Mali Population 2018

19,280,410

Mali is a large, landlocked country in West Africa with more than 1.24 million square kilometers (480,000 sq ft) of land. In 2012, an armed conflict broke out and Tuareg rebels took control, declaring secession of a new state, Azawad. While it was recaptured, negotiations are expected to take place. In 2018, Mali has an estimated population of 19.11 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 14.85 million.

90% of people in Mali live in the southern region with the Niger and Senegal rivers, far from the Sahara desert. About 68% of the population is rural, with 5-10 of people living a nomadic lifestyle. Mali has a very young population with nearly half of people under the age of 15 and a median age of 15.9. While the total fertility rate is high at 6.4 per woman, Mali has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 1 death per 10 live births.

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Components of Population Change

One birth every 40 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 56 seconds

Mali Population in 2018Source: By Ferdinand Reus from Arnhem, Holland (Djenn�) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mali Population Growth

Mali is currently experiencing an unstable 3% population growth per year, and its population has tripled in 50 years and is projected to triple again in the next 50 years.

About Mali

Official NameRepublic of Mali
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude17-4
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymMalian

Mali Population Density

Mali Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bamako1,297,281
Sikasso144,786
Mopti108,456
Koutiala99,353
Segou92,552
Gao87,000
Kayes78,406
Markala53,738
Kolokani48,774
Kati42,922
Bougouni35,450
Timbuktu32,460
Banamba30,591
Bafoulabe26,823
San24,811
Koulikoro23,919
Djenne22,382
Yorosso17,447
Kangaba17,232
Sagalo15,830

Mali Population Clock

The population of Mali (as of 10/20/2018)?19,280,410
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)19,107,706
Births Per Day2,160
Deaths Per Day508
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 1,542
Population Change Since January 1st451,806

Mali Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 19,284,526

Mali Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201819,107,70650.06%49.94%15.41623.05%
201718,541,98050.04%49.96%14.95623.04%
201617,994,83750.03%49.97%14.51633.02%
201517,467,90550.01%49.99%14.08652.99%
201015,075,08549.96%50.04%12.16663.33%
200512,798,76349.78%50.22%10.32703.14%
200010,967,69049.60%50.40%8.84722.69%
19959,604,45049.47%50.53%7.74772.56%
19908,465,18849.38%50.62%6.83791.57%
19857,831,88949.70%50.30%6.32762.01%
19807,090,12649.80%50.20%5.72771.81%
19756,482,27849.94%50.06%5.23761.73%
19705,949,04550.05%49.95%4.80751.33%
19655,568,48450.27%49.73%4.49731.13%
19605,263,73350.55%49.45%4.24701.13%
19554,975,39850.82%49.18%4.01691.11%
19504,708,42951.17%48.83%3.80670.00%

Mali Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202020,284,18050.10%49.90%16.36600.00%
202523,475,74750.18%49.82%18.93592.97%
203027,057,11250.24%49.76%21.82572.88%
203530,982,97250.28%49.72%24.98562.75%
204035,173,77350.30%49.70%28.36532.57%
204539,542,11850.31%49.69%31.88522.37%
205044,020,17150.30%49.70%35.49482.17%
205548,575,87450.28%49.72%39.17441.99%
206053,153,63050.26%49.74%42.86411.82%
206557,707,27050.22%49.78%46.53401.66%
207062,162,82150.17%49.83%50.12361.50%
207566,436,95850.11%49.89%53.57371.34%
208070,466,81450.05%49.95%56.82361.18%
208574,189,58949.97%50.03%59.82331.03%
209077,563,59049.90%50.10%62.54310.89%
209580,574,64149.83%50.17%64.97310.76%
Data Sources
  1. National Directorate of Statistics and Data Processing
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, 1998 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer