Newest Countries 2019

While some nations have a very long history, others are relatively new. This is partially due to dissolution of countries like the USSR or nations that gained their independence. Other nations – such as East and West Germany – united to form one nation.

Since 1990, there have been 34 new countries created. Fifteen of these nations came to be after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The new nations that were created following the fall of the USSR in 1991 are:

The dissolution of Yugoslavia also resulted in the formation of new countries, although not as many as the 15 created after the fall of the Soviet Union. The nations that declared independence following the dissolution of Yugoslavia are:

Throughout the 1990s, more nations declared their independence. This includes:

The newest nations were formed in the 2000s. These nations are:

South Sudan is the newest nation in the world. It seceded from Sudan in 2011.

Country Former Country Splitting Date Note Population 2019
ArmeniaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed2,957,731
AzerbaijanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed10,047,718
BelarusUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed9,452,411
Bosnia And HerzegovinaYugoslaviaFebruary 29, 1992Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries3,301,000
CroatiaYugoslaviaJune 25, 1991Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries4,130,304
Czech RepublicCzechoslovakiaJanuary 1, 1993The Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent nations when Czechoslovakia dissolved. The peaceful separation was also known as the Velvet Divorce, after the Velvet Revolution which had led to the end of communist rule in Czechoslovakia.10,689,209
EritreaEthiopiaMay 25, 1993Eritrea, which was part of Ethiopia, seceded and gained independence. The two nations later became involved in a violent war over disputed territory. A peace agreement was reached in 2018.3,497,117
EstoniaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed1,325,648
GeorgiaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed3,996,765
GermanyEast Germany and West GermanyOctober 3, 1990East Germany and West Germany merged to form a unified Germany after the fall of the Iron Curtain83,517,045
KazakhstanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed18,551,427
KyrgyzstanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed6,415,850
LatviaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed1,906,743
LithuaniaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed2,759,627
Marshall IslandsUnited StatesSeptember 17, 1991The Marshall Islands was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony58,791
MicronesiaUnited StatesSeptember 17, 1991Micronesia, previously known as the Caroline Islands, became independent from the United States113,815
MoldovaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed4,043,263
MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroJune 3, 2006Montenegro was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) but gained independence after a referendum627,987
NamibiaSouth AfricaMarch 21, 1990Previously, Namibia was known as South West Africa when the latter was officially a German territory2,494,530
PalauUnited StatesOctober 1, 1994Palau was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony.18,008
RussiaUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed145,872,256
SerbiaSerbia and MontenegroJune 5, 2006Two days later, Serbia became its own entity after Montenegro split8,772,235
SlovakiaCzechoslovakiaJanuary 1, 1993The Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent nations when Czechoslovakia dissolved. The peaceful separation was also known as the Velvet Divorce, after the Velvet Revolution which had led to the end of communist rule in Czechoslovakia.5,457,013
SloveniaYugoslaviaJune 25, 1991Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries2,078,654
South SudanSudanJuly 9, 2011South Sudan peacefully seceded from Sudan following a January 2011 referendum. Sudan had been the site of two civil wars, and the referendum received near unanimous approval.11,062,113
TajikistanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed9,321,018
TurkmenistanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed5,942,089
UkraineUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed43,993,638
UzbekistanUSSR1991Became independent few months before Soviet Union collapsed32,981,716
YemenNorth and South YemenMay 22, 1990North and South Yemen merged to form a unified Yemen29,161,922