Nigeria Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. As of 2016, the estimated population of the country is over 178.5 million.

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman's chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Demographics

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 17.9 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria  Population in 2016 Source: Shiraz Chakera

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Nigeria Population Growth

The United Nations project that the overall population of Nigeria will reach about 398 million by the end of the year 2050. By 2100, if current figures continue, the population of Nigeria will be over 746 million. According to the Census Bureau of the United States, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million people by the year 2050. With those numbers, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the entire world, surpassing the United States in the near future.

Nigeria Population Density

About Nigeria

Official Name Federal Republic of Nigeria
Languages Spoken English
Borders BEN, CMR, TCD, NER
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 10,8
Currencies Used NGN

Nigeria Population Clock

What is the population of Nigeria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 3,958
Deaths Per Day 1,282
Net Migrations Per Day -164
Net Change Per Day 2,512
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Nigeria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 38.634 births/thousand 12th
Crude Death Rate 12.495 deaths/thousand 18th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.308 people/thousand 91st
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.341 years 194th
Life Expectancy (Male) 52.972 years 194th
Life Expectancy (Female) 53.71 years 196th
Total Fertility Rate 5.52 children/woman 10th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.042 surviving daughters/woman 17th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female 48th
Infant Mortality Rate 69.851 deaths/1,000 live births 10th
Under Five Mortality 112.619 deaths/thousand 8th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.81 years 80th
Rate of Natural Increase 25.632 25th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 27.796% 193rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 27.556% 193rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 28.045% 195th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 44.825% 193rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 46.239% 193rd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 43.391% 195th
Crude Suicide Rate 4.3 suicides/thousand 121st
Median Age (Total) 18.3 years 197th
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years 200th
Median Age (Male) 18.2 years 195th

Nigeria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 186,987,563 50.941% 49.059% 205 64 2.56% 7
2015 182,201,962 50.926% 49.074% 200 65 2.59% 7
2010 159,424,742 50.839% 49.161% 175 68 2.69% 7
2005 139,611,303 50.735% 49.265% 153 68 2.62% 9
2000 122,876,723 50.628% 49.372% 134 73 2.52% 10
1995 108,424,821 50.536% 49.464% 119 78 2.5% 10
1990 95,617,345 50.489% 49.511% 104 85 2.55% 10
1985 83,901,570 50.428% 49.572% 92 90 2.61% 10
1980 73,698,095 50.431% 49.569% 80 93 2.72% 11
1975 63,565,598 50.224% 49.776% 69 100 2.89% 11
1970 56,131,844 50.139% 49.861% 61 105 2.33% 11
1965 50,238,569 50.069% 49.931% 55 103 2.16% 13
1960 45,211,614 49.996% 50.004% 49 103 2.04% 13
1955 41,122,333 49.935% 50.065% 45 102 1.81% 13
1950 37,859,745 49.885% 50.115% 41 101 1.5% 13

Nigeria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 206,830,983 50.99% 49.01% 227 61 2.47% 7
2025 233,557,691 51.036% 48.964% 256 57 2.38% 5
2030 262,599,107 51.064% 48.936% 288 52 2.29% 5
2035 293,965,225 51.072% 48.928% 322 46 2.2% 5
2040 327,405,603 51.07% 48.93% 359 41 2.08% 4
2045 362,395,941 51.057% 48.943% 397 37 1.95% 4
2050 398,507,703 51.037% 48.963% 437 34 1.82% 3
2055 435,495,540 51.014% 48.986% 478 34 1.7% 3
2060 473,123,062 50.983% 49.017% 519 31 1.59% 3
2065 510,994,161 50.945% 49.055% 561 25 1.47% 3
2070 548,863,098 50.899% 49.101% 602 23 1.36% 3
2075 586,277,853 50.853% 49.147% 643 22 1.25% 3
2080 622,731,111 50.794% 49.206% 683 22 1.14% 3
2085 657,740,065 50.723% 49.277% 722 22 1.03% 3
2090 691,183,213 50.66% 49.34% 758 22 0.93% 3
2095 722,635,801 50.598% 49.402% 793 21 0.84% 3
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations