Nepal Population 2018
The population of Nepal, as of late 2012 and early 2013, was estimated to be 29,860,686. Today, in 2018 however, it is only 29.62 million.
Surface Area and Population Density of Nepal
The total surface area of Nepal is at 147,181 square kilometers which converts to approximately 56,826.90 square miles. With the above population in mind, this translates to a total population density of approximately 201 people per square kilometer, or 77 people per square miles. Much of the population is concentrated in Kathmandu however, at 52,000 people per square miles or 20,288 per square kilometer.
Growth and Loss in Nepal
Nepal is showing signs of an average healthy growth rate of 1.35%. The average age of its citizens is 21.6 years, of which the median age of men is 20.7 years and for women it is 22.5 years. Only 4% or less of the populations are estimated to be over the age of 65 years, while about 57.9% of the population lies in the 15-65 age bracket. As Nepal is a developing economy, the burgeoning numbers of young individuals within its ranks it has the potential to really help its economy if sufficient opportunities are created for its youngsters to utilize. Among the total population estimate, the majority of Nepalís inhabitants are women. Moreover, about 34.1% of the total population lies in the 25-54 year old age bracket, providing Nepal with a significant working force in its ranks.
A high number of marriages consequently gives rise to a higher birth rate, which was around 22 births per a population of 1000 peoples. On the other hand, the number of deaths was less, with around 7 deaths per population of 1000 people. Due to mainly Hindu practices, the marriage rate throughout the country is increasing at a rate of two percent. This is leading the population of Nepal to double every three decades and this growth is threatening its still developing economy as it continuously resorts to deforestation to create more space to accommodate its growing population. This in turn threatens low lying areas, which have become prone to excessive flooding. Because of that, many Nepalese have begun to migrate out of the country in search of a better livelihood, seeking countries such as India, Pakistan and the Middle East as possible destinations. In the last few years, the number of migrants to these countries has risen as Nepal faces difficulties in providing sufficient jobs to complement its population boom.
Nepal has a host of ethnicities present. East Asian mixed people as well as Indo-Aryans live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants.
It also has many different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well. The World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, and unspecified faiths 0.2% being practiced among the population from a 2011 estimation.
The languages used in Nepal include Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, and unspecified at 0.2%.
Quality of Life in Nepal
All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy ratehttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (of those over 15 years of age) of only 63.49% in Nepal, of which 76.4% are males and 53.1% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.
Additional factors that influence quality of life can also be considered. This includes the low access to improved sanitation, only at 45.8% of the population. Access to clean drinking water is higher, at 91.6% of the population. In terms of health care, 5.8% of the GDP is spent on the health sector, resulting in a physician density of approximately .6 physicians per 1,000 residents and 3 hospital beds being available per 1,000 residents.
The largest cities in Nepal are Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Patan. Kathmandu has nearly 1.5 million residents, while Pokhara and Patan both hover around 200,000 in population.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 55 seconds|
|One death every 3 minutes|
|One net migrant every 8 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 2 minutes|