Madagascar Population 2016

Madagascar is a large island located in Southeastern Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world and is heavily populated as well.

As of late 2012 and early 2013, its population was estimated to be around 22,005,222. In 2014, it is estimated to have 23,752,887. Over the course of the past few years, it has shown a steady increase in its population every year.

One of its largest age groups in Madagascar lies in the age 25-54 bracket (around 30.8% of the total population), which provides it with a large labor force that is available to take a large number of jobs and help in its development. The young population, comprising of all individuals in the 15-24 years old age bracket, make up around 20.6% of the total population. As a result, it can be clearly seen that Madagascar comprises mainly of youngsters and young adults who take up more than 50% of the total population. Apart from having more able hands to take on different jobs, this large bracket of young individuals provides Madagascar with the opportunity to develop itself more, as long as the youngsters are given the right tools to develop themselves first.

Madagascar Births/Deaths

The number of births per year in Madagascar greatly overshadows the number of deaths. According to a number of estimates, the number of births per year from 2005 to 2010 was around 698,000. That is why it comes as no surprise that the largest age bracket in Madagascar belongs to children in the region of 0-14 years. They make up around 40.1% of the total population. With such a large number of births per year and a lesser number of deaths per year, the population is greatly increasing with every passing year.

Madagascar Demographics

There is a lot of ethnic diversity present in Madagascar as well. Many Europeans, especially the French, have decided to make it their home. As Madagascar was once a French colony, it is easy to imagine generations of French speaking inhabitants choosing to live in Madagascar. Moreover, many Indians have also begun to arrive in Madagascar, mainly for trading reasons, but they are now permanently moving in.

Madagascar was initially habituated by Austronesian seafarers. It was predominantly uninhabited; however, it did contain more than 18 separate tribal groups. Among them, the largest of the tribes is Betsilio, which originally had 2 million inhabitants, followed closely by the Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety and Sakalava tribes. All of these different tribes highlight the ethnic diversity that is prevalent in this region. Due to such a large population, providing education for everyone may prove to be a significant challenge. Nevertheless, Madagascar boasts of an 80% literacy rate. Around 88% of the male population is literate, as well as 73% of the female population. Also, these statistics are rising every year, which signifies the level of development currently happening in Madagascar, regardless of the political turmoil it has faced over the years.

Madagascar is a richly populated country with many people from diverse backgrounds. This has helped it showcase a multitude of rituals and cultures and has given rise to a multi-ethnic population.

Madagascar Population in 2016 Source: Bernard Gagnon

Madagascar Population Clock

What is the population of Madagascar (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2,394
Deaths Per Day 440
Net Migrations Per Day -3
Net Change Per Day 1,951
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Madagascar Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 33.611 births/thousand 28th
Crude Death Rate 6.179 deaths/thousand 139th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.038 people/thousand 78th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.44 years 144th
Life Expectancy (Male) 64.88 years 140th
Life Expectancy (Female) 68.01 years 145th
Total Fertility Rate 4.208 children/woman 34th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.912 surviving daughters/woman 22nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 153rd
Infant Mortality Rate 29.88 deaths/1,000 live births 61st
Under Five Mortality 44.287 deaths/thousand 54th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.828 years 146th

Madagascar Population Density

Madagascar Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 24,915,822 49.9% 50.1% 42 139 2.76% 52
2015 24,235,390 49.9% 50.1% 41 139 2.77% 52
2010 21,079,532 49.8% 50.2% 36 139 2.8% 54
2005 18,290,394 49.8% 50.2% 31 144 2.89% 55
2000 15,744,811 49.8% 50.2% 27 145 3.07% 59
1995 13,452,526 49.8% 50.2% 23 145 3.15% 61
1990 11,545,782 49.9% 50.1% 19 147 3.01% 61
1985 9,981,113 50% 50% 17 146 2.8% 64
1980 8,746,516 50.1% 49.9% 15 146 2.67% 68
1975 7,575,757 50.3% 49.7% 13 148 2.91% 68
1970 6,576,300 50.4% 49.6% 11 147 2.76% 69
1965 5,769,219 50.6% 49.4% 9 152 2.55% 70
1960 5,099,371 50.8% 49.2% 8 152 2.41% 73
1955 4,543,542 51.1% 48.9% 7 151 2.25% 73
1950 4,083,554 51.4% 48.6% 7 147 2.04% 75

Madagascar Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 27,798,964 49.9% 50.1% 47 134 2.69% 51
2025 31,727,670 49.9% 50.1% 54 132 2.56% 51
2030 35,960,279 49.9% 50.1% 61 129 2.41% 50
2035 40,450,433 50% 50% 69 125 2.26% 43
2040 45,177,310 50% 50% 77 123 2.13% 40
2045 50,138,803 50% 50% 86 114 2.01% 39
2050 55,293,757 49.9% 50.1% 95 109 1.88% 37
2055 60,597,110 49.9% 50.1% 104 96 1.75% 32
2060 65,972,145 49.9% 50.1% 113 91 1.62% 31
2065 71,360,593 49.9% 50.1% 122 89 1.5% 29
2070 76,739,648 49.9% 50.1% 131 84 1.38% 28
2075 82,036,760 49.9% 50.1% 141 81 1.26% 26
2080 87,187,175 49.9% 50.1% 149 81 1.15% 26
2085 92,146,241 50% 50% 158 77 1.04% 25
2090 96,876,969 50% 50% 166 76 0.94% 24
2095 101,341,882 50.1% 49.9% 174 72 0.84% 24
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations