Nigeria Population 2016

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. As of 2016, the estimated population of the country is over 178.5 million.

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman's chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Demographics

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 17.9 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria Population Clock

What is the population of Nigeria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 20,161
Deaths Per Day 6,508
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 13,489
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Nigeria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 37.851 births/thousand 12th
Crude Death Rate 12.219 deaths/thousand 20th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.308 people/thousand 96th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.73 years 185th
Life Expectancy (Male) 53.33 years 185th
Life Expectancy (Female) 54.12 years 187th
Total Fertility Rate 5.408 children/woman 10th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.042 surviving daughters/woman 17th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female 47th
Infant Mortality Rate 67.735 deaths/1,000 live births 10th
Under Five Mortality 109.422 deaths/thousand 8th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.81 years 73rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 398 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 746 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

Nigeria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 186,987,563 50.9% 49.1% 205 47 2.56% 7
2015 182,201,962 50.9% 49.1% 200 48 2.59% 7
2010 159,424,742 50.8% 49.2% 175 50 2.69% 7
2005 139,611,303 50.7% 49.3% 153 50 2.62% 9
2000 122,876,723 50.6% 49.4% 134 52 2.52% 10
1995 108,424,821 50.5% 49.5% 119 56 2.5% 10
1990 95,617,345 50.5% 49.5% 104 64 2.55% 10
1985 83,901,570 50.4% 49.6% 92 69 2.61% 10
1980 73,698,095 50.4% 49.6% 80 73 2.72% 11
1975 63,565,598 50.2% 49.8% 69 78 2.89% 11
1970 56,131,844 50.1% 49.9% 61 81 2.33% 11
1965 50,238,569 50.1% 49.9% 55 79 2.16% 13
1960 45,211,614 50% 50% 49 79 2.04% 13
1955 41,122,333 49.9% 50.1% 45 78 1.81% 13
1950 37,859,745 49.9% 50.1% 41 78 1.5% 13

Nigeria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 206,830,983 51% 49% 227 44 2.47% 7
2025 233,557,691 51% 49% 256 41 2.38% 5
2030 262,599,107 51.1% 48.9% 288 37 2.29% 5
2035 293,965,225 51.1% 48.9% 322 33 2.2% 5
2040 327,405,603 51.1% 48.9% 359 30 2.08% 4
2045 362,395,941 51.1% 48.9% 397 27 1.95% 4
2050 398,507,703 51% 49% 437 25 1.82% 3
2055 435,495,540 51% 49% 478 25 1.7% 3
2060 473,123,062 51% 49% 519 23 1.59% 3
2065 510,994,161 50.9% 49.1% 561 18 1.47% 3
2070 548,863,098 50.9% 49.1% 602 16 1.36% 3
2075 586,277,853 50.9% 49.1% 643 15 1.25% 3
2080 622,731,111 50.8% 49.2% 683 15 1.14% 3
2085 657,740,065 50.7% 49.3% 722 15 1.03% 3
2090 691,183,213 50.7% 49.3% 758 15 0.93% 3
2095 722,635,801 50.6% 49.4% 793 14 0.84% 3
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations