Papua New Guinea Population 2017

8,263,168

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that makes up the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and the offshore islands of Melanesia north of Australia. The estimated population of Papua New Guinea in 2017 is 8.25 million, which ranks 56th in the world.

Papua New Guinea has an estimated population of 8.25 million, which compares to the 2000 census population of 5.19 million. Papua New Guinea is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with 15 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 201st.

The largest city and capital is Port Moresby, with a population of about 310,000. Only 18% of the population in Papua New Guinea lives in an urban area. Papua New Guinea remains one of the least explored areas of the world.

Papua New Guinea Demographics

Papua New Guinea is one of the most diverse countries in the world with 848 different languages spoken (12% of the world's languages), of which 12 have no living speakers remaining. Most languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, although the largest is the Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the area tens of thousands of years ago. Some remote Papuan tribes still have very little contact with the outside world.

Another large ethnic group is the Austronesians, whose ancestors arrived in the region less than 4,000 years ago. Today, people from around the world call Papua New Guinea home, including Polynesians, Micronesians, Filipinos, Australians, Europeans and Chinese.

While Papua New Guinea is one of the world's fastest growing economies, 30% of the population still lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. Most people in Papua New Guinea still live on subsistence-based agriculture. The country has the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific and meets the criteria for a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic. The leading cause of death is malaria, which affected about 1.7 million people in 2003 alone.

Papua New Guinea Population in 2018Source: Mark Matson

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Papua New Guinea Population Growth

About Papua New Guinea

Official NameIndependent State of Papua New Guinea
Languages SpokenHiri Motu, Tok Pisin, English
BordersIDN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-6147
Currencies UsedPGK

Papua New Guinea Population Density

Name Population
Port Moresby283,733
Lae76,255
Arawa40,266
Mount Hagen33,623
Popondetta28,198
Madang27,419
Kokopo26,273
Mendi26,252
Kimbe18,847
Goroka18,503
Wewak18,230
Bulolo16,042
Daru15,214
Wau14,629
Kavieng14,490
Kiunga11,536
Vanimo11,204
Alotau10,025
Vanimo9,809
Kundiawa9,383
Kainantu8,509
Tari8,186
Rabaul8,074
Ialibu6,915
Kokoda6,199
Lorengau5,806
Kerema5,646
Aitape5,547
Wabag3,958
Minj
Buka

Papua New Guinea Population Clock

What is the population of Papua New Guinea (as of 11/15/2017)?8,263,168
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)8,251,162
Births Per Day120
Deaths Per Day33
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 87
Population Change Since January 1st27,753

Papua New Guinea Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 27.517 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.6 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 63.135 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.029 years
Female Life Expectancy 65.356 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.606 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.564 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.08 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 45.061 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 58.297 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.757 years
Rate of Natural Increase 19.795
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 12.666%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 13.341%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 11.945%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.64%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.205%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 27.885%
Median Age (Total) 22.9 years
Median Age (Female) 22.8 years
Median Age (Male) 23 years

Papua New Guinea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20178,251,16250.87%49.13%182.07%
20157,919,82550.87%49.13%172.19%
20107,108,23950.86%49.14%152.40%
20056,314,70950.83%49.17%142.53%
20005,572,22250.81%49.19%122.63%
19954,894,27650.80%49.20%112.56%
19904,313,05950.86%49.14%92.59%
19853,794,72050.92%49.08%82.81%
19803,304,47351.04%48.96%72.80%
19752,878,15651.09%48.91%62.63%
19702,527,58651.22%48.78%52.48%
19652,236,20651.44%48.56%52.15%
19602,010,67751.71%48.29%41.96%
19551,824,71252.05%47.95%41.74%
19501,674,03652.69%47.31%40.00%

Papua New Guinea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20208,755,67550.87%49.13%190.00%
20259,614,31450.85%49.15%211.89%
203010,486,89150.83%49.17%231.75%
203511,361,74450.79%49.21%251.62%
204012,224,30250.74%49.26%261.47%
204513,064,33050.68%49.32%281.34%
205013,871,40350.61%49.39%301.21%
205514,641,52250.53%49.47%321.09%
206015,366,89150.44%49.56%330.97%
206516,040,11650.35%49.65%350.86%
207016,655,55650.25%49.75%360.76%
207517,204,90750.15%49.85%370.65%
208017,685,63250.05%49.95%380.55%
208518,099,42549.96%50.04%390.46%
209018,446,75949.89%50.11%400.38%
209518,732,52849.83%50.17%400.31%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer