Nicaragua Population 2017

6,216,339

Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and was first conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century before achieving independence in 1821. Nicaragua has a very multiethnic population estimated at 6.22 million in 2017, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 6,080,000.

Nicaragua's population is 69% mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.

Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.

The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 2.2 million in the city proper and over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area.

Nicaragua Population in 2018Source: http://flickr.com/photos/oyaudi/

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nicaragua Population Growth

Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.

About Nicaragua

Official NameRepublic of Nicaragua
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersCRI, HND
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13-85
Currencies UsedNIO

Nicaragua Population Density

Name Population
Managua973,087
Leon144,538
Masaya130,113
Tipitapa127,153
Chinandega126,387
Matagalpa109,089
Esteli96,422
Granada89,409
Ciudad Sandino70,013
Juigalpa54,731
El Viejo53,504
Nueva Guinea52,929
Jinotega51,073
Bluefields44,373
Diriamba35,008
Ocotal33,928
Puerto Cabezas33,635
Chichigalpa33,137
Rivas30,293
San Rafael del Sur29,836
Jinotepe29,507
Boaco29,046
Nagarote26,270
Jalapa24,037
La Paz Centro23,481
San Marcos23,347
Masatepe21,452
Nandaime20,810
Rama20,456
Somoto20,316
Corinto19,183
Rio Blanco17,018
Camoapa16,653
El Crucero16,469
Siuna16,056
Somotillo15,385
Santo Tomas14,809
Quilali13,590
San Carlos13,451
Ciudad Dario13,318
Ticuantepe13,209
El Sauce11,898
Condega11,000
Acoyapa10,563
Matiguas10,523
Diriomo10,113
Telica8,776
San Lorenzo8,694
Corn Island8,011
Bocana de Paiwas7,872
Villa Sandino7,799
San Juan del Sur7,790
Niquinohomo7,732
Larreynaga7,703
Puerto Morazan7,671
San Jorge7,158
Nindiri7,073
Dolores7,065
Wiwili6,955
La Concepcion6,946
Nandasmo6,934
Laguna de Perlas6,809
Waslala6,498
Waspam6,403
Posoltega6,403
Bonanza6,315
El Realejo6,208
Santo Domingo5,827
Santa Teresa5,789
San Rafael del Norte5,458
Belen5,415
El Ayote5,406
Potosi5,222
Carlos Fonseca Amador5,219
Tisma5,182

Nicaragua Population Clock

What is the population of Nicaragua (as of 11/15/2017)?6,216,339
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)6,217,581
Births Per Day65
Deaths Per Day16
Net Migrations Per Day -58
Net Change Per Day -9
Population Change Since January 1st-2,871

Nicaragua Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.107 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 4.764 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -3.403 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.768 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.763 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.688 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.171 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.023 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 16.712 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 19.663 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.679 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.154
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.622%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.774%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.418%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 16.17%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.597%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 11.902%
Median Age (Total) 25.2 years
Median Age (Female) 26 years
Median Age (Male) 24.3 years

Nicaragua Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20176,217,58149.30%50.70%481.11%
20156,082,03549.29%50.71%471.17%
20105,737,72349.27%50.73%441.30%
20055,379,32849.36%50.64%411.36%
20005,026,79649.48%50.52%391.74%
19954,612,22849.53%50.47%352.16%
19904,144,56549.59%50.41%322.25%
19853,709,09149.85%50.15%282.68%
19803,249,91050.06%49.94%253.05%
19752,796,74650.12%49.88%213.12%
19702,398,09650.01%49.99%183.06%
19652,062,63049.99%50.01%163.05%
19601,774,69949.91%50.09%143.31%
19551,508,02549.79%50.21%123.09%
19501,294,99249.72%50.28%100.00%

Nicaragua Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20206,416,56849.31%50.69%490.00%
20256,732,19749.32%50.68%520.96%
20307,046,29349.34%50.66%540.92%
20357,318,40249.36%50.64%560.76%
20407,548,56449.39%50.61%580.62%
20457,734,90549.44%50.56%590.49%
20507,875,74249.50%50.50%600.36%
20557,972,04549.59%50.41%610.24%
20608,021,89749.69%50.31%620.12%
20658,023,75249.77%50.23%620.00%
20707,977,29249.85%50.15%61-0.12%
20757,885,66749.91%50.09%60-0.23%
20807,756,63949.95%50.05%59-0.33%
20857,599,92949.99%50.01%58-0.41%
20907,425,05550.00%50.00%57-0.46%
20957,239,51750.01%49.99%56-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer