Nigeria Population 2017

191,966,088

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman's chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Demographics

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 17.9 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria Population in 2017Source: Shiraz Chakera

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 398 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 746 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

Nigeria Population Density

Name Population
Idi Iroko7,487
Zadawa7,495
Mando7,500
Kuta7,528
Dan Sadau7,568
Ifon7,623
Ilare7,685
Konkwesso7,687
Yandev7,750
Iho7,776
Hinna7,826
Mashi7,845
Dan Gora7,907
Siluko7,920
Suya7,936
Duku8,014
Samamiya8,087
Ngurore8,139
Wasagu8,157
Kwolla8,200
Adoru8,203
Isara8,205
Sade8,223
Badeggi8,283
Umunede8,331
Bena8,361
Bomadi8,402
Hunkuyi8,465
Kibiya8,500
Owode8,513
Orodo8,527
Ochobo8,567
Auna8,590
Agbabu8,611
Bokani8,624
Imeko8,627
Rabah8,707
Igabi8,840
Ruma8,857
Mberubu8,904
Musawa8,904
Baissa8,911
Dambatta8,940
Mahuta9,047
Kwatarkwashi9,084
Ogurugu9,135
Ifaki9,185
Wuyo9,189
Holma9,199
Ejirin9,204
Shinkafi9,324
Birniwa9,334
Orlu9,351
Tsafe9,367
Kura9,537
Yuli9,549
Alapa9,584
Amagunze9,598
Kankara9,609
Danja9,736
Bugana9,737
Ete9,805
Benisheikh9,825
Buga9,913
Wagini9,986
Maiyama10,014
Madara10,015
Gwandu10,018
Gabarin10,160
Wawa10,200
Aliade10,292
Etinan10,318
Goronyo10,460
Zaki Biam10,470
Katagum10,602
Koton-Karfe10,709
Panyam10,715
Takai10,748
Arochukwu10,776
Bebeji10,987
Dekina11,067
Twon-Brass11,122
Mallammaduri11,156
Opi11,237
Gujba11,359
Gagarawa11,450
Maru11,496
Bin Yauri11,501
Kafarati11,535
Omoku11,625
Anka11,641
Uba11,648
Bara11,673
Goniri11,673
Burumburum11,689
Bori11,693
Kangiwa11,701
Mutum Biyu11,702
Machina11,707
Agaie11,742
Toungo11,759
Madala11,771
Obiaruku11,936
Vom12,000
Zalanga12,070
Miringa12,117
Amper12,212
Kaltungo12,357
Dange12,369
Zango12,371
Gorgoram12,470
Bokkos12,538
Dakingari12,558
Abak12,562
Dutsin-Ma12,595
Bakori12,604
Kafin Hausa12,609
Lau12,657
Runka12,665
Ajasse Ipo12,718
Agenebode12,730
Bunza12,746
Boju12,814
Ahoada12,848
Obubra12,885
Madagali12,919
Okeho12,964
Kujama12,967
Wurno13,087
Kazaure13,169
Langtang13,172
Yelwa13,234
Ikang13,305
Dindima13,356
Konduga13,400
Sauri13,445
Gamawa13,549
Damasak13,874
Uruobo-Okija13,898
Ore13,905
Ago Are13,919
Gandi13,940
Misau13,957
Ngala14,031
Dapchi14,077
Ugbokpo14,218
Shani14,305
Gassol14,326
Kajuru14,389
Jibia14,424
Yashikera14,454
Ringim14,463
Omu-Aran14,477
Lere14,620
Ankpa14,630
Igarra14,647
Icheu14,704
Udi14,998
Isanlu-Itedoijowa15,087
Doma15,097
Ajaokuta15,144
Gwoza15,176
Ganye15,178
Ado Odo15,442
Anchau15,538
Bukuru15,540
Ibeto15,565
Marte15,707
Soba15,715
Gwaram15,806
Iperu15,935
Billiri15,976
Akwanga15,985
Kukawa16,077
Gwarzo16,303
Burutu16,410
Lapai16,442
Kumagunnam16,557
Rijau16,613
Bode Saadu16,619
Bonny16,868
Dukku16,961
Dutse17,129
Illela17,461
Beli17,467
Gwadabawa17,486
Egbe17,612
Babana17,617
Igbor17,666
Deba17,671
Kiyawa17,704
Rano17,972
Darazo18,415
Kari18,812
Enugu-Ezike18,989
Degema Hulk19,223
Magumeri19,363
Gombi19,616
Obudu19,668
Gembu19,881
Kwale20,226
Monguno20,297
Elele20,620
Tambuwal20,932
Gaya20,959
Mokwa21,128
Garko21,141
Jebba21,488
Damboa21,571
Oguta21,639
Otukpa21,686
Ubiaja21,782
Kaiama21,897
Dutsen Wai22,062
Sofo-Birnin-Gwari22,380
Ibi22,757
Nafada22,920
Wudil23,066
Awgu23,175
Tegina24,037
Yenagoa24,335
Zuru24,338
Zungeru24,447
Igbeti24,690
Takum24,822
Daura25,289
Kamba25,568
Eket25,569
Ogwashi-Uku26,137
Badagry26,383
Birnin Kudu26,565
Okuta26,589
Baro26,821
Wamba27,137
Patigi28,285
Moriki28,735
Dikwa29,026
Kachia30,893
Nasarawa30,949
Pankshin31,516
Oke Ila35,000
Kumo35,712
Itu36,358
Katsina-Ala36,722
Ogoja37,466
Otan Ayegbaju37,783
Gummi38,744
Talata Mafara39,045
Geidam41,367
Gumel42,742
Argungu45,584
Damaturu46,000
Ilaro46,999
Kabba49,869
Ijebu-Jesa51,730
Ekpoma59,618
Lokoja60,579
Auchi62,907
Nkwerre62,973
Uga64,179
Ezza-Ohu67,414
Agbor67,610
Obonoma68,584
Idah68,703
Enugu-Ukwu68,785
Kaura Namoda69,725
Malumfashi70,709
Eha Amufu70,779
Orita Eruwa71,027
Fiditi71,461
Apomu71,656
Afikpo71,866
Ohafia-Ifigh73,355
Asaba73,374
Jega73,495
Oyan73,622
Aku73,742
Ozubulu73,812
Igbara-Odo74,121
Aramoko-Ekiti74,491
Igbo-Ukwu75,224
Ode75,463
Kagoro77,008
Numan77,617
Daura78,277
Agulu79,021
Ikom79,103
Kafanchan79,522
Oke Mesi79,563
Bende79,618
Ughelli79,986
Lalupon81,130
Ipoti82,113
Ihiala83,265
Ogaminana84,373
Gamboru84,672
Epe84,711
Makoko85,840
Keffi85,911
Potiskum86,002
Idanre86,468
Effium86,945
Igede-Ekiti87,282
Ifo88,272
Isieke89,990
Emure-Ekiti90,645
Igbo-Ora92,719
Wukari92,933
Lere93,290
Olupona95,002
Biu95,005
Yola96,006
Kuje97,367
Kontagora98,754
Lafiagi102,779
Ikere-Ekiti103,054
Nkpor103,733
Azare105,687
Pindiga106,322
Birnin Kebbi108,164
Uromi108,608
Ijebu-Igbo109,261
Hadejia110,753
Nguru111,014
Nsukka111,017
Esuk Oron112,033
Offa113,830
Okigwe115,499
Jalingo117,757
Ilobu118,089
Bama118,121
Modakeke119,529
Gashua125,817
Lafia127,236
Amaigbo127,300
Okrika133,271
Abakaliki134,102
Ikirun134,240
Buguma135,404
Igboho136,764
Funtua136,811
Ejigbo138,357
Gbongan139,485
Kisi155,510
Osogbo156,694
Sapele161,686
Suleja162,135
Inisa164,161
Ijero-Ekiti167,632
Awka167,738
Bida171,656
Saki178,677
Ila Orangun179,192
Ise-Ekiti190,063
Nnewi193,987
Ugep200,276
Ijebu-Ode209,175
Shagamu214,558
Owerri215,038
Ikire222,160
Mubi225,705
Gusau226,857
Jimeta248,148
Gombe250,258
Iwo250,443
Ikot Ekpene254,806
Ondo257,005
Umuahia264,662
Owo276,574
Ilesa277,904
Efon-Alaaye279,319
Minna291,905
Makurdi292,645
Ikeja313,196
Bauchi316,149
Akure420,594
Ado-Ekiti424,340
Katsina432,149
Uyo436,606
Calabar461,796
Okene479,178
Ebute Ikorodu535,619
Warri536,023
Onitsha561,066
Sokoto563,861
Abuja590,400
Abeokuta593,100
Enugu688,862
Oyo736,072
Ilorin814,192
Jos816,824
Aba897,560
Zaria975,153
Maiduguri1,112,449
Benin City1,125,058
Port Harcourt1,148,665
Kaduna1,582,102
Ibadan3,565,108
Kano3,626,068
Lagos9,000,000

About Nigeria

Official NameFederal Republic of Nigeria
Languages SpokenEnglish
BordersBEN, CMR, TCD, NER
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude108
Currencies UsedNGN

Nigeria Population Clock

What is the population of Nigeria (as of August 21, 2017)?191,966,088
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)191835936
Births Per Day4,010
Deaths Per Day1,294
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 2,552
Population Change Since January 1st592,064

Nigeria Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 38.143 births/thousand12
Crude Death Rate 12.295 deaths/thousand20
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.308 people/thousand91
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.62 years194
Male Life Expectancy 53.235 years194
Female Life Expectancy 54.004 years196
Total Fertility Rate 5.45 children/woman10
Net Reproduction Rate 2.042 surviving daughters/woman17
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female48
Infant Mortality Rate 68.265 deaths/1,000 live births10
Under Five Mortality 110.242 deaths/thousand8
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.81 years80
Rate of Natural Increase 25.632 25
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 27.796 %193
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 27.556 %193
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.045 %195
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 44.825 %192
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 46.239 %192
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 43.391 %193
Crude Suicide Rate 4.3 suicides/thousand121
Median Age (Total) 18.3 years197
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years200
Median Age (Male) 18.2 years195

Nigeria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017191,835,93650.954%49.046%210632.53%7
2015182,201,96250.926%49.074%200652.59%7
2010159,424,74250.839%49.161%175682.69%7
2005139,611,30350.735%49.265%153682.62%9
2000122,876,72350.628%49.372%134732.52%10
1995108,424,82150.536%49.464%119782.5%10
199095,617,34550.489%49.511%104852.55%10
198583,901,57050.428%49.572%92902.61%10
198073,698,09550.431%49.569%80932.72%11
197563,565,59850.224%49.776%691002.89%11
197056,131,84450.139%49.861%611052.33%11
196550,238,56950.069%49.931%551032.16%13
196045,211,61449.996%50.004%491032.04%13
195541,122,33349.935%50.065%451021.81%13
195037,859,74549.885%50.115%411011.5%13

Nigeria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020206,830,98350.99%49.01%227612.47%7
2025233,557,69151.036%48.964%256572.38%5
2030262,599,10751.064%48.936%288522.29%5
2035293,965,22551.072%48.928%322462.2%5
2040327,405,60351.07%48.93%359412.08%4
2045362,395,94151.057%48.943%397371.95%4
2050398,507,70351.037%48.963%437341.82%3
2055435,495,54051.014%48.986%478341.7%3
2060473,123,06250.983%49.017%519311.59%3
2065510,994,16150.945%49.055%561251.47%3
2070548,863,09850.899%49.101%602231.36%3
2075586,277,85350.853%49.147%643221.25%3
2080622,731,11150.794%49.206%683221.14%3
2085657,740,06550.723%49.277%722221.03%3
2090691,183,21350.66%49.34%758220.93%3
2095722,635,80150.598%49.402%793210.84%3
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations