increase in its population every year.

One of its largest age groups in Madagascar lies in the age 25-54 bracket (around 30.8% of the total population), which provides it with a large labor force that is available to take a large number of jobs and help in its development. The young population, comprising of all individuals in the 15-24 years old age bracket, make up around 20.6% of the total population. As a result, it can be clearly seen that Madagascar comprises mainly of youngsters and young adults who take up more than 50% of the total population. Apart from having more able hands to take on different jobs, this large bracket of young individuals provides Madagascar with the opportunity to develop itself more, as long as the youngsters are given the right tools to develop themselves first.

Madagascar Births/Deaths

The number of births per year in Madagascar greatly overshadows the number of deaths. According to a number of estimates, the number of births per year from 2005 to 2010 was around 698,000. That is why it comes as no surprise that the largest age bracket in Madagascar belongs to children in the region of 0-14 years. They make up around 40.1% of the total population. With such a large number of births per year and a lesser number of deaths per year, the population is greatly increasing with every passing year.

Madagascar Demographics

There is a lot of ethnic diversity present in Madagascar as well. Many Europeans, especially the French, have decided to make it their home. As Madagascar was once a French colony, it is easy to imagine generations of French speaking inhabitants choosing to live in Madagascar. Moreover, many Indians have also begun to arrive in Madagascar, mainly for trading reasons, but they are now permanently moving in.

Madagascar was initially habituated by Austronesian seafarers. It was predominantly uninhabited; however, it did contain more than 18 separate tribal groups. Among them, the largest of the tribes is Betsilio, which originally had 2 million inhabitants, followed closely by the Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety and Sakalava tribes. All of these different tribes highlight the ethnic diversity that is prevalent in this region. Due to such a large population, providing education for everyone may prove to be a significant challenge. Nevertheless, Madagascar boasts of an 80% literacy rate. Around 88% of the male population is literate, as well as 73% of the female population. Also, these statistics are rising every year, which signifies the level of development currently happening in Madagascar, regardless of the political turmoil it has faced over the years.

Madagascar is a richly populated country with many people from diverse backgrounds. This has helped it showcase a multitude of rituals and cultures and has given rise to a multi-ethnic population.

Madagascar Population in 2017Source: Bernard Gagnon

About Madagascar

Official NameRepublic of Madagascar
Languages SpokenFrench, Malagasy
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2047
Currencies UsedMGA

Madagascar Population Density

Name Population
Miarinarivo
Ambohitseheno6,000
Ranohira6,000
Vohimanitra6,000
Anjepy6,000
Beteza7,000
Sambaina7,000
Behompy7,000
Manato7,000
Sadjoavato7,600
Mahavelona7,987
Ambohitrandriamanitra8,000
Bemaitso8,000
Merikanjaka8,000
Fandrandava9,000
Mahabe10,000
Mantasoa10,000
Miadanandriana10,000
Sahatavy10,000
Ambodivoara10,000
Andovoranto10,429
Antakotako11,000
Ambodifotatra11,830
Antsirabe Afovoany13,000
Tranovaho13,000
Ifatsy15,000
Kopoky15,000
Ikalamavony15,601
Ankazobe15,722
Alarobia16,000
Maintirano16,000
Ankazondandy16,000
Ambarakaraka16,114
Tsaratanana16,761
Bealanana16,948
Ihosy16,990
Amboanjo17,000
Ambohitrolomahitsy17,000
Sadabe17,000
Ifanadiana17,543
Beroroha18,632
Anjozorobe19,027
Fenoarivo Be19,605
Andilamena19,750
Vondrozo19,949
Miandrivazo20,631
Andapa20,798
Ampasimanolotra21,000
Sitampiky21,000
Soanindrariny21,000
Fenoarivo Atsinanana21,036
Antsohihy21,290
Sakaraha21,826
Arivonimamo21,982
Ambato Boeny22,529
Hell-Ville22,680
Beloha23,021
Vangaindrano23,523
Maroantsetra23,859
Belo sur Tsiribihina23,900
Maevatanana24,000
Farafangana24,764
Ampahana25,000
Vohibinany25,311
Ampanihy25,686
Ankazoabo25,961
Ambatofinandrahana25,997
Marolambo26,160
Miandrarivo27,000
Vohipaho27,000
Tsiroanomandidy27,060
Mananjary27,686
Sahavato28,000
Ambalavao28,027
Ambatolampy28,461
Moramanga29,212
Betafo29,785
Tsiombe29,825
Ambositra30,353
Ambanja30,621
Betioky31,102
Marovoay31,253
Fandriana31,437
Sambava31,522
Manjakandriana31,840
Antsohimbondrona32,080
Ikongo32,374
Antalaha34,112
Manakara35,499
Amboasary36,082
Morondava36,803
Vavatenina36,916
Nosy Varika37,152
Faratsiho37,563
Soanierana Ivongo39,271
Mahanoro39,879
Soavinandriana40,453
Mananara41,209
Ambatondrazaka43,134
Fort Dauphin45,141
Amparafaravola51,519
Ambilobe56,000
Ambovombe66,818
Antanifotsy70,626
Antsiranana82,937
Toliara115,319
Mahajanga154,657
Fianarantsoa167,227
Antsirabe186,253
Toamasina206,373
Antananarivo1,391,433

Madagascar Population Clock

What is the population of Madagascar (as of 10/16/2017)?25,654,336
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)25,612,972
Births Per Day474
Deaths Per Day88
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day 383
Population Change Since January 1st110,687

Madagascar Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 33.723 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.235 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.038 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.268 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.717 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.832 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.235 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.912 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 30.42 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 45.092 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.828 years
Rate of Natural Increase 27.432
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 11.905%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 12.859%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 10.928%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 25.598%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 28.381%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 22.794%
Median Age (Total) 19.5 years
Median Age (Female) 19.7 years
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years

Madagascar Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201725,612,97249.87%50.13%442.75%
201524,235,39049.85%50.15%422.77%
201021,079,53249.81%50.19%362.80%
200518,290,39449.79%50.21%312.89%
200015,744,81149.79%50.21%273.07%
199513,452,52649.84%50.16%233.15%
199011,545,78249.93%50.07%203.01%
19859,981,11350.03%49.97%172.80%
19808,746,51650.14%49.86%152.67%
19757,575,75750.28%49.72%132.91%
19706,576,30150.44%49.56%112.76%
19655,769,21950.62%49.38%102.55%
19605,099,37150.85%49.15%92.41%
19554,543,54251.11%48.89%82.25%
19504,083,55451.43%48.57%72.04%

Madagascar Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202027,798,96449.89%50.11%482.69%
202531,727,67049.93%50.07%552.56%
203035,960,27949.95%50.05%622.41%
203540,450,43349.96%50.04%702.26%
204045,177,31149.96%50.04%782.13%
204550,138,80349.95%50.05%862.01%
205055,293,75749.94%50.06%951.88%
205560,597,11049.93%50.07%1041.75%
206065,972,145.00,000,00149.92%50.08%1131.62%
206571,360,59349.92%50.08%1231.50%
207076,739,64849.92%50.08%1321.38%
207582,036,76049.93%50.07%1411.26%
208087,187,17549.95%50.05%1501.15%
208592,146,24149.98%50.02%1581.04%
209096,876,96950.02%49.98%1670.94%
2095101,341,88250.07%49.93%1740.84%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations