Mozambique Population 2017

29,727,484

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and the Indian Ocean. It is also separated from the island of Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel. In 2017, Mozambique has an estimated population of 29.67 million, which ranks 50th in the world.

Mozambique has an estimated population of 29.67 million, which is significantly higher than the 2007 census figure of 21,397,000. Mozambique remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.

The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million in 2007. The next-largest city is Matola, with a population of 671,000 in 2007.

Mozambique Demographics

Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.

The Macua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.

Mozambique Population in 2018Source: Andrew Moir

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mozambique Population Growth

Mozambique remains very poor and donors account for half of its budgetary expenditures. Health care is an issue, and police in Maputo are paid just $120 each month, which has led to many shakedowns by police. Mozambique's population is also growing fairly quickly with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mozambique

Official NameRepublic of Mozambique
Languages SpokenPortuguese
BordersMWI, ZAF, SWZ, TZA, ZMB, ZWE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-18.2535
Currencies UsedMZN

Mozambique Population Density

Name Population
Maputo1,191,613
Matola675,422
Beira530,604
Nampula388,526
Chimoio256,936
Nacala224,795
Quelimane188,964
Tete129,316
Xai-Xai127,366
Maxixe119,868
Ressano Garcia110,000
Lichinga109,839
Pemba108,737
Dondo78,648
Antonio Enes74,624
Inhambane73,884
Cuamba73,268
Montepuez72,279
Chokwe63,695
Chibuto59,165
Ilha de Mocambique54,315
Mutuali30,523
Mocimboa27,909
Manjacaze25,541
Macia23,156

Mozambique Population Clock

What is the population of Mozambique (as of 11/15/2017)?29,727,484
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)29,668,834
Births Per Day615
Deaths Per Day176
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 425
Population Change Since January 1st135,575

Mozambique Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 37.961 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.85 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.167 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.103 years
Male Life Expectancy 54.775 years
Female Life Expectancy 57.288 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.16 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.083 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 57.427 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 87.154 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.189 years
Rate of Natural Increase 26.947
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 28.684%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 28.599%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.719%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 46.167%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 48.14%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 44.551%
Median Age (Total) 17.1 years
Median Age (Female) 17.7 years
Median Age (Male) 16.5 years

Mozambique Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201729,668,83448.84%51.16%372.92%
201528,010,69148.77%51.23%352.95%
201024,221,40548.56%51.44%302.97%
200520,923,07048.30%51.70%262.98%
200018,067,68747.97%52.03%232.77%
199515,759,13247.71%52.29%203.53%
199013,247,64947.76%52.24%170.40%
198512,984,40548.74%51.26%161.85%
198011,848,33148.91%51.09%152.75%
197510,344,49448.94%51.06%132.46%
19709,161,53448.90%51.10%112.23%
19658,203,07648.88%51.12%102.11%
19607,388,69548.86%51.14%91.97%
19556,701,74948.86%51.14%81.73%
19506,152,23748.88%51.12%80.00%

Mozambique Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202032,309,19548.94%51.06%400.00%
202537,116,19849.08%50.92%462.81%
203042,438,70349.20%50.80%532.72%
203548,241,76449.30%50.70%602.60%
204054,443,11349.37%50.63%682.45%
204560,974,58749.44%50.56%762.29%
205067,774,94349.49%50.51%852.14%
205574,811,03349.53%50.47%932.00%
206082,012,24849.55%50.45%1021.86%
206589,284,09149.56%50.44%1111.71%
207096,544,44649.56%50.44%1201.58%
2075103,698,55949.55%50.45%1291.44%
2080110,667,32449.53%50.47%1381.31%
2085117,360,43649.51%50.49%1461.18%
2090123,688,39549.50%50.50%1541.06%
2095129,613,77449.48%50.52%1620.94%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer