Nicaragua Population 2018

6,281,997

Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and was first conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century before achieving independence in 1821. Nicaragua has a very multiethnic population estimated at 6.28 million in 2018, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 6,080,000.

Nicaragua's population is 69% mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.

Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.

The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 2.2 million in the city proper and over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 18 minutes
One net migrant every 25 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Nicaragua Population in 2018Source: By Elemaki [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Nicaragua Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40k50k60kNicaragua Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50k60kNicaragua Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Nicaragua Median Age

25.2


Total

24.3


Male

26


Female

Nicaragua Population by Age

There are 4,055,971 adults in Nicaragua.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200511 June 2005
199525 April 1995

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nicaragua Population Growth

Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.

About Nicaragua

Official NameRepublic of Nicaragua
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13-85
Currencies UsedNicaragua Cordoba
DemonymNicaraguan

Countries Bordering Nicaragua

Costa Rica
Honduras

Nicaragua Population Density

Nicaragua Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Managua973,087
Leon144,538
Masaya130,113
Tipitapa127,153
Chinandega126,387
Matagalpa109,089
Jinotega100,000
Esteli96,422
Granada89,409
Ciudad Sandino70,013
Juigalpa54,731
El Viejo53,504
Nueva Guinea52,929
Bluefields44,373
Diriamba35,008
Ocotal33,928
Puerto Cabezas33,635
Chichigalpa33,137
Rivas30,293
San Rafael del Sur29,836

Nicaragua Population Clock

The population of Nicaragua (as of 6/15/2018)?6,281,997
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)6,284,757
Births Per Day324
Deaths Per Day82
Net Migrations Per Day -58
Net Change Per Day 184
Population Change Since January 1st30,544

Nicaragua Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.924 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.814 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.403 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.76 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.72 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.73 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.161 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.023 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 16.629 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 19.6 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.672 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.11

Nicaragua Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20186,284,75749.30%50.70%48.211101.08%
20176,217,58149.30%50.70%47.691101.10%
20166,149,92849.30%50.70%47.171101.12%
20156,082,03549.29%50.71%46.651101.17%
20105,737,72349.27%50.73%44.011101.30%
20055,379,32849.36%50.64%41.261111.36%
20005,026,79649.48%50.52%38.561101.74%
19954,612,22849.53%50.47%35.381112.16%
19904,144,56549.59%50.41%31.791162.25%
19853,709,09149.85%50.15%28.451142.68%
19803,249,91050.06%49.94%24.931163.05%
19752,796,74650.12%49.88%21.451203.12%
19702,398,09650.01%49.99%18.391213.06%
19652,062,63049.99%50.01%15.821233.05%
19601,774,69949.91%50.09%13.611233.31%
19551,508,02549.79%50.21%11.571253.09%
19501,294,99249.72%50.28%9.931260.00%

Nicaragua Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,416,56849.31%50.69%49.221100.00%
20256,732,19749.32%50.68%51.641080.96%
20307,046,29349.34%50.66%54.051090.92%
20357,318,40249.36%50.64%56.131110.76%
20407,548,56449.39%50.61%57.901130.62%
20457,734,90549.44%50.56%59.331140.49%
20507,875,74249.50%50.50%60.411150.36%
20557,972,04549.59%50.41%61.151150.24%
20608,021,89749.69%50.31%61.531140.12%
20658,023,75249.77%50.23%61.541140.00%
20707,977,29249.85%50.15%61.19113-0.12%
20757,885,66749.91%50.09%60.49113-0.23%
20807,756,63949.95%50.05%59.50113-0.33%
20857,599,92949.99%50.01%58.29114-0.41%
20907,425,05550.00%50.00%56.95114-0.46%
20957,239,51750.01%49.99%55.53114-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. National Institute of Information Development
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1963, 1971, 1995 and 2005 censuses, with official population estimates trough 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer