Mali Population 2017

18,706,320

90% of people in Mali live in the southern region with the Niger and Senegal rivers, far from the Sahara desert. About 68% of the population is rural, with 5-10 of people living a nomadic lifestyle. Mali has a very young population with nearly half of people under the age of 15 and a median age of 15.9. While the total fertility rate is high at 6.4 per woman, Mali has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 1 death per 10 live births.

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Mali Population in 2017Source: Arensond

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mali Population Growth

Mali is currently experiencing an unstable 3% population growth per year, and its population has tripled in 50 years and is projected to triple again in the next 50 years.

About Mali

Official NameRepublic of Mali
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersDZA, BFA, GIN, CIV, MRT, NER, SEN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude17-4
Currencies UsedXOF

Mali Population Density

Name Population
Kita5,769
Kinmparana6,014
Bandiagara6,853
Niafunke6,901
Tenenkou7,471
Douentza8,054
Goundam8,456
Ntossoni8,700
Inekar8,714
Menaka9,110
Ke-Macina9,848
Kolondieba10,041
Dire10,943
Kidal11,643
Kokofata12,985
Sagalo15,830
Kangaba17,232
Yorosso17,447
Djenne22,382
Koulikoro23,919
San24,811
Bafoulabe26,823
Banamba30,591
Timbuktu32,460
Bougouni35,450
Kati42,922
Kolokani48,774
Markala53,738
Kayes78,406
Gao87,000
Segou92,552
Koutiala99,353
Mopti108,456
Sikasso144,786
Bamako1,297,281

Mali Population Clock

What is the population of Mali (as of September 13, 2017)?18,706,320
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18689966
Births Per Day428
Deaths Per Day97
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 221
Population Change Since January 1st56,355

Mali Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 41.736 births/thousand6
Crude Death Rate 9.444 deaths/thousand50
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.102 people/thousand155
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 59.462 years185
Male Life Expectancy 59.562 years180
Female Life Expectancy 59.322 years188
Total Fertility Rate 5.967 children/woman3
Net Reproduction Rate 2.409 surviving daughters/woman4
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 71.778 deaths/1,000 live births6
Under Five Mortality 103.755 deaths/thousand10
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.978 years108
Rate of Natural Increase 32.133 4
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.868 %183
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 18.988 %177
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 20.772 %185
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.739 %179
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 33.691 %167
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 33.888 %185
Crude Suicide Rate 2.8 suicides/thousand141
Median Age (Total) 16.2 years212
Median Age (Female) 16.8 years211
Median Age (Male) 15.5 years213

Mali Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201718,689,96650.525%49.475%152033.02%62
201517,599,69450.482%49.518%142033%64
201015,167,28650.398%49.602%122053.06%65
200512,881,38350.187%49.813%102053.27%69
200011,046,92649.939%50.061%92042.94%71
19959,640,64349.692%50.308%72082.67%77
19908,482,07549.48%50.52%62082.22%79
19857,831,89149.702%50.298%62061.59%76
19807,090,12549.805%50.195%52072.01%77
19756,482,27649.944%50.056%52041.75%76
19705,949,04350.053%49.947%42051.59%75
19655,568,48550.266%49.734%41961.2%73
19605,263,73050.551%49.449%41921.11%71
19554,975,40150.821%49.179%41911.13%68
19504,708,42551.168%48.832%31921.07%67

Mali Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202020,456,89050.593%49.407%162022.97%61
202523,702,05050.683%49.317%191972.91%59
203027,369,96250.752%49.248%221952.82%57
203531,441,43650.808%49.192%251942.69%55
204035,853,96450.847%49.153%291892.53%53
204540,535,41750.872%49.128%331862.34%50
205045,403,63350.874%49.126%371842.16%45
205550,427,32450.867%49.133%411812%42
206055,560,32050.849%49.151%451781.84%40
206560,738,83250.823%49.177%491731.69%35
207065,909,90750.795%49.205%541661.55%33
207571,004,65950.771%49.229%581621.4%32
208075,944,16650.754%49.246%621611.26%31
208580,646,33450.74%49.26%661551.12%30
209085,085,27850.73%49.27%691540.99%29
209589,191,18450.733%49.267%731490.87%28
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations