Mozambique Population 2017
Mozambique has an estimated population of 26 million, which is significantly higher than the 2007 census figure of 21,397,000. Mozambique remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.
The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million in 2007. The next-largest city is Matola, with a population of 671,000 in 2007.
Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.
The Macua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.
Source: Andrew Moir