Mozambique Population 2017

29,569,364

Mozambique has an estimated population of 26 million, which is significantly higher than the 2007 census figure of 21,397,000. Mozambique remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.

The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million in 2007. The next-largest city is Matola, with a population of 671,000 in 2007.

Mozambique Demographics

Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.

The Macua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.

Mozambique Population in 2017Source: Andrew Moir

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Mozambique Population Growth

Mozambique remains very poor and donors account for half of its budgetary expenditures. Health care is an issue, and police in Maputo are paid just $120 each month, which has led to many shakedowns by police. Mozambique's population is also growing fairly quickly with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% per year.

About Mozambique

Official NameRepublic of Mozambique
Languages SpokenPortuguese
BordersMWI, ZAF, SWZ, TZA, ZMB, ZWE
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-18.2535
Currencies UsedMZN

Mozambique Population Density

Name Population
Macia23,156
Manjacaze25,541
Mocimboa27,909
Mutuali30,523
Ilha de Mocambique54,315
Chibuto59,165
Chokwe63,695
Montepuez72,279
Cuamba73,268
Inhambane73,884
Antonio Enes74,624
Dondo78,648
Pemba108,737
Lichinga109,839
Ressano Garcia110,000
Maxixe119,868
Xai-Xai127,366
Tete129,316
Quelimane188,964
Nacala224,795
Chimoio256,936
Nampula388,526
Beira530,604
Matola675,422
Maputo1,191,613

Mozambique Population Clock

What is the population of Mozambique (as of September 13, 2017)?29,569,364
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)29537914
Births Per Day615
Deaths Per Day176
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 425
Population Change Since January 1st108,375

Mozambique Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 37.961 births/thousand13
Crude Death Rate 10.85 deaths/thousand29
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.167 people/thousand79
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.103 years192
Male Life Expectancy 54.775 years191
Female Life Expectancy 57.288 years193
Total Fertility Rate 5.16 children/woman14
Net Reproduction Rate 2.083 surviving daughters/woman16
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 57.427 deaths/1,000 live births21
Under Five Mortality 87.154 deaths/thousand19
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.189 years98
Rate of Natural Increase 26.947 19
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 28.684 %194
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 28.599 %194
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.719 %197
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 46.167 %194
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 48.14 %194
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 44.551 %195
Crude Suicide Rate 17.3 suicides/thousand20
Median Age (Total) 17.1 years207
Median Age (Female) 17.7 years206
Median Age (Male) 16.5 years210

Mozambique Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201729,537,91448.945%51.055%371702.68%46
201527,977,86248.846%51.154%351712.73%47
201024,321,45748.604%51.396%301762.82%48
200521,126,67648.341%51.659%261772.85%51
200018,264,53647.996%52.004%231772.85%53
199515,913,10147.736%52.264%201793.08%54
199013,371,97147.785%52.215%171792.57%54
198513,102,98248.744%51.256%161780.4%53
198011,936,37848.902%51.098%151752.42%53
197510,405,00048.931%51.069%131782.74%55
19709,262,07848.894%51.106%111772.21%57
19658,302,73548.873%51.127%101772.14%59
19607,493,27848.856%51.144%91751.98%60
19556,832,11548.857%51.143%81751.75%60
19506,313,29048.875%51.125%81691.44%57

Mozambique Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202031,992,99749.085%50.915%401682.64%45
202536,461,50749.276%50.724%461642.58%42
203041,436,51049.422%50.578%521632.51%37
203546,896,12949.531%50.469%591582.41%36
204052,776,76549.613%50.387%671532.29%32
204559,009,22049.676%50.324%751512.15%31
205065,544,45849.716%50.284%831482.02%28
205572,292,83449.738%50.262%911391.87%28
206079,139,41049.742%50.258%1001231.72%26
206586,002,55049.733%50.267%1091181.58%26
207092,783,11349.715%50.285%1171161.43%25
207599,401,24649.693%50.307%1261111.3%23
2080105,777,21449.671%50.329%1341091.17%23
2085111,842,05449.651%50.349%1421061.04%22
2090117,539,39249.634%50.366%1491050.92%22
2095122,817,79849.616%50.384%1561030.81%21
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations