Panama Population 2018

4,186,418

Panama is the southernmost country in Central America, first explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century. It has the 3rd largest economy in Central America with revenue from its canal tolls representing a large percentage of its GDP. At the last census in 2013, Panama had a population of 3,661,868. Its population density is just 54 people per square mile, which ranks 156th in the world. Today in 2018, we estimate Panama to have 4.16 million people.

Panama's population is 70% mestizo (white and Amerindian), 14% Amerindian and mixed (West Indian), 10% white and 6% Amerindian. The Amerindian population of Panama includes seven major indigenous peoples, including the Bri Bri and Ngabe.

More than 50% of the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan region, which includes many cities. The urban population is more than 70%, which is the highest in all of Central America. According to the 2010 census, just over 12% of the population is indigenous.

The large West Indian population of Panama owes its presence to the efforts in the 19th and 20th century to construct the Panama Canal, with 3/4 of the workforce representing Afro Caribbean migrants from the West Indians.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 7 minutes
One death every 25 minutes
One net migrant every 85 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Panama Population in 2018Source: By Ana Freitas (Flickr: Zona Libre de Col�n) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Panama Population Growth

Panama has had a very stable growth rate for some time and stays in line with larger countries like Brazil. By 2020, the population is projected to reach 4,040,000.

About Panama

Official NameRepublic of Panama
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude9-80
Currencies UsedPanama Balboa, United States Dollar
DemonymPanamanian

Countries Bordering Panama

Colombia
Costa Rica

Panama Population Density

Panama Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Panama408,168
San Miguelito321,501
Juan Diaz100,636
David81,957
Arraijan76,815
Colon76,643
Las Cumbres69,102
La Chorrera61,232
Pedregal51,641
Tocumen50,844
Santiago de Veraguas45,355
Parque Lefevre36,997
Chilibre33,536
Cativa29,607
Rio Abajo26,607
Nuevo Belen24,056
Ancon20,706
Alcalde Diaz20,285
El Chorrillo18,302
Changuinola17,997

Panama Population Clock

The population of Panama (as of 11/13/2018)?4,186,418
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,162,618
Births Per Day215
Deaths Per Day57
Net Migrations Per Day 17
Net Change Per Day 175
Population Change Since January 1st55,475

Panama Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 4,186,134

Panama Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,162,61850.09%49.91%55.191311.56%
20174,098,58750.11%49.89%54.351311.60%
20164,034,11950.12%49.88%53.491321.63%
20153,969,24950.14%49.86%52.631311.73%
20103,643,22250.23%49.77%48.311321.81%
20053,330,46550.32%49.68%44.161321.91%
20003,030,34750.39%49.61%40.181352.04%
19952,739,73050.45%49.55%36.331332.09%
19902,471,00950.55%49.45%32.761332.17%
19852,219,27650.66%49.35%29.431342.32%
19801,978,57850.66%49.34%26.241342.54%
19751,745,20550.79%49.21%23.141352.81%
19701,519,29950.86%49.14%20.151362.94%
19651,314,62650.93%49.07%17.431353.02%
19601,132,92151.04%48.96%15.021362.92%
1955981,03251.10%48.90%13.011382.68%
1950859,65951.24%48.76%11.401380.00%

Panama Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,289,33050.07%49.93%56.871300.00%
20254,596,06650.00%50.00%60.941301.39%
20304,884,31149.96%50.04%64.761291.22%
20355,151,31249.92%50.08%68.301291.07%
20405,399,08249.91%50.09%71.591270.94%
20455,625,55649.90%50.10%74.591260.83%
20505,827,10649.92%50.08%77.271230.71%
20556,000,88249.93%50.07%79.571220.59%
20606,146,71249.94%50.06%81.501220.48%
20656,266,92549.96%50.04%83.101220.39%
20706,363,38449.97%50.03%84.381210.31%
20756,438,57149.98%50.02%85.371200.24%
20806,494,36849.99%50.01%86.111200.17%
20856,531,58950.00%50.00%86.611200.11%
20906,550,99250.00%50.00%86.861200.06%
20956,553,46650.01%49.99%86.901190.01%
Data Sources
  1. Directorate of Statistics and Census
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses, with official population estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer