Nigeria Population 2017

193,099,951

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. As of 2017, the estimated population of the country is over 190.89 million.

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman's chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Demographics

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 17.9 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria Population in 2018Source: Shiraz Chakera

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 398 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 746 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

About Nigeria

Official NameFederal Republic of Nigeria
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersBEN, CMR, TCD, NER
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude108
Currencies UsedNGN

Nigeria Population Density

Name Population
Lagos9,000,000
Kano3,626,068
Ibadan3,565,108
Kaduna1,582,102
Port Harcourt1,148,665
Benin City1,125,058
Maiduguri1,112,449
Zaria975,153
Aba897,560
Jos816,824
Ilorin814,192
Oyo736,072
Enugu688,862
Abeokuta593,100
Abuja590,400
Sokoto563,861
Onitsha561,066
Warri536,023
Ebute Ikorodu535,619
Okene479,178
Calabar461,796
Uyo436,606
Katsina432,149
Ado-Ekiti424,340
Akure420,594
Bauchi316,149
Ikeja313,196
Makurdi292,645
Minna291,905
Effon Alaiye279,319
Ilesa277,904
Owo276,574
Umuahia264,662
Ondo257,005
Ikot Ekpene254,806
Iwo250,443
Gombe250,258
Jimeta248,148
Gusau226,857
Mubi225,705
Ikire222,160
Owerri215,038
Shagamu214,558
Ijebu-Ode209,175
Ugep200,276
Nnewi193,987
Ise-Ekiti190,063
Ila Orangun179,192
Saki178,677
Bida171,656
Awka167,738
Ijero-Ekiti167,632
Inisa164,161
Suleja162,135
Sapele161,686
Osogbo156,694
Kisi155,510
Gbongan139,485
Ejigbo138,357
Funtua136,811
Igboho136,764
Buguma135,404
Ikirun134,240
Abakaliki134,102
Okrika133,271
Amaigbo127,300
Lafia127,236
Gashua125,817
Modakeke119,529
Bama118,121
Ilobu118,089
Jalingo117,757
Okigwe115,499
Offa113,830
Esuk Oron112,033
Nsukka111,017
Nguru111,014
Hadejia110,753
Ijebu-Igbo109,261
Uromi108,608
Birnin Kebbi108,164
Pindiga106,322
Azare105,687
Nkpor103,733
Ikere-Ekiti103,054
Lafiagi102,779
Kontagora98,754
Kuje97,367
Yola96,006
Biu95,005
Olupona95,002
Lere93,290
Wukari92,933
Igbo-Ora92,719
Emure-Ekiti90,645
Isieke89,990
Ifo88,272
Igede-Ekiti87,282
Effium86,945
Idanre86,468
Potiskum86,002
Keffi85,911
Makoko85,840
Epe84,711
Gambaru84,672
Ogaminana84,373
Ihiala83,265
Ipoti82,113
Lalupon81,130
Ughelli79,986
Bende79,618
Oke Mesi79,563
Kafanchan79,522
Ikom79,103
Agulu79,021
Daura78,277
Numan77,617
Kagoro77,008
Ode75,463
Igbo-Ukwu75,224
Aramoko-Ekiti74,491
Igbara-Odo74,121
Ozubulu73,812
Aku73,742
Oyan73,622
Jega73,495
Asaba73,374
Ohafia-Ifigh73,355
Afikpo71,866
Apomu71,656
Fiditi71,461
Orita Eruwa71,027
Eha Amufu70,779
Malumfashi70,709
Kaura Namoda69,725
Enugu-Ukwu68,785
Idah68,703
Obonoma68,584
Agbor67,610
Ezza-Ohu67,414
Uga64,179
Nkwerre62,973
Auchi62,907
Lokoja60,579
Ekpoma59,618
Ijebu-Jesa51,730
Kabba49,869
Ilaro46,999
Damaturu46,000
Argungu45,584
Gumel42,742
Geidam41,367
Talata Mafara39,045
Gummi38,744
Otan Ayegbaju37,783
Ogoja37,466
Katsina-Ala36,722
Itu36,358
Kumo35,712
Oke Ila35,000
Pankshin31,516
Nasarawa30,949
Kachia30,893
Dikwa29,026
Moriki28,735
Patigi28,285
Wamba27,137
Baro26,821
Okuta26,589
Birnin Kudu26,565
Badagry26,383
Ogwashi-Uku26,137
Eket25,569
Kamba25,568
Daura25,289
Takum24,822
Igbeti24,690
Zungeru24,447
Zuru24,338
Yenagoa24,335
Tegina24,037
Awgu23,175
Wudil23,066
Nafada22,920
Ibi22,757
Sofo-Birnin-Gwari22,380
Dutsen Wai22,062
Kaiama21,897
Ubiaja21,782
Otukpa21,686
Oguta21,639
Damboa21,571
Jebba21,488
Garko21,141
Mokwa21,128
Gaya20,959
Tambuwal20,932
Elele20,620
Monguno20,297
Kwale20,226
Gembu19,881
Obudu19,668
Little Gombi19,616
Magumeri19,363
Degema Hulk19,223
Enugu-Ezike18,989
Kari18,812
Darazo18,415
Rano17,972
Kiyawa17,704
Deba17,671
Igbor17,666
Babana17,617
Egbe17,612
Gwadabawa17,486
Beli17,467
Illela17,461
Dutse17,129
Dukku16,961
Bonny16,868
Bode Saadu16,619
Rijau16,613
Kumagunnam16,557
Lapai16,442
Burutu16,410
Gwarzo16,303
Kukawa16,077
Akwanga15,985
Billiri15,976
Iperu15,935
Gwaram15,806
Soba15,715
Marte15,707
Ibeto15,565
Bukuru15,540
Anchau15,538
Ado Odo15,442
Ganye15,178
Gwoza15,176
Ajaokuta15,144
Doma15,097
Isanlu-Itedoijowa15,087
Udi14,998
Icheu14,704
Igarra14,647
Ankpa14,630
Lere14,620
Omu-Aran14,477
Ringim14,463
Yashikera14,454
Jibia14,424
Kajuru14,389
Gassol14,326
Shani14,305
Ugbokpo14,218
Dapchi14,077
Ngala14,031
Misau13,957
Gandi13,940
Ago Are13,919
Ore13,905
Uruobo-Okija13,898
Damasak13,874
Gamawa13,549
Sauri13,445
Konduga13,400
Dindima13,356
Ikang13,305
Yelwa13,234
Langtang13,172
Kazaure13,169
Wurno13,087
Kujama12,967
Okeho12,964
Madagali12,919
Obubra12,885
Ahoada12,848
Boju12,814
Bunza12,746
Agenebode12,730
Ajasse Ipo12,718
Runka12,665
Lau12,657
Kafin Hausa12,609
Bakori12,604
Dutsin-Ma12,595
Abak12,562
Dakingari12,558
Bokkos12,538
Gorgoram12,470
Zango12,371
Dange12,369
Kaltungo12,357
Amper12,212
Miringa12,117
Zalanga12,070
Vom12,000
Obiaruku11,936
Madala11,771
Toungo11,759
Agaie11,742
Machina11,707
Mutum Biyu11,702
Kangiwa11,701
Bori11,693
Burumburum11,689
Goniri11,673
Bara11,673
Uba11,648
Anka11,641
Omoku11,625
Kafarati11,535
Bin Yauri11,501
Maru11,496
Gagarawa11,450
Gujba11,359
Opi11,237
Mallammaduri11,156
Twon-Brass11,122
Dekina11,067
Bebeji10,987
Arochukwu10,776
Takai10,748
Panyam10,715
Koton-Karfe10,709
Katagum10,602
Zaki Biam10,470
Goronyo10,460
Etinan10,318
Aliade10,292
Wawa10,200
Gabarin10,160
Gwandu10,018
Madara10,015
Maiyama10,014
Wagini9,986
Buga9,913
Benisheikh9,825
Ete9,805
Bugana9,737
Danja9,736
Kankara9,609
Amagunze9,598
Alapa9,584
Yuli9,549
Kura9,537
Tsafe9,367
Orlu9,351
Birniwa9,334
Shinkafi9,324
Ejirin9,204
Holma9,199
Wuyo9,189
Ifaki9,185
Ogurugu9,135
Kwatarkwashi9,084
Mahuta9,047
Dambatta8,940
Baissa8,911
Musawa8,904
Mberubu8,904
Ruma8,857
Igabi8,840
Rabah8,707
Imeko8,627
Bokani8,624
Agbabu8,611
Auna8,590
Ochobo8,567
Orodo8,527
Owode8,513
Kibiya8,500
Hunkuyi8,465
Bomadi8,402
Bena8,361
Umunede8,331
Badeggi8,283
Sade8,223
Isara8,205
Adoru8,203
Kwolla8,200
Wasagu8,157
Ngurore8,139
Samamiya8,087
Duku8,014
Suya7,936
Siluko7,920
Dan Gora7,907
Mashi7,845
Hinna7,826
Iho7,776
Yandev7,750
Konkwesso7,687
Ilare7,685
Ifon7,623
Dan Sadau7,568
Kuta7,528
Mando7,500
Zadawa7,495
Idi Iroko7,487

Nigeria Population Clock

What is the population of Nigeria (as of 12/12/2017)?193,099,951
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)190,886,311
Births Per Day19,939
Deaths Per Day6,359
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 13,416
Population Change Since January 1st4,641,936

Nigeria Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 38.596 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.325 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.319 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.656 years
Male Life Expectancy 52.872 years
Female Life Expectancy 54.466 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.482 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.079 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 66.023 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 106.851 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.805 years
Rate of Natural Increase 26.271
Median Age (Total) 18.3 years
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years
Median Age (Male) 18.2 years

Nigeria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2017190,886,31150.67%49.33%20772.64%
2015181,181,74450.65%49.35%19672.70%
2010158,578,26150.58%49.42%17272.68%
2005138,939,47850.50%49.50%15092.58%
2000122,352,00950.42%49.58%132102.52%
1995108,011,46550.35%49.65%117102.54%
199095,269,98850.31%49.69%103102.64%
198583,613,30050.26%49.74%91102.62%
198073,460,72450.27%49.73%80113.00%
197563,373,57250.07%49.93%69112.51%
197055,981,40050.01%49.99%61112.23%
196550,127,21449.96%50.04%54132.12%
196045,137,81249.91%50.09%49131.90%
195541,085,56349.89%50.11%44131.65%
195037,859,74449.89%50.11%41130.00%

Nigeria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020206,152,70150.70%49.30%22370.00%
2025233,691,88850.73%49.27%25352.54%
2030264,067,52750.75%49.25%28652.47%
2035297,323,17350.76%49.24%32252.40%
2040333,172,09250.75%49.25%36142.30%
2045371,119,35950.74%49.26%40242.18%
2050410,637,86850.72%49.28%44532.04%
2055451,310,61750.69%49.31%48931.91%
2060492,643,35850.65%49.35%53331.77%
2065534,359,11650.60%49.40%57831.64%
2070576,062,29550.54%49.46%62431.51%
2075617,054,57750.47%49.53%66831.38%
2080656,683,66150.40%49.60%71131.25%
2085694,557,23750.32%49.68%75231.13%
2090730,325,35250.24%49.76%79131.01%
2095763,551,07950.17%49.83%82730.89%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer