Oman Population 2019

4,979,186

Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the coast of the Arabian Peninsula with a strategic position on the Persian Gulf. Oman is bordered by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In 2019, the estimated population of Oman is 4.97 million, 122nd in the world.

The estimated population of 4.97 million is a sharp increase over the 2010 census of 2.77 million.

Population Distribution

Nearly 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of Muscat, while 200,000 live in the southern region. There are about 30,000 people in the remote Musandam Peninsula.

Capital and Population Density

The largest city and capital is Muscat, with a population of around 800,000. This is followed by Seeb (240,000) and Salalah (165,000). Despite being the 70th largest country, Oman is one of the least densely populated with just 9 people per square kilometer (24/sq mi), which ranks 220th in the world.

Oman Demographics

Oman is a very ethnically diverse country with at least 12 spoken languages that represents its imperial past. Many Omani are from Baluchistan and the Swahili coast, and there are about 600,000 foreigners, mostly guest workers from Egypt, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and the Philippines.

Oman is composed of Arabs, ethnic Balochis, ethnic Lurs, Swahilis, Hindus and Mehri. The Balochi are the largest non-Arab ethnicity and they are Iranian.

Religion among the population in Oman is widespread, with statistics from 2010 showing affiliation at Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, and unaffiliated at 0.2% of the population.

Life Expectancy and Quality of Life

The median age is currently at 25.6 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 75.7 years.

The birth rate is at 24 births per 1,000 population. In contrast, Oman carries a death rate of 3.3 deaths per 1,000 population. This, in addition with immigration/emigration, contributes to a growth rate of 4.18% yearly as of 2018.

In terms of quality of life, less than 7% of the population struggles with access to either clean water or improved sanitation facilities. In addition, there are also more than 1.5 physicians and hospital beds available per 1,000 individuals residing in Oman.

The literacy rate in Oman is fairly strong, if somewhat divided between the sexes. The total percent ofthe population over the age of 15 that can read and write is estimated to be 93%, with males at 96% and females at only 86%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 6 minutes
One death every 45 minutes
One net migrant every 7 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Oman Population in 2018Source: By Ian Sewell [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons

Oman Population Pyramid 2019

Oman Population by Age

There are 3,731,792 adults in Oman.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201012 December 2010
20037 December 2003
19931 December 1993
Oman Population Growth

Oman is currently experiencing the fastest population growth in at least fifty years and it has one of the fastest-growing populations in the world with a growth rate of more than 9% per year. From 2012 to 2013 alone, Oman added more than 227,000 people. This growth has been attributed to an increase in the birth rate and a decrease in deaths, partly due to an improving healthcare system.

Official NameSultanate of Oman
Languages SpokenArabic
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2157
Currencies UsedOman Rial
DemonymOmani
Name Population Location
Muscat797,000Map
Seeb237,816Map
Salalah163,140Map
Bawshar159,487Map
Sohar108,274Map
As Suwayq107,143Map
`Ibri101,640Map
Saham89,327Map
Barka'81,647Map
Rustaq79,383Map
Al Buraymi73,670Map
Nizwa72,076Map
Sur71,152Map
Bahla'54,338Map
Al Khaburah50,223Map
Shinas48,009Map
Sufalat Sama'il47,718Map
Izki36,203Map
Liwa26,372Map
Ibra'25,265Map

Oman Population Clock

The population of Oman (as of 7/10/2019)?4,979,186
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)4,974,986
Births Per Day248
Deaths Per Day32
Net Migrations Per Day 204
Net Change Per Day 420
Population Change Since January 1st80,220

Oman Population Estimator

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Estimate as of July 10th 2019 is: 4,978,232

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20194,974,98666.02%33.98%16.071223.01%
20184,829,47365.99%34.01%15.601223.51%
20174,665,92865.87%34.13%15.081254.17%
20164,479,21965.62%34.38%14.471264.96%
20154,267,34865.21%34.78%13.791267.01%
20103,041,43460.32%39.68%9.831363.91%
20052,511,25156.56%43.44%8.111402.06%
20002,267,97356.14%43.86%7.331410.57%
19952,204,27759.30%40.69%7.121394.00%
19901,812,16155.66%44.34%5.861443.88%
19851,498,41854.05%45.95%4.841455.36%
19801,154,37752.70%47.30%3.731455.53%
1975882,04750.41%49.59%2.851484.03%
1970723,85149.13%50.87%2.341482.98%
1965625,00949.13%50.87%2.021492.53%
1960551,74049.53%50.47%1.781502.16%
1955495,81850.08%49.92%1.601491.67%
1950456,41950.76%49.24%1.471500.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20205,106,62666.00%34.00%16.501200.00%
20255,573,00565.31%34.69%18.011201.76%
20305,936,08164.57%35.43%19.181211.27%
20356,196,67563.79%36.21%20.021190.86%
20406,437,41863.06%36.94%20.801180.77%
20456,671,91662.35%37.65%21.561170.72%
20506,915,44461.69%38.31%22.341170.72%
20557,131,22961.05%38.95%23.041150.62%
20607,298,03260.44%39.56%23.581150.46%
20657,407,20159.86%40.14%23.931150.30%
20707,463,49359.29%40.71%24.111160.15%
20757,479,33458.71%41.29%24.171140.04%
20807,467,28558.10%41.90%24.13114-0.03%
20857,435,38957.46%42.54%24.02115-0.09%
20907,388,91856.81%43.19%23.87114-0.13%
20957,333,44856.18%43.82%23.69114-0.15%
  1. Ministry of National Economy
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1993, 2003 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2015 and 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer