Mongolia Population 2017
According to data from the CIA World Factbook, Mongolia has a population exceeding 2.9 million. Data from the National Statistical Office of Mongolia suggests that in 2016, the population has surpassed 3 million, which would place the country as only the 138th most populous in the world. Mongolia is the 19th largest country by area at 1.566 million square kilometers, and because of its smaller population, it is considered to be the most sparsely populated sovereign country on earth.
Approximately 45% of the country's population reside in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, boasting a population of 1.34 million according to data from 2008. This city is the only one in the country that has a population of more than 100,000. Erdenet, Mongolia's 2nd-largest city, has a population of just around 95,000.
The population of the country as a whole is relatively young, with the average age being 27.5 years. About 59% of Mongolia's residents are under the age of 30, while over a quarter of that population is under the age of 14. The young population, coupled with a growth rate of 1.31%, has put a strain on the country's economy.
Nearly 95% of the population is comprised of ethnic Mongols, consisting of the Khalkha and other groups distinguished by dialects of the language. The Khalkha people make up 86% of the ethnic Mongols in the country, and the remaining 14% is comprised of Oirats, Buryats and a few others. Turkic people account for 4.5% of the population, with the remaining 0.5% being people of Russia, Chinese, Korea and the United States.
The official language of the country is Mongolian, which is spoken by approximately 95% of the population. The primary religions practiced in the country include Buddhism, Shamanism, and Islam. The total fertility rate is estimated to be between 2.2 and 2.3 children per woman, which has stabilized following a steep decline in the period between 2000 and 2005. It's estimated that 32% of the population lives below the poverty line, with one-quarter of Mongolians living on less than $1.25 US a day.