Nato Spending By Country 2019

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – or NATO – is a military and political alliance that is used to guarantee the security and freedom of each of its members. The goal of NATO is to promote democratic values, cooperate on defense and security issues, and to build trust among members. This in turn helps prevent conflict from occurring. NATO also promotes a peaceful resolution of disputes. However, if efforts to be diplomatic do not work, the military alliance is used for crisis-management operations.

As of 2019, there are 29 members of NATO. Those nations include:

At the 2014 summit in Wales, all of the NATO members agreed to spend 2 percent of their GDPs on the defense by the year 2025. According to data gathered in 2017, many nations still fall short of this threshold.

The United States is just one of three nations that actually exceed the 2 percent threshold. In fact, the United States spends 3.6% of its GDP on defense. This equates to just under $686 billion dollars.

Another nation that has met this threshold is the United Kingdom, which spends 2.1% of its GDP on defense – or $55.2 million. The nation of Greece has spent 2.4% of its GDP on the military, which is about $4.7 million.

Poland has also met this goal by spending exactly 2% of its GDP toward its military.

France falls just slightly short of the goal by spending 1.8% of its GDP on defense. Romania also spends this percentage but with a smaller GDP, pays a smaller amount. Latvia’s military spending is also 1.8% of its GDP but the total amount spent is quite low when compared to the other members of NATO.

By percentage of GDP spent, the U.S. comes out on top. In order of percentage of GDP spent, the top 10 nations include:

  • United States: 3.6%
  • Greece: 2.4%
  • United Kingdom: 2.1%
  • Estonia: 2.1%
  • Poland: 2.0%
  • France: 1.8%
  • Romania: 1.8%
  • Latvia: 1.8%
  • Lithuania: 1.7%
  • Norway: 1.6%

This list changes if you sort by the total amount spent. The top 10 NATO nations with the highest military spend are:

  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Canada
  • Turkey
  • Spain
  • Poland
  • Netherlands
Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
2Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
3Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
4United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
5France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
6Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
7Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
8Poland37,887,768312,679 km²120,694 mi²0.21%-0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
9Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
10Romania19,364,557238,391 km²92,019 mi²0.16%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
11Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²16,154 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeWestern Europe
12Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²11,784 mi²< 0.1%0.50%EuropeWestern Europe
13Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²30,442 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeEastern Europe
14Greece10,473,455131,990 km²50,948 mi²< 0.1%-0.46%EuropeSouthern Europe
15Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
16Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
17Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²42,799 mi²< 0.1%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
18Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
19Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²18,928 mi²< 0.1%0.07%EuropeEastern Europe
20Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe
21Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²21,845 mi²< 0.1%-0.63%EuropeSouthern Europe
22Albania2,880,91728,748 km²11,097 mi²< 0.1%-0.06%EuropeSouthern Europe
23Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²25,206 mi²< 0.1%-1.49%EuropeNorthern Europe
24Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
25Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²24,920 mi²< 0.1%-1.13%EuropeNorthern Europe
26Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²17,458 mi²< 0.1%0.21%EuropeNorthern Europe
27Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
28Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
29Iceland339,031103,000 km²39,758 mi²< 0.1%0.69%EuropeNorthern Europe