Mauritania Population 2017

4,426,532

Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegel. Its name comes from the Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed in modern-day Morocco. Mauritania has an estimated 2017 population of 4.42 million.

Mauritania's estimated population is 4.42 million, but this is a fairly rough estimate as the last official census took place in 1988 and found a population of 1.86 million. Mauritania is one of the world's least densely populated countries with just 3 people per square mile (8/sq mi), which ranks 221st in the world, despite being the 21st largest country, with a size comparable to Egypt.

Mauritania Demographics

In 2011, it was estimated that Mauritania's population is 30% Arab (Berber and Beidane/Moors), 30% Black (non-Arabized), which includes the Fula, Toucouleur, Bambara, Soninke, Serer, and Haratin people, and 40% mixed. There are several ethnic groups: the Moors (white or Arab), the Haratins, who are descendants of freed Sub-Saharan black slaves, the Soninke, the Serer, who are farmers and breeders, and the Fulas, which includes farmers and nomadic stock-breeders.

Several black ethnic groups, particularly the Fula and Soninke, are often discriminated against in terms of access to loans, employment, and justice. Slavery still exists in Mauritania, and it was not made illegal to own slaves until 2007. It is believed that, in 2012, between 10 and 20% of the population of Mauritania (or up to 680,000 people) lived in slavery.

3/4 of the country being desert or semi-desert. Due to extended droughts, this desert region is expanding in size. While Mauritania has many natural resources, it has one of Africa's lowest GDP rates and most of its population depends on agriculture and livestock, although droughts have forced many nomads and farmers into the cities.

Mauritania Today

Mauritania is considered slavery's last stronghold. It became the last country in the world to abolish slavery in 1981, but up to 20% of the population still lives in slavery. 44% of the country's population lives on less than $2 per day.

Mauritania Population in 2018Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mauritania Population Growth

Mauritania's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mauritania

Official NameIslamic Republic of Mauritania
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersDZA, MLI, SEN, ESH
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude20-12
Currencies UsedMRO

Mauritania Population Density

Name Population
Nouakchott661,400
Nouadhibou72,337
Nema60,000
Kaedi55,374
Rosso48,922
Kiffa40,281
Zouerat38,000
Atar24,021
Tekane22,041
Selibabi18,424
Aleg15,211
'Ayoun el 'Atrous12,635
Akjoujt11,500
Tidjikja6,000

Mauritania Population Clock

What is the population of Mauritania (as of 11/15/2017)?4,426,532
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4,420,184
Births Per Day75
Deaths Per Day18
Net Migrations Per Day -11
Net Change Per Day 46
Population Change Since January 1st14,674

Mauritania Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 32.237 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.73 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.926 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.547 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.019 years
Female Life Expectancy 65.088 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.423 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.886 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 62.948 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 83.988 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.349 years
Rate of Natural Increase 24.331
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 15.318%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.192%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.393%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.791%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.443%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.037%
Median Age (Total) 20.3 years
Median Age (Female) 21.2 years
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years

Mauritania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20174,420,18450.40%49.60%42.80%
20154,182,34150.36%49.64%42.99%
20103,609,54350.21%49.79%42.89%
20053,130,72050.09%49.91%32.93%
20002,709,35949.98%50.02%33.09%
19952,327,07549.84%50.16%22.77%
19902,030,14049.86%50.14%22.78%
19851,769,94249.84%50.16%22.90%
19801,534,08549.82%50.18%12.92%
19751,328,68649.79%50.21%12.95%
19701,148,90849.78%50.22%12.97%
1965992,36749.70%50.30%12.95%
1960858,16849.53%50.47%12.82%
1955746,80449.27%50.73%12.49%
1950660,49148.93%51.07%10.00%

Mauritania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20204,783,76750.44%49.56%50.00%
20255,416,71150.49%49.51%52.52%
20306,076,66850.49%49.51%62.33%
20356,766,32950.48%49.52%72.17%
20407,482,40850.45%49.55%72.03%
20458,218,22850.40%49.60%81.89%
20508,965,00050.35%49.65%91.75%
20559,713,32150.29%49.71%91.62%
206010,457,08650.22%49.78%101.49%
206511,190,52550.14%49.86%111.36%
207011,907,84250.06%49.94%121.25%
207512,602,93149.98%50.02%121.14%
208013,269,94949.89%50.11%131.04%
208513,902,66149.80%50.20%130.94%
209014,489,67749.70%50.30%140.83%
209515,029,49849.61%50.39%150.73%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer