Oldest Countries 2019

With 195 countries in the world, it’s hard to imagine that some of these countries once didn’t even exist. As explorers discovered new land, more countries were established, leading to the nearly 200 we have today.

Some of the world’s nations have stood the test of time, though. Even though factors such as boundaries, political structures, and capital cities have changed, these nations have survived throughout the years, making them the oldest countries in the world.

Egypt is considered one of the oldest countries in the world and was first settled around 6000 BC. The first dynasty was believed to be founded around 3100 BC.

Another one of the world’s oldest country is China. Historians say that the first evidence of civilization in this nation was from over 4,000 years ago. The first recorded dynasty – the Shang dynasty – was also established in this nation and reigned over the nation from 17th Century BC to 11th Century BC.

Greece is also another nation that has a long history. Advanced civilizations inhabited the region approximately 4,000 years ago. Athens, Greece, was also the first place to adopt the democratic system.

India is another old nation, with the first civilization living in the area approximately 10,000 years ago. India is also a nation that is behind some of the world’s oldest religions including Buddhism and Hinduism.

Some of the world’s other oldest countries include:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
2Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
3Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²636,203 mi²1.11%1.36%AsiaSouthern Asia
4France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
5Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²11,481 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AsiaWestern Asia
6San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe