Mali Population 2017

18,572,478

Mali is a large, landlocked country in West Africa with more than 1.24 million square kilometers (480,000 sq ft) of land. In 2012, an armed conflict broke out and Tuareg rebels took control, declaring secession of a new state, Azawad. While it was recaptured, negotiations are expected to take place. In 2017, Mali has an estimated population of 18.54 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 14.85 million.

90% of people in Mali live in the southern region with the Niger and Senegal rivers, far from the Sahara desert. About 68% of the population is rural, with 5-10 of people living a nomadic lifestyle. Mali has a very young population with nearly half of people under the age of 15 and a median age of 15.9. While the total fertility rate is high at 6.4 per woman, Mali has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 1 death per 10 live births.

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Mali Population in 2018Source: Arensond

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mali Population Growth

Mali is currently experiencing an unstable 3% population growth per year, and its population has tripled in 50 years and is projected to triple again in the next 50 years.

About Mali

Official NameRepublic of Mali
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersDZA, BFA, GIN, CIV, MRT, NER, SEN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude17-4
Currencies UsedXOF

Mali Population Density

Name Population
Bamako1,297,281
Sikasso144,786
Mopti108,456
Koutiala99,353
Segou92,552
Gao87,000
Kayes78,406
Markala53,738
Kolokani48,774
Kati42,922
Bougouni35,450
Timbuktu32,460
Banamba30,591
Bafoulabe26,823
San24,811
Koulikoro23,919
Djenne22,382
Yorosso17,447
Kangaba17,232
Sagalo15,830
Kokofata12,985
Kidal11,643
Dire10,943
Kolondieba10,041
Ke-Macina9,848
Menaka9,110
Inekar8,714
Goundam8,456
Douentza8,054
Tenenkou7,471
Niafunke6,901
Bandiagara6,853
Kinmparana6,014
Kita5,769

Mali Population Clock

What is the population of Mali (as of 11/15/2017)?18,572,478
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18,541,980
Births Per Day428
Deaths Per Day97
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 221
Population Change Since January 1st70,499

Mali Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 41.736 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.444 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.102 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 59.462 years
Male Life Expectancy 59.562 years
Female Life Expectancy 59.322 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.967 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.409 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 71.778 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 103.755 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.978 years
Rate of Natural Increase 32.133
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.868%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 18.988%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 20.772%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.739%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 33.691%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 33.888%
Median Age (Total) 16.2 years
Median Age (Female) 16.8 years
Median Age (Male) 15.5 years

Mali Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201718,541,98050.04%49.96%153.03%
201517,467,90550.01%49.99%142.99%
201015,075,08549.96%50.04%123.33%
200512,798,76349.78%50.22%103.14%
200010,967,69049.60%50.40%92.69%
19959,604,45049.47%50.53%82.56%
19908,465,18849.38%50.62%71.57%
19857,831,88949.70%50.30%62.01%
19807,090,12649.80%50.20%61.81%
19756,482,27849.94%50.06%51.73%
19705,949,04550.05%49.95%51.33%
19655,568,48450.27%49.73%41.13%
19605,263,73350.55%49.45%41.13%
19554,975,39850.82%49.18%41.11%
19504,708,42951.17%48.83%40.00%

Mali Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202020,284,18050.10%49.90%160.00%
202523,475,74750.18%49.82%192.97%
203027,057,11250.24%49.76%222.88%
203530,982,97250.28%49.72%252.75%
204035,173,77350.30%49.70%282.57%
204539,542,11850.31%49.69%322.37%
205044,020,17150.30%49.70%352.17%
205548,575,87450.28%49.72%391.99%
206053,153,63050.26%49.74%431.82%
206557,707,27050.22%49.78%471.66%
207062,162,82150.17%49.83%501.50%
207566,436,95850.11%49.89%541.34%
208070,466,81450.05%49.95%571.18%
208574,189,58949.97%50.03%601.03%
209077,563,59049.90%50.10%630.89%
209580,574,64149.83%50.17%650.76%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer