Malawi Population 2017

18,319,177

Malawi has a land area of almost 119,000 square kilometers, or 99th in the world, with an estimated population of 17.2 million which ranks 64th in the world. Malawi still has a fairly low population density of 129 people per square kilometer (86th in the world).

There are four cities in Malawi. The capital is Lilongwe (978,000 in 2014), while the largest city is Blantyre (1.9 million in 2014) -- the commercial capital -- and Mzuzu (1.7 million in the outskirts, 130,000 in the city).

Malawi Demographics

Malawi has several ethnic groups, including the Chewa, Nyanja, Yao, Tumbuka, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde. There are sizable populations of Europeans and Asians. The official language is Chichewa, spoken by 57% of the population although English, Chinyanja, Chiyao, and Chitumbuka are spoken by a large percentage of people. There are also several native languages, such as Malawian Lomwe, Kokola, Lambya, Ndali, and Nyakyusa-Ngonde.

The main religions are Christianity and Islam. There are no accurate estimates on the religious affiliation of Malawi's population, but it is estimated that 68% of the country is Christian while 25% is Muslim.

Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world with an economy centered on agriculture and a population that is mostly rural. The government depends a great deal of outside aid. There is a low life expectancy in Malawi with a high infant mortality rate and a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS (12% of the population).

Malawi Population in 2017Source: Brian Dell

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Malawi Population Growth

Malawi is growing rapidly with a 3% annual growth rate. By 2050, the population is expected to hit 45 million, which is almost triple the 2010 population of 2010.

About Malawi

Official NameRepublic of Malawi
Languages SpokenChewa, English
BordersMOZ, TZA, ZMB
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-13.534
Currencies UsedMWK

Malawi Population Density

Name Population
Livingstonia5,552
Dowa5,565
Thyolo5,775
Chikwawa6,987
Ntchisi7,918
Chitipa8,824
Ntcheu10,445
Mponela11,222
Mwanza11,379
Monkey Bay11,619
Nkhata Bay11,721
Luchenza11,939
Dedza15,608
Mulanje16,483
Mchinji18,305
Balaka18,902
Mzimba19,308
Rumphi20,727
Nsanje21,774
Liwonde22,469
Nkhotakota24,865
Salima30,052
Karonga34,207
Mangochi40,236
Kasungu42,555
Zomba80,932
Mzuzu175,345
Blantyre584,877
Lilongwe646,750

Malawi Population Clock

What is the population of Malawi (as of September 13, 2017)?18,319,177
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18298679
Births Per Day379
Deaths Per Day69
Net Migrations Per Day -33
Net Change Per Day 277
Population Change Since January 1st70,635

Malawi Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 37.743 births/thousand14
Crude Death Rate 6.872 deaths/thousand123
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.645 people/thousand108
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.509 years159
Male Life Expectancy 64.503 years153
Female Life Expectancy 66.388 years162
Total Fertility Rate 4.904 children/woman16
Net Reproduction Rate 2.131 surviving daughters/woman15
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 52.002 deaths/1,000 live births25
Under Five Mortality 64.239 deaths/thousand37
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.736 years121
Rate of Natural Increase 30.798 11
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 15.903 %166
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.906 %160
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.9 %175
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 28.189 %160
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 28.769 %146
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.695 %166
Crude Suicide Rate 8.6 suicides/thousand76
Median Age (Total) 16.5 years211
Median Age (Female) 16.6 years212
Median Age (Male) 16.3 years211

Malawi Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201718,298,67949.961%50.039%194723.03%64
201517,215,23249.915%50.085%182723.06%65
201014,769,82349.807%50.193%156723.05%67
200512,747,84649.748%50.252%135772.82%70
200011,193,23049.588%50.412%118822.63%69
19959,822,81249.475%50.525%104901.86%76
19909,408,99849.136%50.864%99902.05%73
19857,205,63549.142%50.858%761045.55%81
19806,163,22548.972%51.028%651102.63%83
19755,292,81648.782%51.218%561093.02%83
19704,603,73948.626%51.374%481102.68%87
19654,058,68048.512%51.488%431092.42%90
19603,618,60448.412%51.588%381092.23%89
19553,252,34148.244%51.756%341092.07%90
19502,953,87048.003%51.998%311091.82%89

Malawi Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202020,022,26850.022%49.978%212692.94%62
202523,134,16750.095%49.905%245602.83%61
203026,583,78150.148%49.852%281552.7%60
203530,330,65150.182%49.818%321472.55%58
204034,359,59150.2%49.8%364392.41%57
204538,651,13650.201%49.799%409362.27%53
205043,154,60750.186%49.814%457332.11%49
205547,810,41850.161%49.839%507321.95%46
206052,545,87450.131%49.869%557241.8%44
206557,303,72550.098%49.902%607221.64%41
207062,024,34050.067%49.933%657211.5%36
207566,666,54650.041%49.959%707211.36%36
208071,181,61550.018%49.982%755201.23%34
208575,529,04149.997%50.003%801191.11%32
209079,657,05049.975%50.025%844190.99%31
209583,511,04449.951%50.049%885180.88%30
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations