Philippines Population 2019
The population of the Philippines has been steadily growing for many years. It is the 12th most populated country in the world, between Mexico and Ethiopia, and grew at a rate of 1.72% between 2010 and 2015. The 2019 population is 108.11 million, according to the latest UN estimates.
Philippines Population Growth
Based on 2015 census data, the population in 2016 in the Philippines was 100,981,437. Based on the 2015 census results, the population increased by over 8 million people when compared to the 2010 census census results. The growth rate has slowed slightly from the previous census, down to 1.72% from 1.89%.
Philippines Largest Cities
The Philippines' largest city is Quezon City, which contains 2,936,116 people. It forms a part of the wider Metropolitan Manila area, which is comprised of 17 cities and municipalities and has an overall population of 12.8 million people. To make things even more complicated, the entire Greater Manila urban area spills out beyond the boundaries of Metro Manila and is reported to contain around 22.7 million people, which is a quarter of the Philippines' entire population.
Ethnicity, Religion, and Language in the Philippines
Unsurprisingly for a country that is made up of many islands, the Philippines contains a diverse range of ethnic groups. The latest data available comes from the 2000 census, which reported the following breakdown:
- Tagalog, 28.1%
- Cebuano, 13.1%
- Ilocano, 9%
- Bisaya, 7.6%
- Hiligaynon, 7.5%
- Bikol, 6%
- Waray, 3.4%
- Other, 25.3%
Religion in the Philippines is heavily influenced by its history as a part of the Spanish Empire. As well as naming the country after its King (Philip II), Spain also exported its religion, and today around 81% of the country's citizens are Roman Catholic Christians. Of the remaining people, 11% are from other Christian denominations and around 5.6% are Muslim, mainly based in the southwest area of the country.
Although the official language of the Philippines was, for many years, Spanish, the legacy of the American administration during the first half of the 20th century has been that its two official languages today are English and Filipino (derived from Tagalog.)
Quality of Life in the Philippines
The recent 2015 estimates in the World Factbook give some insight into the developments across the Philippine county. 91.8% have improved access to drinking water sources, while 8.2% of the population still struggle to obtain safe water. In terms of sanitation facilities, only 77.9% of the population maintains access, while 26.1% are limited in their sanitation services. Literacy is at 96.3% across the entire population, with a school expenditure of approximatly 2.7% of the nation GDP.
In addition to the over 100 million Filipinos living in the Philippines itself, there are estimated to be around 10.2 million Filipino people living abroad. Many have moved abroad temporarily to find work, but others have settled abroad permanently.
Given its close ties with America, it is not surprising that the United States is home to the largest group of overseas Filipinos - over 3.5 million. There are also large Filipino populations in the Middle East (1 million in Saudi Arabia, 822,000 in the United Arab Emirates and 204,000 in Qatar), Malaysia (793,000), Japan (182,000) and Australia (397,000.) Interestingly, only about 42,000 Filipinos live in Spain, the Philippines' old imperial master.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 13 seconds|
|One death every 45 seconds|
|One net migrant every 4 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 20 seconds|