Papua New Guinea Population 2019

8,780,749

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that makes up the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and the offshore islands of Melanesia north of Australia. The estimated population of Papua New Guinea in 2019 is 8.78 million, which ranks 98th in the world.

Papua New Guinea has an estimated population of 8.78 million, which compares to the 2000 census population of 5.19 million. Papua New Guinea is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with 15 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 201st.

The largest city and capital is Port Moresby, with a population of about 310,000. Only 18% of the population in Papua New Guinea lives in an urban area. Papua New Guinea remains one of the least explored areas of the world.

Papua New Guinea Demographics

Papua New Guinea is one of the most diverse countries in the world with 848 different languages spoken (12% of the world's languages), of which 12 have no living speakers remaining. Most languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, although the largest is the Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the area tens of thousands of years ago. Some remote Papuan tribes still have very little contact with the outside world.

Another large ethnic group is the Austronesians, whose ancestors arrived in the region less than 4,000 years ago. Today, people from around the world call Papua New Guinea home, including Polynesians, Micronesians, Filipinos, Australians, Europeans and Chinese.

While Papua New Guinea is one of the world's fastest growing economies, 30% of the population still lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. Most people in Papua New Guinea still live on subsistence-based agriculture. The country has the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific and meets the criteria for a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic. The leading cause of death is malaria, which affected about 1.7 million people in 2003 alone.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 8 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Papua New Guinea Population in 2018Source: By Mark Matson [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Papua New Guinea Population Pyramid 2019

Papua New Guinea Population by Age

There are 5,106,831 adults in Papua New Guinea.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201110 July 2011
20009 July 2000
199011 July 1990
Official NameIndependent State of Papua New Guinea
Languages SpokenEnglish, Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-6147
Currencies UsedPapua New Guinea Kina
DemonymPapua New Guinean
Name Population Location
Port Moresby283,733Map
Lae76,255Map
Arawa40,266Map
Mount Hagen33,623Map
Popondetta28,198Map
Madang27,419Map
Kokopo26,273Map
Mendi26,252Map
Kimbe18,847Map
Goroka18,503Map
Wewak18,230Map
Bulolo16,042Map
Daru15,214Map
Wau14,629Map
Kavieng14,490Map
Kiunga11,536Map
Vanimo11,204Map
Alotau10,025Map
Kundiawa9,383Map
Kainantu8,509Map

Papua New Guinea Population Clock

The population of Papua New Guinea (as of 7/10/2019)?8,780,749
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)8,776,109
Births Per Day642
Deaths Per Day176
Net Migrations Per Day -2
Net Change Per Day 464
Population Change Since January 1st88,624

Papua New Guinea Population Estimator

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Estimate as of July 10th 2019 is: 8,780,323

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20198,776,10951.05%48.95%18.96981.97%
20188,606,32351.04%48.96%18.59991.99%
20178,438,03651.03%48.97%18.231002.01%
20168,271,76251.01%48.99%17.871002.02%
20158,107,77550.99%49.01%17.521002.09%
20107,310,50750.88%49.12%15.791012.39%
20056,494,90350.86%49.14%14.031012.12%
20005,847,58650.83%49.17%12.631022.43%
19955,187,06050.83%49.17%11.211032.36%
19904,615,83950.88%49.12%9.971062.49%
19854,081,03050.94%49.06%8.821092.70%
19803,571,20551.06%48.94%7.721112.61%
19753,139,94551.11%48.89%6.781122.44%
19702,783,12151.24%48.76%6.011142.29%
19652,485,43751.45%48.55%5.371161.96%
19602,255,85951.72%48.28%4.871131.58%
19552,086,24752.05%47.95%4.511130.83%
19502,002,14852.69%47.31%4.331110.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20208,947,02451.06%48.94%19.33980.00%
20259,817,92651.08%48.92%21.21951.88%
203010,709,34851.09%48.91%23.14901.75%
203511,606,99951.08%48.92%25.08881.62%
204012,492,60051.05%48.95%26.99861.48%
204513,360,90751.02%48.98%28.87851.35%
205014,204,06650.97%49.03%30.69841.23%
205515,012,96650.92%49.08%32.44841.11%
206015,785,26250.87%49.13%34.11821.01%
206516,510,01650.80%49.20%35.67820.90%
207017,179,60550.73%49.27%37.12810.80%
207517,782,88450.66%49.34%38.42800.69%
208018,320,83850.58%49.42%39.58790.60%
208518,786,45650.51%49.49%40.59770.50%
209019,182,91850.44%49.56%41.45770.42%
209519,514,73450.38%49.62%42.16780.34%
  1. National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea
  2. National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1966 through 2011, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer