Muslim Majority Countries 2019

A Muslim-majority country is a nation where the religion of Islam is widespread. These nations are collectively known as the Muslim world or the Islamic world. There are no universal rules that identify what makes a Muslim-majority country, although many people go by the standard that a Muslim population of more than 50% constitutes a Muslim-majority nation.

According to the Pew Research Center, there are a total of 50 Muslim-majority nations in the world. However, according to World Atlas, there are 45 Islamic countries. Further data shows that these nations contribute about 8% of the world’s nominal GDP. The region with the most Muslims is the Middle East-North Africa region. Other areas with large percentages of Muslims include Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia-Oceania. There are smaller percentages living in the Americas and Europe.

Though there is no clear-cut definition, the Muslim-majority nations are frequently stated to include:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²735,164 mi²1.28%1.10%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
2Pakistan216,565,318881,912 km²340,418 mi²0.59%2.04%AsiaSouthern Asia
3Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²356,574 mi²0.62%2.60%AfricaWestern Africa
4Bangladesh163,046,161147,570 km²56,962 mi²< 0.1%1.03%AsiaSouthern Asia
5Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²386,946 mi²0.68%2.00%AfricaNorthern Africa
6Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
7Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²636,203 mi²1.11%1.36%AsiaSouthern Asia
8Algeria43,053,0542,381,741 km²919,352 mi²1.60%1.95%AfricaNorthern Africa
9Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²728,022 mi²1.27%2.42%AfricaNorthern Africa
10Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²169,190 mi²0.30%2.28%AsiaWestern Asia
11Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
12Morocco36,471,769446,550 km²172,368 mi²0.30%1.23%AfricaNorthern Africa
13Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
14Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²172,696 mi²0.30%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
15Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²127,690 mi²0.22%1.34%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
16Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²203,796 mi²0.36%2.33%AsiaWestern Asia
17Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%3.87%AfricaWestern Africa
18Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
19Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
20Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1,051,811 mi²1.84%1.27%AsiaCentral Asia
21Syria17,070,135185,180 km²71,479 mi²0.12%0.74%AsiaWestern Asia
22Senegal16,296,364196,722 km²75,935 mi²0.13%2.79%AfricaWestern Africa
23Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
24Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²246,136 mi²0.43%2.90%AfricaEastern Africa
25Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%2.88%AfricaWestern Africa
26Tunisia11,694,719163,610 km²63,153 mi²0.11%1.12%AfricaNorthern Africa
27Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²34,486 mi²< 0.1%1.37%AsiaWestern Asia
28Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²33,428 mi²< 0.1%0.99%AsiaWestern Asia
29United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
30Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²55,237 mi²< 0.1%2.42%AsiaCentral Asia
31Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%2.13%AfricaWestern Africa
32Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²4,034 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%AsiaWestern Asia
33Libya6,777,4521,759,540 km²679,182 mi²1.19%1.48%AfricaNorthern Africa
34Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²77,181 mi²0.13%1.77%AsiaCentral Asia
35Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²188,407 mi²0.33%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
36Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
37Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²397,850 mi²0.69%2.78%AfricaWestern Africa
38Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
39Albania2,880,91728,748 km²11,097 mi²< 0.1%-0.06%EuropeSouthern Europe
40Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
41Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%2.97%AfricaWestern Africa
42Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
43Djibouti973,56023,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%1.53%AfricaEastern Africa
44Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa
45Western Sahara582,463266,000 km²102,676 mi²0.18%2.65%AfricaNorthern Africa
46Maldives530,953300 km²116 mi²< 0.1%2.96%AsiaSouthern Asia
47Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
48Mayotte266,150374 km²144 mi²< 0.1%2.55%AfricaEastern Africa