Mauritania Population 2018

4,536,120

Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegel. Its name comes from the Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed in modern-day Morocco. Mauritania has an estimated 2018 population of 4.54 million.

Mauritania's estimated population is 4.54 million, but this is a fairly rough estimate as the last official census took place in 1988 and found a population of 1.86 million. Mauritania is one of the world's least densely populated countries with just 3 people per square mile (8/sq mi), which ranks 221st in the world, despite being the 21st largest country, with a size comparable to Egypt.

Mauritania Demographics

In 2011, it was estimated that Mauritania's population is 30% Arab (Berber and Beidane/Moors), 30% Black (non-Arabized), which includes the Fula, Toucouleur, Bambara, Soninke, Serer, and Haratin people, and 40% mixed. There are several ethnic groups: the Moors (white or Arab), the Haratins, who are descendants of freed Sub-Saharan black slaves, the Soninke, the Serer, who are farmers and breeders, and the Fulas, which includes farmers and nomadic stock-breeders.

Several black ethnic groups, particularly the Fula and Soninke, are often discriminated against in terms of access to loans, employment, and justice. Slavery still exists in Mauritania, and it was not made illegal to own slaves until 2007. It is believed that, in 2012, between 10 and 20% of the population of Mauritania (or up to 680,000 people) lived in slavery.

3/4 of the country being desert or semi-desert. Due to extended droughts, this desert region is expanding in size. While Mauritania has many natural resources, it has one of Africa's lowest GDP rates and most of its population depends on agriculture and livestock, although droughts have forced many nomads and farmers into the cities.

Mauritania Today

Mauritania is considered slavery's last stronghold. It became the last country in the world to abolish slavery in 1981, but up to 20% of the population still lives in slavery. 44% of the country's population lives on less than $2 per day.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 15 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

Mauritania Population in 2018Source: By ?????????? ??????????? (Alexandra Pugachevsky) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Mauritania Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kMauritania Male Population0k20k40k60k80kMauritania Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Mauritania Median Age

20.3


Total

19.3


Male

21.2


Female

Mauritania Population by Age

There are 2,377,747 adults in Mauritania.

Census Years

Year Date
20232023
20138 April 2013
200015 November 2000
198820 April 1988

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mauritania Population Growth

Mauritania's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mauritania

Official NameIslamic Republic of Mauritania
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude20-12
Currencies UsedMauritania Ouguiya
DemonymMauritanian

Countries Bordering Mauritania

Algeria
Mali
Senegal
Western Sahara

Mauritania Population Density

Mauritania Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Nouakchott661,400
Nouadhibou72,337
Nema60,000
Kaedi55,374
Rosso48,922
Kiffa40,281
Zouerate38,000
Atar24,021
Tekane22,041
Selibaby18,424
Aleg15,211
Aioun12,635
Akjoujt11,500
Tidjikja6,000
Arafat
Tevragh Zeina
Dar Naim

Mauritania Population Clock

The population of Mauritania (as of 6/18/2018)?4,536,120
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,540,068
Births Per Day411
Deaths Per Day96
Net Migrations Per Day 14
Net Change Per Day 329
Population Change Since January 1st55,601

Mauritania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 33.475 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.782 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.138 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.43 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.89 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.99 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.576 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.958 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 63.336 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 86.327 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.41 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.693

Mauritania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,540,06850.42%49.58%4.401282.71%
20174,420,18450.40%49.60%4.291282.77%
20164,301,01850.38%49.62%4.171282.84%
20154,182,34150.36%49.64%4.061292.99%
20103,609,54350.21%49.79%3.501332.89%
20053,130,72050.09%49.91%3.041352.93%
20002,709,35949.98%50.02%2.631373.09%
19952,327,07549.84%50.16%2.261382.77%
19902,030,14049.86%50.14%1.971402.78%
19851,769,94249.84%50.16%1.721402.90%
19801,534,08549.82%50.18%1.491402.92%
19751,328,68649.79%50.21%1.291412.95%
19701,148,90849.78%50.22%1.111412.97%
1965992,36749.70%50.30%0.961422.95%
1960858,16849.53%50.47%0.831422.82%
1955746,80449.27%50.73%0.721422.49%
1950660,49148.93%51.07%0.641420.00%

Mauritania Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,783,76750.44%49.56%4.641280.00%
20255,416,71150.49%49.51%5.261252.52%
20306,076,66850.49%49.51%5.901192.33%
20356,766,32950.48%49.52%6.561172.17%
20407,482,40850.45%49.55%7.261142.03%
20458,218,22850.40%49.60%7.971101.89%
20508,965,00050.35%49.65%8.701051.75%
20559,713,32150.29%49.71%9.421021.62%
206010,457,08650.22%49.78%10.15991.49%
206511,190,52550.14%49.86%10.86981.36%
207011,907,84250.06%49.94%11.55981.25%
207512,602,93149.98%50.02%12.23981.14%
208013,269,94949.89%50.11%12.87951.04%
208513,902,66149.80%50.20%13.49910.94%
209014,489,67749.70%50.30%14.06890.83%
209515,029,49849.61%50.39%14.58880.73%
Data Sources
  1. National Statistics Office
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1977, 1988, 2000 and 2013 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer