Last Census - 2005
Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and was first conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century before achieving independence in 1821. Nicaragua has a very multiethnic population estimated at 6,215,611 in 2014, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 6,080,000.
Nicaragua Population 2014
Nicaragua's population is 69% mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.
Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.
The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 2.2 million in the city proper and over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area.
Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.