Nigeria Population 2016

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960.

Nigeria Population 2014

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. Today, it is estimated to have about 178.5 million people. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.5% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 40 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the sixth most populated area in the world. And that is saying a lot given the size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. For both men and women, the life expectancy is around 47 years of age according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As we mentioned before, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.


When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 19 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

As we mentioned before, there are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English, of course.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2009 stated that 50.4% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria Population Clock

What is the population of Nigeria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 100,859
Deaths Per Day 32,560
Net Migrations Per Day -822
Net Change Per Day 67,477
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Nigeria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 37.851 births/thousand 12th
Crude Death Rate 12.219 deaths/thousand 20th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.308 people/thousand 96th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.73 years 185th
Life Expectancy (Male) 53.33 years 185th
Life Expectancy (Female) 54.12 years 187th
Total Fertility Rate 5.408 children/woman 10th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.042 surviving daughters/woman 17th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female 47th
Infant Mortality Rate 67.735 deaths/1,000 live births 10th
Under Five Mortality 109.422 deaths/thousand 8th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.81 years 73rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 440 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 900 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

Nigeria Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2016 186,987,563 95,253,076 91,734,487 205 2.5598%
2015 182,201,962 92,788,950 89,413,012 200 2.5926%
2010 159,424,742 81,050,685 78,374,057 175 2.6895%
2005 139,611,303 70,831,776 68,779,527 153 2.6204%
2000 122,876,723 62,209,582 60,667,141 134 2.5219%
1995 108,424,821 54,793,044 53,631,778 119 2.4955%
1990 95,617,345 48,276,221 47,341,124 104 2.5485%
1985 83,901,570 42,309,982 41,591,588 92 2.6075%
1980 73,698,095 37,166,337 36,531,759 80 2.7192%
1975 63,565,598 31,925,201 31,640,397 69 2.8862%
1970 56,131,844 28,144,091 27,987,753 61 2.3277%
1965 50,238,569 25,153,951 25,084,618 55 2.1617%
1960 45,211,614 22,604,000 22,607,614 49 2.0416%
1955 41,122,333 20,534,345 20,587,988 45 1.8118%
1950 37,859,745 18,886,350 18,973,395 41 1.4984%

Nigeria Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 206,830,983 105,462,877 101,368,106 227 2.4687%
2025 233,557,691 119,198,552 114,359,139 256 2.3776%
2030 262,599,107 134,093,975 128,505,132 288 2.2932%
2035 293,965,225 150,134,552 143,830,673 322 2.199%
2040 327,405,603 167,206,191 160,199,412 359 2.0824%
2045 362,395,941 185,028,525 177,367,416 397 1.9518%
2050 398,507,703 203,388,066 195,119,638 437 1.8238%
2055 435,495,540 222,162,278 213,333,262 478 1.7043%
2060 473,123,062 241,209,975 231,913,087 519 1.5861%
2065 510,994,161 260,325,984 250,668,177 561 1.4736%
2070 548,863,098 279,365,909 269,497,189 602 1.3635%
2075 586,277,853 298,138,625 288,139,229 643 1.2517%
2080 622,731,111 316,312,323 306,418,788 683 1.1376%
2085 657,740,065 333,628,386 324,111,679 722 1.0324%
2090 691,183,213 350,153,159 341,030,054 758 0.9291%
2095 722,635,801 365,639,039 356,996,762 793 0.8358%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations