Malawi Population 2018

19,146,920

Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi and formerly Nyasaland, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa bordered by Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique. In 2018, the estimated population of Malawi is 19.16 million, which ranks 64th in the world.

Malawi has a land area of almost 119,000 square kilometers, or 99th in the world, with an estimated population of 17.2 million which ranks 64th in the world. Malawi still has a fairly low population density of 129 people per square kilometer (86th in the world).

There are four cities in Malawi. The capital is Lilongwe (978,000 in 2014), while the largest city is Blantyre (1.9 million in 2014) -- the commercial capital -- and Mzuzu (1.7 million in the outskirts, 130,000 in the city).

Malawi Demographics

Malawi has several ethnic groups, including the Chewa, Nyanja, Yao, Tumbuka, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde. There are sizable populations of Europeans and Asians. The official language is Chichewa, spoken by 57% of the population although English, Chinyanja, Chiyao, and Chitumbuka are spoken by a large percentage of people. There are also several native languages, such as Malawian Lomwe, Kokola, Lambya, Ndali, and Nyakyusa-Ngonde.

The main religions are Christianity and Islam. There are no accurate estimates on the religious affiliation of Malawi's population, but it is estimated that 68% of the country is Christian while 25% is Muslim.

Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world with an economy centered on agriculture and a population that is mostly rural. The government depends a great deal of outside aid. There is a low life expectancy in Malawi with a high infant mortality rate and a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS (12% of the population).

Components of Population Change

One birth every 46 seconds
One death every 4 minutes
One net migrant every 44 minutes
Net gain of one person every 58 seconds

Malawi Population in 2018Source: Stefan7 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Malawi Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200k250k300k350kMalawi Male Population0k50k100k150k200k250k300k350kMalawi Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Malawi Median Age

16.5


Total

16.3


Male

16.6


Female

Malawi Population by Age

There are 9,144,473 adults in Malawi.

Census Years

Year Date
20182018
200828 June 2008
199821 September 1998
198721 September 1987

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Malawi Population Growth

Malawi is growing rapidly with a 3% annual growth rate. By 2050, the population is expected to hit 45 million, which is almost triple the 2010 population of 2010.

About Malawi

Official NameRepublic of Malawi
Languages SpokenEnglish, Chewa
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-13.534
Currencies UsedMalawi Kwacha
DemonymMalawian

Countries Bordering Malawi

Mozambique
Tanzania
Zambia

Malawi Population Density

Malawi Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Lilongwe646,750
Blantyre584,877
Mzuzu175,345
Zomba80,932
Kasungu42,555
Mangochi40,236
Karonga34,207
Salima30,052
Nkhotakota24,865
Liwonde22,469
Nsanje21,774
Rumphi20,727
Mzimba19,308
Balaka18,902
Mchinji18,305
Mulanje16,483
Dedza15,608
Luchenza11,939
Nkhata Bay11,721
Monkey Bay11,619

Malawi Population Clock

The population of Malawi (as of 6/18/2018)?19,146,920
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)19,164,728
Births Per Day1,884
Deaths Per Day367
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 1,484
Population Change Since January 1st250,796

Malawi Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 36.359 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.09 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.634 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.77 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.12 years
Female Life Expectancy 66.31 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.492 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.99 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 59.228 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 73.793 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.037 years
Rate of Natural Increase 29.269

Malawi Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201819,164,72849.55%50.45%161.75612.91%
201718,622,10449.54%50.46%157.17612.93%
201618,091,57549.53%50.47%152.69622.95%
201517,573,60749.52%50.48%148.32642.99%
201015,167,09549.44%50.56%128.01653.07%
200513,039,71149.36%50.64%110.05682.77%
200011,376,17249.32%50.68%96.01682.80%
19959,909,08849.38%50.62%83.63750.98%
19909,437,55349.14%50.86%79.65735.53%
19857,211,10549.14%50.86%60.86813.19%
19806,163,08048.97%51.03%52.02833.09%
19755,292,80848.78%51.22%44.67832.83%
19704,603,72348.63%51.37%38.86872.55%
19654,058,67348.51%51.49%34.26902.32%
19603,618,59548.41%51.59%30.54892.16%
19553,252,33248.24%51.76%27.45901.94%
19502,953,87148.00%52.00%24.93890.00%

Malawi Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202020,283,69149.57%50.43%171.19610.00%
202523,277,22449.64%50.36%196.46612.79%
203026,578,24749.73%50.27%224.32602.69%
203530,109,85749.81%50.19%254.13572.53%
204033,836,70749.87%50.13%285.58572.36%
204537,719,15549.92%50.08%318.35542.20%
205041,705,00249.94%50.06%351.99512.03%
205545,752,24549.94%50.06%386.15501.87%
206049,799,23849.93%50.07%420.30461.71%
206553,784,56849.91%50.09%453.94431.55%
207057,643,14849.87%50.13%486.51421.40%
207561,315,27149.84%50.16%517.50401.24%
208064,759,96549.82%50.18%546.57391.10%
208567,945,46449.79%50.21%573.46390.96%
209070,837,98449.76%50.24%597.87400.84%
209573,429,17549.74%50.26%619.74380.72%
Data Sources
  1. Malawi National Statistical Office
  2. Malawi National Statistical Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1977, 1987, 1998 and 2008 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer