Paris Climate Agreement Countries 2019

The Paris Climate Agreement, or simply the Paris Agreement, was an agreement that was drafted during the Paris Climate Conference in Le Bourget, France. This agreement was made within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement was sealed on December 12, 2015 and went into effect on November 4, 2016.

Representatives from 196 countries attended the conference. As of 2019, 196 states plus the European Union have signed. Further, 183 nations and the European Union have ratified the agreement. The main purpose of the Paris Agreement is to fight back against climate change. These nations are working together to keep the temperature of the planet from rising more than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit above preindustrial levels. By 2020, the goal is to keep the temperature under 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit.

Nations that have signed the Paris Agreement have made a pact to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and use green energy sources. Under the accord, a $100 billion fund was established to help developing nations also move to green energy sources.

The nations that have signed the accord are:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union Fiji, Finland, France Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana Haiti, Honduras, Hungary Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy Jamaica, Japan, Jordan Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway Oman Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal Qatar Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam Yemen Zambia, Zimbabwe

Of these nations, all but 13 have signed but have not yet ratified the agreement. Those nations are:

Angola Eritrea Iran Iraq Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Libya Oman Russia South Sudan Suriname Turkey Yemen

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1China1,433,783,6869,706,961 km²3,746,887 mi²6.54%0.43%AsiaEastern Asia
2India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1,269,010 mi²2.21%1.02%AsiaSouthern Asia
3United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
4Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²735,164 mi²1.28%1.10%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
5Pakistan216,565,318881,912 km²340,418 mi²0.59%2.04%AsiaSouthern Asia
6Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%0.75%AmericasSouth America
7Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²356,574 mi²0.62%2.60%AfricaWestern Africa
8Bangladesh163,046,161147,570 km²56,962 mi²< 0.1%1.03%AsiaSouthern Asia
9Russia145,872,25617,098,242 km²6,599,921 mi²11.52%0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
10Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%1.10%AmericasCentral America
11Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
12Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%2.61%AfricaEastern Africa
13Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²132,148 mi²0.23%1.37%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
14Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²386,946 mi²0.68%2.00%AfricaNorthern Africa
15Vietnam96,462,106331,212 km²127,848 mi²0.22%0.96%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
16Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
17Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²302,455 mi²0.53%1.32%AsiaWestern Asia
18Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²636,203 mi²1.11%1.36%AsiaSouthern Asia
19Thailand69,625,582513,120 km²198,064 mi²0.35%0.28%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
20United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
21France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
22Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
23South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²471,320 mi²0.82%1.33%AfricaSouthern Africa
24Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²364,804 mi²0.64%3.00%AfricaEastern Africa
25Myanmar54,045,420676,578 km²261,159 mi²0.46%0.63%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
26Kenya52,573,973580,367 km²224,022 mi²0.39%2.30%AfricaEastern Africa
27South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²38,681 mi²< 0.1%0.10%AsiaEastern Asia
28Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²440,715 mi²0.77%1.37%AmericasSouth America
29Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
30Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
31Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%3.61%AfricaEastern Africa
32Ukraine43,993,638603,500 km²232,951 mi²0.41%-0.57%EuropeEastern Europe
33Algeria43,053,0542,381,741 km²919,352 mi²1.60%1.95%AfricaNorthern Africa
34Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²728,022 mi²1.27%2.42%AfricaNorthern Africa
35Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²169,190 mi²0.30%2.28%AsiaWestern Asia
36Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
37Poland37,887,768312,679 km²120,694 mi²0.21%-0.09%EuropeEastern Europe
38Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
39Morocco36,471,769446,550 km²172,368 mi²0.30%1.23%AfricaNorthern Africa
40Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
41Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²172,696 mi²0.30%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
42Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²496,093 mi²0.87%1.63%AmericasSouth America
43Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²127,690 mi²0.22%1.34%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
44Angola31,825,2951,246,700 km²481,226 mi²0.84%3.30%AfricaMiddle Africa
45Ghana30,417,856238,533 km²92,074 mi²0.16%2.19%AfricaWestern Africa
46Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%2.95%AfricaEastern Africa
47Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²203,796 mi²0.36%2.33%AsiaWestern Asia
48Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²56,812 mi²< 0.1%1.83%AsiaSouthern Asia
49Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²353,748 mi²0.62%-1.29%AmericasSouth America
50Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%2.69%AfricaEastern Africa
51Cameroon25,876,380475,442 km²183,521 mi²0.32%2.62%AfricaMiddle Africa
52North Korea25,666,161120,538 km²46,528 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AsiaEastern Asia
53Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²2,969,121 mi²5.18%1.23%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
54Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%3.87%AfricaWestern Africa
55Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²25,325 mi²< 0.1%0.45%AsiaSouthern Asia
56Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%2.89%AfricaWestern Africa
57Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%3.04%AfricaWestern Africa
58Romania19,364,557238,391 km²92,019 mi²0.16%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
59Chile18,952,038756,102 km²291,855 mi²0.51%1.19%AmericasSouth America
60Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²45,735 mi²< 0.1%2.68%AfricaEastern Africa
61Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1,051,811 mi²1.84%1.27%AsiaCentral Asia
62Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²290,508 mi²0.51%2.94%AfricaEastern Africa
63Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²42,031 mi²< 0.1%1.93%AmericasCentral America
64Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²106,861 mi²0.19%1.69%AmericasSouth America
65Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²16,154 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeWestern Europe
66Syria17,070,135185,180 km²71,479 mi²0.12%0.74%AsiaWestern Asia
67Cambodia16,486,542181,035 km²69,880 mi²0.12%1.46%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
68Senegal16,296,364196,722 km²75,935 mi²0.13%2.79%AfricaWestern Africa
69Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%3.03%AfricaMiddle Africa
70Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²246,136 mi²0.43%2.90%AfricaEastern Africa
71Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²150,832 mi²0.26%1.43%AfricaEastern Africa
72Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%2.88%AfricaWestern Africa
73Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%2.64%AfricaEastern Africa
74Benin11,801,151112,622 km²43,472 mi²< 0.1%2.75%AfricaWestern Africa
75Tunisia11,694,719163,610 km²63,153 mi²0.11%1.12%AfricaNorthern Africa
76Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²11,784 mi²< 0.1%0.50%EuropeWestern Europe
77Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²10,744 mi²< 0.1%3.18%AfricaEastern Africa
78Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²424,052 mi²0.74%1.41%AmericasSouth America
79Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
80Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
81South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²239,222 mi²0.42%0.79%AfricaMiddle Africa
82Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²18,787 mi²< 0.1%1.05%AmericasCaribbean
83Czech Republic10,689,20978,865 km²30,442 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeEastern Europe
84Greece10,473,455131,990 km²50,948 mi²< 0.1%-0.46%EuropeSouthern Europe
85Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
86Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²34,486 mi²< 0.1%1.37%AsiaWestern Asia
87Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²33,428 mi²< 0.1%0.99%AsiaWestern Asia
88Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²173,814 mi²0.30%0.65%EuropeNorthern Europe
89United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
90Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²43,422 mi²< 0.1%1.65%AmericasCentral America
91Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
92Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²80,134 mi²0.14%-0.00%EuropeEastern Europe
93Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²55,237 mi²< 0.1%2.42%AsiaCentral Asia
94Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
95Papua New Guinea8,776,109462,840 km²178,656 mi²0.31%1.97%OceaniaMelanesia
96Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²34,107 mi²< 0.1%-0.35%EuropeSouthern Europe
97Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
98Israel8,519,37720,770 km²8,017 mi²< 0.1%1.64%AsiaWestern Asia
99Togo8,082,36656,785 km²21,919 mi²< 0.1%2.45%AfricaWestern Africa
100Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%2.13%AfricaWestern Africa
101Laos7,169,455236,800 km²91,405 mi²0.16%1.53%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
102Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%1.27%AmericasSouth America
103Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²42,799 mi²< 0.1%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
104Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²4,034 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%AsiaWestern Asia
105Libya6,777,4521,759,540 km²679,182 mi²1.19%1.48%AfricaNorthern Africa
106Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²50,324 mi²< 0.1%1.24%AmericasCentral America
107El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²8,122 mi²< 0.1%0.51%AmericasCentral America
108Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²77,181 mi²0.13%1.77%AsiaCentral Asia
109Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²188,407 mi²0.33%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
110Singapore5,804,337710 km²274 mi²< 0.1%0.81%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
111Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
112Finland5,532,156338,424 km²130,632 mi²0.23%0.17%EuropeNorthern Europe
113Slovakia5,457,01349,037 km²18,928 mi²< 0.1%0.07%EuropeEastern Europe
114Republic Of The Congo5,380,508342,000 km²132,012 mi²0.23%2.60%AfricaMiddle Africa
115Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe
116Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²19,725 mi²< 0.1%0.96%AmericasCentral America
117Palestine4,981,4206,220 km²2,401 mi²< 0.1%2.44%AsiaWestern Asia
118Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
119Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²42,988 mi²< 0.1%2.46%AfricaWestern Africa
120Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²27,125 mi²< 0.1%1.32%EuropeNorthern Europe
121New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²104,400 mi²0.18%0.84%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
122Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²240,472 mi²0.42%1.69%AfricaMiddle Africa
123Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²397,850 mi²0.69%2.78%AfricaWestern Africa
124Panama4,246,43975,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%1.67%AmericasCentral America
125Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
126Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²21,845 mi²< 0.1%-0.63%EuropeSouthern Europe
127Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²13,065 mi²< 0.1%-0.21%EuropeEastern Europe
128Georgia3,996,76569,700 km²26,904 mi²< 0.1%-0.15%AsiaWestern Asia
129Eritrea3,497,117117,600 km²45,394 mi²< 0.1%1.28%AfricaEastern Africa
130Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%0.36%AmericasSouth America
131Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,00051,209 km²19,767 mi²< 0.1%-0.69%EuropeSouthern Europe
132Mongolia3,225,1671,564,110 km²603,746 mi²1.05%1.73%AsiaEastern Asia
133Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²11,481 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AsiaWestern Asia
134Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
135Albania2,880,91728,748 km²11,097 mi²< 0.1%-0.06%EuropeSouthern Europe
136Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
137Lithuania2,759,62765,300 km²25,206 mi²< 0.1%-1.49%EuropeNorthern Europe
138Namibia2,494,530825,615 km²318,687 mi²0.56%1.89%AfricaSouthern Africa
139Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%2.97%AfricaWestern Africa
140Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²224,652 mi²0.39%2.20%AfricaSouthern Africa
141Gabon2,172,579267,668 km²103,320 mi²0.18%2.52%AfricaMiddle Africa
142Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²11,717 mi²< 0.1%0.80%AfricaSouthern Africa
143Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²9,925 mi²< 0.1%0.02%EuropeSouthern Europe
144Slovenia2,078,65420,273 km²7,825 mi²< 0.1%0.04%EuropeSouthern Europe
145Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²13,944 mi²< 0.1%2.49%AfricaWestern Africa
146Latvia1,906,74364,559 km²24,920 mi²< 0.1%-1.13%EuropeNorthern Europe
147Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
148Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
149Equatorial Guinea1,355,98628,051 km²10,828 mi²< 0.1%3.59%AfricaMiddle Africa
150Estonia1,325,64845,227 km²17,458 mi²< 0.1%0.21%EuropeNorthern Europe
151Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²787 mi²< 0.1%0.20%AfricaEastern Africa
152Cyprus1,198,5759,251 km²3,571 mi²< 0.1%0.78%EuropeEastern Europe
153Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²6,703 mi²< 0.1%1.04%AfricaSouthern Africa
154Djibouti973,56023,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%1.53%AfricaEastern Africa
155Fiji889,95318,272 km²7,053 mi²< 0.1%0.73%OceaniaMelanesia
156Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa
157Guyana782,766214,969 km²82,978 mi²0.14%0.48%AmericasSouth America
158Bhutan763,09238,394 km²14,820 mi²< 0.1%1.15%AsiaSouthern Asia
159Solomon Islands669,82328,896 km²11,154 mi²< 0.1%2.60%OceaniaMelanesia
160Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
161Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²998 mi²< 0.1%1.90%EuropeWestern Europe
162Suriname581,372163,820 km²63,235 mi²0.11%0.93%AmericasSouth America
163Cape Verde549,9354,033 km²1,557 mi²< 0.1%1.13%AfricaWestern Africa
164Maldives530,953300 km²116 mi²< 0.1%2.96%AsiaSouthern Asia
165Malta440,372316 km²122 mi²< 0.1%0.26%EuropeSouthern Europe
166Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
167Belize390,35322,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%1.90%AmericasCentral America
168Bahamas389,48213,943 km²5,382 mi²< 0.1%1.00%AmericasCaribbean
169Iceland339,031103,000 km²39,758 mi²< 0.1%0.69%EuropeNorthern Europe
170Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²4,705 mi²< 0.1%2.46%OceaniaMelanesia
171Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
172Sao Tome And Principe215,056964 km²372 mi²< 0.1%1.91%AfricaMiddle Africa
173Samoa197,0972,842 km²1,097 mi²< 0.1%0.49%OceaniaPolynesia
174Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
175Kiribati117,606811 km²313 mi²< 0.1%1.52%OceaniaMicronesia
176Micronesia113,815702 km²271 mi²< 0.1%1.04%OceaniaMicronesia
177Grenada112,003344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%0.49%AmericasCaribbean
178Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%0.34%AmericasCaribbean
179Tonga104,494747 km²288 mi²< 0.1%1.26%OceaniaPolynesia
180Seychelles97,739452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%0.66%AfricaEastern Africa
181Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
182Andorra77,142468 km²181 mi²< 0.1%0.18%EuropeSouthern Europe
183Dominica71,808751 km²290 mi²< 0.1%0.26%AmericasCaribbean
184Marshall Islands58,791181 km²70 mi²< 0.1%0.65%OceaniaMicronesia
185Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
186Monaco38,9642.02 km²1 mi²< 0.1%0.73%EuropeWestern Europe
187Liechtenstein38,019160 km²62 mi²< 0.1%0.29%EuropeWestern Europe
188San Marino33,86061 km²24 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeSouthern Europe
189Palau18,008459 km²177 mi²< 0.1%0.56%OceaniaMicronesia
190Cook Islands17,548236 km²91 mi²< 0.1%0.17%OceaniaPolynesia
191Tuvalu11,64626 km²10 mi²< 0.1%1.20%OceaniaPolynesia
192Nauru10,75621 km²8 mi²< 0.1%0.81%OceaniaMicronesia
193Niue1,615260 km²100 mi²< 0.1%-0.31%OceaniaPolynesia