Myanmar Population 2020

54,227,992

Sometimes known as Burma, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - which is often shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is the 26th most populous country in the world, and the 40th largest country by area, with a 2020 estimated population of 54.41 million.

In 1989, an unelected military regime changed the name of Burma to Myanmar. However, the BBC reports that not all countries give legitimacy to the change due to the fact that the change was brought by the unelected military regime. Some countries, and the United Nations recognize the name change due to the paperwork and preference to allow members to name themselves as they wish so long as the decision is recorded. Interestingly enough, "The two words mean the same thing and one is derived from the other. Burmah, as it was spelled in the 19th Century, is a local corruption of the word Myanmar", according to the same report above.

Myanmar Area and Population Density

Myanmar has 676,578 square kilometers of surface area available within its boundaries. This includes 1,930 km of coastline. When calculated with the estimated current population of 54.41 million, the population density overall is approximately 79 people per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Myanmar

Rangoon/ Yangon is the largest city and the capital of the area. It contains 4,477,638 residents. Mandalay comes in second, with 1,208,099; and is also known as the economic center of the country.

Myanmar Demographics

The country is very ethnically diverse with 135 ethnic groups recognized by the government. There are at least 108 ethnolinguistic groups in Myanmar. The Bamar account for around 68% of the population, followed by the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and overseas Chinese (3%). Ethnic minorities in the country prefer to be called ethnic nationalities to fight against the proliferation of the dominant Bamar people. Other ethnic groups include the Mon (2%), Overseas Indians (2%) and the Kachin, Chin, Anglo-Indians, Nepali and Anglo-Burmese.

The official language used is Burmese, with some ethnic groups using their own languages.

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Myanmar Religion, Economy and Politics

Religion in Myanmar is spread across Buddhist with 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, and none at 0.1% of the population.

The median age in Myanmar/Burma is 28.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 68.2 years. The quality of life can be examined in numerous manners, including exploring healthcare, access to improved sanitation and drinking water, as well as the World Happiness Report. Only 2.3% of the GDP is spent in the healthcare sector, and this is likely related to the low physician and hospital bed density in the area. There are only .57 physicians and .9 beds available per 1,000 residents. Just over 80% of the country has access to clean drinking water with only 77% having access to improved sanitation facilities. When referring to the World Happiness Report, we see a ranking of 130, with an overall rating of 4.3 out of 10.

Literacy is only at 75.6% of the population over the age of 15 years.

Myanmar Population History

Now, the last partial census was conducted in 1983, and until 2014, the last officially recorded nationwide census hadn't occurred since 1931. It's believed there are at least 300,000 refugees from Burma located along the Thai-Burma border, with many camps established in the 1980's. Illegal groups are not recognized as citizens in the country, and they have been relentlessly persecuted. This led to the expulsion of close to 300,000 Burmese Indians.

Myanmar Population Growth

Myanmar has maintained steady growth over the past century despite its battles both in ending British rule and with the ongoing civil wars. The country experienced a spike in population in the 1960s, and since then the nation continues to grow, but at a slower pace.

Myanmar Population History

Myanmar's relatively slow population growth is predicted to continue on its current trajectory. The rate of growth today is just under 1%, but that will likely decrease to near 0 by 2050. The forecast population for 2020 is 54,808,276 and for 2030 is it 58,915,869.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 34 seconds
One death every 1 minutes
One net migrant every 5 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Myanmar Population in 2018Source: DiverDave at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Myanmar Population Pyramid 2020

Myanmar Population by Age

There are 36,965,527 adults in Myanmar.

Census Years

Year Date
20242024
201410 April 2014

Myanmar is currently experiencing steady if somewhat low population growth. It's hard to say what the population will be in the future, but one thing is sure: Myanmar is facing an aging population and this problem must be addressed.

Official NameRepublic of the Union of Myanmar
Languages SpokenBurmese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude22.00, 98.00
Currencies UsedMyanmar (Burma) Kyat
DemonymBamar
BordersBangladesh
China
India
Laos
Thailand
Name Population Location
Yangon4,477,638Map
Mandalay1,208,099Map
Nay Pyi Taw925,000Map
Mawlamyine438,861Map
Kyain Seikgyi Township246,065Map
Bago244,376Map
Pathein237,089Map
Monywa182,011Map
Sittwe177,743Map
Meiktila177,442Map
Myeik173,298Map
Taunggyi160,115Map
Myingyan141,713Map
Dawei136,783Map
Pyay135,308Map
Hinthada134,947Map
Lashio131,016Map
Pakokku126,938Map
Thaton123,727Map
Pyin Oo Lwin117,303Map

Myanmar Population Clock

The population of Myanmar (as of 1/6/2020)?54,227,992
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)54,409,800
Births Per Day2,578
Deaths Per Day1,233
Net Migrations Per Day-312
Net Change Per Day1,033
Population Change Since January 1st6,198

Myanmar Population Estimator

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Estimate as of January 6th 2020 is: 54,234,099

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202054,409,80048.19%51.81%80.4226NaN%
202054,409,80048.19%51.81%80.42260.65%
201853,708,32048.19%51.81%79.38260.61%
201753,382,52348.19%51.81%78.90260.64%
201653,045,20148.20%51.80%78.40260.69%
201552,680,72648.20%51.80%77.86250.81%
201050,600,81848.22%51.78%74.79250.67%
200548,949,92448.36%51.64%72.35240.94%
200046,719,70148.44%51.56%69.05261.25%
199543,901,59848.63%51.37%64.89251.21%
199041,335,19948.68%51.32%61.09251.71%
198537,977,08648.73%51.27%56.13262.10%
198034,224,31348.80%51.20%50.58272.26%
197530,611,09548.86%51.14%45.24272.34%
197027,269,06948.94%51.06%40.30272.37%
196524,259,35949.04%50.96%35.86272.22%
196021,736,94249.25%50.75%32.13272.14%
195519,550,07149.55%50.45%28.90261.92%
195017,779,62849.99%50.01%26.28260.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202054,409,80048.19%51.81%80.42260.00%
202556,528,47148.20%51.80%83.55270.77%
203058,478,49448.18%51.82%86.43280.68%
203560,064,89748.17%51.83%88.78280.54%
204061,201,60448.15%51.85%90.46280.38%
204561,909,75348.13%51.87%91.50300.23%
205062,253,43048.10%51.90%92.01330.11%
205562,314,91748.07%51.93%92.10340.02%
206062,157,25748.02%51.98%91.8734-0.05%
206561,797,02247.98%52.02%91.3437-0.12%
207061,237,72047.93%52.07%90.5137-0.18%
207560,486,51647.89%52.11%89.4040-0.25%
208059,568,38047.86%52.14%88.0441-0.31%
208558,535,13947.85%52.15%86.5242-0.35%
209057,450,52347.88%52.12%84.9145-0.37%
209556,365,23647.92%52.08%83.3145-0.38%
  1. Central Statistical Organization
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1973, 1983, and the 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population estimate from the 1991 Myanmar Population Change and Fertility Survey, and official population estimates for various years up to 2010 were also considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer