Moldova Population 2018

4,038,041

Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Ukraine and Romania. The 2018 estimated population of Moldova is 4.04 million, which ranks 135nd in the world.

The estimated population of 4.04 million compared to the 2004 census population of 3.38 million (excluding Transnistria) and 3.93 million including Transnistria. The capital and largest city of Moldova is Chisinau, with an estimated population of 723,000. This is followed by Tiraspol (149,000) and Balti (144,000). While it is the 138th largest country, Moldova has a population density of 122 people per square kilometer (316/sq mi).

Moldova Demographics

The 2004 Moldovan census found the population is comprised of:

  • Moldovans (75.8%)
  • Ukranians (8.3%)
  • Russians (6%)
  • Gagauz (4.3%)
  • Romanians (2.1%)
  • Bulgarians (0.3%)
  • Romani (0.07%)
  • Other (0.9%)

The 2004 census in Transnistria (areas controlled by breakaway authorites like Transnistia and Bender/Tignhina) found Moldovans make up 32% of the region's population, followed by Ukranians (29%) and Russians (30%).

There is a controversy about whether Romanians and Moldovans are the same ethnic group, and allegations that ethnic numbers were rigged. 19% of respondents who said they were Moldovans said Romanian was their native language.

The percentage of Russians and Ukranians has decreased since the last Soviet census in 1989, mostly due to emigration. Most Russians live in urban areas like Chisinau and Tiraspol. The Gagauz are the fourth-largest ethnic group and live mostly south of Moldova in the autonomous region of Gagauzia.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 13 minutes
One death every 11 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net loss of one person every 53 minutes

Moldova Population in 2018Source: By ????? [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Moldova Population Growth

Moldova has a total fertility rate of about 1.55 children born to each woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1. Moldova currently has a flat population growth rate of 0.0%. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Moldova has struggled with healthcare issues, and it now has one of the highest rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the world. Emigration is also a big problem in Moldova that is impacting growth, the economy and demographics. It is estimated that 600,000 to 1 million citizens (or 25% of the population) works abroad.

About Moldova

Official NameRepublic of Moldova
Languages SpokenMoldavian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude4729
Currencies UsedMoldova Leu
DemonymMoldovan

Countries Bordering Moldova

Romania
Ukraine

Moldova Population Density

Moldova Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Chisinau635,994
Tiraspol157,000
Balti125,000
Bender110,175
Ribnita55,455
Cahul34,492
Ungheni34,422
Soroca27,423
Orhei24,918
Dubasari23,254
Comrat22,911
Edinet22,872
Ceadir-Lunga22,700
Causeni21,690
Straseni19,225
Hincesti16,900
Floresti16,759
Drochia16,080
Bilicenii Vechi15,479
Slobozia15,356

Moldova Population Clock

The population of Moldova (as of 10/20/2018)?4,038,041
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,041,065
Births Per Day110
Deaths Per Day129
Net Migrations Per Day -8
Net Change Per Day -27
Population Change Since January 1st-7,911

Moldova Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 4,037,624

Moldova Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,041,06547.94%52.06%119.40132-0.25%
20174,051,21247.98%52.02%119.70132-0.21%
20164,059,60848.01%51.99%119.94130-0.16%
20154,065,98048.04%51.96%120.13130-0.09%
20104,084,48148.08%51.92%120.68127-0.35%
20054,157,69947.89%52.11%122.84122-0.21%
20004,201,08947.86%52.14%124.12118-0.64%
19954,339,08247.76%52.24%128.20115-0.11%
19904,364,11647.66%52.34%128.941100.70%
19854,214,91647.49%52.51%124.531071.00%
19804,009,83847.28%52.72%118.471050.88%
19753,838,91046.99%53.01%113.421041.32%
19703,594,51846.76%53.24%106.201031.51%
19653,335,63146.81%53.19%98.55992.12%
19603,003,55946.79%53.21%88.74992.72%
19552,627,00946.70%53.30%77.621022.33%
19502,340,99746.71%53.29%69.171010.00%

Moldova Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,017,68747.87%52.13%118.701320.00%
20253,943,32247.68%52.32%116.51132-0.37%
20303,843,94147.49%52.51%113.57132-0.51%
20353,721,15547.33%52.67%109.94132-0.65%
20403,583,99347.23%52.77%105.89136-0.75%
20453,440,60147.22%52.78%101.65138-0.81%
20503,293,15747.23%52.77%97.30141-0.87%
20553,141,13047.22%52.78%92.81143-0.94%
20602,982,82647.17%52.83%88.13144-1.03%
20652,817,99847.15%52.85%83.26145-1.13%
20702,651,34347.22%52.78%78.34146-1.21%
20752,490,73647.44%52.56%73.59146-1.24%
20802,346,49947.79%52.21%69.33148-1.19%
20852,223,66448.21%51.79%65.70148-1.07%
20902,120,82148.57%51.43%62.66148-0.94%
20952,032,61448.83%51.17%60.05149-0.85%
Data Sources
  1. National Bank of Moldova
  2. National Bank of Moldova
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979 and 1989 censuses, the 2004 census of the Republic of Moldova and the region of Transnistria, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer