Oman Population 2018

4,808,106

Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the coast of the Arabian Peninsula with a strategic position on the Persian Gulf. Oman is bordered by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In 2018, the estimated population of Oman is 4.83 million.

The estimated population of 4.83 million is a sharp increase over the 2010 census of 2.77 million. Nearly 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of Muscat, while 200,000 live in the southern region. There are about 30,000 people in the remote Musandam Peninsula.

The largest city and capital is Muscat, with a population of around 800,000. This is followed by Seeb (240,000) and Salalah (165,000). Despite being the 70th largest country, Oman is one of the least densely populated with just 9 people per square kilometer (24/sq mi), which ranks 220th in the world.

Oman Demographics

Oman is a very ethnically diverse country with at least 12 spoken languages that represents its imperial past. Many Omani are from Baluchistan and the Swahili coast, and there are about 600,000 foreigners, mostly guest workers from Egypt, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and the Philippines.

Oman is composed of Arabs, ethnic Balochis, ethnic Lurs, Swahilis, Hindus and Mehri. The Balochi are the largest non-Arab ethnicity and they are Iranian.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 45 minutes
One net migrant every 4 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Oman Population in 2018Source: Wusel007

Oman Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80k100k120kOman Male Population0k20k40k60k80k100k120kOman Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Oman Median Age

25.4


Total

26.5


Male

24


Female

Oman Population by Age

There are 3,480,267 adults in Oman.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Oman Population Growth

Oman is currently experiencing the fastest population growth in at least fifty years and it has one of the fastest-growing populations in the world with a growth rate of more than 9% per year. From 2012 to 2013 alone, Oman added more than 227,000 people. This growth has been attributed to an increase in the birth rate and a decrease in deaths, partly due to an improving healthcare system.

About Oman

Official NameSultanate of Oman
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2157
Currencies UsedOman Rial
DemonymOmani

Oman Population Density

Oman Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Muscat797,000
Seeb237,816
Salalah163,140
Bawshar159,487
Sohar108,274
As Suwayq107,143
`Ibri101,640
Saham89,327
Barka'81,647
Rustaq79,383
Al Buraymi73,670
Nizwa72,076
Sur71,152
Bahla'54,338
Al Khaburah50,223
Shinas48,009
Sufalat Sama'il47,718
Izki36,203
Liwa26,372
Ibra'25,265

Oman Population Clock

The population of Oman (as of 5/19/2018)?4,808,106
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,829,946
Births Per Day221
Deaths Per Day32
Net Migrations Per Day 331
Net Change Per Day 520
Population Change Since January 1st72,280

Oman Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 17.236 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 2.481 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 25.884 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.37 years
Male Life Expectancy 75.67 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.81 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.537 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.217 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 7.845 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 9.187 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.076 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.755

Oman Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,829,94666.19%33.81%15.611244.18%
20174,636,26265.84%34.16%14.981274.78%
20164,424,76265.39%34.61%14.301275.36%
20154,199,81064.84%35.16%13.571286.67%
20103,041,46060.32%39.68%9.831363.91%
20052,511,26956.56%43.44%8.111402.06%
20002,267,99156.14%43.86%7.331410.57%
19952,204,28359.30%40.70%7.121404.00%
19901,812,16055.66%44.34%5.861443.88%
19851,498,41754.05%45.95%4.841445.36%
19801,154,37952.70%47.30%3.731455.53%
1975882,04450.41%49.59%2.851484.03%
1970723,85249.13%50.87%2.341482.98%
1965625,00949.13%50.87%2.021492.53%
1960551,74049.53%50.47%1.781502.16%
1955495,81650.08%49.92%1.601491.67%
1950456,41950.76%49.24%1.471500.00%

Oman Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,149,70066.52%33.48%16.641220.00%
20255,572,14965.91%34.09%18.001221.59%
20305,897,47365.23%34.77%19.051221.14%
20356,128,59064.47%35.53%19.801210.77%
20406,343,52063.76%36.24%20.501200.69%
20456,549,88863.07%36.93%21.161200.64%
20506,756,57062.43%37.57%21.831190.62%
20556,923,09861.82%38.18%22.371190.49%
20607,036,54761.23%38.77%22.741170.33%
20657,095,54660.65%39.35%22.931170.17%
20707,107,27960.05%39.95%22.961170.03%
20757,079,87659.41%40.59%22.88117-0.08%
20807,019,27558.73%41.27%22.68116-0.17%
20856,930,31458.01%41.99%22.39116-0.25%
20906,820,02657.27%42.73%22.04117-0.32%
20956,698,44956.54%43.46%21.64118-0.36%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1993, 2003 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2015 and 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer