Most Developed Countries In Africa 2019

A developed country is defined as a sovereign state that, compared to other nations, has a developed economy and technologically advanced infrastructure.

Every year, the United Nations Development Program releases a report that outlines indices and indicators of human development. The report gives an overview of the state of development around the world and identifies improvements in nations, including those that are developing or developed. In order to determine if a country is developed, the United Nations Development Program uses the Human Development Index (HDI).

HDI is quantified by looking at a country’s human development such as healthcare, education, and life expectancy. HDI is set on a scale that ranges from 0 to 1, with four different classifications of low human developed (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

Most developed countries have a score of at least .80 and are considered to be “very high human development.”

None of Africa’s 54 countries are considered to have “very high human development,” or no HDI scores of .80 or above. There are seven countries that have “high human development”:

  1. Seychelles (.797)
  2. Mauritius (.79)
  3. Algeria (.754)
  4. Tunisia (.735)
  5. Botswana (.717)
  6. Libya (.706)
  7. Gabon (.702)

Seychelles is Africa’s most developed country with an HDI of .797, just short of the “very high human development” threshold. Seychelles is ranked 62 in HDI rankings and has a life expectancy of 73.7 years. The country’s economic growth is mainly driven by tourism, and the GDP has increased nearly sevenfold since 1976.

Algeria has an HGI score of .754 and is the third most developed country in Africa. Algeria currently has the highest life expectancy of all African countries of 76.3 years.

Despite the progress that Africa has been making in terms of life expectancy and economy, many countries still face issues such as poverty, inequality, and conflict.

Below is each African country’s Human Development Index score.

Flag Country Human Development Index Population 2019
Seychelles0.79797,739
Mauritius0.791,269,668
Algeria0.75443,053,054
Tunisia0.73511,694,719
Botswana0.7172,303,697
Libya0.7066,777,452
Gabon0.7022,172,579
South Africa0.69958,558,270
Egypt0.696100,388,073
Morocco0.66736,471,769
Namibia0.6472,494,530
Ghana0.59230,417,856
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,355,986
Kenya0.5952,573,973
Sao Tome And Principe0.589215,056
Zambia0.58817,861,030
Angola0.58131,825,295
Cameroon0.55625,876,380
Zimbabwe0.53514,645,468
Nigeria0.532200,963,599
Rwanda0.52412,626,950
Mauritania0.524,525,696
Lesotho0.522,125,268
Madagascar0.51926,969,307
Uganda0.51644,269,594
Benin0.51511,801,151
Senegal0.50516,296,364
Togo0.5038,082,366
Comoros0.503850,886
Sudan0.50242,813,238
Malawi0.47718,628,747
Djibouti0.476973,560
Ethiopia0.463112,078,730
Gambia0.462,347,706
Guinea0.45912,771,246
Eritrea0.443,497,117
Mozambique0.43730,366,036
Liberia0.4354,937,374
Mali0.42719,658,031
Burkina Faso0.42320,321,378
Sierra Leone0.4197,813,215
Burundi0.41711,530,580
Chad0.40415,946,876
South Sudan0.38811,062,113
Central African Republic0.3674,745,185
Niger0.35423,310,715