Nepal Population 2017

29,310,380

The population of Nepal, as of late 2012 and early 2013, was estimated to be 29,860,686. Today, however, it is only 29.30 million. Among this population estimate, the majority of Nepalís inhabitants are women. Moreover, about 34.1% of the total population lies in the 25-54 year old age bracket, providing Nepal with a significant working force in its ranks.

Nepal is showing signs of an average healthy growth rate of 1.35%. The average age of its citizens is 21.6 years, of which the median age of men is 20.7 years and for women it is 22.5 years. Only 4% or less of the populations are estimated to be over the age of 65 years, while about 57.9% of the population lies in the 15-65 age bracket. As Nepal is a developing economy, the burgeoning numbers of young individuals within its ranks it has the potential to really help its economy if sufficient opportunities are created for its youngsters to utilize.

Moreover, Nepal has a host of ethnicities present as well. East Asian mixed people as well as Indo-Aryans live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants. It also has different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well.

Nepal Demographics

Due to mainly Hindu practices, the marriage rate throughout the country is increasing at a rate of two percent. This is leading the population of Nepal to double every three decades and is threatening its developing economy as it continuously resorts to deforestation to create more space to accommodate its growing population. This in turn threatens low lying areas, which have become prone to excessive flooding. Because of that, many Nepalese have begun to migrate out of the country in search of a better livelihood, seeking countries such as India, Pakistan and the Middle East as possible destinations. In the last few years, the number of migrants to these countries has risen as Nepal faces difficulties in providing sufficient jobs to complement its population boom.

The high number of marriages consequently gives rise to a higher birth rate, which was around 22 births per a population of 1000 peoples. On the other hand, the number of deaths was less, with around 7 deaths per population of 1000 people.

All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy rate of only 48.6% in Nepal, of which 62.7% are males and 34.9% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.

Nepal Population in 2018Source: Clemensmarabu

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nepal Population Growth

As a developing nation, Nepal continues to struggle with problems such as over-population and a dwindling economy. However, if it can provide sufficient opportunities to its growing number of youngsters, it can get back to the path of fruitful development in due time.

About Nepal

Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Languages SpokenNepali
BordersCHN, IND
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude2884
Currencies UsedNPR

Nepal Population Density

Name Population
Kathmandu1,442,271
Pokhara200,000
Patan183,310
Biratnagar182,324
Birganj133,238
Dharan Bazar108,600
Bharatpur107,157
Janakpur93,767
Dhangarhi92,294
Butwal91,733
Mahendranagar88,381
Hetauda84,775
Nepalgunj64,400
Bhairahawa63,367
Gulariya53,107
Ithari47,984
Tikapur44,758
Kirtipur44,632
Tulsipur39,058
Rajbiraj33,061
Lahan31,495
Birendranagar31,381
Panauti27,602
Gaur27,325
Siraha24,657
Tansen23,693
Jaleswar23,573
Dipayal23,416
Baglung23,296
Khandbari22,903
Dhankuta22,084
Waling21,867
Dailekh20,908
Malangwa20,284
Bhadrapur19,523
Dadeldhura19,014
Darchula18,317
Ilam17,491
Banepa17,153
kankrabari Dovan10,000
Hari Bdr Tamang House10,000
Jumla9,073
Lobujya8,767
Besisahar5,427

Nepal Population Clock

What is the population of Nepal (as of 11/15/2017)?29,310,380
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)29,304,998
Births Per Day317
Deaths Per Day100
Net Migrations Per Day -178
Net Change Per Day 39
Population Change Since January 1st12,441

Nepal Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.807 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.253 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.216 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.699 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.233 years
Female Life Expectancy 72.18 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.092 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.971 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 26.383 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 31.562 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.326 years
Rate of Natural Increase 13.6
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.608%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 7.195%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 6.028%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 17.512%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 19.581%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 15.469%
Median Age (Total) 23.6 years
Median Age (Female) 24.8 years
Median Age (Male) 22.4 years

Nepal Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201729,304,99848.54%51.46%1991.13%
201528,656,28248.52%51.48%1951.18%
201027,023,13748.78%51.22%1841.06%
200525,640,28749.62%50.38%1741.55%
200023,740,91149.73%50.27%1612.10%
199521,396,38450.47%49.53%1452.68%
199018,749,40649.62%50.38%1272.31%
198516,723,95649.94%50.06%1142.33%
198014,902,16350.01%49.99%1012.26%
197513,325,81449.88%50.12%912.12%
197011,997,92949.71%50.29%821.91%
196510,913,72449.77%50.23%741.64%
196010,063,01149.80%50.20%681.60%
19559,293,49349.60%50.40%631.84%
19508,483,32549.55%50.45%580.00%

Nepal Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202030,260,24448.64%51.36%2060.00%
202531,813,59848.74%51.26%2161.01%
203033,167,61248.82%51.18%2250.84%
203534,246,88148.89%51.11%2330.64%
204035,068,44148.96%51.04%2380.48%
204535,685,87849.03%50.97%2420.35%
205036,106,57849.11%50.89%2450.23%
205536,328,04749.23%50.77%2470.12%
206036,321,44649.38%50.62%247-0.00%
206536,073,65249.56%50.44%245-0.14%
207035,590,98849.78%50.22%242-0.27%
207534,882,20350.00%50.00%237-0.40%
208033,976,25550.23%49.77%231-0.52%
208532,907,93250.43%49.57%224-0.64%
209031,731,98250.62%49.38%216-0.73%
209530,514,80550.77%49.23%207-0.78%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer