“The Kingdom of the Netherlands” is its official name, and what the locals call “koninkrijk der Nederlanden” is an integral part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The country is often called “‘Netherlands” or in Dutch, “Nederland.” The north and western areas of Netherlands border the North Sea. It has Belgium to its south and on its east is Germany. It also shares the Maritime Borders with Belgium, Germany and the UK; these borders are the theoretical boundaries drawn to separate the Earth’s water surface areas.
The capital of the country is Amsterdam, which originated from a small fishing village in the late 12th century. The city later was known among the most significant ports of the world, especially in the Dutch Golden Age when the country made significant developments in the trade business. Geographically, Netherlands is a low-lying country - about 20% of its total area, which is 41,543 km2 and which has about 21% of the country’s total population, lies below sea level. And 50% of the country’s total area is located lower than or only one meter above sea level.
Netherlands Population 2014
According to the latest statistics of 2013, Netherlands contributes to about 0.24% of the total world population, which makes it the 62nd most populated country in the world. The majority of its people are Dutch. According to July 2013 estimates, the country had a total population of 16.73 million. These statistics are generated by the census authority in Netherlands. The name of this statistical agency is “Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek.”
Amsterdam, the capital of Netherlands, is by far the most populous city of the whole country. Its population alone is around 7 million compared to the 16.73 million of the country’s total population. This figure is comprised of 80,200 people living within the city limits, 1,557,905 in the urban area and 2,332,839 people in the metropolitan area.
According to the country’s official census taken in 2011, the population density is 404 people per km2 – placing the country at 28th in the whole world. The growth rate of Netherlands is 0.39%, which is reported to be 189th in the world. The birth rate per 1000 people is 10.3 births, which has a rank of 161st in the world; and the death rate is calculated at 8.78 per 1000 people, or 77th in the world. The fertility rate is calculated at 1.78 children per woman.
Netherlands Population History
The population has seen significant growth during the last few decades. The census held in 1960 reported a total population of 11,461,964. This number grew over the years at a very high rate. Another census taken in 1971 reported a population of 13,060,115 people, but after that the high growth rate started to decrease. Over the years, only 3 decades later, another census held in 2002 reported a total population of 16,105,285. The growth rate has been low ever since and currently is reported to be at 0.39% according to the latest census held in 2011.
Life expectancy in Netherlands is reported to be 81.01 years for the total population, which is the 21st highest in the world. For the male population, the life expectancy rate is 78.93 years, while for females it is 78.92 years (estimated). The maternal mortality rate is 6 deaths per 1,000,000 live births. This is the 170th highest in the whole world. The infant mortality rate for Netherlands is 3.69 deaths per 1000 live births. This, for the male population, is 3.99 deaths per 1000 live births; for the female population it is 3.38 deaths per 1000 live births.
Netherlands is the 27th most densely populated country of the world, concentrated over the country’s 41,526 km2 area. The population is distributed as follows: 17.4% in the 0-14 age group, 67.7% in the 15-64 age group, and 14.9% in the age group of 65 and over.
The ratio of males to females is 0.98 male / female. This ratio at birth is 1.05 males / female; under the age of 15, it is again 1.05 males per female; in the age group 15-64 years, 1.02 males / female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 0.75 male / female.
The population is largely Dutch, comprising 79.3% of the total population. They are the major ethnic group of the country. Other ethnics that are minorities here include: Europeans comprising 5.7% of the population, the Turks comprising 2.4%, Indo-Europeans with 2.3% of the population, Moroccans at 2.2%, Surinamese with 2.1%, Caribbeans at 0.9%, Poles at 0.6%, Chinese at 0.3%, Iraqis at 0.3%, and some other ethnic groups that comprise the remaining 3.9%.
Netherlands Population Projections
The population of Netherlands is expected to rise. According to calculations, it is anticipated that over 1 million more people will dwell in the country in the next 30 years’ time, after which the population will start to decrease again. It is also reported that the Dutch population will reach 17.5 million by 2038.
The forecast held in 2006 illustrated growth to a maximum of 17 million total population in the country, but the growth rate has been greater than what was predicted. It is now expected to behave in a similar way in the future as well.