Myanmar Population 2018

53,839,943

Burma, or the Republic of the Union of Myanmar shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is the 24th most populous country in the world, and the 40th largest country by area, with a 2018 estimated population of 53.86 million.

All population figures of Myanmar/Burma are just rough estimates as the last partial census was conducted in 1983, and no trustworthy nationwide census has occurred since 1931. It's believed there are at least 300,000 refugees from Burma located along the Thai-Burma border, with many camps established in the 1980's. Illegal groups are not recognized as citizens in the country, and they have been relentlessly persecuted. This led to the expulsion of close to 300,000 Burmese Indians.

The country is very ethnically diverse with 135 ethnic groups recognized by the government. There are at least 108 ethnolinguistic groups in Myanmar. The Bamar account for around 68% of the population, followed by the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and overseas Chinese (3%). Ethnic minorities in the country prefer to be called ethnic nationalities to fight against the proliferation of the dominant Bamar people. Other ethnic groups include the Mon (2%), Overseas Indians (2%) and the Kachin, Chin, Anglo-Indians, Nepali and Anglo-Burmese.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 33 seconds
One death every 1 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Myanmar Population in 2018Source: DiverDave at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Myanmar Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400k500kMyanmar Male Population0k100k200k300k400k500kMyanmar Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Myanmar Population by Age

There are 35,986,082 adults in Myanmar.

Census Years

Year Date
20242024
201410 April 2014

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Myanmar Population Growth

Myanmar is currently experiencing steady if somewhat low population growth. It's hard to say what the population will be in the future, but one thing is sure: Myanmar is facing an aging population and this problem must be addressed.

About Myanmar

Official NameRepublic of the Union of Myanmar
Languages SpokenBurmese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2298
Currencies UsedMyanmar (Burma) Kyat
DemonymBamar

Countries Bordering Myanmar

Bangladesh
China
India
Laos
Thailand

Myanmar Population Density

Myanmar Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Yangon4,477,638
Mandalay1,208,099
Nay Pyi Taw925,000
Mawlamyine438,861
Bago244,376
Pathein237,089
Monywa182,011
Sittwe177,743
Meiktila177,442
Myeik173,298
Taunggyi160,115
Myingyan141,713
Dawei136,783
Pyay135,308
Hinthada134,947
Lashio131,016
Pakokku126,938
Thaton123,727
Pyin Oo Lwin117,303
Yenangyaung110,553

Myanmar Population Clock

The population of Myanmar (as of 6/18/2018)?53,839,943
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)53,855,735
Births Per Day2,580
Deaths Per Day1,209
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,316
Population Change Since January 1st222,404

Myanmar Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 17.58 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.236 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.373 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 66.77 years
Male Life Expectancy 64.38 years
Female Life Expectancy 69.11 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.183 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.998 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 41.905 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 52.788 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.62 years
Rate of Natural Increase 9.344

Myanmar Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201853,855,73548.84%51.16%79.60260.91%
201753,370,60948.84%51.16%78.88260.92%
201652,885,22348.84%51.16%78.17260.92%
201552,403,66948.84%51.16%77.45260.88%
201050,155,89648.80%51.20%74.13250.68%
200548,482,61448.85%51.15%71.66261.01%
200046,095,46248.85%51.15%68.13261.29%
199543,237,79248.98%51.02%63.91251.25%
199040,626,25048.94%51.06%60.05251.77%
198537,222,29648.88%51.12%55.02262.21%
198033,369,71248.83%51.17%49.32272.34%
197529,721,96748.77%51.23%43.93272.41%
197026,381,43148.73%51.27%38.99272.44%
196523,391,14548.72%51.28%34.57272.19%
196020,986,12348.86%51.14%31.02272.15%
195518,867,96849.10%50.90%27.89281.93%
195017,151,51049.58%50.42%25.35260.00%

Myanmar Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202054,808,27648.84%51.16%81.01260.00%
202557,001,49448.82%51.18%84.25270.79%
203058,915,86948.78%51.22%87.08270.66%
203560,430,92448.74%51.26%89.32280.51%
204061,489,08748.70%51.30%90.88290.35%
204562,104,92648.64%51.36%91.79300.20%
205062,358,92548.56%51.44%92.17320.08%
205562,333,90148.47%51.53%92.1333-0.01%
206062,077,30648.37%51.63%91.7533-0.08%
206561,608,61648.25%51.75%91.0635-0.15%
207060,928,10948.14%51.86%90.0539-0.22%
207560,060,14148.02%51.98%88.7741-0.29%
208059,040,66047.92%52.08%87.2642-0.34%
208557,936,92447.85%52.15%85.6343-0.38%
209056,824,58547.81%52.19%83.9945-0.39%
209555,755,26447.79%52.21%82.4145-0.38%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistical Organization
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1973, 1983, and the 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population estimate from the 1991 Myanmar Population Change and Fertility Survey, and official population estimates for various years up to 2010 were also considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer