New Caledonia Population 2017

270,032

New Caledonia has just 18,500 square kilometers of land, which ranks 154th in the world, and the population has grown slowly but steadily. New Caledonia has a very low population density of just 13 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 200th in the world.

About 17,400 people live in the Loyalty Islands Province, 45,000 in the North Province and 183,000 in the South Province. The indigenous Kanak make up 94% of the population in the Loyalty Islands Province, 74% in the North Province and 27% in the South Province.

New Caledonia Demographics

About 40% of the New Caledonia population belongs to the indigenous Kanak community, while 29% are European and 8.7% originated from Futuna or Wallis. The rest of the population includes Tahitians (2%), Javanese Indonesian (1.6%), Vietnamese (1%), Ni-Vanuatu (0.9%), other Asian (0.8%), and other (1%). The Kanak are indigenous to New Caledonia and part of the Melanesian group.

New Caledonia History

New Caledonia was first discovered toward the end of the 18th century and was originally of interest for sandalwood. After this trade declined, the people of New Caledonia -- who were called the Kanakas after the Hawaiian word for "men" -- were kidnapped and enslaved. Through the 19th century, cannibalism was widespread in the area.

The area eventually came under French rule and it became a penal colony through the end of the 19th century with about 22,000 political prisoners and criminals sent to the island. The indigenous people were confined to reservations, which eventually led to an uprising that united many tribes to launch a war against the French. From 1878 to 1921, the Kanak population fell from 60,000 to 27,000 due to disease brought by the French.

New Caledonia Population in 2017Source: Thomas@RUN

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

New Caledonia Population Growth

While population growth has slowed in New Caledonia since the 1990's, it has remained strong at about 1.5% per year. About 85% of this growth is natural growth, while 15% is due to migration. Population growth remains the strongest in the Southern providence at more than 2% while it is negative in the Loyalty Islands.

About New Caledonia

Official NameNew Caledonia
Languages SpokenFrench
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-21.5165.5
Currencies UsedXPF

New Caledonia Population Density

Name Population
La Foa2,947
Kone4,572
Tadine7,492
We10,375
Paita12,617
Dumbea19,346
Mont-Dore24,680
Noumea93,060

New Caledonia Population Clock

What is the population of New Caledonia (as of September 13, 2017)?270,032
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)269736
Births Per Day2
Deaths Per Day1
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 4
Population Change Since January 1st1,020

New Caledonia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.936 births/thousand124
Crude Death Rate 6.996 deaths/thousand118
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.172 people/thousand19
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.179 years60
Male Life Expectancy 74.593 years60
Female Life Expectancy 80.144 years59
Total Fertility Rate 2.049 children/woman113
Net Reproduction Rate 0.976 surviving daughters/woman111
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 11.584 deaths/1,000 live births115
Under Five Mortality 13.409 deaths/thousand117
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.328 years54
Rate of Natural Increase 7.96 128
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.907 %60
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.312 %52
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.482 %73
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.273 %48
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 11.467 %50
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.988 %56
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand0
Median Age (Total) 31.7 years95
Median Age (Female) 32.4 years97
Median Age (Male) 31 years95

New Caledonia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017269,73650.341%49.659%142061.21%185
2015263,11850.443%49.557%142031.25%185
2010246,34550.717%49.283%132021.37%183
2005228,68350.273%49.727%122011.56%183
2000209,99750.645%49.355%111991.84%183
1995189,19751.094%48.906%101982.23%183
1990168,53751.016%48.984%91992.19%183
1985153,92951.031%48.969%82001.66%184
1980141,86651.425%48.575%71981.65%185
1975128,21652.017%47.983%71932.73%184
1970105,02552.24%47.76%51953.96%184
196591,19752.586%47.414%41962.69%185
196078,05852.717%47.283%41923.19%186
195567,75052.664%47.336%31972.49%185
195064,82452.658%47.342%3192-0.84%183

New Caledonia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020279,57750.226%49.774%152041.15%185
2025295,59450.064%49.936%162061.05%185
2030311,00049.954%50.046%172060.96%185
2035325,66049.892%50.108%172070.86%184
2040339,32449.874%50.126%182060.76%184
2045351,89449.897%50.103%192050.68%184
2050363,47949.953%50.047%192060.6%183
2055373,92650.033%49.967%202040.52%184
2060383,24450.119%49.881%202050.45%184
2065391,46450.196%49.804%212040.39%184
2070398,59350.254%49.746%212040.32%182
2075404,54250.295%49.705%222010.26%182
2080409,38550.31%49.69%221990.2%182
2085413,05650.317%49.683%221980.15%182
2090415,70950.32%49.68%221990.11%182
2095417,68350.325%49.675%221990.08%182
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations