Niger Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa bordered by Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Benin and Nigeria. In 2014, the estimated population of Niger is 18.3 million.

Niger is the largest country in West Africa, and the 22nd largest country in the world, but over 80% of its land is covered by the Sahara desert. This is one reason for Niger's low population density of just 12 people per square kilometer. Niger's estimated population is 18.3 million, compared to an estimated 17.1 million in 2012. 94% of Niger's population live on just 35% of the land. The Maradi region hold 20% of the population on 3.3% of the country's land, while just 3% of the population live in the desert and mountains to the north, which makes up 53% of the land area.

Niger Demographics

More than 50% of Niger's population belongs to the Hausa, which also is the largest ethnic group of northern Nigeria, as well as the Zarma-Songhai. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the southern area of the country.

The rest of Nigeriens are nomadic or semi-nomadic and raise livestock. The Fulani, Kanuri, Arabs, Toubou, and Tuareg count for around 20% of the country's population. With the country's population rapidly increasing, creating more competition for scarce resource, the farmer and herders have clashed several times.

Between 80 and 98% of Niger's population is Muslim, although there are small Animist and Christian communities. Most Muslims in the country are Sufi and Sunni, with about 5% being Shi'a Muslims. Niger maintains a reputation as a secular state that is protected by law. Women are not secluded nor are headcoverings mandatory.

A study in 2005 estimated that about 8% of Niger's population is enslaved.

Niger  Population in 2016 Source:

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Niger Population Growth

Niger's population is currently growing at a rate of nearly 4% per year, which is high even for Western Africa. By 2050, Niger's population is expected to quadruple unless family planning is implemented. Right now, just 5% of Nigeriens use contraception and family planning, and there is little information about the negative consequences of having a great deal of children. This means up to 56 million people will be living in Niger by 2050, compared to 18.3 million today.

Niger Population Density

About Niger

Official Name Republic of Niger
Languages Spoken French
Borders DZA, BEN, BFA, TCD, LBY, MLI, NGA
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 16,8
Currencies Used XOF

Niger Population Clock

What is the population of Niger (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 558
Deaths Per Day 98
Net Migrations Per Day -16
Net Change Per Day 444
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Niger Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 48.962 births/thousand 1st
Crude Death Rate 8.577 deaths/thousand 68th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.258 people/thousand 89th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.348 years 172nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 61.447 years 168th
Life Expectancy (Female) 63.364 years 173rd
Total Fertility Rate 7.529 children/woman 1st
Net Reproduction Rate 3.161 surviving daughters/woman 1st
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 53.34 deaths/1,000 live births 25th
Under Five Mortality 90.375 deaths/thousand 17th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.05 years 103rd
Rate of Natural Increase 40.207 1st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 16.231% 168th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 16.333% 166th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.11% 169th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 29.094% 168th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 30.746% 166th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.118% 169th
Crude Suicide Rate 1.8 suicides/thousand 155th
Median Age (Total) 15.3 years 214th
Median Age (Female) 15.4 years 214th
Median Age (Male) 15.2 years 214th

Niger Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 20,715,285 50.41% 49.59% 16 198 4.01% 58
2015 19,899,120 50.4% 49.6% 15 200 4.02% 58
2010 16,291,990 50.342% 49.658% 12 205 3.94% 63
2005 13,485,436 50.189% 49.811% 10 205 3.71% 64
2000 11,224,523 49.994% 50.006% 8 208 3.65% 68
1995 9,361,912 49.517% 50.483% 7 208 3.57% 78
1990 7,911,884 49.172% 50.828% 6 208 3.2% 82
1985 6,838,170 49.316% 50.684% 5 210 2.79% 83
1980 5,963,159 49.521% 50.479% 4 211 2.76% 85
1975 5,171,029 49.159% 50.841% 4 209 2.86% 84
1970 4,497,355 48.685% 51.315% 3 209 2.76% 91
1965 3,921,580 48.069% 51.931% 3 208 2.78% 91
1960 3,395,212 47.307% 52.693% 2 209 2.86% 93
1955 2,959,895 46.476% 53.524% 2 207 2.74% 93
1950 2,559,703 45.138% 54.862% 2 204 3% 97

Niger Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 24,314,931 50.452% 49.548% 19 193 3.99% 56
2025 29,644,587 50.491% 49.509% 23 192 3.91% 52
2030 35,966,150 50.523% 49.477% 28 187 3.79% 49
2035 43,357,582 50.549% 49.451% 34 182 3.65% 39
2040 51,878,462 50.572% 49.428% 40 176 3.49% 36
2045 61,523,134 50.595% 49.405% 48 171 3.29% 30
2050 72,237,745 50.62% 49.38% 57 161 3.08% 26
2055 83,916,936 50.638% 49.362% 66 155 2.87% 24
2060 96,461,233 50.643% 49.357% 76 152 2.66% 22
2065 109,746,858 50.636% 49.364% 86 142 2.46% 19
2070 123,628,406 50.621% 49.379% 97 127 2.27% 17
2075 137,934,790 50.602% 49.398% 108 119 2.08% 16
2080 152,492,012 50.583% 49.417% 120 115 1.9% 16
2085 167,078,462 50.556% 49.444% 131 111 1.73% 15
2090 181,548,588 50.528% 49.472% 143 107 1.56% 13
2095 195,693,368 50.501% 49.499% 154 104 1.41% 12
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations