Mauritania Population 2017

4,269,852

Mauritania's estimated population is 3.98 million, but this is a fairly rough estimate as the last official census took place in 1988 and found a population of 1.86 million. Mauritania is one of the world's least densely populated countries with just 3 people per square mile (8/sq mi), which ranks 221st in the world, despite being the 21st largest country, with a size comparable to Egypt.

Mauritania Demographics

In 2011, it was estimated that Mauritania's population is 30% Arab (Berber and Beidane/Moors), 30% Black (non-Arabized), which includes the Fula, Toucouleur, Bambara, Soninke, Serer, and Haratin people, and 40% mixed. There are several ethnic groups: the Moors (white or Arab), the Haratins, who are descendants of freed Sub-Saharan black slaves, the Soninke, the Serer, who are farmers and breeders, and the Fulas, which includes farmers and nomadic stock-breeders.

Several black ethnic groups, particularly the Fula and Soninke, are often discriminated against in terms of access to loans, employment, and justice. Slavery still exists in Mauritania, and it was not made illegal to own slaves until 2007. It is believed that, in 2012, between 10 and 20% of the population of Mauritania (or up to 680,000 people) lived in slavery.

3/4 of the country being desert or semi-desert. Due to extended droughts, this desert region is expanding in size. While Mauritania has many natural resources, it has one of Africa's lowest GDP rates and most of its population depends on agriculture and livestock, although droughts have forced many nomads and farmers into the cities.

Mauritania Today

Mauritania is considered slavery's last stronghold. It became the last country in the world to abolish slavery in 1981, but up to 20% of the population still lives in slavery. 44% of the country's population lives on less than $2 per day.

Mauritania Population in 2017Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mauritania Population Growth

Mauritania's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mauritania

Official NameIslamic Republic of Mauritania
Languages SpokenArabic
BordersDZA, MLI, SEN, ESH
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude20-12
Currencies UsedMRO

Mauritania Population Density

Name Population
Tevragh Zeina
Tidjikja6,000
Akjoujt11,500
Aioun12,635
Aleg15,211
Selibaby18,424
Tekane22,041
Atar24,021
Zouerate38,000
Kiffa40,281
Rosso48,922
Kaedi55,374
Nema60,000
Nouadhibou72,337
Nouakchott661,400

Mauritania Population Clock

What is the population of Mauritania (as of September 13, 2017)?4,269,852
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4266448
Births Per Day75
Deaths Per Day18
Net Migrations Per Day -11
Net Change Per Day 46
Population Change Since January 1st11,730

Mauritania Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.237 births/thousand36
Crude Death Rate 7.73 deaths/thousand90
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.926 people/thousand125
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.547 years168
Male Life Expectancy 62.019 years166
Female Life Expectancy 65.088 years170
Total Fertility Rate 4.423 children/woman27
Net Reproduction Rate 1.886 surviving daughters/woman25
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 62.948 deaths/1,000 live births17
Under Five Mortality 83.988 deaths/thousand22
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.349 years52
Rate of Natural Increase 24.331 34
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 15.318 %165
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.192 %165
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.393 %165
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.791 %159
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.443 %155
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.037 %157
Crude Suicide Rate 1.8 suicides/thousand155
Median Age (Total) 20.3 years176
Median Age (Female) 21.2 years175
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years182

Mauritania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20174,266,44850.336%49.664%42172.34%128
20154,067,56450.32%49.68%32172.4%130
20103,591,40050.266%49.734%32172.52%133
20053,154,08750.217%49.783%32172.74%135
20002,711,42150.071%49.929%22223.09%137
19952,333,96649.926%50.074%22192.95%138
19902,023,66549.857%50.143%12242.78%140
19851,766,85549.835%50.165%12242.73%140
19801,534,08549.82%50.18%12212.86%140
19751,328,68749.793%50.207%12212.89%141
19701,148,90849.776%50.224%12212.92%141
1965992,36849.697%50.303%02232.93%142
1960858,17049.532%50.468%02222.88%142
1955746,80449.265%50.735%02212.69%142
1950660,49148.928%51.072%02212.26%142

Mauritania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20204,573,15750.355%49.645%42172.26%128
20255,106,85150.372%49.628%42172.13%125
20305,666,49350.37%49.63%52172%122
20356,247,98150.352%49.648%62161.88%118
20406,843,88050.321%49.679%62161.74%115
20457,446,45850.283%49.717%72151.61%115
20508,049,46950.24%49.76%72151.48%113
20558,649,19650.192%49.808%82141.37%108
20609,242,31350.141%49.859%82141.26%104
20659,823,65350.088%49.912%92141.16%102
207010,386,03850.03%49.97%102141.05%102
207510,923,23149.97%50.03%102140.95%100
208011,428,37749.906%50.094%112140.84%99
208511,895,80249.841%50.159%112140.74%96
209012,322,84349.779%50.221%112140.65%96
209512,710,49849.715%50.285%122130.57%94
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations