Netherlands Population 2019
“The Kingdom of the Netherlands” is its official name, and what the locals call “koninkrijk der Nederlanden” is an integral part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The country is often called “‘Netherlands” or in Dutch, “Nederland.” The north and western areas of Netherlands border the North Sea. It has Belgium to its south and on its east is Germany. It also shares the Maritime Borders with Belgium, Germany and the UK; these borders are the theoretical boundaries drawn to separate the Earth’s water surface areas.
According to the statistics of 2013, Netherlands contributes to about 0.24% of the total world population, which makes it the 62nd most populated country in the world. The majority of its people are Dutch. According to July 2013 estimates, the country had a total population of 16.73 million. These statistics are generated by the census authority in Netherlands. The name of this statistical agency is “Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek.” The estimated population in 2019 is 17.10 million, which ranks 68th in the world.
Netherlands Area and Population Density
Much of the Netherlands' northern and western border sits along the North Sea, and it is otherwise touched by Germany and Belgium in northwestern Europe. Based on the 2019 population of 17,132,068, the population density of the Netherlands is 1044 people per square mile (412 people per square kilometer) – placing the country at 16th in the whole world. This is spread over the country’s 16,412 square miles (41,526 square kilometers) of surface area.
Largest Cities in the Netherlands
The capital of the country is Amsterdam, which originated from a small fishing village in the late 12th century. The city later was known among the most significant ports of the world, especially in the Dutch Golden Age when the country made significant developments in the trade business. Geographically, Netherlands is a low-lying country - about 20% of its total area, which is 41,543 km2 and which has about 21% of the country’s total population, lies below sea level. And 50% of the country’s total area is located lower than or only one meter above sea level.
Amsterdam, the capital of Netherlands, is by far the most populous city of the whole country. Its population alone is around 7 million compared to the 16.73 million of the country’s total population. This figure is comprised of 80,200 people living within the city limits, 1,557,905 in the urban area and 2,332,839 people in the metropolitan area.
The Netherlands is the 27th most densely populated country of the world, concentrated over the country’s 41,526 square kilometers of surface area. The population is distributed as follows: 17.4% in the 0-14 age group, 67.7% in the 15-64 age group, and 14.9% in the age group of 65 and over.
The ratio of males to females is 0.98 male / female. This ratio at birth is 1.05 males / female; under the age of 15, it is again 1.05 males per female; in the age group 15-64 years, 1.02 males / female; and for the 65+ age group, it is 0.75 male / female.
The population is largely Dutch, comprising 79.3% of the total population. They are the major ethnic group of the country. Other ethnics that are minorities here include: Europeans comprising 5.7% of the population, the Turks comprising 2.4%, Indo-Europeans with 2.3% of the population, Moroccans at 2.2%, Surinamese with 2.1%, Caribbeans at 0.9%, Poles at 0.6%, Chinese at 0.3%, Iraqis at 0.3%, and some other ethnic groups that comprise the remaining 3.9%.
Netherlands Religion, Economy and Politics
The religions that are practiced by the population of the Netherlands are varied, let's take a look at the World Factbook stats from a 2015 estimate: Roman Catholic 23.7%, Protestant 15.5% (includes Dutch Reformed 6.5%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands 5.7%, Calvinist 3.3%), Islam 4.9%, other 5.7% (includes Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish), and no affiliation at 50.1% of the population.
The Netherlands has an extremely robust economy and is the 18th largest in the world- which is very impressive for a country of only 17 million. More than 25% of the EU's natural gas supply comes from the Netherlands, and the industry has been the country's strongest since the discovery of their supply in 1959. Their economy is knowing for having a high GDP per capita ($48,860 US dollars), low unemployment, and great international relations.
There are a few factors that one can examine to gain a better understanding of the quality of life in any country. Here, healthcare, literacy, and improved access to water and sanitation will be explored. In terms of health, 10.9% of the national GDP is spent on the healthcare sector, resulting in a fair density of resources - there are 3.48 physicians available per 1,000 residents and 4.7 hospital beds available per 1,000 individuals within the population. 100% of the population has access to clean drinking water, yet still 2.3% of the population struggle with access to improved sanitation facilities. When we turn to literacy, 99% of the population over the age of 15 is literate, and this likely results partly from a 5.5% GDP expenditure in the education sector.
Netherlands Population History
The population has seen significant growth during the last few decades. The census held in 1960 reported a total population of 11,461,964. This number grew over the years at a very high rate. Another census taken in 1971 reported a population of 13,060,115 people, but after that, the high growth rate started to decrease. Over the years, only 3 decades later, another census held in 2002 reported a total population of 16,105,285. The growth rate has been relatively slow ever since and currently is reported to be at 0.39% according to the latest census held in 2011 and has held the same through the 2017 estimates.
Netherlands Population Growth
The growth rate of the Netherlands is still at 0.39%, which is reported to be 164th in the world in 2018. The birth rate per 1000 people is 10.9 births, which has a rank of 182nd in the world; and the death rate is calculated at 8.9 deaths per 1000 people, or 77th in the world. The fertility rate is calculated at 1.78 children per woman.
Life expectancy in the Netherlands is reported to be 81.4 years for the total population, which is the 25th highest in the world. For the male population, the life expectancy rate is 79.3 years, while for females it is 83.7 years (estimated). The median age of the Netherlands population is 42.6 years. The maternal mortality rate is 6 deaths per 1,000,000 live births. This is the 170th highest in the whole world. The infant mortality rate for the Netherlands is 3.69 deaths per 1000 live births. This, for the male population, is 3.99 deaths per 1000 live births; for the female population, it is 3.38 deaths per 1000 live births.
Netherlands Population Projections
The very slow 2019 annual growth rate of 0.28% is expected to continue decreasing, until it hits a standstill at 0% around 2040, before beginning a very slow decline. Because the rate is slow in either direction, population numbers aren't expected to change much at all into the foreseeable future. Current projections say that the population will be 17,181,249 in 2020, 17,594,086 in 2030, 17,700.286 in 2040 and 17,517,575 by 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 3 minutes|
|One death every 4 minutes|
|One net migrant every 31 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 14 minutes|