Moldova Population 2017
The estimated population of 3.56 million compared to the 2004 census population of 3.38 million (excluding Transnistria) and 3.93 million including Transnistria. The capital and largest city of Moldova is Chisinau, with an estimated population of 723,000. This is followed by Tiraspol (149,000) and Balti (144,000). While it is the 138th largest country, Moldova has a population density of 122 people per square kilometer (316/sq mi).
The 2004 Moldovan census found the population is comprised of:
- Moldovans (75.8%)
- Ukranians (8.3%)
- Russians (6%)
- Gagauz (4.3%)
- Romanians (2.1%)
- Bulgarians (0.3%)
- Romani (0.07%)
- Other (0.9%)
The 2004 census in Transnistria (areas controlled by breakaway authorites like Transnistia and Bender/Tignhina) found Moldovans make up 32% of the region's population, followed by Ukranians (29%) and Russians (30%).
There is a controversy about whether Romanians and Moldovans are the same ethnic group, and allegations that ethnic numbers were rigged. 19% of respondents who said they were Moldovans said Romanian was their native language.
The percentage of Russians and Ukranians has decreased since the last Soviet census in 1989, mostly due to emigration. Most Russians live in urban areas like Chisinau and Tiraspol. The Gagauz are the fourth-largest ethnic group and live mostly south of Moldova in the autonomous region of Gagauzia.