Periphery Countries 2019

The World Systems Theory developed by Immanuel Wallerstein is a way of explaining world history that shows that some nations benefit from the world economic system, while others do not and are even exploited.

Under the World Systems Theory, there are three different divisions: the core countries, which are the industrialized capitalist nations in the world, the semi-periphery countries, which are mostly capitalist and are industrializing, and finally, the periphery countries that are less developed than core and semi-periphery countries. In this article, we’ll focus on the periphery countries.

Periphery countries have just a small share of the world’s wealth. These nations are not just dependent on other nations but are often exploited by more developed countries. Some characteristics of periphery countries include unstable governments, poor education systems, and poor health systems.

According to socialist Salvatore Babones, the world’s periphery countries include:

A different list was made for “Trade Globalization since 1795: Waves of Integration on the World-System.” While there are some similarities, this list features more nations. Those countries are:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic Dominican Republic Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana Haiti, Honduras, Hungary Iraq Jamaica, Jordan Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania Macao, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria Oman Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico Romania, Rwanda, Russian Federation Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syrian Arab Republic Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay Venezuela, Vietnam Yemen Zambia, Zimbabwe

* Countries are chosen using Human Development Index.
Country Human Development Index Population 2019
Afghanistan0.49838,041,754
Albania0.7852,880,917
Algeria0.75443,053,054
Andorra0.85877,142
Angola0.58131,825,295
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,118
Argentina0.82544,780,677
Armenia0.7552,957,731
Azerbaijan0.75710,047,718
Bahamas0.807389,482
Bahrain0.8461,641,172
Bangladesh0.608163,046,161
Barbados0.8287,025
Belarus0.8089,452,411
Belize0.708390,353
Benin0.51511,801,151
Bhutan0.612763,092
Bolivia0.69311,513,100
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,301,000
Botswana0.7172,303,697
Brazil0.759211,049,527
Brunei0.853433,285
Bulgaria0.8137,000,119
Burkina Faso0.42320,321,378
Burundi0.41711,530,580
Cambodia0.58216,486,542
Cameroon0.55625,876,380
Cape Verde0.654549,935
Central African Republic0.3674,745,185
Chad0.40415,946,876
Chile0.84318,952,038
China0.7521,433,783,686
Colombia0.74750,339,443
Comoros0.503850,886
Costa Rica0.7945,047,561
Croatia0.8314,130,304
Cuba0.77711,333,483
Cyprus0.8691,198,575
Djibouti0.476973,560
Dominica0.71571,808
Dominican Republic0.73610,738,958
Dr Congo0.45786,790,567
Ecuador0.75217,373,662
Egypt0.696100,388,073
El Salvador0.6746,453,553
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,355,986
Eritrea0.443,497,117
Ethiopia0.463112,078,730
Fiji0.741889,953
Gabon0.7022,172,579
Gambia0.462,347,706
Georgia0.783,996,765
Ghana0.59230,417,856
Greece0.8710,473,455
Grenada0.772112,003
Guatemala0.6517,581,472
Guinea0.45912,771,246
Guinea Bissau0.4551,920,922
Guyana0.654782,766
Haiti0.49811,263,077
Honduras0.6179,746,117
Hungary0.8389,684,679
India0.641,366,417,754
Indonesia0.694270,625,568
Iran0.79882,913,906
Iraq0.68539,309,783
Ivory Coast0.49225,716,544
Jamaica0.7322,948,279
Jordan0.73510,101,694
Kazakhstan0.818,551,427
Kenya0.5952,573,973
Kiribati0.612117,606
Kuwait0.8034,207,083
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,415,850
Laos0.6017,169,455
Latvia0.8471,906,743
Lebanon0.7576,855,713
Lesotho0.522,125,268
Liberia0.4354,937,374
Libya0.7066,777,452
Lithuania0.8582,759,627
Madagascar0.51926,969,307
Malawi0.47718,628,747
Malaysia0.80231,949,777
Maldives0.717530,953
Mali0.42719,658,031
Marshall Islands0.70858,791
Mauritania0.524,525,696
Mauritius0.791,269,668
Mexico0.774127,575,529
Micronesia0.627113,815
Moldova0.74,043,263
Mongolia0.7413,225,167
Montenegro0.814627,987
Morocco0.66736,471,769
Mozambique0.43730,366,036
Myanmar0.57854,045,420
Namibia0.6472,494,530
Nepal0.57428,608,710
Nicaragua0.6586,545,502
Niger0.35423,310,715
Nigeria0.532200,963,599
Oman0.8214,974,986
Pakistan0.562216,565,318
Palau0.79818,008
Palestine0.6864,981,420
Panama0.7894,246,439
Papua New Guinea0.5448,776,109
Paraguay0.7027,044,636
Peru0.7532,510,453
Philippines0.699108,116,615
Poland0.86537,887,768
Portugal0.84710,226,187
Qatar0.8562,832,067
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,380,508
Romania0.81119,364,557
Russia0.816145,872,256
Rwanda0.52412,626,950
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77852,823
Saint Lucia0.747182,790
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,589
Samoa0.713197,097
Sao Tome And Principe0.589215,056
Saudi Arabia0.85334,268,528
Senegal0.50516,296,364
Serbia0.7878,772,235
Seychelles0.79797,739
Sierra Leone0.4197,813,215
Slovakia0.8555,457,013
Solomon Islands0.546669,823
South Africa0.69958,558,270
South Sudan0.38811,062,113
Sri Lanka0.7721,323,733
Sudan0.50242,813,238
Suriname0.72581,372
Tajikistan0.659,321,018
Tanzania0.53858,005,463
Thailand0.75569,625,582
Togo0.5038,082,366
Tonga0.726104,494
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,394,973
Tunisia0.73511,694,719
Turkey0.79183,429,615
Turkmenistan0.7065,942,089
Uganda0.51644,269,594
Ukraine0.75143,993,638
United Arab Emirates0.8639,770,529
Uruguay0.8043,461,734
Uzbekistan0.7132,981,716
Vanuatu0.603299,882
Venezuela0.76128,515,829
Yemen0.45229,161,922
Zambia0.58817,861,030
Zimbabwe0.53514,645,468