New Caledonia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

New Caledonia has just 18,500 square kilometers of land, which ranks 154th in the world, and the population has grown slowly but steadily. New Caledonia has a very low population density of just 13 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 200th in the world.

About 17,400 people live in the Loyalty Islands Province, 45,000 in the North Province and 183,000 in the South Province. The indigenous Kanak make up 94% of the population in the Loyalty Islands Province, 74% in the North Province and 27% in the South Province.

New Caledonia Demographics

About 40% of the New Caledonia population belongs to the indigenous Kanak community, while 29% are European and 8.7% originated from Futuna or Wallis. The rest of the population includes Tahitians (2%), Javanese Indonesian (1.6%), Vietnamese (1%), Ni-Vanuatu (0.9%), other Asian (0.8%), and other (1%). The Kanak are indigenous to New Caledonia and part of the Melanesian group.

New Caledonia History

New Caledonia was first discovered toward the end of the 18th century and was originally of interest for sandalwood. After this trade declined, the people of New Caledonia -- who were called the Kanakas after the Hawaiian word for "men" -- were kidnapped and enslaved. Through the 19th century, cannibalism was widespread in the area.

The area eventually came under French rule and it became a penal colony through the end of the 19th century with about 22,000 political prisoners and criminals sent to the island. The indigenous people were confined to reservations, which eventually led to an uprising that united many tribes to launch a war against the French. From 1878 to 1921, the Kanak population fell from 60,000 to 27,000 due to disease brought by the French.

New Caledonia Population in 2017 Source: Thomas@RUN

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

New Caledonia Population Growth

While population growth has slowed in New Caledonia since the 1990's, it has remained strong at about 1.5% per year. About 85% of this growth is natural growth, while 15% is due to migration. Population growth remains the strongest in the Southern providence at more than 2% while it is negative in the Loyalty Islands.

New Caledonia Population Density

About New Caledonia

Official Name New Caledonia
Languages Spoken French
Borders
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude -21.5,165.5
Currencies Used XPF

New Caledonia Population Clock

What is the population of New Caledonia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2
Deaths Per Day 1
Net Migrations Per Day 3
Net Change Per Day 4
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

New Caledonia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.936 births/thousand 124th
Crude Death Rate 6.996 deaths/thousand 118th
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.172 people/thousand 19th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.179 years 60th
Life Expectancy (Male) 74.593 years 60th
Life Expectancy (Female) 80.144 years 59th
Total Fertility Rate 2.049 children/woman 113th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.976 surviving daughters/woman 111th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 11.584 deaths/1,000 live births 115th
Under Five Mortality 13.409 deaths/thousand 117th
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.328 years 54th
Rate of Natural Increase 7.96 128th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.907% 60th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.312% 52nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.482% 73rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.273% 60th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 11.467% 52nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.988% 73rd
Crude Suicide Rate 0 suicides/thousand 0th
Median Age (Total) 31.7 years 95th
Median Age (Female) 32.4 years 97th
Median Age (Male) 31 years 95th

New Caledonia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 269,736 50.341% 49.659% 14 206 1.21% 185
2015 263,118 50.443% 49.557% 14 203 1.25% 185
2010 246,345 50.717% 49.283% 13 202 1.37% 183
2005 228,683 50.273% 49.727% 12 201 1.56% 183
2000 209,997 50.645% 49.355% 11 199 1.84% 183
1995 189,197 51.094% 48.906% 10 198 2.23% 183
1990 168,537 51.016% 48.984% 9 199 2.19% 183
1985 153,929 51.031% 48.969% 8 200 1.66% 184
1980 141,866 51.425% 48.575% 7 198 1.65% 185
1975 128,216 52.017% 47.983% 7 193 2.73% 184
1970 105,025 52.24% 47.76% 5 195 3.96% 184
1965 91,197 52.586% 47.414% 4 196 2.69% 185
1960 78,058 52.717% 47.283% 4 192 3.19% 186
1955 67,750 52.664% 47.336% 3 197 2.49% 185
1950 64,824 52.658% 47.342% 3 192 -0.84% 183

New Caledonia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 279,577 50.226% 49.774% 15 204 1.15% 185
2025 295,594 50.064% 49.936% 16 206 1.05% 185
2030 311,000 49.954% 50.046% 17 206 0.96% 185
2035 325,660 49.892% 50.108% 17 207 0.86% 184
2040 339,324 49.874% 50.126% 18 206 0.76% 184
2045 351,894 49.897% 50.103% 19 205 0.68% 184
2050 363,479 49.953% 50.047% 19 206 0.6% 183
2055 373,926 50.033% 49.967% 20 204 0.52% 184
2060 383,244 50.119% 49.881% 20 205 0.45% 184
2065 391,464 50.196% 49.804% 21 204 0.39% 184
2070 398,593 50.254% 49.746% 21 204 0.32% 182
2075 404,542 50.295% 49.705% 22 201 0.26% 182
2080 409,385 50.31% 49.69% 22 199 0.2% 182
2085 413,056 50.317% 49.683% 22 198 0.15% 182
2090 415,709 50.32% 49.68% 22 199 0.11% 182
2095 417,683 50.325% 49.675% 22 199 0.08% 182
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations