New Caledonia Population 2018

279,671

New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France located in the southwest Pacific Ocean about 750 miles east of Australia and more than 10,000 miles east of Metropolitan France. New Caledonia is an archipelago that includes the main island of Grande Terre (aka Le Caillou), the Isle of Pines, the Belep archipelago, the Chesterfield Islands, the Loyalty Islands and islets. The estimated 2018 population of New Caledonia is 279,821, which ranks 182nd in the world.

New Caledonia has just 18,500 square kilometers of land, which ranks 154th in the world, and the population has grown slowly but steadily. New Caledonia has a very low population density of just 13 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 200th in the world.

About 17,400 people live in the Loyalty Islands Province, 45,000 in the North Province and 183,000 in the South Province. The indigenous Kanak make up 94% of the population in the Loyalty Islands Province, 74% in the North Province and 27% in the South Province.

New Caledonia Demographics

About 40% of the New Caledonia population belongs to the indigenous Kanak community, while 29% are European and 8.7% originated from Futuna or Wallis. The rest of the population includes Tahitians (2%), Javanese Indonesian (1.6%), Vietnamese (1%), Ni-Vanuatu (0.9%), other Asian (0.8%), and other (1%). The Kanak are indigenous to New Caledonia and part of the Melanesian group.

New Caledonia History

New Caledonia was first discovered toward the end of the 18th century and was originally of interest for sandalwood. After this trade declined, the people of New Caledonia -- who were called the Kanakas after the Hawaiian word for "men" -- were kidnapped and enslaved. Through the 19th century, cannibalism was widespread in the area.

The area eventually came under French rule and it became a penal colony through the end of the 19th century with about 22,000 political prisoners and criminals sent to the island. The indigenous people were confined to reservations, which eventually led to an uprising that united many tribes to launch a war against the French. From 1878 to 1921, the Kanak population fell from 60,000 to 27,000 due to disease brought by the French.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 120 minutes
One death every 288 minutes
One net migrant every 480 minutes
Net gain of one person every 144 minutes

New Caledonia Population in 2018Source: By my LifeShow from Paris, France (NC21) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

New Caledonia Population Pyramid 2018

0k1k1k2k2kNew Caledonia Male Population0k1k1k2k2kNew Caledonia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

New Caledonia Median Age

31.7


Total

31


Male

32.4


Female

New Caledonia Population by Age

There are 201,592 adults in New Caledonia.

Census Years

Year Date
20192019
201426 August 2014
200927 July 2009
200431 August 2004
199616 April 1996
19894 April 1989

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

New Caledonia Population Growth

While population growth has slowed in New Caledonia since the 1990's, it has remained strong at about 1.5% per year. About 85% of this growth is natural growth, while 15% is due to migration. Population growth remains the strongest in the Southern providence at more than 2% while it is negative in the Loyalty Islands.

About New Caledonia

Official NameNew Caledonia
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-21.5165.5
Currencies UsedComptoirs Français du Pacifique (CFP) Franc
DemonymNew Caledonian

Countries Bordering New Caledonia

None

New Caledonia Population Density

New Caledonia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Noumea93,060
Mont-Dore24,680
Dumbea19,346
Paita12,617
We10,375
Tadine7,492
Kone4,572
La Foa2,947

New Caledonia Population Clock

The population of New Caledonia (as of 6/15/2018)?279,671
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)279,821
Births Per Day12
Deaths Per Day5
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 10
Population Change Since January 1st1,660

New Caledonia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 15.521 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.778 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.075 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.24 years
Male Life Expectancy 74.66 years
Female Life Expectancy 80.16 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.142 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.025 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 11.514 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 13.329 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.947 years
Rate of Natural Increase 8.743

New Caledonia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018279,82150.34%49.66%15.061851.29%
2017276,25550.38%49.62%14.871841.31%
2016272,67750.42%49.58%14.681841.33%
2015269,09150.47%49.53%14.491831.40%
2010251,03750.72%49.27%13.511831.53%
2005232,68650.28%49.72%12.531831.80%
2000212,87150.64%49.36%11.461832.22%
1995190,73251.06%48.94%10.271832.35%
1990169,78751.02%48.99%9.141831.71%
1985155,98251.18%48.82%8.401841.45%
1980145,14451.63%48.37%7.811842.19%
1975130,26452.08%47.92%7.011844.34%
1970105,32452.28%47.72%5.671852.92%
196591,20052.58%47.41%4.911863.16%
196078,05652.72%47.29%4.201872.87%
195567,74852.67%47.33%3.651860.89%
195064,82552.65%47.34%3.491840.00%

New Caledonia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020286,91350.27%49.73%15.451850.00%
2025304,31250.11%49.89%16.381841.18%
2030321,10250.00%50.00%17.291841.08%
2035336,97749.92%50.08%18.141840.97%
2040351,66449.87%50.13%18.931840.86%
2045365,13749.86%50.14%19.661840.75%
2050377,50949.89%50.11%20.321840.67%
2055388,62949.94%50.06%20.921840.58%
2060398,61350.02%49.98%21.461830.51%
2065407,51250.09%49.91%21.941810.44%
2070415,41150.15%49.85%22.361810.38%
2075422,21250.18%49.82%22.731810.33%
2080427,74850.19%49.81%23.031810.26%
2085431,92550.19%49.81%23.251810.19%
2090434,93350.19%49.81%23.411810.14%
2095437,06850.19%49.81%23.531810.10%
Data Sources
  1. New Caledonia Statistics Office
  2. New Caledonia Statistics Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1951, 1956, 1963, 1969, 1976, 1989, 1996, 2004, 2009 and 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer