Mali Population 2019

19,904,199

Mali is a large, landlocked country in West Africa with more than 1.24 million square kilometers (480,000 square miles) of land. In 2012, an armed conflict broke out and Tuareg rebels took control, declaring secession of a new state, Azawad. While it was recaptured, negotiations are expected to take place. In 2019, Mali has an estimated population of 19.66 million, an increase from 2013's estimate of 14.85 million. Mali is the 60th largest country in the world.

Mali Area and Population Density

The west African country of Mali covers 478,800 square miles (1,240,000 square kilometers) of area, almost all of which is land. Mali completely landlocked and is bordered by Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Niamey, and Algeria. It is the 8th largest nation in Africa. Calculated with the 2019 population of 19,768,861 citizens, the population density of Mali is 41.1 people per square mile (15.9 people per square kilometer), making it the 176th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Mali

Roughly a third of the population in Mali live in urban areas, and there are a few sizable cities that house these citizens. The capital city of Bamako is by far the largest with a population of just over 2 million. The city is located in a more fertile part of the country along the Niger River, where agriculture is able to feed a city of this size. There are no other cities with populations near this size, but there are several smaller cities scattered throughout the country, like Sikasso, Kalabancoro, Koutiala, and Segou - all of which have populations under 300,000.

Mali Demographics

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Mali Religion, Economy and Politics

Mali is considered an Islamic society, with over 90% of the population practicing Islam. Most Muslim people in Mali are Sunni, but there are also Ahmadiyya and Shia communities present. The small non-muslim population is split pretty evenly between Christians, and those practicing indigenous beliefs.

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The economy in Mali is largely based in rural agriculture, which occupies 70% of their workforce, and their economy is doing very poorly. Mali is both one of the 10 poorest countries in the world, as well as on a list of 37 very poor, and also very indebted countries, and they rely heavily on foreign aid.

Mali Population History

Mali was considered an empire until around the 14th century when the Songhai Empire took control of the gold trade in the important trading city of Timbuktu. Moroccans took the land from the Songhai in the late 16th century. The French advanced on Mali in the 19th century, beginning religious wars in the area. The French gained total control in 1898, and the country was called French Sudan. Mali became a free, socialist state in 1960, and later became a democracy in the 1990s.

Mali Population Growth

90% of people in Mali live in the southern region with the Niger and Senegal rivers, far from the Sahara desert. About 68% of the population is rural, with 5-10% of people living a nomadic lifestyle. Mali has a very young population with nearly half of people under the age of 15 and a median age of 15.9. While the total fertility rate is high at 6.4 per woman, Mali has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world at 1 death per 10 live births.

Mali Population Projections

The 2019 substantial annual growth rate of 3% is expected to hit a peak around 2020, and then decline in the years to come, but not by much. Current projections say that it remain above 2% until at least 2060. It is predicted that the population of Mali will be 20,284,180 by 2020, 27,057,112 by 2030, 35,173,773 by 2040 and should cross the 40 million mark in 2046.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 39 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 13 minutes
Net gain of one person every 55 seconds

Mali Population in 2018Source: By Ferdinand Reus from Arnhem, Holland (Djenn�) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Mali Population Pyramid 2019

Mali Population by Age

There are 9,005,890 adults in Mali.

Census Years

Year Date
20192019
200914 April 2009
199814 April 1998
198730 April 1987

Mali is currently experiencing an unstable 3% population growth per year, and its population has tripled in 50 years and is projected to triple again in the next 50 years.

Official NameRepublic of Mali
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude17.00, -4.00
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymMalian
BordersAlgeria
Burkina Faso
Guinea
Ivory Coast
Mauritania
Niger
Senegal
Name Population Location
Bamako1,297,281Map
Sikasso144,786Map
Mopti108,456Map
Koutiala99,353Map
Segou92,552Map
Gao87,000Map
Kayes78,406Map
Markala53,738Map
Kolokani48,774Map
Kati42,922Map
Bougouni35,450Map
Timbuktu32,460Map
Banamba30,591Map
Bafoulabe26,823Map
San24,811Map
Koulikoro23,919Map
Djenne22,382Map
Yorosso17,447Map
Kangaba17,232Map
Sagalo15,830Map

Mali Population Clock

The population of Mali (as of 12/4/2019)?19,904,199
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)19,658,031
Births Per Day2,197
Deaths Per Day509
Net Migrations Per Day-110
Net Change Per Day1,578
Population Change Since January 1st531,786

Mali Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 19,911,393

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201919,658,03150.08%49.92%15.85603.04%
201819,077,74950.06%49.94%15.38613.05%
201718,512,43050.04%49.96%14.93613.04%
201617,965,44350.02%49.98%14.49623.02%
201517,438,77850.00%50.00%14.06642.99%
201015,049,35349.95%50.05%12.13653.33%
200512,775,51649.77%50.23%10.30683.14%
200010,946,44549.59%50.41%8.83722.69%
19959,585,65349.45%50.55%7.73772.55%
19908,449,91349.36%50.64%6.81791.53%
19857,831,88949.70%50.30%6.32762.01%
19807,090,12649.80%50.20%5.72771.81%
19756,482,27849.94%50.06%5.23751.73%
19705,949,04550.05%49.95%4.80741.33%
19655,568,48450.27%49.73%4.49731.13%
19605,263,73350.55%49.45%4.24711.13%
19554,975,39850.82%49.18%4.01691.11%
19504,708,42951.17%48.83%3.80670.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202020,250,83350.10%49.90%16.33600.00%
202523,415,89150.17%49.83%18.88592.95%
203026,957,39650.23%49.77%21.74572.86%
203530,819,21850.27%49.73%24.85562.71%
204034,938,56850.29%49.71%28.17552.54%
204539,212,64050.30%49.70%31.62512.34%
205043,585,53050.30%49.70%35.14482.14%
205548,012,21850.28%49.72%38.71431.95%
206052,430,19550.26%49.74%42.28411.78%
206556,795,28250.22%49.78%45.80401.61%
207061,045,03850.18%49.82%49.22381.45%
207565,082,74350.14%49.86%52.48381.29%
208068,867,54250.08%49.92%55.53371.14%
208572,322,75950.02%49.98%58.32360.98%
209075,399,03849.95%50.05%60.80350.84%
209578,084,85549.87%50.13%62.96310.70%
  1. National Directorate of Statistics and Data Processing
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, 1998 and 2009 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer