Muslim Population By Country 2020
As the second largest religious following, Muslims are people who believe in and live by the teachings of Islam. There are over two billion Muslims around the world, but how do the Muslim populations compare between the countries?
Before we look at numbers, let’s walk through a brief recap of Muslims versus Islam because there tends to be a lot of overlap in ways that don’t actually make sense. Islam is a religion, while Muslims are followers of the religion of Islam. Another way of referring to people who identify as Muslim is by calling them followers of Islam. A common error in phrasing is to refer to people as Islamic individuals, but Islam is a religion so it is more accurate to say Muslims, not Islams.
Within certain countries, there are populations of Muslims, and then, those populations within individual countries are then compared to the global population of Muslims. We are just going to look at each country and report on their current population of Muslim people to keep it simpler.
There are approximately 1.9 billion Muslims in the world, making Islam the second-largest religion in the world behind Christianity. The Islam population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims with some others belonging to smaller denominations.
The largest Muslim country is Indonesia, where an estimated 229 million Muslims are. This is 87.2% of the Indonesian population of 263 million and about 13% of the world’s population of Muslims. Muslims in Indonesia are about 99% Sunni, 0.5% Shia, and 0.3% Ahmadi. Islam in Indonesia can be broadly categorized into “modernism,” following orthodox theology while embracing modern learning; or “traditionalism,” following the interpretations of local religious leaders.