Papua New Guinea Population 2017

7,940,278

Papua New Guinea has an estimated population of 7.4 million, which compares to the 2000 census population of 5.19 million. Papua New Guinea is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with 15 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 201st.

The largest city and capital is Port Moresby, with a population of about 310,000. Only 18% of the population in Papua New Guinea lives in an urban area. Papua New Guinea remains one of the least explored areas of the world.

Papua New Guinea Demographics

Papua New Guinea is one of the most diverse countries in the world with 848 different languages spoken (12% of the world's languages), of which 12 have no living speakers remaining. Most languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, although the largest is the Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the area tens of thousands of years ago. Some remote Papuan tribes still have very little contact with the outside world.

Another large ethnic group is the Austronesians, whose ancestors arrived in the region less than 4,000 years ago. Today, people from around the world call Papua New Guinea home, including Polynesians, Micronesians, Filipinos, Australians, Europeans and Chinese.

While Papua New Guinea is one of the world's fastest growing economies, 30% of the population still lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. Most people in Papua New Guinea still live on subsistence-based agriculture. The country has the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific and meets the criteria for a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic. The leading cause of death is malaria, which affected about 1.7 million people in 2003 alone.

Papua New Guinea Population in 2017Source: Mark Matson

About Papua New Guinea

Official NameIndependent State of Papua New Guinea
Languages SpokenHiri Motu, English, Tok Pisin
BordersIDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-6147
Currencies UsedPGK

Papua New Guinea Population Density

Name Population
Minj
Buka
Wabag3,958
Aitape5,547
Kerema5,646
Lorengau5,806
Kokoda6,199
Ialibu6,915
Rabaul8,074
Tari8,186
Kainantu8,509
Kundiawa9,383
Vanimo9,809
Alotau10,025
Vanimo11,204
Kiunga11,536
Kavieng14,490
Wau14,629
Daru15,214
Bulolo16,042
Wewak18,230
Goroka18,503
Kimbe18,847
Mendi26,252
Kokopo26,273
Madang27,419
Popondetta28,198
Mount Hagen33,623
Arawa40,266
Lae76,255
Port Moresby283,733

Papua New Guinea Population Clock

What is the population of Papua New Guinea (as of September 13, 2017)?7,940,278
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7933840
Births Per Day120
Deaths Per Day33
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 87
Population Change Since January 1st22,185

Papua New Guinea Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 27.517 births/thousand54
Crude Death Rate 7.6 deaths/thousand96
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand0
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.135 years169
Male Life Expectancy 61.029 years171
Female Life Expectancy 65.356 years168
Total Fertility Rate 3.606 children/woman49
Net Reproduction Rate 1.564 surviving daughters/woman51
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.08 males per female9
Infant Mortality Rate 45.061 deaths/1,000 live births35
Under Five Mortality 58.297 deaths/thousand43
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.757 years82
Rate of Natural Increase 19.795 55
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 12.666 %155
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 13.341 %151
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.945 %158
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.64 %172
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.205 %176
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.885 %167
Crude Suicide Rate 7.7 suicides/thousand84
Median Age (Total) 22.9 years160
Median Age (Female) 22.8 years163
Median Age (Male) 23 years157

Papua New Guinea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20177,933,84051.012%48.988%171961.98%100
20157,619,32151.012%48.988%161972.04%100
20106,847,51751.007%48.993%151962.22%102
20056,086,90550.992%49.008%131972.42%101
20005,374,05050.983%49.017%111992.55%103
19954,715,92951.012%48.988%101982.6%109
19904,157,90351.139%48.861%91992.47%114
19853,677,85451.293%48.707%82002.52%114
19803,215,48251.516%48.484%71982.72%115
19752,809,69251.585%48.415%61962.77%118
19702,434,75551.626%48.374%51952.77%120
19652,161,10351.731%48.269%41962.17%121
19601,966,95751.931%48.069%41921.72%119
19551,821,49652.22%47.78%41911.42%116
19501,708,19252.694%47.306%31921.23%115

Papua New Guinea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20208,412,72551.009%48.991%181961.9%100
20259,228,26951.001%48.999%201951.77%96
203010,056,83450.984%49.016%221951.64%93
203510,885,37450.961%49.039%241951.5%90
204011,698,71250.928%49.072%251951.36%88
204512,485,60750.886%49.114%271941.22%86
205013,240,41050.841%49.159%291911.1%85
205513,957,70350.792%49.208%301910.99%84
206014,634,36250.738%49.262%321910.88%82
206515,261,15850.681%49.319%331910.78%82
207015,830,96250.613%49.387%341890.67%82
207516,336,99350.537%49.463%361870.57%82
208016,780,20350.465%49.535%371860.48%82
208517,157,69650.395%49.605%371860.4%81
209017,475,44750.336%49.664%381840.33%80
209517,739,47150.291%49.709%391820.26%80
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations