The last official census carried out in New Zealand took place in 2006 and at the time, the figures claimed a total of 4,027,947 residents. Like many countries around the world, those numbers are believed to be increasing steadily and although the next census won’t take place until 2016, it’s estimated that the population for New Zealand in 2014 is 4,561,498, up from the 4.4 million estimated in 2012.
New Zealand Population Growth
Like its neighbour Australia, New Zealand publishes its own online population clock and as the calendar neared the end of February 2012, the estimated figure was shown as 4,427,902. Government statistics draw on their estimated levels of natural growth and the formula they use is as follows.
The figures take a December 2011 estimate and then assume
- One birth every eight minutes and nineteen seconds
- One death every nineteen minutes and thirty seven seconds
- One net migration loss of one citizen every 2 hours, 47 minutes, and 55 seconds
The calculations then reveal the current figure of a New Zealand population for 2014 of just over 4.56 million.
Perhaps the most interesting part of those statistics is that unlike many countries across the world, New Zealand is actually losing citizens to migration while the big gap in the birth and death rates compensate for that and produce a steady growth in the overall population.
New Zealand 2006 Census
In 2006, the nationwide census declared a total of 4,027,947 residents with 76% of the New Zealand population living in the North Island. With a land mass of 103,734 square miles that therefore translates into a population density of around 39 citizens living in every square mile of New Zealand territory.
As far as demographics are concerned, the indigenous Maoris were overtaken in terms of numbers by European settlers as early as the 19th century. The 2006 census revealed that of the total population of just over 4 million, 67.6 per cent of citizens declared themselves to be of European descent. Maoris made up for 14.6 per cent with those of Asian ethnicity contributing the just over 9 per cent of the total figures.
Other ethnic groups inside New Zealand came to just 1 per cent while a further 11 per cent claimed to be simply a ‘New Zealander’.
New Zealand Population Projections
The net migration figures are indeed very interesting and they ultimately equate to one resident New Zealander leaving the country every three hours or so. The natural growth element is extremely healthy however and there are no reasons to suggest that this is likely to change in the next four years.
With steady growth likely to continue for the immediate future, the population census for 2016 is also expected to confirm a healthy increase for the country as a whole.