Niger Population 2017

21,613,395

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa bordered by Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Benin and Nigeria. In 2014, the estimated population of Niger is 18.3 million.

Niger is the largest country in West Africa, and the 22nd largest country in the world, but over 80% of its land is covered by the Sahara desert. This is one reason for Niger's low population density of just 12 people per square kilometer. Niger's estimated population is 18.3 million, compared to an estimated 17.1 million in 2012. 94% of Niger's population live on just 35% of the land. The Maradi region hold 20% of the population on 3.3% of the country's land, while just 3% of the population live in the desert and mountains to the north, which makes up 53% of the land area.

Niger Demographics

More than 50% of Niger's population belongs to the Hausa, which also is the largest ethnic group of northern Nigeria, as well as the Zarma-Songhai. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the southern area of the country.

The rest of Nigeriens are nomadic or semi-nomadic and raise livestock. The Fulani, Kanuri, Arabs, Toubou, and Tuareg count for around 20% of the country's population. With the country's population rapidly increasing, creating more competition for scarce resource, the farmer and herders have clashed several times.

Between 80 and 98% of Niger's population is Muslim, although there are small Animist and Christian communities. Most Muslims in the country are Sufi and Sunni, with about 5% being Shi'a Muslims. Niger maintains a reputation as a secular state that is protected by law. Women are not secluded nor are headcoverings mandatory.

A study in 2005 estimated that about 8% of Niger's population is enslaved.

Niger Population in 2017Source:

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Niger Population Growth

Niger's population is currently growing at a rate of nearly 4% per year, which is high even for Western Africa. By 2050, Niger's population is expected to quadruple unless family planning is implemented. Right now, just 5% of Nigeriens use contraception and family planning, and there is little information about the negative consequences of having a great deal of children. This means up to 56 million people will be living in Niger by 2050, compared to 18.3 million today.

About Niger

Official NameRepublic of Niger
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersDZA, BEN, BFA, TCD, LBY, MLI, NGA
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude168
Currencies UsedXOF

Niger Population Density

Name Population
Bouza7,141
Ouallam7,500
Tchintabaraden8,851
Keita8,960
Madarounfa9,791
Kollo10,376
Say10,387
Maine Soroa10,699
Filingue11,677
Aguie13,152
Abalak13,555
Goure14,639
Tanout15,204
Illela16,678
Matamey16,844
Nguigmi17,897
Tillaberi19,262
Magaria19,419
Dakoro19,798
Tibiri20,019
Mirriah20,724
Tera21,095
Mayahi22,183
Madaoua24,804
Ayorou26,290
Diffa27,948
Dogondoutchi31,767
Gaya33,051
Tessaoua35,775
Birni N Konni48,103
Dosso49,750
Tahoua80,425
Alaghsas88,561
Agadez124,324
Maradi163,487
Zinder191,424
Niamey774,235

Niger Population Clock

What is the population of Niger (as of 10/16/2017)?21,613,395
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)21,563,607
Births Per Day577
Deaths Per Day100
Net Migrations Per Day -16
Net Change Per Day 461
Population Change Since January 1st133,229

Niger Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 48.698 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.369 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.258 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.707 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.803 years
Female Life Expectancy 63.729 years
Total Fertility Rate 7.484 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 3.161 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 51.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 87.687 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.05 years
Rate of Natural Increase 40.207
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.231%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.333%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.11%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 29.094%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.746%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.118%
Median Age (Total) 15.3 years
Median Age (Female) 15.4 years
Median Age (Male) 15.2 years

Niger Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201721,563,60750.42%49.58%174.01%
201519,899,12050.40%49.60%164.02%
201016,291,99050.34%49.66%133.94%
200513,485,43650.19%49.81%113.71%
200011,224,52349.99%50.01%93.65%
19959,361,91249.52%50.48%73.57%
19907,911,88449.17%50.83%63.20%
19856,838,17049.32%50.68%52.79%
19805,963,15949.52%50.48%52.76%
19755,171,02949.16%50.84%42.86%
19704,497,35548.69%51.31%42.76%
19653,921,58148.07%51.93%32.78%
19603,395,21247.31%52.69%32.86%
19552,959,89646.48%53.52%22.74%
19502,559,70345.14%54.86%23.00%

Niger Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202024,314,93150.45%49.55%193.99%
202529,644,58750.49%49.51%233.91%
203035,966,15050.52%49.48%283.79%
203543,357,58250.55%49.45%343.65%
204051,878,46250.57%49.43%413.49%
204561,523,13450.60%49.40%493.29%
205072,237,74550.62%49.38%573.08%
205583,916,93650.64%49.36%662.87%
206096,461,23350.64%49.36%762.66%
2065109,746,85850.64%49.36%872.46%
2070123,628,40750.62%49.38%982.27%
2075137,934,79050.60%49.40%1092.08%
2080152,492,01250.58%49.42%1201.90%
2085167,078,46250.56%49.44%1321.73%
2090181,548,58950.53%49.47%1431.56%
2095195,693,36950.50%49.50%1541.41%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations