New Zealand Population 2019
New Zealand's current population is estimated at just over 4.78 million in 2019. The most recent census was held in 2018 but these results have not been released yet, however, we have the data from the previous census in 2013 when the total population was counted as 4,242,048.
New Zealand Area and Population Density
New Zealand is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. There are two main islands: the North Island and the South Island, in addition to roughly 600 smaller islands. The total surface area within New Zealand comes in at 103,483 square miles (268,021 square kilometers) which ranks 76th in the world just in terms of size. Using the 2017 population of 4.794 million people, the population density is approximately 46 people per square mile (18 people per square kilometer) which ranks New Zealand 166th in the world in terms of population density.
Largest Cities in New Zealand
A substantial 86.1% of people living in New Zealand live either in or around a major city. The two largest cities are both on the North Island. Auckland is the largest by far, with 1.45 million people living there. Auckland has two natural harbors and is the trade center of the country. It is also one of the most livable cities in the world. The second largest city is the nation's capital of Wellington with a population of 398,000. Wellington is built along a fault line that causes some of the worst traffic in thr country. On the South Island, the largest city is Christchurch with 382,000 people living within its limits. Other major cities include Hamilton (224,000), Tauranga (131,000), Napier-Hastings (130,000), Dunedin (117,000), and Palmerston North with 84,000.
New Zealand Demographics
As far as demographics are concerned, the indigenous Maoris were overtaken in terms of numbers by European settlers as early as the 19th century. The 2013 census revealed that of the total population of over 4 million, 74% of citizens declared themselves to be of European descent. Maoris made up for 14.9% with those of Asian ethnicity contributing another 11.8%.
In terms of languages used within New Zealand, there are quite a few. They include English (de facto official language) 89.8%, Maori (de jure official) 3.5%, Samoan 2%, Hindi 1.6%, French 1.2%, Northern Chinese 1.2%, Yue 1%, other or not stated 20.5%, New Zealand Sign Language (official language). Many respondents use multiple languages which will create 100%+ sums in some of these notes.
New Zealand Religion, Economy and Politics
The religions among the residents of New Zealand come in at Christian 44.3% (including Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, and those objected to answering came in at 4.1%.
The terms of GDP, the economy in New Zealand is the 53rd strongest in the world, much of which is dependent upon their foreign trade with countries like Australia, all of the European Union, the United States, China, South Korea, Canada, and Japan. Their proximity and the Closer Economic Relations agreement in 1983 brought the economies of New Zealand and Australia close together and they operate in very similar fashions.
New Zealand's government is a unitary parliamentary representative democracy, as wekk as a constitutional monarchy in the hereditary sense, meaning that the Queen of England is also the head of state in New Zealand. Legislative power is divided between the Queen and the House of Representatives. Since the Queen is not often physically present, the Governor-General of New Zealand acts in her place. Executive power is more in the hands of the people and ministers for the House of Representatives are elected democraticaly.
New Zealand Population History
New Zealand was occupied by the Polynesian people since roughly 1200-1300 AD, but not much is known about the people of this time. Abel Tasman from the Netherlands came to the south island in 1642 and dubbed the territory with its current name. The British began to inhabit the area in the early 1800s.
The British officially established their rule in 1840, much to the disdain of the indigenous people, causing nearly 30 years of civil disputes. New Zealand sent thousands to fight for the British in World War I, causing mass casualties. They were in a similar situation during World War II. Post World War II, New Zealand gained full independence from Britian in 1947.
New Zealand Population Growth
Like its neighbor Australia, New Zealand publishes its own online population clock and in late 2016, the estimated figure is shown as 4,723,562. Government statistics draw on their estimated levels of natural growth, and are slightly higher than the UN's estimates, which have estimated New Zealand's 2019 population at 4.78 million. This ranks New Zealand's population at 125th in the world.
The New Zealand population clock projects from the June 2016 estimated population using the following factors:
- One birth every nine minutes
- One death every fifteen minutes
- One net migration gain every six minutes and twenty-nine seconds
New Zealand was actually losing citizens to migration as recently as 2012, but now has a significant positive net migration. This, coupled with the difference between births and deaths, contributes to a healthy rise in population that is expected to continue throughout the 21st century.
The most recent New Zealand census was taken in 2013. This census counted 4,242,048 people, up from 4,027,947 in 2006. This represents a 5.3% gain in the 7 years between censuses. The census is usually held every five years, but in 2011 New Zealand suffered from a major earthquake, which pushed the 2011 census back to 2013. The next census is scheduled to be taken in 2018.
New Zealand Population Projections
The declining population is expected to continue in the years to come in New Zealand, but the population will still be growing- just at a slower rate. Current projections believe that the annual growth rate will peak in 2020 at 0.94% before gradually decreasing toward 0.34% in 2050. With growth rates this small, it is unlikely that New Zealand will see large changes in their numbers. The same set of predictions believe that the population of New Zealand will be 4,834,420 in 2020, 5,213,103 in 2030, 5,502,172 in 2040, and 5,711,484 by 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 9 minutes|
|One death every 16 minutes|
|One net migrant every 37 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 13 minutes|