Niger Population 2018

22,421,199

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa bordered by Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Benin and Nigeria. In 2018, the estimated population of Niger is 22.31 million.

Niger is the largest country in West Africa, and the 22nd largest country in the world, but over 80% of its land is covered by the Sahara desert. This is one reason for Niger's low population density of just 12 people per square kilometer. Niger's estimated population is 22.31 million, compared to an estimated 17.1 million in 2012. 94% of Niger's population live on just 35% of the land. The Maradi region hold 20% of the population on 3.3% of the country's land, while just 3% of the population live in the desert and mountains to the north, which makes up 53% of the land area.

Niger Demographics

More than 50% of Niger's population belongs to the Hausa, which also is the largest ethnic group of northern Nigeria, as well as the Zarma-Songhai. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the southern area of the country.

The rest of Nigeriens are nomadic or semi-nomadic and raise livestock. The Fulani, Kanuri, Arabs, Toubou, and Tuareg count for around 20% of the country's population. With the country's population rapidly increasing, creating more competition for scarce resource, the farmer and herders have clashed several times.

Between 80 and 98% of Niger's population is Muslim, although there are small Animist and Christian communities. Most Muslims in the country are Sufi and Sunni, with about 5% being Shi'a Muslims. Niger maintains a reputation as a secular state that is protected by law. Women are not secluded nor are headcoverings mandatory.

A study in 2005 estimated that about 8% of Niger's population is enslaved.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 30 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 90 minutes
Net gain of one person every 38 seconds

Niger Population in 2018Source: By Dan Lundberg (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Niger Population Growth

Niger's population is currently growing at a rate of nearly 4% per year, which is high even for Western Africa. By 2050, Niger's population is expected to quadruple unless family planning is implemented. Right now, just 5% of Nigeriens use contraception and family planning, and there is little information about the negative consequences of having a great deal of children. This means up to 56 million people will be living in Niger by 2050, compared to 18.3 million today.

About Niger

Official NameRepublic of Niger
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude168
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymNigerien

Niger Population Density

Niger Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Niamey774,235
Zinder191,424
Maradi163,487
Agadez124,324
Alaghsas88,561
Tahoua80,425
Dosso49,750
Birni N Konni48,103
Tessaoua35,775
Gaya33,051
Dogondoutchi31,767
Diffa27,948
Ayorou26,290
Madaoua24,804
Mayahi22,183
Tera21,095
Mirriah20,724
Tibiri20,019
Dakoro19,798
Magaria19,419

Niger Population Clock

The population of Niger (as of 8/17/2018)?22,421,199
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)22,311,375
Births Per Day2,871
Deaths Per Day567
Net Migrations Per Day -16
Net Change Per Day 2,288
Population Change Since January 1st523,952

Niger Population Estimator

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Estimate as of August 17th 2018 is: 22,422,799

Niger Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201822,311,37550.17%49.83%17.61573.88%
201721,477,34850.14%49.86%16.95573.89%
201620,672,98750.12%49.88%16.32583.90%
201519,896,96550.10%49.90%15.70583.91%
201016,425,57849.98%50.02%12.96623.82%
200513,618,44949.82%50.18%10.75643.71%
200011,352,97349.63%50.37%8.96693.68%
19959,477,33349.16%50.84%7.48783.41%
19908,012,86148.81%51.19%6.32822.99%
19856,915,92748.96%51.04%5.46832.92%
19805,988,90449.18%50.82%4.73852.93%
19755,184,81148.83%51.17%4.09842.83%
19704,510,47948.40%51.60%3.56892.88%
19653,913,93447.81%52.19%3.09912.92%
19603,388,76447.11%52.89%2.67932.77%
19552,955,54146.37%53.63%2.33932.92%
19502,559,70345.14%54.86%2.02970.00%

Niger Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202024,074,69350.21%49.79%19.00560.00%
202529,078,59050.30%49.70%22.95543.85%
203034,993,54050.36%49.64%27.62513.77%
203541,875,50450.40%49.60%33.05413.66%
204049,754,92050.43%49.57%39.27383.51%
204558,628,30650.46%49.54%46.27323.34%
205068,453,72750.49%49.51%54.03293.15%
205579,164,49350.51%49.49%62.48252.95%
206090,655,17550.51%49.49%71.55252.75%
2065102,792,43350.51%49.49%81.13212.54%
2070115,399,22950.49%49.51%91.08182.34%
2075128,363,13850.46%49.54%101.31162.15%
2080141,453,50050.42%49.58%111.64161.96%
2085154,536,80350.37%49.63%121.97161.78%
2090167,455,20450.31%49.69%132.17151.62%
2095180,052,32150.26%49.74%142.11131.46%
Data Sources
  1. Institut National de la Statistique du Niger (INS)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1977, 1988, 2001 and 2012 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer