Mongolia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

According to data from the CIA World Factbook, Mongolia has a population exceeding 2.9 million. Data from the National Statistical Office of Mongolia suggests that in 2016, the population has surpassed 3 million, which would place the country as only the 138th most populous in the world. Mongolia is the 19th largest country by area at 1.566 million square kilometers, and because of its smaller population, it is considered to be the most sparsely populated sovereign country on earth.

Mongolia Population

Approximately 45% of the country's population reside in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, boasting a population of 1.34 million according to data from 2008. This city is the only one in the country that has a population of more than 100,000. Erdenet, Mongolia's 2nd-largest city, has a population of just around 95,000.

The population of the country as a whole is relatively young, with the average age being 27.5 years. About 59% of Mongolia's residents are under the age of 30, while over a quarter of that population is under the age of 14. The young population, coupled with a growth rate of 1.31%, has put a strain on the country's economy.

Mongolia Demographics

Nearly 95% of the population is comprised of ethnic Mongols, consisting of the Khalkha and other groups distinguished by dialects of the language. The Khalkha people make up 86% of the ethnic Mongols in the country, and the remaining 14% is comprised of Oirats, Buryats and a few others. Turkic people account for 4.5% of the population, with the remaining 0.5% being people of Russia, Chinese, Korea and the United States.

The official language of the country is Mongolian, which is spoken by approximately 95% of the population. The primary religions practiced in the country include Buddhism, Shamanism, and Islam. The total fertility rate is estimated to be between 2.2 and 2.3 children per woman, which has stabilized following a steep decline in the period between 2000 and 2005. It's estimated that 32% of the population lives below the poverty line, with one-quarter of Mongolians living on less than $1.25 US a day.

Mongolia Population in 2017 Source: Brücke-Osteuropa

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mongolia Population Growth

Mongolia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% a year. The country's demographics resemble other developing countries with declining fertility rates with increasing lifespans. It's estimated the population will reach 3.5 million by 2030.

Mongolia Population Density

About Mongolia

Official Name Mongolia
Languages Spoken Mongolian
Borders CHN, RUS
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 46,105
Currencies Used MNT

Mongolia Population Clock

What is the population of Mongolia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 37
Deaths Per Day 10
Net Migrations Per Day -8
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Mongolia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 22.021 births/thousand 73rd
Crude Death Rate 6.098 deaths/thousand 146th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.978 people/thousand 126th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.444 years 129th
Life Expectancy (Male) 66.264 years 139th
Life Expectancy (Female) 74.827 years 122nd
Total Fertility Rate 2.574 children/woman 74th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.209 surviving daughters/woman 74th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 19.907 deaths/1,000 live births 81st
Under Five Mortality 24.144 deaths/thousand 84th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.112 years 59th
Rate of Natural Increase 15.3 72nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.559% 117th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.647% 120th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.381% 113th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.209% 117th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.379% 120th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 14.867% 113th
Crude Suicide Rate 9.3 suicides/thousand 69th
Median Age (Total) 27.9 years 126th
Median Age (Female) 28.7 years 119th
Median Age (Male) 27.1 years 130th

Mongolia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 3,051,900 49.451% 50.549% 1 228 1.42% 137
2015 2,959,134 49.5% 50.5% 1 228 1.59% 138
2010 2,712,657 49.615% 50.385% 1 227 1.7% 141
2005 2,526,447 49.751% 50.249% 1 227 1.26% 139
2000 2,397,438 49.87% 50.13% 1 226 0.93% 139
1995 2,298,038 49.541% 50.459% 1 226 0.8% 139
1990 2,184,145 49.368% 50.632% 1 224 1.53% 136
1985 1,921,885 49.335% 50.665% 1 224 2.79% 139
1980 1,689,622 49.313% 50.687% 1 221 2.56% 139
1975 1,479,650 49.288% 50.712% 226 2.75% 139
1970 1,278,825 49.253% 50.747% 225 2.95% 140
1965 1,107,125 49.22% 50.78% 223 2.92% 141
1960 955,513 49.172% 50.828% 222 2.75% 140
1955 855,101 49.216% 50.784% 221 1.98% 140
1950 780,200 49.15% 50.85% 221 1.7% 140

Mongolia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 3,178,904 49.375% 50.625% 2 227 1.24% 137
2025 3,363,803 49.247% 50.753% 2 227 0.98% 137
2030 3,519,002 49.121% 50.879% 2 227 0.81% 137
2035 3,656,571 49.012% 50.988% 2 227 0.72% 134
2040 3,785,279 48.932% 51.068% 2 228 0.66% 133
2045 3,909,407 48.889% 51.111% 2 228 0.62% 133
2050 4,027,935 48.897% 51.103% 2 228 0.56% 133
2055 4,134,724 48.951% 51.049% 2 228 0.45% 133
2060 4,218,407 49.042% 50.958% 2 228 0.33% 133
2065 4,280,597 49.152% 50.848% 2 228 0.25% 134
2070 4,330,015 49.266% 50.734% 2 228 0.21% 132
2075 4,372,263 49.385% 50.615% 2 228 0.18% 132
2080 4,409,445 49.497% 50.503% 2 228 0.14% 132
2085 4,437,268 49.595% 50.405% 2 228 0.1% 132
2090 4,455,441 49.674% 50.326% 2 228 0.07% 132
2095 4,471,894 49.749% 50.251% 2 228 0.07% 132
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations