Mozambique Population 2018

30,679,329

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and the Indian Ocean. It is also separated from the island of Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel. In 2018, Mozambique has an estimated population of 30.53 million, which ranks 50th in the world.

Mozambique has an estimated population of 30.53 million, which is significantly higher than the 2007 census figure of 21,397,000. Mozambique remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.

The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million in 2007. The next-largest city is Matola, with a population of 671,000 in 2007.

Mozambique Demographics

Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.

The Macua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 27 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 37 seconds

Mozambique Population in 2018Source: By AmigoDia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mozambique Population Growth

Mozambique remains very poor and donors account for half of its budgetary expenditures. Health care is an issue, and police in Maputo are paid just $120 each month, which has led to many shakedowns by police. Mozambique's population is also growing fairly quickly with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mozambique

Official NameRepublic of Mozambique
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-18.2535
Currencies UsedMozambique Metical
DemonymMozambican

Mozambique Population Density

Mozambique Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Maputo1,191,613
Matola675,422
Beira530,604
Nampula388,526
Chimoio256,936
Nacala224,795
Quelimane188,964
Tete129,316
Xai-Xai127,366
Maxixe119,868
Ressano Garcia110,000
Lichinga109,839
Pemba108,737
Dondo78,648
Antonio Enes74,624
Inhambane73,884
Cuamba73,268
Montepuez72,279
Chokwe63,695
Chibuto59,165

Mozambique Population Clock

The population of Mozambique (as of 9/2/2018)?30,679,329
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)30,528,673
Births Per Day3,167
Deaths Per Day799
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 2,354
Population Change Since January 1st576,730

Mozambique Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 2nd 2018 is: 30,680,589

Mozambique Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201830,528,67348.87%51.13%38.09472.90%
201729,668,83448.84%51.16%37.01472.91%
201628,829,47648.81%51.19%35.97472.92%
201528,010,69148.77%51.23%34.94472.95%
201024,221,40548.56%51.44%30.22492.97%
200520,923,07048.30%51.70%26.10512.98%
200018,067,68747.97%52.03%22.54532.77%
199515,759,13247.71%52.29%19.66543.53%
199013,247,64947.76%52.24%16.53540.40%
198512,984,40548.74%51.26%16.20531.85%
198011,848,33148.91%51.09%14.78532.75%
197510,344,49448.94%51.06%12.90552.46%
19709,161,53448.90%51.10%11.43572.23%
19658,203,07648.88%51.12%10.23602.11%
19607,388,69548.86%51.14%9.22611.97%
19556,701,74948.86%51.14%8.36611.73%
19506,152,23748.88%51.12%7.68580.00%

Mozambique Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202032,309,19548.94%51.06%40.31470.00%
202537,116,19849.08%50.92%46.30432.81%
203042,438,70349.20%50.80%52.94382.72%
203548,241,76449.30%50.70%60.18372.60%
204054,443,11349.37%50.63%67.92342.45%
204560,974,58749.44%50.56%76.07312.29%
205067,774,94349.49%50.51%84.55302.14%
205574,811,03349.53%50.47%93.33282.00%
206082,012,24849.55%50.45%102.31261.86%
206589,284,09149.56%50.44%111.38261.71%
207096,544,44649.56%50.44%120.44231.58%
2075103,698,55949.55%50.45%129.37231.44%
2080110,667,32449.53%50.47%138.06231.31%
2085117,360,43649.51%50.49%146.41221.18%
2090123,688,39549.50%50.50%154.30221.06%
2095129,613,77449.48%50.52%161.70210.94%
Data Sources
  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatistica
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1980, 1997 and 2007 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer