Nepal Population 2018

29,613,499

The population of Nepal, as of late 2012 and early 2013, was estimated to be 29,860,686. Today, however, it is only 29.62 million. Among this population estimate, the majority of Nepalís inhabitants are women. Moreover, about 34.1% of the total population lies in the 25-54 year old age bracket, providing Nepal with a significant working force in its ranks.

Nepal is showing signs of an average healthy growth rate of 1.35%. The average age of its citizens is 21.6 years, of which the median age of men is 20.7 years and for women it is 22.5 years. Only 4% or less of the populations are estimated to be over the age of 65 years, while about 57.9% of the population lies in the 15-65 age bracket. As Nepal is a developing economy, the burgeoning numbers of young individuals within its ranks it has the potential to really help its economy if sufficient opportunities are created for its youngsters to utilize.

Moreover, Nepal has a host of ethnicities present as well. East Asian mixed people as well as Indo-Aryans live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants. It also has different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well.

Nepal Demographics

Due to mainly Hindu practices, the marriage rate throughout the country is increasing at a rate of two percent. This is leading the population of Nepal to double every three decades and is threatening its developing economy as it continuously resorts to deforestation to create more space to accommodate its growing population. This in turn threatens low lying areas, which have become prone to excessive flooding. Because of that, many Nepalese have begun to migrate out of the country in search of a better livelihood, seeking countries such as India, Pakistan and the Middle East as possible destinations. In the last few years, the number of migrants to these countries has risen as Nepal faces difficulties in providing sufficient jobs to complement its population boom.

The high number of marriages consequently gives rise to a higher birth rate, which was around 22 births per a population of 1000 peoples. On the other hand, the number of deaths was less, with around 7 deaths per population of 1000 people.

All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy rate of only 48.6% in Nepal, of which 62.7% are males and 34.9% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 55 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 8 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Nepal Population in 2018Source: By Varuna 20001 [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Nepal Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200k250k300k350kNepal Male Population0k50k100k150k200k250k300k350kNepal Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Nepal Median Age

23.6


Total

22.4


Male

24.8


Female

Nepal Population by Age

There are 18,243,743 adults in Nepal.

Census Years

Year Date
20212021
201122 June 2011
200122 June 2001
199122 June 1991

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nepal Population Growth

As a developing nation, Nepal continues to struggle with problems such as over-population and a dwindling economy. However, if it can provide sufficient opportunities to its growing number of youngsters, it can get back to the path of fruitful development in due time.

About Nepal

Official NameFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Languages SpokenNepali
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude2884
Currencies UsedNepal Rupee
DemonymNepalese

Countries Bordering Nepal

China
India

Nepal Population Density

Nepal Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Kathmandu1,442,271
Pokhara200,000
Patan183,310
Biratnagar182,324
Birganj133,238
Dharan108,600
Bharatpur107,157
Janakpur93,767
Dhangarhi92,294
Butwal91,733
Mahendranagar88,381
Hetauda84,775
Madhyapur Thimi83,036
Triyuga71,405
Inaruwa70,093
Nepalgunj64,400
Siddharthanagar63,367
Gulariya53,107
Titahari47,984
Panauti46,595

Nepal Population Clock

The population of Nepal (as of 6/18/2018)?29,613,499
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)29,624,035
Births Per Day1,573
Deaths Per Day503
Net Migrations Per Day -192
Net Change Per Day 878
Population Change Since January 1st148,382

Nepal Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.498 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.232 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.376 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.77 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.14 years
Female Life Expectancy 72.42 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.083 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.967 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.065 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 26.247 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 31.398 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.787 years
Rate of Natural Increase 13.266

Nepal Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201829,624,03548.57%51.43%201.28481.09%
201729,304,99848.54%51.46%199.11481.11%
201628,982,77148.52%51.48%196.92461.14%
201528,656,28248.52%51.48%194.70461.18%
201027,023,13748.78%51.22%183.60461.06%
200525,640,28749.62%50.38%174.21441.55%
200023,740,91149.73%50.27%161.30422.10%
199521,396,38450.47%49.53%145.37432.68%
199018,749,40649.62%50.38%127.39442.31%
198516,723,95649.94%50.06%113.63442.33%
198014,902,16350.01%49.99%101.25452.26%
197513,325,81449.88%50.12%90.54472.12%
197011,997,92949.71%50.29%81.52451.91%
196510,913,72449.77%50.23%74.15441.64%
196010,063,01149.80%50.20%68.37411.60%
19559,293,49349.60%50.40%63.14401.84%
19508,483,32549.55%50.45%57.64410.00%

Nepal Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202030,260,24448.64%51.36%205.60490.00%
202531,813,59848.74%51.26%216.15501.01%
203033,167,61248.82%51.18%225.35530.84%
203534,246,88148.89%51.11%232.69540.64%
204035,068,44148.96%51.04%238.27540.48%
204535,685,87849.03%50.97%242.46570.35%
205036,106,57849.11%50.89%245.32570.23%
205536,328,04749.23%50.77%246.83590.12%
206036,321,44649.38%50.62%246.7860-0.00%
206536,073,65249.56%50.44%245.1061-0.14%
207035,590,98849.78%50.22%241.8264-0.27%
207534,882,20350.00%50.00%237.0066-0.40%
208033,976,25550.23%49.77%230.8566-0.52%
208532,907,93250.43%49.57%223.5966-0.64%
209031,731,98250.62%49.38%215.6067-0.73%
209530,514,80550.77%49.23%207.3367-0.78%
Data Sources
  1. Central Bureau of Statistics
  2. Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1954, 1961,1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer