Morocco Population 2017
The majority of Morocco's population lives to the west of the Atlas Mountains, a large range that protects the country from the Sahara Desert. The commerce center of the country and the most populous city is Casablanca with 3,000,000 residents, although the political capital is Rabat, home to 1.4 million citizens. Other major cities include the gateway city of Tangier, the religious center of Fez and the tourist center of Marrakech. The urban population of Morocco was 58% of the total population as of 2010, with a rate of urbanization at 2.1% annual rate of change.
Morocco is a demographically young country with 27% of its population under the age of 15, 18% between the ages of 15 and 24, 42% between 25 and 54 years old, 7% between the ages of 55 and 64 and just 6% 65 years and older. The median age of Moroccans is just 27 years old.
The vast majority of Moroccans are Suuni Muslims, primarily of Arab-Berber, Arabized Berber, Berber and Nigero-Congo ethnic background. The country itself was inhabited by Berbers since at least 5,000 years ago, while Arabs conquered the land that later became Morocco in the 7th and 11th centuries, when the area was inhabited mostly by indigineous Berber and Romano-Berber peoples. Arabs and Berbers currently account for around 99.1% of the Moroccan population.
While the indigenous Berbers, though mostly Arabized, still make up the majority of the population, there is a rather sizable population that identifies as Haratin or Gnawa, black or of mixed race. The Jewish minority of Morocco, which numbered as high as 248,000 in 1948, has decreased significantly with a small population estimated at 5,000.
Most of the estimated 100,000 foreign residents in Morocco are also French, while France is home to the largest concentration of Moroccan migrants outside of Morocco. A percentage of the population is descended from colonists, working mostly for large European countries, while others settled in the country. Before its independence, Morocco was home to more than 500,000 Europeans.
Morocco has a birth rate of 18.73 births per 1,000 people, placing it 101st in the world. Meanwhile, its death rate stands at 4.78 deaths per 1,000 people in 2013, ranking 195th in the world. The country has a comparatively high life expectancy of 76 years with a fertility rate of 2.17 children born per woman.
Source: محمد بوعلام عصامي