Nepal Population 2016
The population of Nepal, as of late 2012 and early 2013, was estimated to be 29,860,686. Today, however, it is only 28,704,260. Among this population estimate, the majority of Nepalís inhabitants are women. Moreover, about 34.1% of the total population lies in the 25-54 year old age bracket, providing Nepal with a significant working force in its ranks.
Nepal is showing signs of an average healthy growth rate of 1.35%. The average age of its citizens is 21.6 years, of which the median age of men is 20.7 years and for women it is 22.5 years. Only 4% or less of the populations are estimated to be over the age of 65 years, while about 57.9% of the population lies in the 15-65 age bracket. As Nepal is a developing economy, the burgeoning numbers of young individuals within its ranks it has the potential to really help its economy if sufficient opportunities are created for its youngsters to utilize.
Moreover, Nepal has a host of ethnicities present as well. East Asian mixed people as well as Indo-Aryans live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. As a result, Nepal can boast of a multi-ethnic population that also houses a host of different cultures that are shared by its inhabitants. It also has different religions present, most significantly Hinduism and Buddhism, but minorities of Muslims and Christians are present as well.
Due to mainly Hindu practices, the marriage rate throughout the country is increasing at a rate of two percent. This is leading the population of Nepal to double every three decades and is threatening its developing economy as it continuously resorts to deforestation to create more space to accommodate its growing population. This in turn threatens low lying areas, which have become prone to excessive flooding. Because of that, many Nepalese have begun to migrate out of the country in search of a better livelihood, seeking countries such as India, Pakistan and the Middle East as possible destinations. In the last few years, the number of migrants to these countries has risen as Nepal faces difficulties in providing sufficient jobs to complement its population boom.
The high number of marriages consequently gives rise to a higher birth rate, which was around 22 births per a population of 1000 peoples. On the other hand, the number of deaths was less, with around 7 deaths per population of 1000 people.
All of the above factors have also resulted in a lax growth of fundamental institutions such as basic education for everyone in the country. This has resulted in a meager literacy rate of only 48.6% in Nepal, of which 62.7% are males and 34.9% are females. Moreover, life expectancy in Nepal lies at 66.51 years. Specifically, male life expectancy is at 65.26 years, while female life expectancy is at 67.82 years.