Myanmar Population 2018

54,034,711

Sometimes known as Burma, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - which is often shortened to Myanmar, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is the 24th most populous country in the world, and the 40th largest country by area, with a 2018 estimated population of 53.86 million.

Now, the last partial census was conducted in 1983, and until 2014, the last officially recorded nationwide census hadn't occurred since 1931. It's believed there are at least 300,000 refugees from Burma located along the Thai-Burma border, with many camps established in the 1980's. Illegal groups are not recognized as citizens in the country, and they have been relentlessly persecuted. This led to the expulsion of close to 300,000 Burmese Indians.

Burma/Myanmar Name Confusion

In 1989, an unelected military regime changed the name of Burma to Myanmar. However, the BBC reports that not all countries give legitimacy to the change due to the fact that the change was brought by the unelected military regime. Some countries, and the United Nations recognize the name change due to the paperwork and preference to allow members to name themselves as they wish so long as the decision is recorded. Interestingly enough, "The two words mean the same thing and one is derived from the other. Burmah, as it was spelt in the 19th Century, is a local corruption of the word Myanmar", according to the same report above.

Surface Area and Population Density of Myanmar

Myanmar has 676,578 square kilometers of surface area available within its boundaries. This includes 1,930 km of coastline. When calculated with the estimated current population of 53.86 million, the population density overall is approximately 79 people per square kilometer.

City Centers and Capital of Myanmar

Rangoon/Yangon is the largest city and the capital of the area. It contains 4,477,638 residents. Mandalay comes in second, with 1,208,099; and is also known as the economic center of the country.

Demographics of Myanmar

The country is very ethnically diverse with 135 ethnic groups recognized by the government. There are at least 108 ethnolinguistic groups in Myanmar. The Bamar account for around 68% of the population, followed by the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and overseas Chinese (3%). Ethnic minorities in the country prefer to be called ethnic nationalities to fight against the proliferation of the dominant Bamar people. Other ethnic groups include the Mon (2%), Overseas Indians (2%) and the Kachin, Chin, Anglo-Indians, Nepali and Anglo-Burmese.

Religion in Myanmar is spread across Buddhist with 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, and none at 0.1% of the population.

The official language used is Burmese, with some ethnic groups using their own languages.

Life Expectancy and Quality of Life

The median age in Myanmar/Burma is 28.2 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 68.2 years. The quality of life can be examined in numerous manners, including exploring healthcare, access to improved sanitation and drinking water, as well as the World Happiness Report. Only 2.3% of the GDP is spent in the healthcare sector, and this is likely related to the low phsyician and hospital bed density in the area. There are only .57 physicians and .9 beds available per 1,000 residents. Just over 80% of the country has access to clean drinking water with only 77% having access to improved sanitation facilites. When referring to the World Happiness Report, we see a ranking of 130, with an overall rating of 4.3 out of 10.

Literacy is only at 75.6% of the population over the age of 15 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 33 seconds
One death every 1 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Myanmar Population in 2018Source: DiverDave at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Myanmar Population Growth

Myanmar is currently experiencing steady if somewhat low population growth. It's hard to say what the population will be in the future, but one thing is sure: Myanmar is facing an aging population and this problem must be addressed.

About Myanmar

Official NameRepublic of the Union of Myanmar
Languages SpokenBurmese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2298
Currencies UsedMyanmar (Burma) Kyat
DemonymBamar

Countries Bordering Myanmar

Bangladesh
China
India
Laos
Thailand

Myanmar Population Density

Myanmar Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Yangon4,477,638
Mandalay1,208,099
Nay Pyi Taw925,000
Mawlamyine438,861
Bago244,376
Pathein237,089
Monywa182,011
Sittwe177,743
Meiktila177,442
Myeik173,298
Taunggyi160,115
Myingyan141,713
Dawei136,783
Pyay135,308
Hinthada134,947
Lashio131,016
Pakokku126,938
Thaton123,727
Pyin Oo Lwin117,303
Yenangyaung110,553

Myanmar Population Clock

The population of Myanmar (as of 11/13/2018)?54,034,711
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)53,855,735
Births Per Day2,580
Deaths Per Day1,209
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 1,316
Population Change Since January 1st417,172

Myanmar Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 54,033,418

Myanmar Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201853,855,73548.84%51.16%79.60260.91%
201753,370,60948.84%51.16%78.88260.92%
201652,885,22348.84%51.16%78.17260.92%
201552,403,66948.84%51.16%77.45260.88%
201050,155,89648.80%51.20%74.13250.68%
200548,482,61448.85%51.15%71.66261.01%
200046,095,46248.85%51.15%68.13261.29%
199543,237,79248.98%51.02%63.91251.25%
199040,626,25048.94%51.06%60.05251.77%
198537,222,29648.88%51.12%55.02262.21%
198033,369,71248.83%51.17%49.32272.34%
197529,721,96748.77%51.23%43.93272.41%
197026,381,43148.73%51.27%38.99272.44%
196523,391,14548.72%51.28%34.57272.19%
196020,986,12348.86%51.14%31.02272.15%
195518,867,96849.10%50.90%27.89281.93%
195017,151,51049.58%50.42%25.35260.00%

Myanmar Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202054,808,27648.84%51.16%81.01260.00%
202557,001,49448.82%51.18%84.25270.79%
203058,915,86948.78%51.22%87.08270.66%
203560,430,92448.74%51.26%89.32280.51%
204061,489,08748.70%51.30%90.88290.35%
204562,104,92648.64%51.36%91.79300.20%
205062,358,92548.56%51.44%92.17320.08%
205562,333,90148.47%51.53%92.1333-0.01%
206062,077,30648.37%51.63%91.7533-0.08%
206561,608,61648.25%51.75%91.0635-0.15%
207060,928,10948.14%51.86%90.0539-0.22%
207560,060,14148.02%51.98%88.7741-0.29%
208059,040,66047.92%52.08%87.2642-0.34%
208557,936,92447.85%52.15%85.6343-0.38%
209056,824,58547.81%52.19%83.9945-0.39%
209555,755,26447.79%52.21%82.4145-0.38%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistical Organization
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1973, 1983, and the 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population estimate from the 1991 Myanmar Population Change and Fertility Survey, and official population estimates for various years up to 2010 were also considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer