Mexico Population 2018


Mexico’s population is really growing in leaps and it’s touted to soon overtake the population of Japan. When this happens, Mexico will be among the ten most populous countries in the world today. As of July 2012, the population was estimated to be 114,975,406, putting Mexico as the 11th most populous nation in the world. It retains that rank with an estimated 130.76 million million people in 2018. Because of this, Mexico also has the highest population for a Spanish speaking nation. The country’s population is on a steady, positive growth rate as a result of better medication and vaccines, which reduce the chances of death and increases the chances of successful births.

Mexico covers an area of 1,972,550 square kilometers, making the country’s population density about 57 people per square kilometer. Its capital city, Federal District, Mexico City, has a population of 21.2 million people with 8.9 million of these people living within the city. This makes Mexico City the most populous metropolitan town in the Western Hemisphere. Over the years, Mexico has indicated positive population growth. However, over the past few years, the annual population growth has dropped to less than 1%. The country has witnessed a gradual increase in life expectancies. The life expectancy of women is higher than that of men by about 6 years. The fertility rate, noted as the number of children a woman has in her lifetime, has drastically dropped through the years to be at an all-time low for the country.

The population of Mexico currently is 130.76 million. Females account for 50.7% of the population, while males account for 49.3% of the total population. It is noted, though, that the majority of people migrate from Mexico to the United States to provide labor for the North American country. The country's birth rate for 2016 is 19.02 births/1,000 population. The death rate is 5.24 deaths/1,000 population.

Mexico Population History

Mexico has displayed a positive population growth over the past seven decades. The population has quadrupled between 1933 and 1980 and has had its ups in years like in 1950, where the growth was 4.6%, and in 1970, where it recorded 7.2%. However, it has had its downs as well, like in 1960 where the growth rate was only 0.4%. However, the growth rate over the past seven decades has translated to an average of 3% per annual growth rate. After 1980, the population growth displayed a steady decrease of less than 3% per year. This subsequently dropped to less than 2% in the late 1980s and 90s and reached an all-time low of 1% or below in 2004. Migration from Mexico and a decrease in the fertility rate of women has been blamed for the consecutive drops over the years.

Mexico Life Expectancy

Mexico has a total life expectancy of 75.4 years, coming in 66th in the World Life Expectancy ranking. The life expectancy for males is 72.6 years, which is significantly lower than the 78.0 average for females. Life expectancy moved from under 30 years at the beginning of the century to 38 years by 1938. By 1950, it had risen to 50. The trend carried on as the average hit 62 by 1970 – a sign that the Mexican health system was experiencing rapid improvements that contributed to longer life. The current average of 75. 4 is quite impressive for a country that once had a life expectancy of less than 30. The average is expected to continue to rise but at a slower rate than observed in the past. The estimated life expectancy is forecast to rise by 2.5 per decade.

Mexico Demographics

Mexico’s population makes it the highest populated Spanish speaking country. The country’s population has seen a steady growth in the twentieth century. In the past half a decade, the population growth has stalled, registering less than a 1% annual population growth rate. A total of 78.84% people in Mexico reside in urban areas leaving a mere 21.16% to live in the rural areas of Mexico. Roughly half of the population lives in one of Mexico’s 55 metropolitan towns. The percentage of people broken down into different age brackets is: 0-14 years is 27.8%; 15-24 years is 18.2%; 25-54 is 40.5%; 55-64% is 6.7%; while 65 years and over is 6.7 according to the 2012 estimation. In the first age bracket there are 16,329,415 males and 15,648,127 females. In the 15-24 age bracket, there are 10,552,581 males and 10,420,710 females. The 25-54 age bracket has 22,287,799 males and 24,321,919 females. Between 55-64, there are 3,545,046 males and 4,138,139 females. Women are more popular in three of the age brackets compared to men taking only two of them.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 14 seconds
One death every 50 seconds
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 20 seconds

Mexico Population in 2018Source: By Lidia Lopez [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Mexico Population Pyramid 2018

0k200k400k600k800k1M1MMexico Male Population0k200k400k600k800k1M1MMexico Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Mexico Median Age







Mexico Population by Age

There are 87,685,800 adults in Mexico.

Census Years

Year Date
201025 June 2010
200529 October 2005
200014 February 2000
199016 March 1990

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mexico Population Growth

The population of Mexico is on the rise. However, statistics over the last five years indicate that the annual growth rate is really lower than 1%. This trend means that the population will rise slowly over the years. A higher birth rate compared to the death rate means that the population will increase over the years. Mexico’s population increase will be most likely to eclipse Japan’s total population in the coming years to take the tenth most populous place on earth. The population’s slow growth has been attributed to a number of factors. Most common is the fertility rate of Mexican women. Another major factor for slow growth is the high flow of human labor from Mexico to the United States. Mexico, however, still has a huge number of youth in their population. However, the reversed population growth noted in the recent year’s means that the population is set and will grow slowly although steadily in the future.

About Mexico

Official NameUnited Mexican States
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedMexico Peso

Countries Bordering Mexico

United States

Mexico Population Density

Mexico Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Mexico City12,294,193
Ciudad Juarez1,512,354
Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl1,232,220
Gustavo Adolfo Madero1,193,161
Leon de los Aldama1,114,626
Naucalpan de Juarez846,185
Alvaro Obregon727,034
San Luis Potosi677,704

Mexico Population Clock

The population of Mexico (as of 6/18/2018)?130,706,634
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)130,759,074
Births Per Day6,275
Deaths Per Day1,741
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 4,370
Population Change Since January 1st738,530

Mexico Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 17.644 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.895 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.462 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.41 years
Male Life Expectancy 75.03 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.8 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.136 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.016 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 16.451 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 20.389 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.922 years
Rate of Natural Increase 12.749

Mexico Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Mexico Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. National Statistical Office (INEGI)
  2. National Statistical Office (INEGI)
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 censuses and intercensal enumerations through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer