Nicaragua Population 2016

Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and was first conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century before achieving independence in 1821. Nicaragua has a very multiethnic population estimated at 6.2 million in 2014, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 6,080,000.

Nicaragua Population 2014

Nicaragua's population is 69% mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.

Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.

The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 2.2 million in the city proper and over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area.

Nicaragua Population Clock

What is the population of Nicaragua (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 1,620
Deaths Per Day 409
Net Migrations Per Day -291
Net Change Per Day 920
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Nicaragua Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.926 births/thousand 87th
Crude Death Rate 4.772 deaths/thousand 179th
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.403 people/thousand 174th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.9 years 70th
Life Expectancy (Male) 72.91 years 76th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.8 years 70th
Total Fertility Rate 2.161 children/woman 99th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.023 surviving daughters/woman 97th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 16.422 deaths/1,000 live births 90th
Under Five Mortality 19.343 deaths/thousand 96th
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.679 years 181st

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Nicaragua Population Growth

Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.

Nicaragua Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2016 6,150,035 3,031,855 3,118,180 51 1.0958%
2015 6,082,031 2,997,973 3,084,059 50 1.1119%
2010 5,737,722 2,826,853 2,910,869 47 1.2137%
2005 5,379,326 2,655,392 2,723,935 44 1.3092%
2000 5,026,792 2,487,088 2,539,704 41 1.4606%
1995 4,612,229 2,284,517 2,327,712 38 1.9017%
1990 4,144,564 2,055,396 2,089,168 34 2.2012%
1985 3,709,091 1,848,859 1,860,232 30 2.3402%
1980 3,249,910 1,626,752 1,623,158 27 2.8141%
1975 2,796,748 1,401,693 1,395,055 23 3.0775%
1970 2,398,095 1,199,212 1,198,883 19 3.0618%
1965 2,062,632 1,031,079 1,031,554 17 2.9898%
1960 1,774,696 885,730 888,966 14 3.0905%
1955 1,508,020 750,833 757,187 12 3.2909%
1950 1,294,993 643,903 651,090 10 2.7981%

Nicaragua Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 6,417,990 3,165,024 3,252,966 53 1.0111%
2025 6,736,108 3,323,442 3,412,666 55 0.9041%
2030 7,033,329 3,472,188 3,561,141 58 0.807%
2035 7,306,263 3,609,823 3,696,440 60 0.6779%
2040 7,536,501 3,727,675 3,808,826 62 0.5406%
2045 7,722,813 3,825,834 3,896,979 64 0.4094%
2050 7,862,804 3,903,105 3,959,699 65 0.2884%
2055 7,958,281 3,960,567 3,997,715 66 0.1682%
2060 8,006,156 3,995,274 4,010,883 66 0.0498%
2065 8,006,949 4,006,560 4,000,389 66 -0.0729%
2070 7,958,111 3,991,653 3,966,458 66 -0.1942%
2075 7,863,430 3,952,554 3,910,876 65 -0.3046%
2080 7,729,655 3,891,729 3,837,926 64 -0.396%
2085 7,567,104 3,814,901 3,752,203 62 -0.4634%
2090 7,386,204 3,726,643 3,659,561 61 -0.512%
2095 7,194,119 3,631,055 3,563,064 59 -0.547%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations