Panama Population 2018

4,133,918

Panama is the southernmost country in Central America, first explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century. It has the 3rd largest economy in Central America with revenue from its canal tolls representing a large percentage of its GDP. At the last census in 2013, Panama had a population of 3,661,868. Its population density is just 54 people per square mile, which ranks 156th in the world. Today in 2018, we estimate Panama to have 4.16 million people.

Panama's population is 70% mestizo (white and Amerindian), 14% Amerindian and mixed (West Indian), 10% white and 6% Amerindian. The Amerindian population of Panama includes seven major indigenous peoples, including the Bri Bri and Ngabe.

More than 50% of the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan region, which includes many cities. The urban population is more than 70%, which is the highest in all of Central America. According to the 2010 census, just over 12% of the population is indigenous.

The large West Indian population of Panama owes its presence to the efforts in the 19th and 20th century to construct the Panama Canal, with 3/4 of the workforce representing Afro Caribbean migrants from the West Indians.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 25 minutes
One net migrant every 85 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Panama Population in 2018Source: Arnaud DG

Panama Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40kPanama Male Population0k10k20k30k40kPanama Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Panama Median Age

28.9


Total

28.5


Male

29.3


Female

Panama Population by Age

There are 2,766,073 adults in Panama.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Panama Population Growth

Panama has had a very stable growth rate for some time and stays in line with larger countries like Brazil. By 2020, the population is projected to reach 4,040,000.

About Panama

Official NameRepublic of Panama
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude9-80
Currencies UsedPanama Balboa, United States Dollar
DemonymPanamanian

Countries Bordering Panama

Colombia
Costa Rica

Panama Population Density

Panama Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Panama408,168
San Miguelito321,501
Juan Diaz100,636
David81,957
Arraijan76,815
Colon76,643
Las Cumbres69,102
La Chorrera61,232
Pedregal51,641
Tocumen50,844
Santiago de Veraguas45,355
Parque Lefevre36,997
Chilibre33,536
Cativa29,607
Rio Abajo26,607
Nuevo Belen24,056
Ancon20,706
Alcalde Diaz20,285
El Chorrillo18,302
Changuinola17,997

Panama Population Clock

The population of Panama (as of 1/17/2018)?4,133,918
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,162,618
Births Per Day215
Deaths Per Day57
Net Migrations Per Day 17
Net Change Per Day 175
Population Change Since January 1st2,975

Panama Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 19.032 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.052 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.523 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 78.29 years
Male Life Expectancy 75.41 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.32 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.469 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.174 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 13.389 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 17.804 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.708 years
Rate of Natural Increase 13.98

Panama Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,162,61850.09%49.91%55.191311.60%
20153,969,24950.14%49.86%52.631311.73%
20103,643,22250.23%49.77%48.311321.81%
20053,330,46550.32%49.68%44.161321.91%
20003,030,34750.39%49.61%40.181352.04%
19952,739,73050.45%49.55%36.331332.09%
19902,471,00950.55%49.45%32.761332.17%
19852,219,27650.66%49.35%29.431342.32%
19801,978,57850.66%49.34%26.241342.54%
19751,745,20550.79%49.21%23.141352.81%
19701,519,29950.86%49.14%20.151362.94%
19651,314,62650.93%49.07%17.431353.02%
19601,132,92151.04%48.96%15.021362.92%
1955981,03251.10%48.90%13.011382.68%
1950859,65951.24%48.76%11.401380.00%

Panama Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,289,33050.07%49.93%56.871300.00%
20254,596,06650.00%50.00%60.941301.39%
20304,884,31149.96%50.04%64.761291.22%
20355,151,31249.92%50.08%68.301291.07%
20405,399,08249.91%50.09%71.591270.94%
20455,625,55649.90%50.10%74.591260.83%
20505,827,10649.92%50.08%77.271230.71%
20556,000,88249.93%50.07%79.571220.59%
20606,146,71249.94%50.06%81.501220.48%
20656,266,92549.96%50.04%83.101220.39%
20706,363,38449.97%50.03%84.381210.31%
20756,438,57149.98%50.02%85.371200.24%
20806,494,36849.99%50.01%86.111200.17%
20856,531,58950.00%50.00%86.611200.11%
20906,550,99250.00%50.00%86.861200.06%
20956,553,46650.01%49.99%86.901190.01%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer