Oligarchy Countries 2019

An oligarchy is a type of government where control is given to a small group of people. There are a number of distinguishing factors among the people in this group, including their wealth, political, religious, or military ties, or nobility. In most cases, families are the rulers in oligarchies, and this power is passed down from generation to generation.

Oligarchies have gained a reputation for being tyrannical and oppressive. However, many governments around the world use some form of oligarchy, such as appointing representatives to determine national policy. Only when there is a limitation in the separation of powers and when the rule of law is violated does an oligarchy become tyrannical.

One of the most well-known examples of an oligarchy in history is the Soviet Union. Today, this form of government is still practiced in some nations, including:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1China1,433,783,6869,706,961 km²3,746,887 mi²6.54%0.43%AsiaEastern Asia
2Russia145,872,25617,098,242 km²6,599,921 mi²11.52%0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
3Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
4Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²636,203 mi²1.11%1.36%AsiaSouthern Asia
5South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²471,320 mi²0.82%1.33%AfricaSouthern Africa
6Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
7Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²353,748 mi²0.62%-1.29%AmericasSouth America
8North Korea25,666,161120,538 km²46,528 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AsiaEastern Asia