Mauritania Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Mauritania's estimated population is 3.98 million, but this is a fairly rough estimate as the last official census took place in 1988 and found a population of 1.86 million. Mauritania is one of the world's least densely populated countries with just 3 people per square mile (8/sq mi), which ranks 221st in the world, despite being the 21st largest country, with a size comparable to Egypt.

Mauritania Demographics

In 2011, it was estimated that Mauritania's population is 30% Arab (Berber and Beidane/Moors), 30% Black (non-Arabized), which includes the Fula, Toucouleur, Bambara, Soninke, Serer, and Haratin people, and 40% mixed. There are several ethnic groups: the Moors (white or Arab), the Haratins, who are descendants of freed Sub-Saharan black slaves, the Soninke, the Serer, who are farmers and breeders, and the Fulas, which includes farmers and nomadic stock-breeders.

Several black ethnic groups, particularly the Fula and Soninke, are often discriminated against in terms of access to loans, employment, and justice. Slavery still exists in Mauritania, and it was not made illegal to own slaves until 2007. It is believed that, in 2012, between 10 and 20% of the population of Mauritania (or up to 680,000 people) lived in slavery.

3/4 of the country being desert or semi-desert. Due to extended droughts, this desert region is expanding in size. While Mauritania has many natural resources, it has one of Africa's lowest GDP rates and most of its population depends on agriculture and livestock, although droughts have forced many nomads and farmers into the cities.

Mauritania Today

Mauritania is considered slavery's last stronghold. It became the last country in the world to abolish slavery in 1981, but up to 20% of the population still lives in slavery. 44% of the country's population lives on less than $2 per day.

Mauritania Population in 2017 Source: Initsogan

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mauritania Population Growth

Mauritania's population is currently growing at a rate of 2.5% per year.

Mauritania Population Density

About Mauritania

Official Name Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Languages Spoken Arabic
Borders DZA, MLI, SEN, ESH
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 20,-12
Currencies Used MRO

Mauritania Population Clock

What is the population of Mauritania (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 75
Deaths Per Day 18
Net Migrations Per Day -11
Net Change Per Day 46
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Mauritania Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.237 births/thousand 36th
Crude Death Rate 7.73 deaths/thousand 90th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.926 people/thousand 125th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.547 years 168th
Life Expectancy (Male) 62.019 years 166th
Life Expectancy (Female) 65.088 years 170th
Total Fertility Rate 4.423 children/woman 27th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.886 surviving daughters/woman 25th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 62.948 deaths/1,000 live births 17th
Under Five Mortality 83.988 deaths/thousand 22nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.349 years 52nd
Rate of Natural Increase 24.331 34th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 15.318% 165th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.192% 165th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 14.393% 165th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 27.791% 165th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.443% 165th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 25.037% 165th
Crude Suicide Rate 1.8 suicides/thousand 155th
Median Age (Total) 20.3 years 176th
Median Age (Female) 21.2 years 175th
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years 182nd

Mauritania Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 4,266,448 50.336% 49.664% 4 217 2.34% 128
2015 4,067,564 50.32% 49.68% 3 217 2.4% 130
2010 3,591,400 50.266% 49.734% 3 217 2.52% 133
2005 3,154,087 50.217% 49.783% 3 217 2.74% 135
2000 2,711,421 50.071% 49.929% 2 222 3.09% 137
1995 2,333,966 49.926% 50.074% 2 219 2.95% 138
1990 2,023,665 49.857% 50.143% 1 224 2.78% 140
1985 1,766,855 49.835% 50.165% 1 224 2.73% 140
1980 1,534,085 49.82% 50.18% 1 221 2.86% 140
1975 1,328,687 49.793% 50.207% 1 221 2.89% 141
1970 1,148,908 49.776% 50.224% 1 221 2.92% 141
1965 992,368 49.697% 50.303% 223 2.93% 142
1960 858,170 49.532% 50.468% 222 2.88% 142
1955 746,804 49.265% 50.735% 221 2.69% 142
1950 660,491 48.928% 51.072% 221 2.26% 142

Mauritania Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 4,573,157 50.355% 49.645% 4 217 2.26% 128
2025 5,106,851 50.372% 49.628% 4 217 2.13% 125
2030 5,666,493 50.37% 49.63% 5 217 2% 122
2035 6,247,981 50.352% 49.648% 6 216 1.88% 118
2040 6,843,880 50.321% 49.679% 6 216 1.74% 115
2045 7,446,458 50.283% 49.717% 7 215 1.61% 115
2050 8,049,469 50.24% 49.76% 7 215 1.48% 113
2055 8,649,196 50.192% 49.808% 8 214 1.37% 108
2060 9,242,313 50.141% 49.859% 8 214 1.26% 104
2065 9,823,653 50.088% 49.912% 9 214 1.16% 102
2070 10,386,038 50.03% 49.97% 10 214 1.05% 102
2075 10,923,231 49.97% 50.03% 10 214 0.95% 100
2080 11,428,377 49.906% 50.094% 11 214 0.84% 99
2085 11,895,802 49.841% 50.159% 11 214 0.74% 96
2090 12,322,843 49.779% 50.221% 11 214 0.65% 96
2095 12,710,498 49.715% 50.285% 12 213 0.57% 94
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations