Mongolia Population 2017

3,078,269

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia, and the region has been ruled by many nomadic empires over its history, including Genghis Khan, who founded the Mongol Empire. In 2015, estimates put the population at 2,992,908 people, while this number been estimated to be 3.08 million in 2017.

According to data from the CIA World Factbook, Mongolia has a population exceeding 2.9 million. Data from the National Statistical Office of Mongolia suggests that in 2017, the population has surpassed 3.08 million, which would place the country as only the 138th most populous in the world. Mongolia is the 19th largest country by area at 1.566 million square kilometers, and because of its smaller population, it is considered to be the most sparsely populated sovereign country on earth.

Mongolia Population

Approximately 45% of the country's population reside in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, boasting a population of 1.34 million according to data from 2008. This city is the only one in the country that has a population of more than 100,000. Erdenet, Mongolia's 2nd-largest city, has a population of just around 95,000.

The population of the country as a whole is relatively young, with the average age being 27.5 years. About 59% of Mongolia's residents are under the age of 30, while over a quarter of that population is under the age of 14. The young population, coupled with a growth rate of 1.31%, has put a strain on the country's economy.

Mongolia Demographics

Nearly 95% of the population is comprised of ethnic Mongols, consisting of the Khalkha and other groups distinguished by dialects of the language. The Khalkha people make up 86% of the ethnic Mongols in the country, and the remaining 14% is comprised of Oirats, Buryats and a few others. Turkic people account for 4.5% of the population, with the remaining 0.5% being people of Russia, Chinese, Korea and the United States.

The official language of the country is Mongolian, which is spoken by approximately 95% of the population. The primary religions practiced in the country include Buddhism, Shamanism, and Islam. The total fertility rate is estimated to be between 2.2 and 2.3 children per woman, which has stabilized following a steep decline in the period between 2000 and 2005. It's estimated that 32% of the population lives below the poverty line, with one-quarter of Mongolians living on less than $1.25 US a day.

Mongolia Population in 2018Source: Brücke-Osteuropa

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mongolia Population Growth

Mongolia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% a year. The country's demographics resemble other developing countries with declining fertility rates with increasing lifespans. It's estimated the population will reach 3.5 million by 2030.

About Mongolia

Official NameMongolia
Languages SpokenMongolian
BordersCHN, RUS
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude46105
Currencies UsedMNT

Mongolia Population Density

Name Population
Ulaanbaatar844,818
Erdenet79,647
Darhan74,300
Khovd30,500
OElgiy28,400
Ulaangom28,085
Hovd27,924
Murun-kuren27,690
Bayanhongor26,252
Arvayheer25,622
Suhbaatar24,235
Bayanhongor23,234
Saynshand19,891
Dzuunharaa18,830
Zuunmod17,630
Bulgan17,348
Uliastay16,240
Baruun-Urt15,805
Altai15,800
Mandalgovi15,430
Dalandzadgad15,093
Undurkhaan14,723
Dzuunmod14,660
Choyr9,895
Tosontsengel9,526
Harhorin9,000
Kharkhorin8,977
Tsetserleg5,876
Choibalsan23

Mongolia Population Clock

What is the population of Mongolia (as of 11/15/2017)?3,078,269
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)3,075,647
Births Per Day37
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day -8
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st6,061

Mongolia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 22.021 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.098 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.978 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.444 years
Male Life Expectancy 66.264 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.827 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.574 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.209 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 19.907 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 24.144 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.112 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.3
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.559%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.647%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.381%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.209%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 31.379%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 14.867%
Median Age (Total) 27.9 years
Median Age (Female) 28.7 years
Median Age (Male) 27.1 years

Mongolia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20173,075,64749.47%50.53%21.65%
20152,976,87749.51%50.49%21.88%
20102,712,65049.62%50.38%21.43%
20052,526,44649.75%50.25%21.05%
20002,397,43649.87%50.13%20.85%
19952,298,03949.54%50.46%11.02%
19902,184,14549.37%50.63%12.59%
19851,921,88149.33%50.67%12.61%
19801,689,62249.31%50.69%12.69%
19751,479,65149.29%50.71%12.96%
19701,278,82549.25%50.75%12.93%
19651,107,12449.22%50.78%12.99%
1960955,50549.17%50.83%12.25%
1955855,10349.22%50.78%11.85%
1950780,19949.15%50.85%00.00%

Mongolia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20203,209,40449.39%50.61%20.00%
20253,402,25849.25%50.75%21.17%
20303,560,95949.09%50.91%20.92%
20353,698,05848.94%51.06%20.76%
20403,827,00448.80%51.20%20.69%
20453,953,99348.69%51.31%30.66%
20504,075,38248.64%51.36%30.61%
20554,176,78448.63%51.37%30.49%
20604,250,13448.64%51.36%30.35%
20654,301,95748.67%51.33%30.24%
20704,344,68048.73%51.27%30.20%
20754,387,60748.82%51.18%30.20%
20804,434,04848.93%51.07%30.21%
20854,479,50449.04%50.96%30.20%
20904,515,68349.11%50.89%30.16%
20954,536,34549.16%50.84%30.09%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer