Madagascar Population 2017

25,876,475

Madagascar is a large island located in Southeastern Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world and is heavily populated as well. The 2017 population is estimated at 25.57 million.

As of late 2012 and early 2013, its population was estimated to be around 22,005,222. In 2014, it is estimated to have 23,752,887. Over the course of the past few years, it has shown a steady increase in its population every year.

One of its largest age groups in Madagascar lies in the age 25-54 bracket (around 30.8% of the total population), which provides it with a large labor force that is available to take a large number of jobs and help in its development. The young population, comprising of all individuals in the 15-24 years old age bracket, make up around 20.6% of the total population. As a result, it can be clearly seen that Madagascar comprises mainly of youngsters and young adults who take up more than 50% of the total population. Apart from having more able hands to take on different jobs, this large bracket of young individuals provides Madagascar with the opportunity to develop itself more, as long as the youngsters are given the right tools to develop themselves first.

Madagascar Births/Deaths

The number of births per year in Madagascar greatly overshadows the number of deaths. According to a number of estimates, the number of births per year from 2005 to 2010 was around 698,000. That is why it comes as no surprise that the largest age bracket in Madagascar belongs to children in the region of 0-14 years. They make up around 40.1% of the total population. With such a large number of births per year and a lesser number of deaths per year, the population is greatly increasing with every passing year.

Madagascar Demographics

There is a lot of ethnic diversity present in Madagascar as well. Many Europeans, especially the French, have decided to make it their home. As Madagascar was once a French colony, it is easy to imagine generations of French speaking inhabitants choosing to live in Madagascar. Moreover, many Indians have also begun to arrive in Madagascar, mainly for trading reasons, but they are now permanently moving in.

Madagascar was initially habituated by Austronesian seafarers. It was predominantly uninhabited; however, it did contain more than 18 separate tribal groups. Among them, the largest of the tribes is Betsilio, which originally had 2 million inhabitants, followed closely by the Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety and Sakalava tribes. All of these different tribes highlight the ethnic diversity that is prevalent in this region. Due to such a large population, providing education for everyone may prove to be a significant challenge. Nevertheless, Madagascar boasts of an 80% literacy rate. Around 88% of the male population is literate, as well as 73% of the female population. Also, these statistics are rising every year, which signifies the level of development currently happening in Madagascar, regardless of the political turmoil it has faced over the years.

Madagascar is a richly populated country with many people from diverse backgrounds. This has helped it showcase a multitude of rituals and cultures and has given rise to a multi-ethnic population.

Madagascar Population in 2018Source: Bernard Gagnon

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Madagascar Population Growth

About Madagascar

Official NameRepublic of Madagascar
Languages SpokenFrench, Malagasy
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2047
Currencies UsedMGA

Madagascar Population Density

Name Population
Antananarivo1,391,433
Toamasina206,373
Antsirabe186,253
Fianarantsoa167,227
Mahajanga154,657
Toliara115,319
Antsiranana82,937
Antanifotsy70,626
Ambovombe66,818
Ambilobe56,000
Amparafaravola51,519
Fort Dauphin45,141
Ambatondrazaka43,134
Mananara41,209
Soavinandriana40,453
Mahanoro39,879
Soanierana Ivongo39,271
Faratsiho37,563
Nosy Varika37,152
Vavatenina36,916
Morondava36,803
Amboasary36,082
Manakara35,499
Antalaha34,112
Ikongo32,374
Antsohimbondrona32,080
Manjakandriana31,840
Sambava31,522
Fandriana31,437
Marovoay31,253
Betioky31,102
Ambanja30,621
Ambositra30,353
Tsiombe29,825
Betafo29,785
Moramanga29,212
Ambatolampy28,461
Ambalavao28,027
Sahavato28,000
Mananjary27,686
Tsiroanomandidy27,060
Vohipaho27,000
Miandrarivo27,000
Marolambo26,160
Ambatofinandrahana25,997
Ankazoabo25,961
Ampanihy25,686
Vohibinany25,311
Ampahana25,000
Farafangana24,764
Maevatanana24,000
Belo sur Tsiribihina23,900
Maroantsetra23,859
Vangaindrano23,523
Beloha23,021
Hell-Ville22,680
Ambato Boeny22,529
Arivonimamo21,982
Sakaraha21,826
Antsohihy21,290
Fenoarivo Atsinanana21,036
Soanindrariny21,000
Sitampiky21,000
Ampasimanolotra21,000
Andapa20,798
Miandrivazo20,631
Vondrozo19,949
Andilamena19,750
Fenoarivo Be19,605
Anjozorobe19,027
Beroroha18,632
Ifanadiana17,543
Sadabe17,000
Ambohitrolomahitsy17,000
Amboanjo17,000
Ihosy16,990
Bealanana16,948
Tsaratanana16,761
Ambarakaraka16,114
Ankazondandy16,000
Maintirano16,000
Alarobia16,000
Ankazobe15,722
Ikalamavony15,601
Kopoky15,000
Ifatsy15,000
Tranovaho13,000
Antsirabe Afovoany13,000
Ambodifotatra11,830
Antakotako11,000
Andovoranto10,429
Ambodivoara10,000
Sahatavy10,000
Miadanandriana10,000
Mantasoa10,000
Mahabe10,000
Fandrandava9,000
Merikanjaka8,000
Bemaitso8,000
Ambohitrandriamanitra8,000
Mahavelona7,987
Sadjoavato7,600
Manato7,000
Behompy7,000
Sambaina7,000
Beteza7,000
Anjepy6,000
Vohimanitra6,000
Ranohira6,000
Ambohitseheno6,000
Miarinarivo

Madagascar Population Clock

What is the population of Madagascar (as of 12/12/2017)?25,876,475
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)25,570,895
Births Per Day2,291
Deaths Per Day435
Net Migrations Per Day -4
Net Change Per Day 1,852
Population Change Since January 1st640,792

Madagascar Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 33.082 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.287 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.06 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.092 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.516 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.68 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.167 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.885 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 31.128 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 46.13 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.987 years
Rate of Natural Increase 26.795
Median Age (Total) 19.5 years
Median Age (Female) 19.7 years
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years

Madagascar Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201725,570,89549.87%50.13%44512.72%
201524,234,08849.85%50.15%41522.76%
201021,151,64049.81%50.19%36542.90%
200518,336,72449.79%50.21%31563.07%
200015,766,80649.79%50.21%27593.19%
199513,475,40049.84%50.16%23613.05%
199011,598,63349.93%50.07%20622.88%
198510,063,49550.03%49.97%17632.92%
19808,716,55350.14%49.86%15682.90%
19757,556,02650.28%49.72%13682.82%
19706,576,30550.44%49.56%11692.65%
19655,769,21850.62%49.38%10712.50%
19605,099,37350.85%49.15%9732.34%
19554,543,54251.11%48.89%8732.16%
19504,083,55451.43%48.57%7750.00%

Madagascar Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202027,690,79849.89%50.11%47510.00%
202531,500,07749.91%50.09%54512.61%
203035,591,94349.93%50.07%61502.47%
203539,891,38849.93%50.07%68462.31%
204044,367,65649.91%50.09%76402.15%
204549,012,98849.89%50.11%83392.01%
205053,802,57449.87%50.13%92381.88%
205558,686,53349.84%50.16%100351.75%
206063,594,67649.81%50.19%108321.62%
206568,473,22649.79%50.21%117321.49%
207073,274,37649.77%50.23%125301.36%
207577,946,07249.75%50.25%133291.24%
208082,452,18549.74%50.26%140271.13%
208586,742,01049.75%50.25%148271.02%
209090,776,88249.76%50.24%155250.91%
209594,539,56749.78%50.22%161250.82%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer