Papua New Guinea Population 2018

8,343,398

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that makes up the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and the offshore islands of Melanesia north of Australia. The estimated population of Papua New Guinea in 2018 is 8.42 million, which ranks 56th in the world.

Papua New Guinea has an estimated population of 8.42 million, which compares to the 2000 census population of 5.19 million. Papua New Guinea is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with 15 people per square kilometer (35/sq mi), which ranks 201st.

The largest city and capital is Port Moresby, with a population of about 310,000. Only 18% of the population in Papua New Guinea lives in an urban area. Papua New Guinea remains one of the least explored areas of the world.

Papua New Guinea Demographics

Papua New Guinea is one of the most diverse countries in the world with 848 different languages spoken (12% of the world's languages), of which 12 have no living speakers remaining. Most languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, although the largest is the Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the area tens of thousands of years ago. Some remote Papuan tribes still have very little contact with the outside world.

Another large ethnic group is the Austronesians, whose ancestors arrived in the region less than 4,000 years ago. Today, people from around the world call Papua New Guinea home, including Polynesians, Micronesians, Filipinos, Australians, Europeans and Chinese.

While Papua New Guinea is one of the world's fastest growing economies, 30% of the population still lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 USD per day. Most people in Papua New Guinea still live on subsistence-based agriculture. The country has the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific and meets the criteria for a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic. The leading cause of death is malaria, which affected about 1.7 million people in 2003 alone.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 9 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 3 minutes

Papua New Guinea Population in 2018Source: Mark Matson

Papua New Guinea Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80k100k120kPapua New Guinea Male Population0k20k40k60k80k100k120kPapua New Guinea Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Papua New Guinea Median Age

22.9


Total

23


Male

22.8


Female

Papua New Guinea Population by Age

There are 4,761,760 adults in Papua New Guinea.

About Papua New Guinea

Official NameIndependent State of Papua New Guinea
Languages SpokenEnglish, Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-6147
Currencies UsedPapua New Guinea Kina
DemonymPapua New Guinean

Countries Bordering Papua New Guinea

Indonesia

Papua New Guinea Population Density

Papua New Guinea Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Port Moresby283,733
Lae76,255
Arawa40,266
Mount Hagen33,623
Popondetta28,198
Madang27,419
Kokopo26,273
Mendi26,252
Kimbe18,847
Goroka18,503
Wewak18,230
Bulolo16,042
Daru15,214
Wau14,629
Kavieng14,490
Kiunga11,536
Vanimo11,204
Alotau10,025
Kundiawa9,383
Kainantu8,509

Papua New Guinea Population Clock

The population of Papua New Guinea (as of 1/17/2018)?8,343,398
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)8,418,346
Births Per Day620
Deaths Per Day162
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day 457
Population Change Since January 1st7,769

Papua New Guinea Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 27.163 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.089 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.024 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 65.78 years
Male Life Expectancy 63.35 years
Female Life Expectancy 68.35 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.588 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.584 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.08 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 44.913 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 57.752 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.814 years
Rate of Natural Increase 20.074

Papua New Guinea Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20188,418,34650.87%49.13%18.191012.06%
20157,919,82550.87%49.13%17.111012.19%
20107,108,23950.86%49.14%15.361022.40%
20056,314,70950.83%49.17%13.641012.53%
20005,572,22250.81%49.19%12.041022.63%
19954,894,27650.80%49.20%10.571072.56%
19904,313,05950.86%49.14%9.321112.59%
19853,794,72050.92%49.08%8.201132.81%
19803,304,47351.04%48.96%7.141142.80%
19752,878,15651.09%48.91%6.221172.63%
19702,527,58651.22%48.78%5.461182.48%
19652,236,20651.44%48.56%4.831192.15%
19602,010,67751.71%48.29%4.341191.96%
19551,824,71252.05%47.95%3.941161.74%
19501,674,03652.69%47.31%3.621160.00%

Papua New Guinea Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20208,755,67550.87%49.13%18.92980.00%
20259,614,31450.85%49.15%20.77951.89%
203010,486,89150.83%49.17%22.66951.75%
203511,361,74450.79%49.21%24.55911.62%
204012,224,30250.74%49.26%26.41891.47%
204513,064,33050.68%49.32%28.23871.34%
205013,871,40350.61%49.39%29.97861.21%
205514,641,52250.53%49.47%31.63841.09%
206015,366,89150.44%49.56%33.20820.97%
206516,040,11650.35%49.65%34.66820.86%
207016,655,55650.25%49.75%35.99820.76%
207517,204,90750.15%49.85%37.17820.65%
208017,685,63250.05%49.95%38.21810.55%
208518,099,42549.96%50.04%39.11790.46%
209018,446,75949.89%50.11%39.86790.38%
209518,732,52849.83%50.17%40.47790.31%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer