Paraguay Population 2018

6,894,100

Paraguay is a landlocked country in central South America and sometimes called the Heart of America. In 2018, the population is estimated at 6.90 million people, up from 6.81 million in 2013, which ranks it 104th in the world. Despite this fairly large population, Paraguay has a low population density with just 15 people per square kilometer, or 204th in the world.

Paraguay was inhabited by its indigenous Guarani people for at least 1,000 years prior to the Spanish conquering the region prior to the 16th century. The country was ruled by many dictators after it achieved independence, and between 1864 and 1870, Paraguay lost 60-70% of its population to war and disease. Most of the population today is concentrated in the southeast area of the country, with the largest city and capital, Asunción, home to about 1/3 of Paraguay's total population.

The indigenous Guarani people remain influential, but most residents identify as mestizo after years of intermarriage among various ethnic groups. Paraguay has long been a recipient of immigrants, particularly after war collapsed its demographics, and there are many groups of ethnic Italians, Russians, Japanese, Germans, Chinese, Arabs, Brazilians and Argentinians in the country. Brazilians represent the largest immigrant group at 400,000, while 1% of the population is Afro-Paraguayan. There is no official information about the country's ethnic composition, as census information does not ask about race and ethnicity. Indigenous people do make up 1.7% of Paraguay's population.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 13 minutes
One net migrant every 32 minutes
Net gain of one person every 6 minutes

Paraguay Population in 2018Source: By Felipe Antonio [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Paraguay Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kParaguay Male Population0k20k40k60k80kParaguay Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Paraguay Median Age

27.8


Total

27.5


Male

28


Female

Paraguay Population by Age

There are 4,410,346 adults in Paraguay.

Census Years

Year Date
20222022
201215 October 2012
200228 August 2002
199226 August 1992

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Paraguay Population Growth

Paraguay currently has a population growth rate of about 1.5%. At this rate, it will reach 7.6 million by 2020.

About Paraguay

Official NameRepublic of Paraguay
Languages SpokenGuaraní, Spanish
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-23-58
Currencies UsedParaguay Guarani
DemonymParaguayan

Countries Bordering Paraguay

Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil

Paraguay Population Density

Paraguay Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Asuncion1,482,200
Ciudad del Este320,782
San Lorenzo227,876
Capiata198,553
Lambare126,377
Fernando de la Mora120,167
Limpio96,143
Nemby94,641
Pedro Juan Caballero75,109
Encarnacion74,983
Mariano Roque Alonso72,008
Itaugua64,997
Villa Elisa64,099
Villa Hayes57,217
San Antonio55,754
Caaguazu54,808
Presidente Franco54,292
Coronel Oviedo51,286
Concepcion48,123
Villarrica41,157

Paraguay Population Clock

The population of Paraguay (as of 6/18/2018)?6,894,100
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)6,896,908
Births Per Day388
Deaths Per Day109
Net Migrations Per Day -45
Net Change Per Day 234
Population Change Since January 1st39,546

Paraguay Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 20.682 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.81 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.404 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.23 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.1 years
Female Life Expectancy 75.52 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.446 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.137 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 27.566 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 33.381 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.214 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.872

Paraguay Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20186,896,90850.71%49.29%16.961071.26%
20176,811,29750.72%49.28%16.751071.28%
20166,725,30850.74%49.26%16.531071.30%
20156,639,11950.75%49.25%16.321071.35%
20106,209,87750.73%49.27%15.271071.39%
20055,795,49450.64%49.36%14.251031.79%
20005,302,70050.61%49.39%13.041072.18%
19954,760,85050.56%49.44%11.701092.47%
19904,213,74250.54%49.46%10.361152.79%
19853,671,82650.54%49.46%9.031162.91%
19803,180,63050.44%49.56%7.821192.65%
19752,790,96250.19%49.81%6.861212.44%
19702,474,10649.88%50.12%6.081202.65%
19652,170,85949.52%50.48%5.341212.67%
19601,902,87549.24%50.76%4.681202.61%
19551,673,00949.13%50.87%4.111202.58%
19501,473,25349.21%50.79%3.621190.00%

Paraguay Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20207,066,33050.67%49.33%17.371060.00%
20257,473,07850.59%49.41%18.371061.13%
20307,844,90450.50%49.50%19.291060.98%
20358,175,68750.40%49.60%20.101050.83%
20408,460,29950.31%49.69%20.801050.69%
20458,700,12750.22%49.78%21.391060.56%
20508,897,18250.13%49.87%21.871060.45%
20559,052,05350.04%49.96%22.251060.35%
20609,160,87849.95%50.05%22.521060.24%
20659,218,83849.87%50.13%22.661050.13%
20709,225,41049.80%50.20%22.681050.01%
20759,185,59549.76%50.24%22.58104-0.09%
20809,107,37049.75%50.25%22.39103-0.17%
20859,003,17649.78%50.23%22.13103-0.23%
20908,884,10649.83%50.17%21.84104-0.27%
20958,754,96649.90%50.10%21.52104-0.29%
Data Sources
  1. General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys and Censuses
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, and 2002 censuses, with preliminary results of the 2012 census, with official estimates through 2014, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer