Middle Income Countries 2019

According to the World Bank, middle-income countries (or MICs) are nations that have a per capita gross national income (GNI) between $1,026 and $12,3755.

World Bank has historically broken down countries’ economies into three categories: high income, middle income, and low income. Now economies are further specified, with middle economies broken down into two additional groups: lower-middle-income countries and upper-middle-income countries. This is because middle-income economies are diverse in their regions, sizes, populations, and income levels. Lower middle-income nations have a GNI per capita of $1,026 to $3,995. Upper middle-income countries have a GNI per capita of $3,996 to $12,375.

There are approximately 5 billion people live within MICs. Approximately one-third of global GDP is represented by these nations and over 70% of people in the world live in MICs. There are a total of 109 MICs – 53 lower-middle-income countries and 56 upper-middle-income countries. Both lower-middle income and upper-middle income countries face their separate challenges. Lower-middle-income countries typically struggle to provide their citizens with basic services such as clean water. Upper-middle-income countries might face government problems such as corruption.

Middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth. Growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as international trade, reduction of border conflicts, sustainable energy development, and food and water security.

Below is a list of middle-income countries.

Country Population 2019
Angola31,825,295
Bangladesh163,046,161
Bhutan763,092
Bolivia11,513,100
Cambodia16,486,542
Cameroon25,876,380
Djibouti973,560
Egypt100,388,073
El Salvador6,453,553
Georgia3,996,765
Ghana30,417,856
Honduras9,746,117
India1,366,417,754
Indonesia270,625,568
Ivory Coast25,716,544
Kenya52,573,973
Kiribati117,606
Kyrgyzstan6,415,850
Laos7,169,455
Lesotho2,125,268
Mauritania4,525,696
Micronesia113,815
Moldova4,043,263
Mongolia3,225,167
Morocco36,471,769
Myanmar54,045,420
Nicaragua6,545,502
Nigeria200,963,599
Pakistan216,565,318
Papua New Guinea8,776,109
Philippines108,116,615
Sao Tome And Principe215,056
Solomon Islands669,823
Sri Lanka21,323,733
Sudan42,813,238
Tunisia11,694,719
Ukraine43,993,638
Uzbekistan32,981,716
Vanuatu299,882
Vietnam96,462,106
Zambia17,861,030