Namibia Population 2018

2,604,489

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa named for the Namib Desert that is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Angola, Zambia, Botswana, and South Africa. It does not quite actually border Zimbabwe, but the distance between the two countries is just the width of a 200-meter-wide riverbed at the closest point. In 2018, Namibia has an estimated population of 2.59 million.

Population Growth and Population Density

Namibia's population is estimated at 2.59 million, compared to 2.1 million in 2011.

Namibia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with just 3.13 people per square kilometer, which ranks 226th worldwide. The only sovereign country that is less densely populated is Mongolia with 2 people per square kilometers.

The largest city and capital is Windhoek, with a population of about 268,000. This is the only city with a population exceeding 100,000. The next-largest cities are Rundu and Walvis Bay, with about 55,000 people each.

Namibia Demographics

Most Namibian people are of Bantu-speaking origin. The largest ethnic group is the Ovambo (49.8%), who live mostly in the north of the country and in towns throughout Namibia. Other ethnic groups include Kavango (9.3%), Damara (7.5%), Herero (7.5%), white (6.4%), Nama (4.8%) Caprivian (3.7%), San (2.9%), and Basters (2.5%).

The Khoisan (including the San and Nama) are descended from original inhabitants of Southern Africa. Namibia also has many descendants of Angolan refugees. There are two groups of mixed race people in Namibia: "Coloureds" (4.1%) and "Basters." Namibia also has a large Chinese minority.

Whites (Portuguese, British, German and Afrikaner) account for 6.4% of the population and make up the second-largest group of European ancestry in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most Namibian whites and most of the people of mixed race speak Afrikaans. A small amount of whites in the country are descendants of German colonial settlers.

In terms of religions among the population, Christians account for 80-90 (approximately 50% of this is Lutheran) of the population, while 10-20% have indigenous beliefs.

The median age of the Namibian population is at 21.2 years, with a life expectancy of 64 years overall. The current fertility rate as of 2018 is 3.29 children per woman with a maternal mean age of 21.5 years at the time of first birth. The infant mortality rate is at 35.1 deaths per 1,000 live births, ranking 55th in the world as of 2017.

Quality of Life in Namibia

91% of the population has access to clean drinking water overall while 65% of the population struggles to gain access to improved sanitation facilities. This contributes to a high risk of disease and illness in the area.

Literacy ability is currently estimated to be at 81.9% of the total population over the age of 15 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 29 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 10 minutes

Namibia Population in 2018Source: By Brian McMorrow (Pbase gallery) [CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Namibia Population Growth

Namibia does not have a population growth rate as high as some neighboring countries, but it is growing steadily at 2% per year. This trend is expected continue for the next few years.

About Namibia

Official NameRepublic of Namibia
Languages SpokenAfrikaans, German, English, Herero, Khoekhoe, Kwangali, Lozi, Ndonga, Tswana
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-2217
Currencies UsedNamibia Dollar, South Africa Rand
DemonymNamibian

Countries Bordering Namibia

Angola
Botswana
South Africa
Zambia

Namibia Population Density

Namibia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Windhoek268,132
Rundu58,172
Walvis Bay52,058
Oshakati33,618
Swakopmund25,047
Katima Mulilo25,027
Grootfontein24,099
Rehoboth21,377
Otjiwarongo21,224
Okahandja20,879
Gobabis16,321
Keetmanshoop15,608
Luderitz15,137
Mariental13,380
Tsumeb12,190
Khorixas12,021
Omaruru11,547
Bethanie10,363
Ongwediva9,654
Usakos9,147

Namibia Population Clock

The population of Namibia (as of 10/20/2018)?2,604,489
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,587,801
Births Per Day199
Deaths Per Day49
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day 149
Population Change Since January 1st43,657

Namibia Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 2,604,282

Namibia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,587,80148.67%51.33%3.131432.13%
20172,533,79448.65%51.35%3.071432.18%
20162,479,71348.63%51.37%3.001432.23%
20152,425,56148.60%51.40%2.941432.22%
20102,173,17048.43%51.57%2.631421.35%
20052,032,19648.60%51.41%2.461441.36%
20001,899,25748.89%51.11%2.301452.79%
19951,655,35948.80%51.20%2.011453.19%
19901,414,69248.68%51.32%1.711474.26%
19851,148,30248.42%51.58%1.391492.55%
19801,012,67248.70%51.30%1.231482.28%
1975904,83949.36%50.64%1.101463.00%
1970780,38449.39%50.61%0.951462.72%
1965682,55149.36%50.64%0.831462.52%
1960602,54449.37%50.63%0.731472.31%
1955537,51449.44%50.56%0.651472.07%
1950485,27449.66%50.34%0.591470.00%

Namibia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,696,53748.71%51.29%3.271430.00%
20252,970,21448.83%51.17%3.601391.95%
20303,245,65948.96%51.04%3.931381.79%
20353,520,74049.09%50.91%4.261371.64%
20403,796,31949.20%50.80%4.601321.52%
20454,071,13749.30%50.70%4.931321.41%
20504,339,49849.37%50.63%5.261321.28%
20554,593,67049.42%50.58%5.561321.14%
20604,827,64249.44%50.56%5.851311.00%
20655,038,81849.45%50.55%6.101300.86%
20705,225,30149.44%50.56%6.331290.73%
20755,386,77249.43%50.57%6.521290.61%
20805,523,64349.41%50.59%6.691280.50%
20855,635,74649.40%50.60%6.831280.40%
20905,724,36449.38%50.62%6.931270.31%
20955,790,35549.36%50.64%7.011250.23%
Data Sources
  1. Namibia Statistics Authority (NSA)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer