Oman Population 2018
Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the coast of the Arabian Peninsula with a strategic position on the Persian Gulf. Oman is bordered by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In 2018, the estimated population of Oman is 4.83 million.
The estimated population of 4.83 million is a sharp increase over the 2010 census of 2.77 million.
Nearly 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of Muscat, while 200,000 live in the southern region. There are about 30,000 people in the remote Musandam Peninsula.
Capital and Population Density
The largest city and capital is Muscat, with a population of around 800,000. This is followed by Seeb (240,000) and Salalah (165,000). Despite being the 70th largest country, Oman is one of the least densely populated with just 9 people per square kilometer (24/sq mi), which ranks 220th in the world.
Oman is a very ethnically diverse country with at least 12 spoken languages that represents its imperial past. Many Omani are from Baluchistan and the Swahili coast, and there are about 600,000 foreigners, mostly guest workers from Egypt, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and the Philippines.
Oman is composed of Arabs, ethnic Balochis, ethnic Lurs, Swahilis, Hindus and Mehri. The Balochi are the largest non-Arab ethnicity and they are Iranian.
Religion among the population in Oman is widespread, with statistics from 2010 showing affiliation at Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, and unaffiliated at 0.2% of the population.
Life Expectancy and Quality of Life
The median age is currently at 25.6 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 75.7 years.
The birth rate is at 24 births per 1,000 population. In contrast, Oman carries a death rate of 3.3 deaths per 1,000 population. This, in addition with immigration/emigration, contributes to a growth rate of 4.18% yearly as of 2018.
In terms of quality of life, less than 7% of the population struggles with access to either clean water or improved sanitation facilities. In addition, there are also more than 1.5 physicians and hospital beds available per 1,000 individuals residing in Oman.
The literacy rate in Oman is fairly strong, if somewhat divided between the sexes. The total percent ofthe population over the age of 15 that can read and write is estimated to be 93%, with males at 96% and females at only 86%.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 7 minutes|
|One death every 45 minutes|
|One net migrant every 4 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 3 minutes|
Source: By Ian Sewell [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons