Oman Population 2017
The estimated population of 3.92 million is a sharp increase over the 2010 census of 2.77 million. Nearly 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of Muscat, while 200,000 live in the southern region. There are about 30,000 people in the remote Musandam Peninsula.
The largest city and capital is Muscat, with a population of around 800,000. This is followed by Seeb (240,000) and Salalah (165,000). Despite being the 70th largest country, Oman is one of the least densely populated with just 9 people per square kilometer (24/sq mi), which ranks 220th in the world.
Oman is a very ethnically diverse country with at least 12 spoken languages that represents its imperial past. Many Omani are from Baluchistan and the Swahili coast, and there are about 600,000 foreigners, mostly guest workers from Egypt, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and the Philippines.
Oman is composed of Arabs, ethnic Balochis, ethnic Lurs, Swahilis, Hindus and Mehri. The Balochi are the largest non-Arab ethnicity and they are Iranian.