Nigeria Population 2018

198,145,287

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. As of 2018, the estimated population of the country is over 195.88 million.

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years. There are currently 3.1 million residents in this country that are living with HIV/AIDS.

Nigeria Area and Population Density

The total surface area of this country is approximately 923,768 square kilometers. In combination with the nearly 200 million person population, the density of Nigeria is around 212.04 individuals per sq km. This country also has the highest population of any African nation, and much of this population resides in the south and south western areas.

Nigeria Population Growth

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Until the point where some success is found in these efforts, the current projections for 2050 are over 390 million total residents.

Nigeria Population History

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman's chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Nigerian Quality of Life

In terms of access to clean drinking water, 68.5% have improved means of access while 31.5% still struggle to get clean water. Similarly, when examining the access to sanitation facilities, only 29% of the entire population of Nigeria have improved sanitation access as compared to the 71% that are still struggling.

The average number of years spent in school here is approximately 9 years, with national literacy rate of only 59.6%.

Demographics

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 18.4 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 seconds
One death every 14 seconds
One net migrant every 9 minutes
Net gain of one person every 6 seconds

Nigeria Population in 2018Source: By Supashegs Olusegun Aderinto [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Nigeria Population Pyramid 2018

1,000,0002,000,0003,000,0004,000,000Nigeria Male Population1,000,0002,000,0003,000,0004,000,000Nigeria Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Nigeria Population by Age

There are 94,542,114 adults in Nigeria.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200627 March 2006
199126 November 1991

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 398 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 746 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

About Nigeria

Official NameFederal Republic of Nigeria
Languages SpokenEnglish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude108
Currencies UsedNigeria Naira
DemonymNigerian

Countries Bordering Nigeria

Benin
Cameroon
Chad
Niger

Nigeria Population Density

Nigeria Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Lagos9,000,000
Kano3,626,068
Ibadan3,565,108
Kaduna1,582,102
Port Harcourt1,148,665
Benin City1,125,058
Maiduguri1,112,449
Zaria975,153
Aba897,560
Jos816,824
Ilorin814,192
Oyo736,072
Enugu688,862
Abeokuta593,100
Abuja590,400
Sokoto563,861
Onitsha561,066
Warri536,023
Ebute Ikorodu535,619
Okene479,178

Nigeria Population Clock

The population of Nigeria (as of 12/13/2018)?198,145,287
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)195,875,237
Births Per Day20,211
Deaths Per Day6,372
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 13,675
Population Change Since January 1st4,745,225

Nigeria Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 198,174,921

Nigeria Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018195,875,23750.68%49.32%212.0472.61%
2017190,886,31150.67%49.33%206.6472.63%
2016185,989,64050.66%49.34%201.3472.65%
2015181,181,74450.65%49.35%196.1372.70%
2010158,578,26150.58%49.42%171.6672.68%
2005138,939,47850.50%49.50%150.4192.58%
2000122,352,00950.42%49.58%132.45102.52%
1995108,011,46550.35%49.65%116.92102.54%
199095,269,98850.31%49.69%103.13102.64%
198583,613,30050.26%49.74%90.51102.62%
198073,460,72450.27%49.73%79.52113.00%
197563,373,57250.07%49.93%68.60112.51%
197055,981,40050.01%49.99%60.60112.23%
196550,127,21449.96%50.04%54.26132.12%
196045,137,81249.91%50.09%48.86131.90%
195541,085,56349.89%50.11%44.48131.65%
195037,859,74449.89%50.11%40.98130.00%

Nigeria Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020206,152,70150.70%49.30%223.1770.00%
2025233,691,88850.73%49.27%252.9852.54%
2030264,067,52750.75%49.25%285.8652.47%
2035297,323,17350.76%49.24%321.8652.40%
2040333,172,09250.75%49.25%360.6742.30%
2045371,119,35950.74%49.26%401.7542.18%
2050410,637,86850.72%49.28%444.5232.04%
2055451,310,61750.69%49.31%488.5531.91%
2060492,643,35850.65%49.35%533.3031.77%
2065534,359,11650.60%49.40%578.4631.64%
2070576,062,29550.54%49.46%623.6031.51%
2075617,054,57750.47%49.53%667.9831.38%
2080656,683,66150.40%49.60%710.8831.25%
2085694,557,23750.32%49.68%751.8731.13%
2090730,325,35250.24%49.76%790.5931.01%
2095763,551,07950.17%49.83%826.5630.89%
Data Sources
  1. National Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1963, 1991 and 2006 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, with the age and sex structure from the 2011 MICS4 survey, and with estimates of the subsequent the trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer