Nicaragua Population 2019

6,348,623

Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and was first conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century before achieving independence in 1821. Nicaragua has a very multiethnic population estimated at 6.35 million in 2019, an increase from the 2013 estimate of 6,080,000. Nicaragua's population ranks 110th in the world.

Nicaragua's population is 69% Mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.

Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.

The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 2.2 million in the city proper and over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 17 minutes
One net migrant every 26 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Nicaragua Population in 2018Source: By Elemaki [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Nicaragua Population Growth

Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.

Official NameRepublic of Nicaragua
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude13-85
Currencies UsedNicaragua Cordoba
DemonymNicaraguan
Name Population Location
Managua973,087Map
Leon144,538Map
Masaya130,113Map
Chinandega126,387Map
Matagalpa109,089Map
Esteli96,422Map
Granada89,409Map
Jinotega55,000Map
El Viejo53,504Map
Nueva Guinea52,929Map
Ciudad Sandino50,000Map
Juigalpa50,000Map
Tipitapa50,000Map
Bluefields44,373Map
Diriamba35,008Map
Ocotal33,928Map
Puerto Cabezas33,635Map
Chichigalpa33,137Map
Rivas30,000Map
San Rafael del Sur29,836Map

Nicaragua Population Clock

The population of Nicaragua (as of 6/16/2019)?6,348,623
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)6,351,157
Births Per Day320
Deaths Per Day84
Net Migrations Per Day -55
Net Change Per Day 181
Population Change Since January 1st30,227

Nicaragua Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6

Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 6,348,428

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20196,351,15749.31%50.69%48.721101.06%
20186,284,75749.30%50.70%48.211101.08%
20176,217,58149.30%50.70%47.691101.10%
20166,149,92849.30%50.70%47.171101.12%
20156,082,03549.29%50.71%46.651101.17%
20105,737,72349.27%50.73%44.011101.30%
20055,379,32849.36%50.64%41.261111.36%
20005,026,79649.48%50.52%38.561101.74%
19954,612,22849.53%50.47%35.381112.16%
19904,144,56549.59%50.41%31.791162.25%
19853,709,09149.85%50.15%28.451142.68%
19803,249,91050.06%49.94%24.931163.05%
19752,796,74650.12%49.88%21.451203.12%
19702,398,09650.01%49.99%18.391213.06%
19652,062,63049.99%50.01%15.821233.05%
19601,774,69949.91%50.09%13.611233.31%
19551,508,02549.79%50.21%11.571253.09%
19501,294,99249.72%50.28%9.931260.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,416,56849.31%50.69%49.221100.00%
20256,732,19749.32%50.68%51.641080.96%
20307,046,29349.34%50.66%54.051090.92%
20357,318,40249.36%50.64%56.131110.76%
20407,548,56449.39%50.61%57.901130.62%
20457,734,90549.44%50.56%59.331140.49%
20507,875,74249.50%50.50%60.411150.36%
20557,972,04549.59%50.41%61.151150.24%
20608,021,89749.69%50.31%61.531140.12%
20658,023,75249.77%50.23%61.541140.00%
20707,977,29249.85%50.15%61.19113-0.12%
20757,885,66749.91%50.09%60.49113-0.23%
20807,756,63949.95%50.05%59.50113-0.33%
20857,599,92949.99%50.01%58.29114-0.41%
20907,425,05550.00%50.00%56.95114-0.46%
20957,239,51750.01%49.99%55.53114-0.50%
  1. National Institute of Information Development
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1963, 1971, 1995 and 2005 censuses, with official population estimates trough 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer