Obesity Rates By Country 2020

What country has the highest obesity rate? What country has the lowest obesity rate?

Obesity is when an adult has a BMI of 30 or greater and is considered an epidemic around the world. Bodyweight is the result of several factors such as poor nutritional choices, overeating, genetics, culture, and metabolism. Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975, with about 13% of adults being obese and about 39% of adults being overweight.

Obesity is linked to many health complications and diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, certain types of cancer, and stroke. Additionally, obesity is the leading preventable cause of preventable death.

Obesity rates vary greatly by country as a result of different lifestyles and diets. There is no direct correlation between the obesity rate of a country and its economic status; however, wealthier countries tend to have the resources to implement programs, campaigns, and initiatives to raise awareness and education people about what they are consuming.

Some regions of the world, such as Southeast Asia, are seeing alarmingly rapid increases in obesity rates within the past five years. Some governments, such as the United States government, have launched campaigns in recent years to promote healthier lifestyles and being active.

Nauru has the highest obesity rate in the world at 61.0%. Nauru is a Pacific Island nation with roughly 10,000 inhabitants. Their diet consists mostly of noodles, rice, soda, and food from tins, likely attributed to the island’s economic downturn making it difficult to access healthy food. Type 2-diabetes is a large concern among the Nauru people.

Vietnam has the lowest obesity rate of 2.1%. Vietnam, however, has a large number of undernourished and underweight citizens. Vietnam is struggling with an increase in obesity while simultaneously addressing those who are not receiving enough nutrition, forcing the government to adjust policies in different regions. Obesity seems to be increasing in cities while undernourishment is a prevalent issue among rural populations.

The United States has the 12th highest obesity rate in the world of 36.2%. Obesity varies greatly between each state in the US, due to the same diet, environment and culture factors that cause variations between countries. Diet is primarily to blame, with Americans receiving mixed messages about what they should be eating and how much of it. With campaigns promoting daily physical activity and proper nutrition, Americans often still opt for fast, cheap, and filling options such as processed packaged food, fast food, and larger portions. This often leads to higher fat, calorie, and sodium intake and lower intake of vitamins and nutrients.

The top ten most obese countries in the world are:

  1. Nauru (61.0%)
  2. Cook Islands (55.9%)
  3. Palau (55.3%)
  4. Marshall Islands (52.9%)
  5. Tuvalu (51.6%)
  6. Niue (50.0%)
  7. Tonga (48.2%)
  8. Samoa (47.3%)
  9. Kiribati (46.0%)
  10. Micronesia (45.8%)

Below is a table of the obesity rate in every country.

Country % of Obese Adults Population 2019
Vietnam2.10%96,462,106
Bangladesh3.60%163,046,161
Cambodia3.90%16,486,542
India3.90%1,366,417,754
Nepal4.10%28,608,710
Japan4.30%126,860,301
Ethiopia4.50%112,078,730
South Korea4.70%51,225,308
Eritrea5.00%3,497,117
Sri Lanka5.20%21,323,733
Laos5.30%7,169,455
Madagascar5.30%26,969,307
Uganda5.30%44,269,594
Burundi5.40%11,530,580
Afghanistan5.50%38,041,754
Niger5.50%23,310,715
Burkina Faso5.60%20,321,378
Myanmar5.80%54,045,420
Malawi5.80%18,628,747
Rwanda5.80%12,626,950
Chad6.10%15,946,876
Singapore6.10%5,804,337
China6.20%1,433,783,686
Philippines6.40%108,116,615
Bhutan6.40%763,092
Dr Congo6.70%86,790,567
North Korea6.80%25,666,161
Indonesia6.90%270,625,568
Kenya7.10%52,573,973
Mozambique7.20%30,366,036
Central African Republic7.50%4,745,185
Guinea7.70%12,771,246
Comoros7.80%850,886
Equatorial Guinea8.00%1,355,986
Zambia8.10%17,861,030
Angola8.20%31,825,295
Somalia8.30%15,442,905
Togo8.40%8,082,366
Tanzania8.40%58,005,463
Maldives8.60%530,953
Mali8.60%19,658,031
Pakistan8.60%216,565,318
South Sudan8.60%11,062,113
Sudan8.60%42,813,238
Sierra Leone8.70%7,813,215
Senegal8.80%16,296,364
Nigeria8.90%200,963,599
Guinea Bissau9.50%1,920,922
Benin9.60%11,801,151
Liberia9.90%4,937,374
Thailand10.00%69,625,582
Gambia10.30%2,347,706
Ivory Coast10.30%25,716,544
Mauritius10.80%1,269,668
Ghana10.90%30,417,856
Cameroon11.40%25,876,380
Sao Tome And Principe12.40%215,056
Mauritania12.70%4,525,696
Djibouti13.50%973,560
Seychelles14.00%97,739
Tajikistan14.20%9,321,018
Gabon15.00%2,172,579
Zimbabwe15.50%14,645,468
Malaysia15.60%31,949,777
Kyrgyzstan16.60%6,415,850
Lesotho16.60%2,125,268
Uzbekistan16.60%32,981,716
Yemen17.10%29,161,922
Namibia17.20%2,494,530
Bosnia And Herzegovina17.90%3,301,000
Trinidad And Tobago18.60%1,394,973
Turkmenistan18.60%5,942,089
Antigua And Barbuda18.90%97,118
Moldova18.90%4,043,263
Botswana18.90%2,303,697
Switzerland19.50%8,591,365
Denmark19.70%5,771,876
Peru19.70%32,510,453
Saint Lucia19.70%182,790
Ecuador19.90%17,373,662
Azerbaijan19.90%10,047,718
Italy19.90%60,550,075
Austria20.10%8,955,102
Guyana20.20%782,766
Armenia20.20%2,957,731
Bolivia20.20%11,513,100
Slovenia20.20%2,078,654
Paraguay20.30%7,044,636
Netherlands20.40%17,097,130
Slovakia20.50%5,457,013
Mongolia20.60%3,225,167
Sweden20.60%10,036,379
Portugal20.80%10,226,187
Kazakhstan21.00%18,551,427
Estonia21.20%1,325,648
Guatemala21.20%17,581,472
Grenada21.30%112,003
Papua New Guinea21.30%8,776,109
Honduras21.40%9,746,117
Serbia21.50%8,772,235
France21.60%65,129,728
Georgia21.70%3,996,765
Albania21.70%2,880,917
Cyprus21.80%1,198,575
Iceland21.90%339,031
Belgium22.10%11,539,328
Brazil22.10%211,049,527
Finland22.20%5,532,156
Colombia22.30%50,339,443
Germany22.30%83,517,045
Romania22.50%19,364,557
Solomon Islands22.50%669,823
Luxembourg22.60%615,729
Haiti22.70%11,263,077
Panama22.70%4,246,439
Saint Kitts And Nevis22.90%52,823
Barbados23.10%287,025
Norway23.10%5,378,857
Poland23.10%37,887,768
Russia23.10%145,872,256
Montenegro23.30%627,987
Latvia23.60%1,906,743
Nicaragua23.70%6,545,502
Spain23.80%46,736,776
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines24.10%110,589
Ukraine24.10%43,993,638
Belize24.10%390,353
Croatia24.40%4,130,304
Belarus24.50%9,452,411
Cuba24.60%11,333,483
El Salvador24.60%6,453,553
Jamaica24.70%2,948,279
Greece24.90%10,473,455
Bulgaria25.00%7,000,119
Ireland25.30%4,882,495
Andorra25.60%77,142
Venezuela25.60%28,515,829
Costa Rica25.70%5,047,561
Iran25.80%82,913,906
Czech Republic26.00%10,689,209
Israel26.10%8,519,377
Morocco26.10%36,471,769
Lithuania26.30%2,759,627
Hungary26.40%9,684,679
Suriname26.40%581,372
Tunisia26.90%11,694,719
Oman27.00%4,974,986
Algeria27.40%43,053,054
Dominican Republic27.60%10,738,958
United Kingdom27.80%67,530,172
Dominica27.90%71,808
Uruguay27.90%3,461,734
Chile28.00%18,952,038
Argentina28.30%44,780,677
South Africa28.30%58,558,270
Malta28.90%440,372
Mexico28.90%127,575,529
Australia29.00%25,203,198
Canada29.40%37,411,047
Bahrain29.80%1,641,172
Fiji30.20%889,953
Iraq30.40%39,309,783
New Zealand30.80%4,783,063
Bahamas31.60%389,482
United Arab Emirates31.70%9,770,529
Egypt32.00%100,388,073
Turkey32.10%83,429,615
Libya32.50%6,777,452
Lebanon33.70%6,855,713
Qatar35.10%2,832,067
Saudi Arabia35.40%34,268,528
Jordan35.50%10,101,694
United States36.20%329,064,917
Kuwait37.90%4,207,083
Micronesia45.80%113,815
Kiribati46.00%117,606
Samoa47.30%197,097
Tonga48.20%104,494
Niue50.00%1,615
Tuvalu51.60%11,646
Marshall Islands52.90%58,791
Palau55.30%18,008
Cook Islands55.90%17,548
Nauru61.00%10,756