Moldova Population 2018

4,044,764

Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Ukraine and Romania. The 2018 estimated population of Moldova is 4.04 million, which ranks 135nd in the world.

The estimated population of 4.04 million compared to the 2004 census population of 3.38 million (excluding Transnistria) and 3.93 million including Transnistria. The capital and largest city of Moldova is Chisinau, with an estimated population of 723,000. This is followed by Tiraspol (149,000) and Balti (144,000). While it is the 138th largest country, Moldova has a population density of 122 people per square kilometer (316/sq mi).

Moldova Demographics

The 2004 Moldovan census found the population is comprised of:

  • Moldovans (75.8%)
  • Ukranians (8.3%)
  • Russians (6%)
  • Gagauz (4.3%)
  • Romanians (2.1%)
  • Bulgarians (0.3%)
  • Romani (0.07%)
  • Other (0.9%)

The 2004 census in Transnistria (areas controlled by breakaway authorites like Transnistia and Bender/Tignhina) found Moldovans make up 32% of the region's population, followed by Ukranians (29%) and Russians (30%).

There is a controversy about whether Romanians and Moldovans are the same ethnic group, and allegations that ethnic numbers were rigged. 19% of respondents who said they were Moldovans said Romanian was their native language.

The percentage of Russians and Ukranians has decreased since the last Soviet census in 1989, mostly due to emigration. Most Russians live in urban areas like Chisinau and Tiraspol. The Gagauz are the fourth-largest ethnic group and live mostly south of Moldova in the autonomous region of Gagauzia.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 13 minutes
One death every 11 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net loss of one person every 53 minutes

Moldova Population in 2018Source: samoil alexei alexandru

Moldova Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40kMoldova Male Population0k10k20k30k40kMoldova Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Moldova Median Age

36.3


Total

34.5


Male

38.3


Female

Moldova Population by Age

There are 3,288,772 adults in Moldova.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Moldova Population Growth

Moldova has a total fertility rate of about 1.55 children born to each woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1. Moldova currently has a flat population growth rate of 0.0%. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Moldova has struggled with healthcare issues, and it now has one of the highest rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the world. Emigration is also a big problem in Moldova that is impacting growth, the economy and demographics. It is estimated that 600,000 to 1 million citizens (or 25% of the population) works abroad.

About Moldova

Official NameRepublic of Moldova
Languages SpokenMoldavian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4729
Currencies UsedMoldova Leu
DemonymMoldovan

Countries Bordering Moldova

Romania
Ukraine

Moldova Population Density

Moldova Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Chisinau635,994
Tiraspol157,000
Balti125,000
Bender110,175
Ribnita55,455
Cahul34,492
Ungheni34,422
Soroca27,423
Orhei24,918
Dubasari23,254
Comrat22,911
Edinet22,872
Ceadir-Lunga22,700
Causeni21,690
Straseni19,225
Hincesti16,900
Floresti16,759
Drochia16,080
Bilicenii Vechi15,479
Slobozia15,356

Moldova Population Clock

The population of Moldova (as of 2/13/2018)?4,044,764
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,041,065
Births Per Day110
Deaths Per Day129
Net Migrations Per Day -8
Net Change Per Day -27
Population Change Since January 1st-1,188

Moldova Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.976 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 11.658 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.708 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.68 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.42 years
Female Life Expectancy 75.94 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.23 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.586 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.058 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 12.352 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 14.398 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.346 years
Rate of Natural Increase -1.682

Moldova Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,041,06547.94%52.06%119.40132-0.25%
20174,051,21247.98%52.02%119.70132-0.21%
20164,059,60848.01%51.99%119.94130-0.16%
20154,065,98048.04%51.96%120.13130-0.09%
20104,084,48148.08%51.92%120.68127-0.35%
20054,157,69947.89%52.11%122.84122-0.21%
20004,201,08947.86%52.14%124.12118-0.64%
19954,339,08247.76%52.24%128.20115-0.11%
19904,364,11647.66%52.34%128.941100.70%
19854,214,91647.49%52.51%124.531071.00%
19804,009,83847.28%52.72%118.471050.88%
19753,838,91046.99%53.01%113.421041.32%
19703,594,51846.76%53.24%106.201031.51%
19653,335,63146.81%53.19%98.55992.12%
19603,003,55946.79%53.21%88.74992.72%
19552,627,00946.70%53.30%77.621022.33%
19502,340,99746.71%53.29%69.171010.00%

Moldova Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,017,68747.87%52.13%118.701320.00%
20253,943,32247.68%52.32%116.51132-0.37%
20303,843,94147.49%52.51%113.57132-0.51%
20353,721,15547.33%52.67%109.94132-0.65%
20403,583,99347.23%52.77%105.89136-0.75%
20453,440,60147.22%52.78%101.65138-0.81%
20503,293,15747.23%52.77%97.30141-0.87%
20553,141,13047.22%52.78%92.81143-0.94%
20602,982,82647.17%52.83%88.13144-1.03%
20652,817,99847.15%52.85%83.26145-1.13%
20702,651,34347.22%52.78%78.34146-1.21%
20752,490,73647.44%52.56%73.59146-1.24%
20802,346,49947.79%52.21%69.33148-1.19%
20852,223,66448.21%51.79%65.70148-1.07%
20902,120,82148.57%51.43%62.66148-0.94%
20952,032,61448.83%51.17%60.05149-0.85%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer