Malawi Population 2017

18,660,330

Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi and formerly Nyasaland, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa bordered by Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique. In 2017, the estimated population of Malawi is 18.62 million, which ranks 64th in the world.

Malawi has a land area of almost 119,000 square kilometers, or 99th in the world, with an estimated population of 17.2 million which ranks 64th in the world. Malawi still has a fairly low population density of 129 people per square kilometer (86th in the world).

There are four cities in Malawi. The capital is Lilongwe (978,000 in 2014), while the largest city is Blantyre (1.9 million in 2014) -- the commercial capital -- and Mzuzu (1.7 million in the outskirts, 130,000 in the city).

Malawi Demographics

Malawi has several ethnic groups, including the Chewa, Nyanja, Yao, Tumbuka, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde. There are sizable populations of Europeans and Asians. The official language is Chichewa, spoken by 57% of the population although English, Chinyanja, Chiyao, and Chitumbuka are spoken by a large percentage of people. There are also several native languages, such as Malawian Lomwe, Kokola, Lambya, Ndali, and Nyakyusa-Ngonde.

The main religions are Christianity and Islam. There are no accurate estimates on the religious affiliation of Malawi's population, but it is estimated that 68% of the country is Christian while 25% is Muslim.

Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world with an economy centered on agriculture and a population that is mostly rural. The government depends a great deal of outside aid. There is a low life expectancy in Malawi with a high infant mortality rate and a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS (12% of the population).

Malawi Population in 2018Source: Brian Dell

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Malawi Population Growth

Malawi is growing rapidly with a 3% annual growth rate. By 2050, the population is expected to hit 45 million, which is almost triple the 2010 population of 2010.

About Malawi

Official NameRepublic of Malawi
Languages SpokenChewa, English
BordersMOZ, TZA, ZMB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-13.534
Currencies UsedMWK

Malawi Population Density

Name Population
Lilongwe646,750
Blantyre584,877
Mzuzu175,345
Zomba80,932
Kasungu42,555
Mangochi40,236
Karonga34,207
Salima30,052
Nkhotakota24,865
Liwonde22,469
Nsanje21,774
Rumphi20,727
Mzimba19,308
Balaka18,902
Mchinji18,305
Mulanje16,483
Dedza15,608
Luchenza11,939
Nkhata Bay11,721
Monkey Bay11,619
Mwanza11,379
Mponela11,222
Ntcheu10,445
Chitipa8,824
Ntchisi7,918
Chikwawa6,987
Thyolo5,775
Dowa5,565
Livingstonia5,552

Malawi Population Clock

What is the population of Malawi (as of 11/15/2017)?18,660,330
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18,622,104
Births Per Day379
Deaths Per Day69
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 277
Population Change Since January 1st88,363

Malawi Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 37.743 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.872 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.645 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.509 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.503 years
Female Life Expectancy 66.388 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.904 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.131 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 52.002 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 64.239 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.736 years
Rate of Natural Increase 30.798
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 15.903%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.906%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.9%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.189%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 28.769%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.695%
Median Age (Total) 16.5 years
Median Age (Female) 16.6 years
Median Age (Male) 16.3 years

Malawi Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201718,622,10449.54%50.46%1572.94%
201517,573,60749.52%50.48%1482.99%
201015,167,09549.44%50.56%1283.07%
200513,039,71149.36%50.64%1102.77%
200011,376,17249.32%50.68%962.80%
19959,909,08849.38%50.62%840.98%
19909,437,55349.14%50.86%805.53%
19857,211,10549.14%50.86%613.19%
19806,163,08048.97%51.03%523.09%
19755,292,80848.78%51.22%452.83%
19704,603,72348.63%51.37%392.55%
19654,058,67348.51%51.49%342.32%
19603,618,59548.41%51.59%312.16%
19553,252,33248.24%51.76%271.94%
19502,953,87148.00%52.00%250.00%

Malawi Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202020,283,69149.57%50.43%1710.00%
202523,277,22449.64%50.36%1962.79%
203026,578,24749.73%50.27%2242.69%
203530,109,85749.81%50.19%2542.53%
204033,836,70749.87%50.13%2862.36%
204537,719,15549.92%50.08%3182.20%
205041,705,00249.94%50.06%3522.03%
205545,752,24549.94%50.06%3861.87%
206049,799,23849.93%50.07%4201.71%
206553,784,56849.91%50.09%4541.55%
207057,643,14849.87%50.13%4871.40%
207561,315,27149.84%50.16%5171.24%
208064,759,96549.82%50.18%5471.10%
208567,945,46449.79%50.21%5730.96%
209070,837,98449.76%50.24%5980.84%
209573,429,17549.74%50.26%6200.72%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer