Mali Population 2019

19,666,978

Mali is a large, landlocked country in West Africa with more than 1.24 million square kilometers (480,000 sq ft) of land. In 2012, an armed conflict broke out and Tuareg rebels took control, declaring secession of a new state, Azawad. While it was recaptured, negotiations are expected to take place. In 2019, Mali has an estimated population of 19.69 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 14.85 million. Mali is the 61st largest country in the world.

90% of people in Mali live in the southern region with the Niger and Senegal rivers, far from the Sahara desert. About 68% of the population is rural, with 5-10 of people living a nomadic lifestyle. Mali has a very young population with nearly half of people under the age of 15 and a median age of 15.9. While the total fertility rate is high at 6.4 per woman, Mali has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 1 death per 10 live births.

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Components of Population Change

One birth every 39 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 55 seconds

Mali Population in 2018Source: By Ferdinand Reus from Arnhem, Holland (Djenn�) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Mali Population Growth

Mali is currently experiencing an unstable 3% population growth per year, and its population has tripled in 50 years and is projected to triple again in the next 50 years.

Official NameRepublic of Mali
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude17-4
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymMalian
Name Population Location
Bamako1,297,281Map
Sikasso144,786Map
Mopti108,456Map
Koutiala99,353Map
Segou92,552Map
Gao87,000Map
Kayes78,406Map
Markala53,738Map
Kolokani48,774Map
Kati42,922Map
Bougouni35,450Map
Timbuktu32,460Map
Banamba30,591Map
Bafoulabe26,823Map
San24,811Map
Koulikoro23,919Map
Djenne22,382Map
Yorosso17,447Map
Kangaba17,232Map
Sagalo15,830Map

Mali Population Clock

The population of Mali (as of 6/16/2019)?19,666,978
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)19,689,140
Births Per Day2,201
Deaths Per Day508
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 1,583
Population Change Since January 1st264,361

Mali Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 19,665,245

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201919,689,14050.08%49.92%15.88613.04%
201819,107,70650.06%49.94%15.41623.05%
201718,541,98050.04%49.96%14.95623.04%
201617,994,83750.03%49.97%14.51633.02%
201517,467,90550.01%49.99%14.08652.99%
201015,075,08549.96%50.04%12.16663.33%
200512,798,76349.78%50.22%10.32703.14%
200010,967,69049.60%50.40%8.84722.69%
19959,604,45049.47%50.53%7.74772.56%
19908,465,18849.38%50.62%6.83791.57%
19857,831,88949.70%50.30%6.32762.01%
19807,090,12649.80%50.20%5.72771.81%
19756,482,27849.94%50.06%5.23761.73%
19705,949,04550.05%49.95%4.80751.33%
19655,568,48450.27%49.73%4.49731.13%
19605,263,73350.55%49.45%4.24701.13%
19554,975,39850.82%49.18%4.01691.11%
19504,708,42951.17%48.83%3.80670.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202020,284,18050.10%49.90%16.36600.00%
202523,475,74750.18%49.82%18.93592.97%
203027,057,11250.24%49.76%21.82572.88%
203530,982,97250.28%49.72%24.98562.75%
204035,173,77350.30%49.70%28.36532.57%
204539,542,11850.31%49.69%31.88522.37%
205044,020,17150.30%49.70%35.49482.17%
205548,575,87450.28%49.72%39.17441.99%
206053,153,63050.26%49.74%42.86411.82%
206557,707,27050.22%49.78%46.53401.66%
207062,162,82150.17%49.83%50.12361.50%
207566,436,95850.11%49.89%53.57371.34%
208070,466,81450.05%49.95%56.82361.18%
208574,189,58949.97%50.03%59.82331.03%
209077,563,59049.90%50.10%62.54310.89%
209580,574,64149.83%50.17%64.97310.76%
  1. National Directorate of Statistics and Data Processing
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, 1998 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer