Mongolia Population 2017

3,053,306

According to data from the CIA World Factbook, Mongolia has a population exceeding 2.9 million. Data from the National Statistical Office of Mongolia suggests that in 2016, the population has surpassed 3 million, which would place the country as only the 138th most populous in the world. Mongolia is the 19th largest country by area at 1.566 million square kilometers, and because of its smaller population, it is considered to be the most sparsely populated sovereign country on earth.

Mongolia Population

Approximately 45% of the country's population reside in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, boasting a population of 1.34 million according to data from 2008. This city is the only one in the country that has a population of more than 100,000. Erdenet, Mongolia's 2nd-largest city, has a population of just around 95,000.

The population of the country as a whole is relatively young, with the average age being 27.5 years. About 59% of Mongolia's residents are under the age of 30, while over a quarter of that population is under the age of 14. The young population, coupled with a growth rate of 1.31%, has put a strain on the country's economy.

Mongolia Demographics

Nearly 95% of the population is comprised of ethnic Mongols, consisting of the Khalkha and other groups distinguished by dialects of the language. The Khalkha people make up 86% of the ethnic Mongols in the country, and the remaining 14% is comprised of Oirats, Buryats and a few others. Turkic people account for 4.5% of the population, with the remaining 0.5% being people of Russia, Chinese, Korea and the United States.

The official language of the country is Mongolian, which is spoken by approximately 95% of the population. The primary religions practiced in the country include Buddhism, Shamanism, and Islam. The total fertility rate is estimated to be between 2.2 and 2.3 children per woman, which has stabilized following a steep decline in the period between 2000 and 2005. It's estimated that 32% of the population lives below the poverty line, with one-quarter of Mongolians living on less than $1.25 US a day.

Mongolia Population in 2017Source: Brücke-Osteuropa

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mongolia Population Growth

Mongolia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% a year. The country's demographics resemble other developing countries with declining fertility rates with increasing lifespans. It's estimated the population will reach 3.5 million by 2030.

About Mongolia

Official NameMongolia
Languages SpokenMongolian
BordersCHN, RUS
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude46105
Currencies UsedMNT

Mongolia Population Density

Name Population
Choibalsan23
Tsetserleg5,876
Kharkhorin8,977
Harhorin9,000
Tosontsengel9,526
Choyr9,895
Dzuunmod14,660
Undurkhaan14,723
Dalandzadgad15,093
Mandalgovi15,430
Altai15,800
Baruun-Urt15,805
Uliastay16,240
Bulgan17,348
Zuunmod17,630
Dzuunharaa18,830
Saynshand19,891
Bayanhongor23,234
Suhbaatar24,235
Arvayheer25,622
Bayanhongor26,252
Murun-kuren27,690
Hovd27,924
Ulaangom28,085
OElgiy28,400
Khovd30,500
Darhan74,300
Erdenet79,647
Ulan Bator844,818

Mongolia Population Clock

What is the population of Mongolia (as of September 13, 2017)?3,053,306
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)3051900
Births Per Day37
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day -8
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st4,845

Mongolia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 22.021 births/thousand73
Crude Death Rate 6.098 deaths/thousand146
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.978 people/thousand126
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.444 years129
Male Life Expectancy 66.264 years139
Female Life Expectancy 74.827 years122
Total Fertility Rate 2.574 children/woman74
Net Reproduction Rate 1.209 surviving daughters/woman74
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 19.907 deaths/1,000 live births81
Under Five Mortality 24.144 deaths/thousand84
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.112 years59
Rate of Natural Increase 15.3 72
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.559 %117
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.647 %120
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.381 %113
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.209 %145
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.379 %161
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 14.867 %129
Crude Suicide Rate 9.3 suicides/thousand69
Median Age (Total) 27.9 years126
Median Age (Female) 28.7 years119
Median Age (Male) 27.1 years130

Mongolia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20173,051,90049.451%50.549%12281.42%137
20152,959,13449.5%50.5%12281.59%138
20102,712,65749.615%50.385%12271.7%141
20052,526,44749.751%50.249%12271.26%139
20002,397,43849.87%50.13%12260.93%139
19952,298,03849.541%50.459%12260.8%139
19902,184,14549.368%50.632%12241.53%136
19851,921,88549.335%50.665%12242.79%139
19801,689,62249.313%50.687%12212.56%139
19751,479,65049.288%50.712%02262.75%139
19701,278,82549.253%50.747%02252.95%140
19651,107,12549.22%50.78%02232.92%141
1960955,51349.172%50.828%02222.75%140
1955855,10149.216%50.784%02211.98%140
1950780,20049.15%50.85%02211.7%140

Mongolia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20203,178,90449.375%50.625%22271.24%137
20253,363,80349.247%50.753%22270.98%137
20303,519,00249.121%50.879%22270.81%137
20353,656,57149.012%50.988%22270.72%134
20403,785,27948.932%51.068%22280.66%133
20453,909,40748.889%51.111%22280.62%133
20504,027,93548.897%51.103%22280.56%133
20554,134,72448.951%51.049%22280.45%133
20604,218,40749.042%50.958%22280.33%133
20654,280,59749.152%50.848%22280.25%134
20704,330,01549.266%50.734%22280.21%132
20754,372,26349.385%50.615%22280.18%132
20804,409,44549.497%50.503%22280.14%132
20854,437,26849.595%50.405%22280.1%132
20904,455,44149.674%50.326%22280.07%132
20954,471,89449.749%50.251%22280.07%132
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations