Last Census - 2006
Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960.
Nigeria Population 2014
Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. Today, it is estimated to have 178,571,721 people. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.5% of the entire earth’s population. This technically means that 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.
It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. The numbers, fortunately, have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.
Nigeria Population History
In the past 25 years, the rate of Nigeria’s population has grown approximately by 300 million people, a population figure that is quite similar to the United States currently. So just imagine the entire population of the United States living in a territory the size of Arizona, Nevada, and New Mexico – that is Nigeria. And because of this, a lot of the living standards in the country are beginning to fall.
The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb this rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.
Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the sixth most populated area in the world. And that is saying a lot given the size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.
Nigeria Life Expectancy
The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. For both men and women, the life expectancy is around 47 years of age according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As we mentioned before, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.
While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.
When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 19 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.
As we mentioned before, there are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.
The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English, of course.
The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2009 stated that 50.4% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian. About 1.4% of the population practices other faith.
Nigeria Population Projections
The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 390 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will reach about 730 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the fourth most populated country in the entire world.